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Akd l a i g h down bythe C r u v e s of Cree, 
you shall not get a lodging there, 
Except ye court a Kennedy!' 



THE following Historical and Genealogical Account of the 
principal Families of the Name of Kennedy, is appended to an 
Anonymous MS. Chronicle of Scottish Affairs, from the earliest periods 
to the reign of King James VI, which is preserved in the truly valuable 
Library of the Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh ; and is now presented 
to the public, in its present form, through the liberal permission of the 
Curators of that National Institution, as it may with much propriety be 
termed. The remarkable events detailed in this MS. History of the 
Kennedies induced the Editor to prepare it for the press, originally, with 
the view of explaining many of the incidents which are related in the 
extraordinary Trial of the Mures of Auchindrayne, for the murder 
of Sir Thomas Kennedy of Colzeane, Tutour of Cassillis, and of William 
Dalrymple, &c. ; but the numerous notices which it contains, illustrative 
of the History of Carrick, and of the inveterate and deadly Feuds 
which prevailed in Ayrshire and Galloway, &c, and especially, 
within the Bailiary of Carrick, induced him to extend his researches, 


for the purpose of affording to the reader suitable explanations of the 
many minute, but often obscure, events which it records. 

The state of society and of manners which are here unfolded, are of 
such lively interest, and are so novel in their details, even to the most 
ardent enquirers into the private history of the people of Scotland, at and 
previous to the accession of King James to the English throne, that it 
was deemed advisable that the present work should be accompanied with 
pretty copious Notes and Illustrations. An Appendix of hitherto un- 
published Papers, relating to the history and statistics of the districts 
embraced by the author, as the general scene of the exploits which he so 
graphically narrates, was likewise considered as a necessary accompani- 
ment. A Glossary and a copious Index of persons and places conclude 
the work. 

For the satisfaction of the antiquary, a facsimile of the original MS. 
from which the History has been taken, together with an old Genealogi- 
cal Tree of the Family of Cassillis, drawn up by another hand, shortly 
after the date of these Annals of the Kennedies, have also been added, 
as suitable illustrations. 

With regard to the author, nothing satisfactory can at present be as- 
certained, farther than the internal evidence afforded by his work ; which 
seems clearly to prove him to have been a strenuous adherent to Bar- 
gaky's faction, and of course a zealous antagonist of the Earls of Cas- 
sillis. He is likewise a very keen supporter of all the transactions in 


which the elder Auchindrayne was concerned; so much indeed, that 
the Editor was at one time convinced, that the work had been penned in 
the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, by that extraordinary man, as a relaxation 
and amusement during the long confinement which preceded his trial. In 
favour of such theory it might be urged, that the letters and speeches of 
Auchindrayne, given in the course of the History, savour much of the 
dry and caustic humour of the author. The author omits no opportunity 
of giving a favourable gloss, even to the most indefensible parts of Auch- 
indrayne's conduct, in every affair in which he has occasion to name him. 
He always assigns him a very prominent part in every feud, &c, and stu- 
diously amplifies in all instances which relate to him ; and he acts the part 
of a professed apologist of all his actions. He is uniformly present, as an 
eye-witness and auditor, at every conference, however secret, and details the 
very words uttered, excepting in the case of the diabolical plot to waylay 
and murder the Tutor of Cassillis, where he incautiously says, " quhatt 
wordis was amangis thame, I will not repeitt it" — evidently inferring, that 
he was present, or was perfectly aware of all that passed, from the best 
authority. The narrative terminates most abruptly, at the period of the 
public accusation of Auchindrayne and his son, as being guilty of the 
lad Dalrymple's murder. 

These circumstances, however, are in themselves but slender and un- 
satisfactory. But it may confidently be asserted, that the author was a 
person of family, and of considerable influence in Carrick — that he was 
most intimately connected with the leading actors — and that he was bu- 
sily engaged in the various events which he so admirably records. 


It appears to be unnecessary, in this place, to enter into any recapitu- 
lation of the subject matter of the History, which has been as carefully 
illustrated, in the course of this work, as the Editor's present opportunities 
permitted. Having been engaged for a considerable time in collecting 
suitable materials for this purpose, every source which fell within the 
range of his observation and research has been applied to ; and much that 
is entirely new to the general reader has been obtained, from the most 
authentic MSS ; which, indeed, are known and consulted by a very limit- 
ed number of those who may have occasion to peruse these pages. In 
conclusion* of this subject, it may be briefly noticed, that it appears ob- 
vious, that the same individual who wrote this account of the Kennedies, 
also compiled the Chronicle of Scotish Affairs, which forms the principal 
part of the same MS. volume from which this has been taken. 

Since these sheets were printed, the following notices of the curious 
Chronicle mentioned by the author, entitled, " The Black Book of 
Scone," (see pp. 1 and 75,) were found in Father Hay's Memoirs, 
Tom. II. Folio, MS. Adv. Library, W. 2. 3. p. 647 ; which the Editor 
thinks are worthy of being added to this Prefatory Notice, having been 
discovered too late for insertion in the Notes or Appendix. 

In his " Catalogue of Books relating to our Scots History," Father 
Hay states, that " The Black Booke of Scone was amongft Prefldent 
Spotfwood's books. It was given by Lewis Cant to Major-Generall 
Lambert, and by him to Collonell Fairfax." In another place, (p. 669,) 
he likewise mentions this remarkable fact, in relation to the same 


Volume—" Which Booke King Charles the First had ranfom'd 
from Rome, by a confiderable foume of money. It is certain Bifhop 
Spotfwood had it and the Black Booke of Pasley, fign'd by the hands 
of three Abbots, when he compil'd his Hiftory." 

It is very probable, therefore, that this Volume may still be in exist- 
ence, (likely in England) — and that this brief mention made of it may 
prove the means of its recovery, and of having it preserved in some 
Public Institution, such as the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, 
Edinburgh, so as to be, at all times, accessible to the Historian. If it 
should be recovered, it is very likely that it would eventually be pre- 
sented to the public, in a proper form. 

The same author mentions the Black Books of Paisley and Plus- 
cardin, " quhich we find lifted amongft Bifhop Spotfwood's Books ;" 
the Black Book of Hamilton, which is quoted by John Knox, Lib. I. 
p. 47, ad annum 1543 ; the Breviary of Aberdeen, " printed in 1509, 
the 22 year of King James- the Fourt his Reign, impenfis Walteri Chap- 
man, mercatoris Edinburgenfis ;" the Chronicles of Melrose, Holy- 
rood, and in general all the MS. Chronicles, Chartularies, and Histories 
of Scotland, amounting to seventy-six. 

Towards the conclusion of his valuable Catalogue, Father Hay 
remarks, " The Black Booke of Pasley, frequently cited by Buchannan, 
together with the famous Booke of Pluscardin, I find lifted in the 
Catalogue of Bifhop Spotfwood's Library. Doctor Sibbald hath ane 


very old abridgement of the Booke of Pasley ; which Booke, Ufher 
cites, containing ane account of the memorable things which occurr'd 
in every year fmce our fettling in this Ifle, or rather, fince the creation, 
till King James the Firft's death. It is founded upon good grounds and 
warrands, and deferves the credit and applaufe it met with. The 
abridgement kept by Doctor Sibbald was extracted, per venerabilem 
virum Johannem Gibfon, Canovicum Glafgoenfem, et Rectorem de Ren- 
frew, anno 1501. The Hiftory of the Reed Friers or Trinitariens 
cites frequently the Booke of Dumfreise, which probably belong'd to 
the Gray Friers of that city.. Camerarius alfo cites the Chronicles of 
Dumfermelyne, Scone, Fragmentum Glasguense, Bruni Collec- 
tanea, Scoti Chronicon, Sinclare, the Breviarie of Aberdeen, Hunterus 
libro de Sanctis Scotis, Millus, Georgius Neutonus, Elphinftonius, Bre- 
viarium Scoticum, Martyrologium Sanctae Cruris, Georgius Thomfonius, 
Jacobus Ballindenus, Veremundi Hiftoria, Dempfterus, Adammannus de 
vita Sancti Columbei, &c. I have feen likewife cited elfewhere, the 
Chronicle of the Black Friers of Edinburgh," &c. 

The preceding notices prove the correctness of the Editor's general 
assertion, that the number of authentic Scotish Histories and Chronicles 
was formerly very considerable. Considering the multitude of copies 
which must have been taken from each of these books, the total disap- 
pearance of so many of them, is matter of astonishment, and not easily 
to be accounted for. However, it is trusted, that many of these monu- 
ments of the History of Scotland are still preserved abroad, whither it 
is known very many valuable MSS. were carried, during the troubles 


of the seventeenth century, and at the period of the Rebellions of 1715 
and 1745. It is highly probable that some of them may still be gleaned 
from the Libraries of ancient families, in Scotland and England. 

The praiseworthy efforts of The Bannatyne Club have been 
mainly directed towards the recovery of such books and MSS, as eluci- 
date the remoter periods of our History, and our early Literature ; and, 
during the short period of its institution, that association has done much 
towards effecting so excellent a purpose. A more recent Society, formed 
in Glasgow, under the title of The Maitland Club, is likewise zeal- 
ously engaged in the same pursuits. Through the united exertions of 
these Clubs, and from the value which is now more prevalently attached 
to such reliques, it is hoped, that the public shall, at no very distant 
date, be put in possession of all the Histories, Chronicles, and Memoirs, 
which are worthy of being preserved, as in themselves truly valuable 
and authentic. 

General Register House, 
\4tth August, 1830. 






IV. APPENDIX, . . . 143 

1. Proceedings before the Privy Council, &c ib. 

2. Proceedings in Parliament, 153 

3. Description of Carrick, by Mr Williame Abercrummie, . . . 161 

4. Distances in Carrick, by do 179 

5. Short Description of Carrick, by the Author of this History, 184 

6. Description of Carrick, from Sir James Balfour's MS. Collections, 185 

7. Carrictze Descriptio, ex Geographia Blaviana, 190 

8. The Names of the Barons, Lairds, and Chiefe Gentlemen 

in the Sherifdome of Aere, &c 191 

9. Skeldon Haughs ; or, The Sow is Flitted ! (By the late Sir 

Alexander Boswell of Auchinleck, Baronet,) 192 

V. Fac-Simile of the Original MS, to face Title-page. 

VI. Genealogical Tree of the Earls of Cassillis, to face Notes and 



Seing tliat thair is fiim Noittis, for memory, heirefter to follow, off 
the Name of Kennedy, I thoeht it glide to conteyne heir, thair beginning ; 
and how they reafe to be gritt, and foe furthe, to this hour. 


And firft, concerning thair Name ; it is, out of all dout, the fame pro- 
ceidit fra the nem Kennethe ; for of that nemme thair was findry Kyngis, 
and alfo fum very fynd Capitanis. For by the thrie Kingis that had to 
thair name Kennethe, thair wes ane Kennethe Thaine of Carrik, quha 
was ane of King Gregories Capitanis in his weir in the land, be quhais 
fkill of rowing doun of ftanes from ane hiche hill, he vanne ane gritt 
battell to King Gregorie. And of this Captane the Kennedyes fayis thai 
had thair beginning. Bot the Blak Buik of Skoyne fettis thair begin- 
ning to be in the ring of King Malcome the fecund, quha was crownit 
in the yeir of God 1010 yeiris, and was the fourfcoir King of Scotland. 
Thair was with this King, ane M c Kenane of the Yllis, that wes flayne 
be Danis, at the battell of Murlaik ; and of him com the M c Kenane of 
the Yllis, quha bruikis the landis of Stroworddell to this hour. 

This M c Kenane of the Yllis fucceffioune wes at the tyme of King 
Donnallis ring, quhan the Danis gat the poueffione of the haill Yllis, 



baneift be thame in Yrland, quhair he remanit to the ring of rung Alex- 
ander the thrid, and than com to King Allexander befoir the battell of 
the Lavkis, with thriefcoir of his name and feruandis ; and efter that 
King Acho was defeitt, he fled to Air, and thair tuik fchiping. The 
principall man that perfewit him wes M c Kenane, with his fonis ; and 
efter that the King of Danis was relTauit in the Caftell of Air, M c Kenane 
followit on ane Lord or grit Captane of the Danis, to ane craig in Carrik, 
quhairon thair wes ane ftrenthe buildit be the Danis, low, be the fie-fyde ; 
the quhilk ftrenthe M c Kenane and his fonis tuik, and flew this Capitane 
and all that wes thairin. For the quhilk deid, this M c Kenane gat the 
fam ftrenthe fra King Alexander, with certane landis lyand thairto ; the 
quhilk he gaif to his fecund fone. And thair wes the firft begining of 
the name of Kennedy, in the Mayne-land. On the ftrenthe and craig 
thair is now ane fair Caftell, quhilk the fcheifF of the Law-land Kenne- 
dyis tuik thair ftyill of, for ane lang fpeace, and was callit Lairdis of 
Donoux*, becaus of the don of the hill abuiff that houfe. Of this hous the 
reft off that name ar comin. This Battell was ftrukin on the thrid day 
of Auguft, the yeir of God 1263. 

[the house of donour, or dunnure.] 

This Houfe remanit ane lang tyme bot in ane fober eftaitt, not heifand 
na gritt rent, nor commandyment of the cuntry. For we heir na gritt 
mentioune maid of thame in Wallis dayis, nor the Brucis tyme. For, at 
the Barnis of Air, the Laird of Caiflillis was Sir Neill Montgomery ; 
quha, as we reid in Wallace buik, was hangit in Air, be the defeitt of the 
Inglifmanne ; bot becaus that the Cronikill makis mentioune heirof, I 
reft thairon. Bot the airis of this Sir Neill bruikit the landis of Caif- 
lillis quhill the ring of Robert the fecund, the firft of the Stewartis, at 


the quhilk tyme the faidis landis fell to ane lafs : And the Laird of Dal- 
rumpill, her nyteboir, come to hir hous of Caiffillis, and perfewit hir, be 
forfe, to have hir in marrage ; the quhilk fcho wald nocht condifcend to, 
hot defendit the hous. And at this tyme, the Laird of Donour that than 
was, he cuming by, and perfeiffing the famin, fett wpone the Laird of 
Dalrumpill and flew him, and releiffit the lady, and tuik hir with him to 
his hous of Donour ; quhair, wnder promeis off mareige, he maid hir to 
refing hir landis in the Kingis handis in fauoris off him ; bot I can not 
reid that ewer he mareyit hir to his wyff. Bot fcho feing hir felff difla- 
poyntitt be that deid, tuik difpleafour, and deit fchortlie thairefter. This 
was aboutt the thrid yeir off Robertt the Secund, quhilk wes the 1373 
year of God. 

Now, the Laird of Dalrumpill being flane, as ye haue hard, his landis 
falles to his broder fonis, amangis the quhilk thair wes gritt ftryff ; bot 
the youngeft at laft fald his rycht to the Laird of Donour. And thane, 
the Laird of Donour fett for the eldeft, and flew him, littill abuiff the 
Kirk of Dalrumpill ; quhair now thair is ane gritt cairne of ftanis, to this 
day. And fa, be that rycht that he had of the youngeft, he bruikis the 
landis of Dallrumpill. And this wes Dalrumpillis conqueift. 

Now, at this tyme, thair wes ane Laird in Carrik quhilk wes callit 
Macktaife. The Laird of Donour makis this Maktaife his goflbp ; and 
the bairne being ane man-chyld, this Laird Maktaife wald neidis heff him 
to be his fofter ; and in end, be wantene childreyne of his awin, maid his 
fofter-fone his air, and gaiff him his landis efter him. And of that fone 
cam the Houfe of Bargany, quha had na benefeitt of the Hous of Dpnour. 


It is thochtt that the Hous of Blaquhane come off the Hous of Do- 


nour, at this tyme ; and gatt fra the Laird, his father, the twenty pund 
land of Donourtoune, quhilk thay had off the Houfe to this houre. Bot 
thair preferment come be the mareage of ane M c Colloche, quha wes here- 
trix of Twymone ; be the quhilk thay gatt the landis of Couftoune, and 
mony ma landis in Galloway. 

[the house of bargany.] 

The Hous of Balgany cam to thair preferment be the valour of ane 
fecund broder, quha wes firft putt to haue bein ane Freir ; bot his cur- 
rage, not agreabill to fa bafe ane office, loft the fame, and paffitt with the 
Laird of Blaquhane to France, to Chairllis the VII, in the yeir of our 
Lord 1431. He was callit Freir Hew ; and was, for his valour, fo beluiffit 
of the King of France, that he remaynit with him mony yeiris thairef- 
ter ; and wentt with him to the Holy Land. And at his returning, he 
refavitt word that his broder the Laird of Bargany was deid : Quhair- 
upone he tuik leiff of the King of France, and gatt, in recompanfe of his 
feruice, mony gritt rewairdis of gold and mony ; and abuiff all, he gain" 
him leiff to weir airmis quarterly in his airmis, to wit, fiour-de-lyfe, 
quhilk that hous weiris to this day. 

He com to Scotland, and bocht the ten pund land of Arftenfar, and 
buildit the houfe thairof, and conqueift mony ma landis, be the benefeitt 
off the ftipend of the King of France. This Freir Hewis oy wes callit 
' Com with the penny,' quha conqueift the gritteft pairt off all the lewing, 
quhilk now is ane gritt rent ; and hes off it cumin the Houssis of 
Ardmillane, Dunneane, Bennane, Kirkhill, Bardrohatt. 



Bot now to return to the Houfe of Donour agane. Thair was ane 
broder of the Houfe, quhilk was ather the fourt or fyft brother. The 
eldeft, quha wes Laird, being deid, the freindis conwenit to tak ordour 
quha fuld be Tutour ; bot this broder, albeit youngeft, ftartt wp, and 
drawing his fuord, faid, ' I ame bell and wordieft, and I wilbe Tutour !' 
This broder wes callit Alfchunder ; and becaus he woir ane dagour, quhilk 
at that tyme wes nocht comwne, he wes callit ' Alfchunder Dalgour,' to 
ane to-name. 

This Alfchunder, or Allexander, fell in miflyking with the Erll off Wig- 
tone Douglaffe, quha wes ane werry gritt manne, and had ane gritt forfe 
in all the cuntry. This Douglas wes fo far offenditt at him, becaus it 
wes thocht that he vanne feid aganis him at Glaynnaip, and ane wther 
agains Lindfay thane Laird of Craigy, at the watter of Done, bothe one 
ane day, that the Erll offeritt to many that wald bring this Allexanderis 
heid, ' thai fuld haue the fourty mark land of Stewarttoune, in Cuning- 
hame !' The quhilkis wordis cuming to Allexanderis eiris, he conveynis 
to the number of ane bunder horfe ; and on the Yuill-day, in the morn- 
ing, come to the toune off Wigtoune, about the time that he knew the 
Erll to be at the morning Mefs ; and heffand all his rycht of the faid xl 
mark land put in forme, cumis in the kirk, and fays, ' My Lord, 3e haue 
hicht this xl mark land to ony pat wald bring 30W my heid, and I knaw 
thair is nane fo meitt as my felff! And thairfoir, will defyr 30ur lordfliip 
to keip to rne, as 3e bad to ony wther !' The Erll perfeiffitt, that, gif he 
refuiffitt, the fam wald coft him his lyff ; and thairfoir tuik the penne and 
fubfcryvit the famin. Alifchunder thankeitt his lordfchip, and takand 
his horfe, lap one, and cam his wayis. And he and his airis bruikis the 
famin at this tyme, or at the leaft, to the fex hunder and tua yeir of God, 


that Erll Johne fald the fame to the Laird of Langfchaw. He gatt this 
in the fourth yeir of the ring off Robert the third, quhilk was about the 
yeir of God 1380. This Allexander, cuming hame to Donour, beganne 
to grow prowd, and it was feiritt that he fuld haue difereift his broder 
fone ; and alfe, he beganne to be ane tirrane abuiff his frendis. Quhair- 
upone, thay, conveynand in Donour, tuik him in his bed, kaift fedder 
bedis abuifF him, and fmoritt him ; and thair he deit, leiffmg behind hime 
bot ane baftart fone, of quhome the House off Kirkdall is cadin. 

The nixt Laird of Donour had tua wyffis. One his firft vyflf he be- 
gatt ane fone. Scho was the Laird of Cadderis dochter, and Sandylandis 
to name. And aftir hir deceafe, he mareyitt the Laird of Caderwodis 
dochter, Maxwell, quha buir him ane fone alfo. It is now affermitt be 
the neme of Kennedy, that King James the First fend ane of his 
dochfers to this Laird of Donour, to fofter, quha remaynit with him quhill 
fcho was ane woman. At the quhilk tyme, the ladyis awin fone, heffing 
mair credeitt in his moderis houfe nor hir ftepfone, he being in luiff with 
this young lady, gettis hir with bairne. The King hir fader, being far 
offenditt thairatt, culd find na better way nor to caus him mairie hir. 
And fa, the Laird of Donour difereift his eldeft fone, and maid his fecund 
fone Laird. And his eldeft fone, he gaiff him the landis of Carloik. 
Scho buir to him the firft Lord Kennedy, and the Biftiop of Sanctandroife. 


Hir eldeft fone, callit Gilbert, was maid Laird (Lord) be King James 
the Secund ; quha gatt the landis of Lachfuad and Meurig fra the faid 
King James the Secund, at the fairfaltrie of the Erll of Wigtoune. The 
quhilk landis the Hous of Caiflillis bruikis to this day. This Gilbert 
was the Kingis fifter fone, quha wes maid the firft Lord Kennedy. He 


mareyit Katherine Maxwell, of the Houfe of Caderwod, Scho buir to 
him four fonis ; to witt, Johne, quha wes (fecond) Lord Kennedy, and 
Gilbert Kennedy proweft off Manyboll. The wther tua deitt 30ung. 


Johne Lord Kennedy mareyitt Jeane Montgomery, dochter to the 
Lord Montgomery ; and begatt one hir ane fone, callit Dauid Kennedy. 
This Lord Johne mareyitt, to his fecond vyff, the Countes of Yerell ; and 
begatt one hir Allexander Kennedy off , quhais fone . . . 


Efter the deceife of Lord Johne, his fone Dauid fucceidit to be Lord. 
He mareyitt Agnis Borthik, dochter to the Lord Borthik, and begatt one 
hir four fonis ; to witt, Gilbert, quha fucceidit him ; Williame Abbott 
of Craragell ; James of Brounftoune ; and Thomas Laird off ... ; 
thrie dochters, to witt, Kathreine, Lady Scheldoune, and thairefter Lady 
Scoirne ; Helene, Lady Knokdolyane ; and Chriftiane, Lady Altrie. And 
to his fecund wyff, he mareyit Greikly Boyd ; and be that deid was made 


Eirll Gilbert, his fone, mareyitt Elifabeth Campbell, dochter to the 
Eirll of Argyill ; and begatt one hir fewin fonis, to witt, Gilbert Eirll 
eafter ; Thomas ; and Dauid of Colzeane ; and Mr Quynteine, Abbot of 
Corfragall ; Hew off Barquhouny ; and James of Wchtrelour. And twa 
dochteris, Jonett, Lady Feochtt ; and Helene, Lady Kenkill. He was 


ilayue be the Schereff of Air, on the Sandis befyd Preftik ; bot the Schereff 
him felff was not thair, bot fum of his feruandis, and fpecially, the Cra- 
furdis of the Hous of Lochnoreis. 

In recompanfe of this flachter, the Hons of Caiffillis gatt the landis of 
Cornbanney and Girvandheidis ; with the Band of the Schereff of Air, 
and his fone Sir Mathow, wha wes his air ; bot na farder. 

[gilbert, third earl of cassillis.] 

Eirll Gilbert, his fone, mareyitt Margarett Kennedy, dochter to the 
Laird of Bargany ; and begatt one hir thrie fonis, Gilbert, and Dauid, 
and Thomas. Bot Dauid deitt young ; and Thomas, wes efter him, wes 
Tutour and Laird of Colzeine, and maid knychte. 

This Gilbert was ane wonder wyiie mane, and ane grit courtiour. He 
was Theffaurer of Scotland. He had tua dochteris, Jeane, Lady Orknay ; 
and Katterine, Lady Barnebarony. He was fend to France ambaffadour, 
and thair deitt. As was faid, he wes ane werry wyfe manne, and veil 
beluiffit of all. 

[gilbert, fourth earl of cassillis.] 

Eirll Gilbert, his fone, mareyitt Margarett Lyoun, dochter to the 
Lord Glammis, and begatt one hir tua fonis, Johne, his eldeft fone, quha 
fucceiditt him ; and Hew, his fecund fone. This Hew was mareyitt on 
the Laird off Carflandis filter ; quha buir to him tua laidis, and ane 
dochter. And Hew deitt within xxiiij yeiris of aige. He (wes ane) 
weill conditionitt manne, and had the luiff off all menne. 



Johnne Eirll, his fone, mareyitt Dearne Jeane Flemyng, Lady 
Thirleftayne. Hir hufband, Sir Johne Meatland, wes Chanfler of Scot- 
land ; but fcho had na bairnis to the Erll of Caiffillis. 

This laft Gilbertt was ane particuler manne, and ane werry greidy 
manne, and cairitt nocht how he gatt land, fa that he culd cum be the 
famin ; and for that caus, he enterit in bloking with ane Abbot of Glen- 
lufe, concerning the Abacie, to tak the famin in few ; bot, or he gatt the 
famin performitt, the Abott deitt. And than he deltt with ane Monk off 
the famin Abacie, quha culd counterfitt the Abottis hand-writt, and all 
the haill Conventtis ; and gartt him counterfitt thair fubfcriptiones. And 
quhane he had gottine the famen done, feiring that the Monk wald re- 
weill itt, he cauffit ane, cairill, quhilk thay callit Carnachaine, to ftik 
(him) ; and thane, for feir that cairll had reweillit, he garit his fader- 
broder, Hew of Bargany (Barquhouny,) accuife this cairll for thift, and 
hang him in Corfragall. And fa the landis of Glenlufe wes conqueift. 


Now, as concerning the Abbacye of Corfragall, this Erll Gilbertt con- 
queiffit the Abbacy, be this forme : — Thair was ane fader-broder of his, 
callit Abbot Quinteyne, ane gud manne, and ane that feiritt God, efter 
the maner of his religione. He, at the alteratioune of the religioun, my 
Lord deltt with the Abbott, and gatt the few of the faid Abbacy fett to 
him, bot the famin wes querrellitt be the nixt intrant Abbot ; and be- 
caus the famin wes nocht confermitt be the King, the famin wes maid 
null. And thane ane Abott, Allane Stewart, gatt the Abbacy ; and this 



Abott had mareyitt ane lifter of the Lady Barganyis ; and, for that re- 
fpect, the Abott wfitt with the Laird of Bargany, and followitt his opi- 
nione in all his adois. My Lord of Caiffillis, perfeiffing the famin, de- 
fyrit the Laird of Bargany to mowe the Abbott to conferme his rycht, 
fett be Abott Quinteyne of befoir. Bot the Laird culd nocht gett the 
Abott mowitt to cum to him, that he mycht deill with him, in that, him 
felfF, with faythfull promeiffis to vfe him weill. Quhairupone the Laird 
perfuadit the Abott, and fend him to Mayboll, to my Lord. Att quhais 
cuming, my Lord delt with him to ratine his rycht ; bot culd nocht gett 
him mowitt thairto. Quhairupon, he tuik purpoife to conwoy him to 
Dounour, and thair to mowe him to do the famin be (violence). And 
quhane he fand him obftinatt, at laft tuik him and band him to ane 
furme, and fett his bair legis to ane gritt fyr, and extreymly brunt him, 
that he was ewer thairefter onabill of his leggis. The word of this ryf- 
fing, the Laird defyrit my Lord to fend him bak the Abot ; bot my Lord 
gart anfwer, that he remaynit with him be his awin will, and nawyife 
be compullioune. Bot yit the trewth cuming to the Laird off Barganyis 
eiris, how he wes wffitt, he dewyfit with ane ferwand of his awine, callit 
Dauid Kennedy of Maxfaltone, quha had beine his peadge befoir ; quha 
tuik with him the number of tenne or tuelff of his maifteris feruandis, 
and in the nycht drew neir the yett, within ane Chapell, quhilk was at 
the drawbrig-end. And in the morning, quhan the keiparis wes in the 
opining of the yett, the barris and all being frie, they efchitt out of the 
Chapell, and forffitt wp the yett, and fa entiris in the hous, and tuik 
thame all priffonaris that was thair. Bot the day being brichtt, and this 
hous (in) my Lordis boundis, thay culd not gett thame careyitt with 
thame ; and thairfoir, was forffit to remayne in the hous, and fend ane 
away to the Laird, to fchaw him quhat was proceiditt ; bot, or ewer he 
culd gett his forfe gadderitt togidder, the Maifter and my Lordis broder 


enterit about the hous, with all my Lordis forfe, and incloffit the famin ; 
and entering in the foirfaid Chapell, and thocht to have peirft the vail, 
becaus the Chapell wes joynet to the dungeone. JBot the Lairdis menne, 
that was within, keift gritt ftaneis doune of the heiche battelling of the 
dungeoune ; and fa brak the ruiff of the Chapell, in fik maner, that thay 
war forffitt to leiff the famin ; and in thair way-ganging fchott at thame, 
and fchott the Maifter throw the fchudder. The Laird of Bargany, in 
this tyme, gadderis his haill forfe ; as alfo, ane gritt pairtt of Kyill and 
Cuninghame cumes with him, that he wes fik ane number, as the Maif- 
ter and my Lordis ferwandis and freindis was forffit to reteir, and fuffir 
him to releiff his menne, and to tak the Abbott, brunt as he wes, to Air, 
hame with him. And this mowit ane gritt feid betuix thame, and ane 
lang fpeace ; bot, in end, it was tane away be freindis. Mr. Dauid Lind- 
fay of Leithe, minifter, being ourfman ; and my Lord, the Laird, and 
Abbott, all agreyitt. Me Lord gaiff the Abott fum mony to leiff wpone, 
quhilk contentit him all his dayis. And this way wes my Lordis con- 
queife of Corfragall ; quhilk wes bot ane bad forme. 

[bargany and cassillis are reconciled.] 

The Laird of Bargany being this way agreitt with my Lord, thay fell 
werry gritt. And at that tyme the Laird of Kelwod, being ane depender 
and ferwand to my Lord of Cafillis, byis fra ane pwir wyff ane peace of 
gold, quhilk thay callit ane leigna, off ane pund wechtt or thairby, 
quhilk fcho fund in ane barne within my Lordis landis. And the word 
ryfiing that the fame fuld be xx tymes als gude as it wes, my Lord fend 
to Kellwod, and defyritt the famin to be fend to him ; bot Kellwod re- 
fuiffit, and faid that the famin wes his awin, and that he had bocht the 
famin with his awine mony. My Lord refaffing this anfuer, wes in ane 


gritt readge thairatt ; and the Laird of Bargany being in Mayboll, thay 
maid to tak the Laird of Kelwod out of his hous ; and being maifter of 
the feildis, incloiffit the famin. And cuming, irf the nycht, to the yett- 
hous, quhilk wes joynit to the jayme of the mayne hous ; the pend of 
the yett-hous being thair warrand that the hous culd not do thame wrang, 
thay brak ane hoill throw the wall of the jayme. The Laird of Kelvvod, 
fering the famin, cum to taking with thame ; and was content to cum to 
the Laird of Bargany, vpone conditione that he vald faifF his lyfF. And 
fa he wes tane, and brocht to Mayboll. And the gold being fend, he wes 
fufferit to depairtt. Bot fa fchone as he wes out of handis, he rydis to 
Edinbrughe, and chargis thame to compeir, for his taking ; quhair thay 
war evill trublitt ; bot in end gat monyis, (and) wes fred fra the fame. 
Efter the quhilk he durft nocht Weill cum in Carrik, for ane fpeace ; bot 
he fell in gritt famelyaritty with the Laird of Carfe Craufurd, in Kyll, 
quha fend fum of his menne with Kelwod to Thomaftoune. Now, my 
Lord heaffand tryift in Air, and his freindis with him, the Laird of Carfe 
being in the toune, thair fallis ane difcoird betuix fum of my Lordis 
freindis and Carfe, for the breking of ane drwme, quhilk was to ane horfe- 
reafe : In the quhilk difcord, Johne Kennedy of Penquhiren wes fchott 
throw the leg ; and James Crafurd, broder to the Gudemanne of Camler, 
wes fchott in the kirnellis of the thie, quhairoff he wes leyammitt all his 

Now, my Lord of Caffillis efter this, in the yeir of God . . . rydis 
to Edinbrughe ; and as he raid to Glefgw, at ane pairtt callit Slownk- 
dub, the quhilk is ane litill fteane brig owr ane linne of (ane) burne, his 
lordfchipis horfe fell with him, and hurt him werry ewill. Quhairoff he 
contractit fik ane difeafe, that with gritt deficulty he wes gottine to 
Edinbrughe, quhair he lay ane gritt fpeace, and in end deid ; leaffand 
his guid-broder, my Lord Glammis, quha wes Chanfellar, Tutour Tef- 


tamenter to his fone, defyring his broder, quha wes nocht tender with 
him ; for he had conweynit fum of my lordis ferwandis, in Mayboll, be- 
foir, and wnder clud of nycht fchuttis at my lordis hous, as it had beine 
the Laird of Carfe and my lordis enemeis ; quhairby he thocht that my 
lord fuld haue interteneyitt him and his feruandis the better. Bot the 
famin wes reweillit ; and than my lord tuik the fame werry heweallie 
in heid, and faid the famen wes done for his lyffe ; or, at the leaft, to mak 
the lady, his wyff, to pairtt with bairne. And this eauffit him nocbt to 
mak him Tuttour. 



Now, my Lord of Caffillis being deid, thair fallis gritt ewill-will, be- 
tuix the Chanffellar and the Mafter, for the Tutory. The Chanfellar 
fendis in Carrik, for to mak prowifione for his cuming in the cuntry ; 
bot not lang befoir his cuming, the Maifter deftroyitt all the prowifione, 
bayth in Carrik and Galloway. The Chanfellar allegit this was done be 
the Laird of Barganyis adwyife ; and for that caus wardit the Laird off 
Bargany,in Edinbrughe,ane fpeace for the famen, quhill his back- cuming ; 
and com to Mayboll, quhair he wes furneift be the toune, albeitt aganis 
thair will. And at his cuming to Galloway, the Laird off Gairfland in- 
tertenyitt him ; bot yitt he gatt fmall obedyance. For all this tyme the 
Laird of Barganeyis houffis wes furneift to the Maifter ; and all his 
freindis wes ewer with him, in the nycht, as thay mycht beft. The 
Chanfellar returnis to Edinbrughe, and leiffis fum menne in the hous of 
Mayboll, with my lady, his filter. And, in this tyme, the Laird of Carfe, 
heaffand his freindis hurtt as ye have hard, com in Carrick with ane do- 
fen e of horfe, and flew George Kennedy of the Breoyche, he being ane 
innocent manne abone his awine worth, heaffand mareyitt the Lady 


Couff, wes flayne within the lie-mark, maift cruellie. Bot the vareyanfe 
betuix the Chanfellar and the old Maifter and the Laird of Bargany maid 
him the balder to interpryfe that deid ; for thay war fo far at wareyanfe 
that thay culd never be gritt. Bot it fell outt that the Regent fett ane 
Conventioune of the Nobillity, in Stirling, at the quhilk tyme the Chan- 
fellar, Lord Glammis wes flayne be the Erll of Crafurd with ane fchott, 
quhilk wes thocht to hefF cumit of the Laird of Bargany's ftair. Bot 
however, he being flayne, the Tutoury come to the aid Maifter, but con- 
tradiktioune ; for he allegitt that my Lord maid ane Letter Teftament, 
in the quhilk be left him Tutour. Bot the famin was bot falfe, and 
feinyeitt be ane Preift callit Sir Thomas Nifbett, be the adwyfe off James 
Rofs. Be the afliftanfe of the Laird of Bargany, he gatt the famin office 
in peace. 

And the Tutour being vnmareyitt, and being in Edinbrughe, reweiffis 
Elifabeth M c Gill, dochter to Maifter Dauid M c Gill Aduocatt to his Ma- 
ieftie, and brocht hir to Carrik, and mareyit hir ; fcho being befoir de- 
vorfit fra the Laird of Lefterrik, and had gottin fra him ten thouffand 
pundis, in contentment of hir dowry ; quhilk at this time wes thocht ane 
gritt fowme. And thir matteris being this wayis fatlitt, Johne Kennedy 
of Penquhirre come to the Laird Bargany and the Tutour, and defyrit 
thair affiftans againis the Laird off Carfe, for the rewendge of the flach- 
ter "of George Kennedy ; quha grantit to menteyne him. Quhairupone 
he tuik with him felff fex, and went in the nycht, in Kylle, and flew tua 
Craufurdis, callit Johne and Rodger, heaffand ane fpy wpone thame in 
thair awin houffis. And after the faid flauchter, the Laird of Bargany 
tuik the faid Johne Kennedy of Pennequhirre in houfliald with him, 
Andro Kennedy, and Robert Kennedy, and ane callit Blake James Ken- 
nedy. The Tutour tuik Olifer Kennedy, and Hew Kennedy of Craig- 
neiil, and Gilbert Stewartt of Craigincroy, in his houfliald, and this maid 


ane gritt deidly feud amangis thame and Carfe ; bot in end it was agre- 
yitt. Bot, all this tyme, Blairquhane mellitt nocht with this feid, na 

Efter this flachter of thir Crafurdis thair wes mony braillis amangis 
thame, and gritt trubill was begunne betwix the Laird of Lochinwar and 
his men of Goi'doune, and the Laird of Gairfland. The Laird of Ear- 
gany and the Tutour tuik Garfland be the hand, and mayntenit him. In 
the quhilk deidly feid thair was findry flayne, on bayth the fydis, quhilk 
continewitt werry lang. And Blairquhane fell in ane gritt feid with the 
Laird off Gairleis, quhair thair wes ane gritt number flayne and hurtt. 
Bot all this thing I will ower-pafs, and. go fordwartt in my pretend it 
difcourfe of the deidly feid betuix the Hous of Caiflillis and Barganye, 
quhilk ftandes yitt onreconfeillit to this day. 

[DEADLY feud betwixt the houses of cassillis and bargany.] 

Thair was ane Blak Beflie Kennedy, quha wes mareyit firft to the 
Gudmanne of Dinehame ; and thanne to the Laird of Colzeone, the Vaftor ; 
and to hir third gudmanne, Williame Kennedy of Broniftoune, Baillie of 
Carrik, quha infeft hir in his fex pund land of Broniftoune. This Beflie 
Kennedy wes fader-fifter to the Laird of Bargany, and moder-fifter to 
the Tutour of Caiflillis. Scho, being ane widow, held houfe in this Bro- 
niftoune. Bot befoir hir infeftment, the Baillie of Carrik had infeft the 
Erll of Caflillis in the famin land ; and my Lord had infeft his wyfF, 
Deame Mary Lyone, in the famin landis : And fcho, being mareyitt to 
Johne Lord Hammiltoune, querrellit this Beflie Kennedyis infeftment, 
and entirit in proces with hir, befoir the Lordis. The quhilk fcho per- 
feaffing, come to her broder-fone the Laird of Bargany, and gaiflf him 
hir rycht of Broniftoune. For the quhilk, he infeft hir in his fex pund 


land of New-Wark ; he gettand the poffeffione, in his perfone, of Bronif- 
toune, poffeffit her in the wther. And eftir ane lang and trubillfume pley, 
decreitt paffis in my Ladyis fauouris, agains the 'Laird of Bargany ; and 
remowis him fra the landis off Broniftoune. And he, being remowitt, 
alledgis that this Blak Beffie fuld warrand the landis to him, fcho being 
his fader-fifter, and heaffing due lewing of hir firft gudemanne, to inter- 
teny her in the poffeffione of the New-Wark, and gaifF hir intertenymentt 
in his hous. He wuffit na ordour of law agains hir, becaus that fcho, 
being his fader-fifter, thocht that nane wald cum betuix him and hir. 
Scho being content, in ane manner, fcho remaynit with him ane lang 
fpeace, wnto fik tyme as Sir Thomas Kennedy of Colzeane perfuadit 
hir fra him ; and on fair fpeichis mo wit hir to mak him, quha wes hir 
fifter-fone, affignay to that contrack. And he, on his affignacioune, maid 
intimatioune to the Laird of Bargany, quha was far offenditt with him, 
that fuld haue mellitt betuix him and hir, quha wes hir awin ; and he 
knew that he had done him, in his diftreffis, (mekil gud feruice ?) And, 
in ane angir, writ to him in this maner, at the leift to this effect. 

[letter of bargany to colzean.] 

" Sir, 
" I persaiff f e thing now, quhilk I luikitt this lang time for at 30ur 
handis, quhilk was, fat 3e vald euer pruiff onthankfull to all that euer 
had fchawin 30W courteffie ; and, as 3e knaw, I maid 30W f e manne fat 3e 
ar, quhanne 3e nather docht nor durft heff done for 30m" felff, with the 
haffert of my lyff and grit wrak of my geir. And now, this is the re- 
companfe I haue refauit ! Bot I awow, and 3e mean it nocht with fpeid, 
I fall mak 30W as 3e did quhanne 3e interpryffit fat falfe dewyfe agains 
his (30ur) broderis hous, and fchot at 3e famin ; and forfein fat 3e famin 


fuld haue bein reweiilit, 3e diretit (drytit) 30ur felfF for feir, and borrowit 
ane fark or 3e mycht cum amangis menne ! " 

This Letter being delyuerit to the Laird of Colzeane, he writ ane an- 
fwer, in this maner, or at the leaft to this effect. 

[colzean's reply to bargany.] 

" Sir, 
" I haue refauit 30m' letter, in form of bolt ; and as for anfwer, I haue 
done alfe mekill for 30W as ewer 3e did for me. And as for 30ur filthie 
fklander, I cair nocht ; hot I awow, or 3e (be) abill to bring me to pat 
poyntt pat 3e meane, I dreid 3e vill (tyne ?) fum wther joynt, of peglen- 
goir, as 3e did pe brig of 30ixr neife, pe laft time 3e war thair ! " 

This anfwer being fend bak, the Laird of Bargany was hewelly of- 
fenditt ; for it was trewthe that his neife wes laich be ane ftraik of ane 
goiff-ball, on the hills of Air, in reklefnes. And on the refait of this let- 
ter fend and difchargit with him ; bot it wes trawellit be freindis, and put 
vnder ane affurance for ane fpeace. The Erll of Caiffillis, being new cumin 
hame from the fchoillis, feynitt werry newttral in this caus ; and that 
mowit the Laird of Bargany mekill. 

[bond between auchindrayne and the earl of cassillis.] 

The Laird of Colzeane, perfeiffing this to grow to ane hicht, mowit 
all the gentillmen in the cuntry to think weill of him, by all the meaynis 
he mycht. And firft, he gart trawell with John Mure of Auchindrayne, 
quha was ane gudfone of the Laird of Barganyis, to becum my Lordis 
dependar ; and firft, he gaiff him the fiywe merkland of Quhyt and Blak 
Ganachttis, with the tua merk land of Makmaneftoune and Hoill ; the 


faid Johne to be on his chargis, euer quhan he ves out of Carrik. And 
Auchindrayne, adwyffand with his gudfader the Laird of Bargany, gatt 
his confent thereto ; for in his band, he referuit' his dewity to the h us 
of Bargany. And fa the band enditt. 

At this tyme, thair wes ane Gilbert Richartt, quha wes ane freind 
to the Laird of Dinduff ; and this Gilbert had richt to ane mealling of 
my Lord Caiffillis, callit Tanderg 4 , and ane vther callit Ferguffoun had 
kyndnes to the famin. This Gilbert being left executour to ane Thomas 
Leigatt, his gud-father brocht fum of his nowtt, efter his deceife, to Din- 
duff, becaus he wes in feir that fum fuld intromett with the famin ; bot 
this Ferguffoun come to the Laird of Colzeoun, and fchew him the fame ; 
quha 3eid to my Lord, and fchew him that the Laird of DindufF had 
done this in contempt : Quhairupone, my Lord directit the Laird off Col- 
zeone, with his houfhald feruandis, to the pleace of Dinduff, and with 
foir-hammeris brak the 3ett and tuik the guidis with him, wffing thir 
wordis, that ' Giff DindufF had been pair, he fuld rew J>e refaitt of my 
Lord manis geir ; ' and ane fpecifeit that he focht fum of the houffis. Din- 
duff allegit the famin wes for him. The quhilk mowit ane gritt grudge 
in Dinduffis hairt ; bot he buir with him felff, quhill he mycht gett opoi 1 - 

Bott this tyme my Lord of Caiffillis was in wowing of ane dochter of 
the Eirll of Glenkairnis ; and efter that thay had mett fmdry tymis, and 
wes thocht agreit, the tyme and all being apointtit of the mareige, my 
Lord, be the advyfe of Colzeone, takis purpoife to pass to France, and 
caftis of that purpoife. Quhairwpoun the damefell tuik fik difpleafour, 
that fcho depairtit this lyfe, to the gret greiff of all hir freindis. 



Now my Lord of Caiffillis, being on his journey to France, cumis to 
Ed r , quhair he tuik ordour with all his adois of his lewing, quhill his 
returning. Amangis the reft, the Bai^earie of Carrik, quhilk at his 
perfytting wes thane in poffeffion of the Laird of Blairquhane, quha had 
coft the Vard thairoff in my Lordis minoritty. My Lord awyffing one 
this purpoife, his freindis ftuid all (in) aw to accept this Office, for thai 
feirrit that the Laird of Blairquhane wald querrell the fame. Quhair- 
upone, my lord burdonitt the Laird of Auchindrayne to accept the famin 
on him ; the quhilk he did, with this conditione, that my lord fuld fett 
him ane tak of the famin, for all the dayis off his lyfftyme : The quhilk 
my lord promeiffit ; and tuk his jurnay to France. The Laird of Auch- 
indrayne, cuming to Carrik, is querrellit be the Laird of Blairquhane ; bot 
in end, thay war agreitt, that Blairquhane fuld giff ouer the Office pre- 
fently, and the Laird of Auchindrayne fuld pay ffywe hundreithe merkis 
for his poffeffione thairoff. The quhilk wes done, (he) doing juftice in 
fie forme as nane in all the cuntry culd compleyne thairone. 


Colzeone vas agreit, in fum miffour ; and thair wes gude quyetnes 
in the cuntry, except fum littill fmall jarris, quhilkis wes betuix the Tutour 
and the Maifter, for fum particulars of thair awin. Bot the fam remaynit 
quyett, to my lordis hame-cuming out of France, quhilk wes about the 
xxv day of July, in the 3eir of God 1565. And at his hame-cuming, the 
Maifter mett his Lorfchip, with fum of the freindis that fauourit him ; 
and alfe the Laird of Co^eone, with alfmony as luiffit him ; quhilkis war 


bayth werry weill refaiffit be his Lordfchip. And at his cuming to May- 
boll, his freindis, than beginning to enwy the Laird of Achindrayne, 
mowit my Lord to difcharge the Laird Achindrayne of his Office of Bail- 
3earie, — and alfo, wald nocht gifF him the pofTeffione of the Blak and 
Quhytt Gannochis ; quhilkis, quhan the Lord (Laird) knew, he perfeiffit 
the fam to be the Laird of Co^eonis deid ; for he brocht the difcharge 
in perfone, him felfF, quhair he and Achindrayne entiring in wordis, the 
Laird of Co^eone faid, that ' he fuld be the laft Laird of Achindrayne 
that euer fuld be ! ' The wther anfuerit and faid, ' Thow fall nocht leiff 
to fie the fam ! ' Thir wordis begane ane gritt maleice in bayth thair 
hairttis, quhilkis grew mair and mair, as n e fall heir. 

[quarrel between the earl and the master of cassillis.J 

Now, my Lord beganne to be onkynd to the Maifter, his broder, be in- 

formatioune, as the Maifter allegitt, that the Laird of Co^eone 

And this beganne ane caldnes betuix thame ; the quhilk continewit to ane 
tyme that the Maifter being chalmerit in me Lordis hous in Mayboll, he 
defyrit the porter to bring in the key of the yett, becaufe that he had fpe- 
cialy to do with ane freind in the toune. This cuming to the Laird off Col- 
3eonis eiris, he fchawis the fam to my Lord ; quha, counfalling his broder, 
and fayis, that he was ' informitt }>at he had focht f»at key to lett in fum 
menne to cutt his thrott ! ' The Maifter confelfit that ' he focht the key, 
bot thair wes na manne that durft fay }>at he was on fik opinione — and 
quha had faid the famin to his Lordfchip leid !' The Laird of Col^eone, 
being prefent, faid, ' I faid it, to my Lord, f»at ^e focht ]>e key ; and it wes 
na wyis feymlie to 30W to heff done }>e famin ! ' The Maifter, in ane readge, 
drew ane dagour, and ftruik at the Laird of Co^eone, in my Lordis pre- 
fence ; quhairupone my Lord fend the Maifter to Donour, in waird, quhair 


he remaynit for the fpace of xx dayis. In the quhilk tyme, the Laird off 
Co^eone deltt, with all the moyane he culd, with me Lord, to gett his 
Tutour compt maid, and all that he had bochtt ratifeitt be me Lord. The 
quhilk he gatt done to his- awin will ; becaus thair was nane that maid 
contradictioune bot the Maifter, quha wes in waird. The Laird of Col- 
3eone, heaffand his turn done, tuik the lefs thocht quhatt become betuix 
the Maifter and my Lord ; bot the word off the Maifteris warding eum- 
.ing to his moderis eiris, fcho mowit my Lord Hammiltoune to writt to 
me Lord for to putt him to liberty. Wpone the quhilk, me Lord fend 
him to my Lord Hammiltoune ; quhair he remaynit for ane tyme, quhill 
me Lord come thair ; quhair the trewth was tryitt, that the fame wes to 
meitt with ane womane quha wes with bairne to him, callit Agnis Bell. 

[deadly feud BETWIXT THE EARJ- of cassillis and the eaird 


In this tyme, Johne Baird, Laird of Keh^eny, depairtitt ; and he had 
mareyitt ane lifter of the Laird off Barganyis to his fecund wyff ; quhome 
to he had left fum wittuell, quhilk the young Laird off Kei^eny had 
tane fra hir perforfe. And fcho coinpleynand to hir broder, the Laird of 
Bargany, he fend the young Laird and ten or xij horfe with him to the 
pleace off Kei^eny, and brak the 3ett, and tuik alfe meikill wittuell with 
thame, as wes reft fra hir and hir feruand. Now, this day that thay tuik 
this wittuell out of Kei^eone, me Lord and his heill freindis was in May- 
boll, at the bureyall of Johne Chalmeris wyff of Trochquhane ; and be- 
caufe that the Laird of Keh^eny was my Lordis depender, my Lord 
thocht the famin done to him ; and awowitt to be ewin with the famin. 
Quhairupone, he confultit with fum of his freindis, and faid, ' he wald to 
Bargany that fam nycht, and take alfmeikle wittuall agane outt of itt ; ' 


ffor, he faid, that he had ' brocht hame with him, out off Ittally, poutthard, 
quhilk wald blaw wp the 3ett !' Bot fum of his freindis faid, that ' it wes 
the wrang time to perfew that nycht ; for, the deld being new done, thay 
wald be on thair awin gaird, for that prefent.' Me Lord being layed by, 
this Laird dewyflit with fum of his freindis, how to ruitt out this Hous 
of Bargany out off memory ; and to that effect began to deill with ane 
freind and feruand off the Laird of Barganyis, callit John Kennedy of 
Carlok, and hecht him gritt giftis bayth off land and geir ; and he, for the 
famin, tuik itt in hand to betraife his maifter, and to lett (in) fa mony of 
my Lordis menne, to flay all that was in the hous of Arftenfar, and to 
blaw up the hous in the air. And, to this effect, maid fa mony gentill- 
men, bayth of Carrik and Kyill, to gang to this interpryfe. 

This being tane in hand be the Laird of Carlok, as faid is, me Lord 
reweillis the famin to the Laird of Co^eone, and to the Gudman off 

- . . , wnder gritt counfall. And quhan the famin wes at poyntt, 
the Laird of Co^eone faid, ' he thocht the famin not meitt to be done 
efter.that forme ; bott wald his lordfchip wfe his counfall, he fuld de- 
vvyife ane better way ; ' for, faid he, ' the Auld Laird and the Auld Lady 
lies' bene honorabill houflialderis all their dayis, and thay wald be grittly 
lamentit be all men ; and the young Laird had now mareyitt his wyff 
out of the Kingis hous, and hir deathe wald be thocht mekill off be the 
King and the Queine ; and als the deid wald be thocht werry crewall, to 
put fa mony innocentis faullis to deathe !' — Bot fayis, ' Me Lord, will 
3e do my counfall, I will dewyife ane better way ; quhilk is this. The 
30ung menne, bayth the 50ung Laird and his broder ar young, and 
hanttis the feildis for thair paftyme ; and tak thame away, and the aid 
man fall die for forrow ! For he will confidder that he hes nane to fucceid 
to him bot Benand, quha is ane deboifchit man ; and fra he feis his fonis 
llayne, and the dekay of his hous, he will not leiff !' This faying founitt 


werry weill in me Lordis eiris ; and, wpone the fame, the firft courfe 
wes ftayitt ; and me Lord wes bent one the nixt to flay the young men. 
This courfe was reweillit be the Gudwyiffof Balterflane, and to the Aid 
Laird of Bargany. Quhairupone, he fend to the Laird of Co^eone to 
awife him of lie ane courfe ; and the Laird of Co^eone anfuerit and faid, 
that he, • finding me Lord bentt one fik ane purpoife, he, for to ftay of 
fa crewall ane deid, keift me Lord off that, be the incaft of the wther, 

quhilk wes to abein put to executioune ; and his de- 

wyife wald have ane tyme, in the quhilk mony thingis mycht bein gottin 
preweynitt ; for he was neuer on that purpoife to putt that to exeeu- 
tioun ; for he being ane fifler-fone of that houfe, was owr neir cumit 
thairof to craifF thair bluid ! ' Bot this wold neuer content the young 
menne ; bot euer, in thair hairtt, thay thocht he had focht thair lyff ; and 
this mowit ane gritt maleife in thair hairttis aganis him. 


[plot to murder the tutor of cassillis.] 

Now, ye heir that this manne had mony enemeis in the cuntry, and 
thairfoir the Maifter of Caiffillis, as ye haue hard', perfeiffing the famin, 
him felff being ane of his enemeis, conweynis with the Lairdis of Achin- 
drayne and Dunduff, quha wer bayth mallcontentis, as ye haue hard ; 
and, at thair meitting, he wffit thir vordis. — ' GeifF,' fayis he, ' I war in 
my broderis plaice, I wald nocht haue wffitt nane off 30W as je haue 
done ; bot he has not the wytt thairoff, bot only the Laird of Col^eone, 
quha had done the lyk to him felff ; and giff thay wald be freindis to 
him, to gett him ane mendis of that wrang, he wald be thairis to his 
deathe !' Thay anfuerit, that, « giff he wald fett doune with thame, that 
quhenne he come to be Eirll, they fuld haue als mekill of him as thay 
had of his broder, thay wald be his freindis,*and do all that lay in thame 


for his pleffour.' Quhairupoune, thay fett doune als mekill as thay had 
of me Lord befoir ; and fa, thay wer bund wp in bandis withe wtheris. 


At this tyme, the Laird of Bargany rydis to Edinburgh, for defenfe 
of fum law effairis he had in end ; and thair, the Minifteris makis ane 
eonwentioune in the new Kirk of Edinburgh, quhair thair wes ane cum- 
pany of Noble menne with thame, amangis whom the Laird of Bargany 
was ane. The King, being in the Tolbuyth him felff, thair raife ane 
gritt wproir in the toune, in file fortt, as the haill toune wes almeift in 
airmis, fum crying, ' God and the Kirk ! ' and fum, ' God and the 
King ! ' Quhairat the King wes fa hewelly offendit, that he beneiflit the 
Minifteris ; and wardit mony of the toune. The Lord Lindfay wes 
compellit to pey ane gritt fowme off mony. The Laird of Bargany wes 
forffit to mairy his eldeft fone on the Quenis Maideyne, Jonett Stewartt, 
fifter to the Lord Wchiltrie ; quhilk wes ane gritt wrak to his hous, wther 
nor he gatt ane gude womane. This wproir wes in the 1596 yeir, on 
the fewinteine day of December ; and the mareage was compleitt in Ja- 
nuar thairefter. 


Now, wpone the thrid day of Nouember, 1597, my Lord Caflillis was 
mareyit one Deame Jeane Flemyng, quha wes fum tyme wyff to my 
Lord Thirllftane, leatt Chanfellar, without ony off his freindis adwyife. 
And fcho, ffinding my Lord in fie ane angir with his broder, fcho mowis 
me Lord to mak me Lord of Abercorne his air, and to infeft him in all 
his landis ; and brocht the famin fo neire, that the ewidentis was maid 


redy for the fubfcrywing ; bott his ffreindis, getting fum intelligence, 
deltt with him, and ftayit his purpois, quhairby the famin wes ftayitt, 
bott with gritt deficulty. 

[death of the old laird of baegany.] 

Ane litill befoir this, the Auld Laird of Bargany tuik feiknes, and 
being werry feik, the Laird of Co^eone fend to him, and defyrit that he 
mycht cum to him, and lpeik with him, befoir the Lord callit vpone him. 
And he, finding him at the poynt off deathe, he was content to fuffir him 
to cum to him ; and commandit his fonis not to mak na motioun to him. 
Now, at his cuming, the Laird wes fa weheament feik, that he dwrft 
nocht wfe mekill langage, bott faid, ' Sir, ^e heff bein werry onthankfull 
to me, for mony gude deidis that I haue done to 30W !' Co^eone anfuer- 
itt and faid, ' I hoipe to God ^e fall leiff to try my pairtt to 30W honeft, 
and thay leyaris that hes reportitt wtherwyife off me ; bot for this pre- 
fentt I will not enter in that purpois, bot wald craiff God to confortt 
him' (30W.) And fa left him, protefting, that gif the Lord callit one him, 
he fuld be ane freind to his hous, to his powar ; and fo tuik his leiff. Bot 
the twa young men wald not cum in fichtt for the prefentt. — Now, it 
pleaffit God, on the fewint day of Nouember, to tak the Laird of Bar- 
gany in his mercye ; quha wes the nobilleft manne that ewer was in that 
cuntry, in his tyme. He was indewitt with mony gude wertewis. Firft, 
he feiritt God, and wes fra the beginning one the rycht fyd of Religioune. 
He was wyife and courteous, and thairwith ftoutt and palling kynd ; 
and fik ane nobill fpendar in owttingis, with the beft halding hous at 
hame that ewer was in the land. He wes neuer behind with na pairty, 
and keipitt him felff ewer to the foir with his leiwing. He had ewer in 
his houfhald xxiiij galland gentilmenne, doubill horffitt, and gallantly 



cled ; with fik ane repair to his hous, that it was ane wonder quhair the 
famin wes gottin that he fpendit. He had to his wyff, Agnis Montgo- 
mery, After to the Eirll of Eglintoune, quha had borne to him ane gritt 
number of bairnis ; bot thay war all deid befoir him, except tua fonis, 
the 30img Laird, and Thomas off [Drummurchie] ; and four dochteris, 
to wit, his eldeft dochter, callit Deame Helene Kennedy, becaus fcho was 
firft mareyit to Hew, Eirll of Eglintoune ; and, efter his deceife, fcho was 
mereyitt to Sir Johne Grahame of Knokdolyane, knyght : His fecund 
dochter, Margaret, wes mareyitt one Johne Mwir of Auchindrayne : His 
thrid dochter, Jonett, was mareyitt to Adame Boyd of Penkill : His 
youngeft dochter, Elifabeth, was mareyitt to Allane, Maifter of Cath- 

[plot by the master of cassillis and the lairds of auchin- 

Now this nobill manne (Bargany) being deid, the Laird of Co^eone 
raift Summondes on his auld affignatioune, quhilk, as ye hard, he had 
gottin fra this Blak Beffy, of the landis of Newwarke. The young Laird 
of Bargany nocht being acquentitt with the lawis, he obtenis ane decreitt 
aganis him of tuelff thoufiand merkis for the byrunnis quhilk war awand 
to hir befoir hir deceife ; bot he put nocht the famin to executioun, bot 
latt the famin ly ftill befyd him, as ane aw-band, abuiff his heid, quhilk 
mowit the Laird of Bargany to ane gritt angir, and awowitt to be equall 
with the famin. And upone this angir, thair was ane meitting drawine 
betuix him and the Maiftei", the Laird of Auchindrayne and Dunduff ; 
quhair, the cuntry faid, thai fett doune to flay the Laird of Co^eone, as 
appeiritt werry ewill. For, on the firft day of Januar, 1597, the Laird 
of Co^eone being in the hous of Sir Thomas Nifbett at fupper, and 


heffand his feruandis to pafs thairfra to his awin houfe of Mayboll, throw 
the faid Sir Thomas' yaird, the Lairdis of Auchindrayne and Dunduff, 
accumpanyitt with Alexander Kennedy ferwand to the Laird of Bargany, 
and David Mwir his ferwand, alfo with fum of thair ferwandis, fett for 
him in the faid yaird ; and the nycht being mirk, thay difchargit findry 
fchottis of peftillottis at him. He fleyis, and thay fcheafe him throw 
ane gritt pairt of the toun of Mayboll, to ane hous of Mathow M c Gowne 
merchant ; quhair, betuix the tua houffis, he, be the mirknes of the 
nycht, efcheapis. He being this way faifF, withe all diligence, perfewis 
the Lairdis of Auchindrayne and Dunduff, befoir the Counfell. The Laird 
of Auchindrayne and his, with the Laird of Barganyis ferwandis, 3eid 
to the home. The Laird of Dunduff* enterit, and wes wairdit in Edin- 
brughe ; and thairefter, come in my Lord off Caffillis will, and his cuffing 
the Laird of Co^eone, quha defyrit him to be baneift, for ane fpeace, to 
Ingland ; quhilk he did. And 3ett the famin culd not content thame, 
bot thai buir him at alfe gritt feid as thay did the Laird of Auchindrayne. 
The Laird of Co^eone gat the hous of Auchindrayne, and diftroyit the 
hous in the plenneiffing, and wrakitt all the yairding. And alfo thay 
maid mony fettis to haue gottin him felff ; bot God preferuitt him from 
thair tirranye. 

[the king reconciles the earl of cassillis and the 
laird of bargany.] 

In this tyme my Lord of Caiffillis perfewis the Laird off Bargany for 
byrun teyndis ; and lybellit the fum of xlv thoufand merkis agains him. 
This actioune being defendit be (him), Mr Johne Ruffell, as procurator for 
the Laird of Bargany, tuik ane exceptioune to his proteftatioun, and fub- 
cumis thairin ; quhairupone me Lord obtenis decreitt, bot the fame is putt 


wnder reductioun, and the Laird of Bargany obtenis fufpenfioune ; and 
thane the Kingis Maiefty tuik the fame wp, and gaifF his decreitt in this 
maner. The Kingis decreet was this ; that me Lord of Caiffillis fuld dii- 
charge the haill decreitt of xlv thouffand merkis, and the Laird of Bar- 
gany fuld pay to me Lord of Caiffillis the at the nixt 

Martimes ; ffor the quhilk, my Lord of Caiffillis fuld difcharge the haill 
decreitt, with this prowiffioune, that gif he peyit not the fame at this 
terme abuif writtine, he fuld be in danger of the haill fowme. And vp- 
one this decreitt, the King gart thame fchaik handis ; and alfo the Laird 
Col3eone, in fum miflbur ; hot not with thair hairttis, becaus thair par- 
ticular wes not fett doune at the agreanfe. The Laird of Bargany faid 
that he had na reffone to pey ony of the fowme ; and giff me Lord tuik 
the famin, he fuld neuer hefF the fam and his hairt. Yitt the day ap- 
pointitt, me Lord tuik the fowme ; nochtwithftanding he gain" mony fair 
apeirans in the contrair to that effect, he fuld fubcumit in the danger of 
the haill fowme ; bot the famin being redy, it was laid doune and peyitt. 
This wes ane gritt greiff in Barganyis hairt. 

[the master of cassillis murders one of the earl's 
tenants. his marriage.] 

At this tyme, the Laird of Cohjeone cauffit me Lord fett ane tak to 
ane Mackewine of the land of .... , quhilk me Lord had promefitt 
befoir to Patrik Richartt. This Patrik Richartt was fofter-broder to the 
Maifter of Caiffillis ; and for that caus, the Maifter fend to this Mackew- 
ine, and forbad him to tak that manis rowme our his heid, ' or ellis he 
fuld gar all his harnis clattir !' This Mackewine being ane prowd cairll, 
and heffand Co^eone and the Schereff of Galloway to maynteyne him, 
faid, he wald ' tak ony land me Lord wald fett him.' The Maifter re- 


laiffing this anfuer, in ane readge, forgadiring with this Mackewine, flayis 
him. Quhairatt my Lord was far offendit, and wald nocht fuffir him to 
cum in his prefence. And the Maifter, remayning in Galloway with the 
Laird of Gairfland, fallis in luiff with ane fifter off his, and mareyitt hir ; 
quhilk was far contrair to me Lordis weill, and wes mair offendit with 
his broder nor ewer he ves befoir. 

[feud between the earl and the laird of girvanmains.] 

In this tyme the Laird of Dromaquhryne M c Alexander come to me 
Lord of Caiffillis, and tuik ane tak of his teyndis off Dromaquhryne ouer 
the Laird of [Girvandmaynis ?] heid ; quhais hous had euer bene ten- 
nandis to me Lord of Caiffillis houfe of theis teyndis, and the Lairdis of 
Dromaquhryne had thame off him againe, for fervice ; bot this Droma- 
quhryne, being ane proud manne, wald be now tennant to me Lord himfelff, 
and his man. This Laird of Girwandmaynis com to me Lord, and faid, 
his lordfchip ' had [done him wrang ?] in fetting of his teyndis to his awin 
man owr his heid ; and for ony gaynis he fall reap be that deid, the fa- 
min falbe bot fmall !' My Lord anfuerit, and faid, ' ge dar nocht find fait 
with him ; for and $e do, we knaw quhair $e duell.' The wther faid, 
'■ And he byd be that deid, he fuld repent the lame, do for him quha 
lykitt !' Me Lord faid, ' ge dar nocht fteir him, for 30UI' craig !' And bad 
him gang to his 3ett ! The Laird of Girwandmaynis rydis his wayis ; 
and thinking that the Laird of Dromaquhryne wald cum efter him, he 
ftayitt, and his tua ferwandis with him, one ane muir callit Craiddow, 
behind ane know, quhill that he faw him cuming. His broder, the Laird 

of Corfeclayis, being with him, and Olifer Kennedy off ; bot 

thai ftrak neuer ane ftraik in his defenfe. Girwandmaynis perfewis him, 
and his tua men with him, callit Gilbert MTiddis and Williame M°Fid- 


deris, ane boy, quha wes the fpy. Thay com to thame on horfbak, and 
ftrak him with fuordis on the heid and flew him. This being done, me 
Lord wes werry far offenditt at this deid, and awowit to haue ane mendis 
thairof ; and cauffitt denunce Girwandmaynis to the home ; and did all 
that he culd to haue his lyffe, and wrak him in his geir. 

Now, thair was ane affurance betuix Co^eone and Auchindrayne ; 
and that maid me Lord and Col3eone the mair ftraitt on Girwandmaynis, 
bot culd not gett ane mendis off him. 

[feud between the earl ov cassillis and his principal 
vassals in galloway.] 

Noav, befoir this, my Lord heffand obtenit ane decreitt aganis all the 
gentill menne of Galloway, of all thair kyndlie rowmis, fik as the Lairdis 
of Gairfland, Kenhilt, and Meirtoune, with the Schereff of Galloway, and 
thair freindis, rydis to his Houfe of Inche in Galloway, with fourty horfe, 
in geir, one intentione to put the fame decreitt of his to executioune. 
The gentill menne of Galloway, feing the fame, band thame felffis togid- 
der in band to byd be wtheris ; and quhome on that ewer me Lord be- 
ganne to difpoffefs, that thay fuld all defend him, with thair forfe. And 
firft, me Lord gart proclayme ane Court to be haldin in Glenlufe, to dif- 
poffefs the Laird of Gairfland of his of the fame ; the quhilk, 

the gentill menne of Galloway perfeiffing, fend and defyritt me Lord to 
wfe thame kyndlie ; bot he refuiffit the famin, and wald wfe na thing bot 
the rigour of the law. The gentill menne feing the fame, and that he 
wald hald Court the morne, gadderitt thame felffis togidder, to the num- 
ber of ane hunder horfe in geir, and faid, ' Giff me Lord wald cum thair, 
he fuld be welcum ; bott the Laird of Gairfland faid he wald be deputt !' 



Now, the vay that thay war to cum bak, was be the Loch-end of the 
Infche, quhair me Lord wes ; and me Lord had gaderitt fum ma of his 
menne to him or thay com bak ; and fa, iflchit out of the Loch, and 
thocht to put thame about the way they com : Bot thay com that way, 
and wald nocht be ftayitt. Quhairupone, thair was fum meittingis 
amangis thame ; bot the famin fell not in blude. The Galloway menne 
perfeiffing the fame, com that nycht and incloffitt the Loche ; and wald 
not latt nane out or in ; for thay knew he wes not weill prowydit of the 
famin. For thay thocht thair wes nane that wald reliefF him, ffor his 
freindis in Carrik and he was not in gude termis, and the Lairdis of 
Garleis and Lochinvar wes thair awin. My Lord of Caiffillis perfeiffing 
him felff in this eftaitt, wes hiche offenditt, and culd find na way to gett 
him releiffit ; bot, heffing ane Minifter in the Yll with him, callit James 
goung, Minifter of Camnell, com out, and faid he was ' going to his 
kirk.' For the quhilk effect, thay fufferitt him to pafs ; quha had this 
directioun fra me Lord to Bargany, that ' Giff he vald cum and mak his 
relieff, he wald mend all mifbehawiour that he (had) done to him, and 
think of him by all his kin to his lyffis end !' The quhilk the Minifter 
did with all diligenfe, and com to Arftenfar at nycht, and fchew the 
Laird my Lordis eftait, and quhat he had directit him to fay to him. 
Quhairupone the Laird of Bargeny fend, and warnit all his freindis and 
feruandis to cum efter him with all fpeid, and lap on him felff, with 
fOurtie horfe, and reid all nycht, quhill he com to ane feruandis hous of 
his, callit Kirkalffy, quhilk houfe is within ane myll to the Inche ; and 
fend ane gentill man to try ' quhatt thay war doand aboutt the Loche ?' 
And bad him fay to me Lord, that he was thair. And alfe, directit him 


to defyir the Laird of Gairfland to cum to him, that he wald confer with 
him. Quhairupone thay com all to him to Kirkpalffy, quhair he fchaw 
thame that me Lord had fend to him to cum to him ; for the quhilk, he 
was cumitt to lie quhat was the mater amangis thame. The Laird 
Gairfland faid, ' Sir, ^e knaw that I and my houfe is 30ur feruandis, and 
3e ar bund to maynteine ws ; and now, fir, I being to be remowitt fra 
my aid and kyndlie office and poffeffione be my Lord, I haue na doutt bot 
3e will do 3our honourabill dewitty to me, as 30ur pridicefTouris hes 
ewer done to myne !' The Laird of Bargany anfueritt, and faid, ' Sir, 
3e knaw that in bayth our bandis, the Eirll of Caiffillis is euer referwitt ; 
and fa, fir, I am nocht bund to mell with 30W in this particular ; bot to 
lett 30W fie, fir, that I fall do mair to 30W nor I am bund to do be my 
band, giff me Lord be to do 30W wrang, and not wfe 30W kindlie, be the 
fycht of ffreindis, I will nocht only leiff his lordfchip, bot I will mayn- 
teyne 30W to the laft drop of my bluid ! And giff 3e be to perfew me 
Lord of his lyff, at this tyme, feing that he hes fend for me, I will defend 
him to my powar !' Thay anfuerit, and faid, ' Thay war not to perfew 
him, bot to defend thame and thair freindis fra his injury, that he fuld 
not do thame wrang !' The Laird faid, that he ' wald deill with me Lord, 
and inowe him to fett doune with thame.' Thay faid, ' Thay wald abyd 
his judgements quhatever he wald command.' 

[on the mediation of the laird of bakgany, they 
are reconciled.] 

The Laird, on this, went to the Loche, and went in to me Lord ; bot 
left his folkis without. At quhais cuming, my Lord wes werry glaid, 
and faid, ' Eame, I thank 30W that hes done ws this plefour, the quhilk 
fall neuer be fo^ett ; and for our awine particuleris quhilk is amangis 


ws, Eame, $e falbe judge 30ur felff, or our hame cuming to Carrik !' 
The Laird randeritt him thankis, and faid, ' gour Lordfchip falbe (fall fie ?) 
fchortly quha will nocht. My Lord, thir men fayis, " In ony thing thay 
haue offendit 30ur Lordfchip, thay will mak me judge, and mend the fa- 
min to 30ur awine fycht." ' Me Lord faid, ' I will do quhat 3e think gude 
I fall do the famin !' The Laird faid, ' And thay com nocht in heir to 
30ur Lordfchip and cum in 30ur Lordfchipis will, I fall wair my lyff on 
thame !' My Lord faid, ' ge ar judge for me !' ' Than, me Lord, I will 
bring thame with me, in quyett maner ; and gif thay refuife or nycht, 
I fall die and putt thame aff the feild.' 

The Laird of Bargany, cuming of (the loche to the) Galloway men, 
faid, ' Sirs, giff 3e will be content to mak me judge betuix me Lord and 
30W, I hoip to agrie 30W ; and giff nocht, 3e man excuife me, for I man 
do my dewittie to his Lordfchip, quha is willing to byd my judgement !' 
Thay anfuerit and faid, that ' Thay war glaid for to mak him judge, for 
thay wer fwir that he wald do thame na vrang !' He faid, ' Sirs, fen fa 
is, 3e fall do beft to call off 30ur geir, and fend 30iir folkis away ; and 
3e fall go with me to his Lordfchip, and refibune on 30m* awin caus ; 
and, be Godis graice, I falbe 3our warrand, that 3e fall nather gett fchame 
nor fkayth, in body nor name !' The quhilk thay condifcendit to, and 
did as he dewyfiitt. Quhairupone, the Laird fend fourty or fum ma of 
his folkis into the Yll befoir him felff, in caife me Lord fuld brek pro- 
meis. And fyne he and the gentilmen of Galloway with him come, to 
the number of xij perfonis, to his Lordfchip ; and efter that thay had 
done thair courtefiy, me Lord faid, ' My Eame, the Laird of Bargany, 
hes brocht 30W heir ; and quhat he thinkis gude, I will be content to 
ftand be the famin.' The Laird of Gairfland faid, ' We wyt nocht 30iir 
Lordfchip, bot fik as hes gewine 30ur Lordfchip counfell, on maleis to 
(do) ws wrang ; bot quhat we haue don to offend 30ur Lordfchip, we 



will amend the fame, be the Lairdis fycht, to 30ur Lordfchipis content- 
ment. The Laird enterit in particular with my Lord, concerning thame ; 
and agreit thame, to all thair contentmentis ; and" thay all dynit with me 

The quhilk being done, my Lord drew on his bwittis, and raid with 
the Laird to Arftenfar, being conwoyit be the Galloway menne to Glan- 
naip, quhair the Laird of Barganyis frendis and feruandis mett him, ane 
gude number. My Lord being in Arftenfar, the Laird wald nocht, in 
his awin hous, mowe na thing to him of his particular ; bot paffit the 
tyme merelly, quhill the morne ; and efter denner convoyit his Lordfchip 
to his hous of Craigneill ; and tuk leiff of his Lordfchip, and. faid, ' I will 
cum fchortlie to 30m- Lordfchip to Mayboll : ' And fa tuik leiff. And 
within the fpeace of ten or xij dayes, the Laird com to Mayboll : and efter 
lang conferanfe, he faid, ' Me Lord, 3our Lordfchip knawis that 3e apoyntit 
me to cum heir, to gett our turnis done ; and now I am cuming to fie sour 
Lordfchipis gude will !' Me Lord faid, ' We will adwyife ws, and 3$ 
fall haue ane anfwer.' The Laird faid, ' I luik that 30m- Lordfchip vill 
keip promeis to me (made) in Galloway, and gef me 30m 1 Lordfchipis 
hand, that I fuld be judge my felff, in all my particularis !' Me Lord 
faid, ' Bargany, fay nocht that, for giff 3e vill, I will afferme the contrair ; 
and we vill do 30W reffone, giff 3e will afferme the famin !' The Laird 
faid, ' Me Lord, I will afferme the famin ! And now, me Lord, I am 
fuir 3e vill nocht brek this promeis, bot 3e will keip this ; and on thir 
wordis done reffone !' This being in my Lordis awin Hous and toune of 
Mayboll, the Laird left him. And efter his way-cuming, writ to me Lord, 
' that his Lordfchip wald, according to his word, apoynt him tyme, pleace, 
and maner.' Bot me Lord geff na anfuer, bot lat the famin pafs ouer 
with fylenfe. 




My Lord and Bargany this way falland outt, me Lordis frendis drawls 
me Lord and Blairquhane elder to comoning, and cauffit thame meitt. 
And efter thair meitting, the Laird of Blairquhane invittitt him to his 
Hous of Blairquhane ; and me Lord 3eid with him, and remaynit all 
nycht : hot the Laird of Co^eone, nocht heing content with that new 
agreanfe, he fendis ane to me Lord, declairing to his Lordfchip, that the 
30ung Laird of Blairquhane, with lum of the Laird of Barganyis folkis, 
wes to cum the nixt nicht to flay me Lord in his awin bed ! Quhair- 
upone me Lord, with ane feruand of his avvine, went out at the bak 3ett ; 
and without ony gud-nycht went to Mayboll. Quhairat the Laird of 
Blairquhane was fa far ofFenditt, that he fuld haue beine eftemeit ane 
tratour, that he awowit to (be) equall with the fayar thairoff; and alfo 
thocht that me Lord had done him vrang. Wpone this, thair was ane 
tryft drawine at Air, betuix the Lord Wchiltrie, the Laird of Bargany, 
Blairquhane, Girvandmaynis, and ane band maid amangis thame, to die 
and leiff togidder in all thair particularis. QuhairofF me Lord tuik ane 
gritt ffeir. 

[marriage of young AUCHINDRAYNE with the daughter of 


At this tyme, the afTurance betuix the Laird of Co^eone and the Laird 
of Auchindrayne wes neir rin out ; and thair freindis trauellitt amangis 
thame, and fpecially Dauid Kennedy off Maxfeltoune, and John Muir of 
Wodland, quha agreitt thame, in this fort. That James Muir, 3ounger of 


Achindrayne, fuld mairy Helene Kennedy, dochter to the Laird of Col- 
3eone, and fuld refaiff the fowme of four thoufand merkis of tocher with 
hir. Off the quhilk fowme, the faid Johne Muir'of Achindrayne fuld tak 
the Laird of Bargany dettour for thrie thoufand merkis ; ffor the quhilk, 
the Laird of Co^eone fuld difcharge the haill fowme off the tuelff thou- 
fand merkis obtenit be him contrair the Laird of Bargany, for the debtt 
awand to Blak Beffie of Denhome ; and the Laird and he to be made 
frendis ; and all by-ganes to be pail by amang thame. The quhilk wes 
all done, as faid is. The mareage compleitt, and Auchindrayne relaxt 
fra the Home, and all thair folks maid frie that wes with him and Dun- 
duff ; and Dunduff and Col3eone maid freindis, to bayth thair content- 
mentis. And becaus that me Lord wes makand me Lord Abercorne his 
air, be the moyane of his Lady, the Laird of Auchindrayne drew the 
Maifter and the Laird of Co^eone to ane agreanfe ; and cauffitt thame 
meitt in Arftenfar, and agreitt thame ; and fett doune all thair particu- 
leris, be writ, to bayth thair plefouris. 

[feud as to the drawing of the teinds of gir van-mains.] 

Now, the Lairdis of Bargany war euer taxmen to the Eirllis of Caif- 
fillis of the Teyndis of the ten pund land of Girwandmaynis ; and the 
Laird of Girwandmaynis war euer taxmen off the famin to the Lairdis of 
Bargany. And now, me Lord heffmg obtenit ane decreitt of the famin, 
he wald cum, be forfe, to leid the famin. And to that effect, that nane 
fuld knaw his intentione, he conveynis all his forfe quyetly ; bot the Lairdis 
of Bargany and Girwandmaynis, heffand gottin word, conweynis all thay 
culd, at ane fudanty, and com to the grund, and fteillit thame felffis in 
the 3ardis quhair the cornis fluid, in fie fortt, that the fam wes onpoffa- 
bill that my Lord fuld gett the turne done. For the quhilk, me Lord 


(wes) hevelly offenditt, and awowitt to be equall with the Laird of Bar- 
gany. Quhairupone, me Lord, heffing ane decreett agains ane feruand of 
the Laird of Bargayneis, callit Johne M c allexander, of the landis off Dan- 
gartt, and me Lord wald putt the fam decreitt to executioune, and wald 
intromett with the haill cornis that wes wpone the grund ; and fend his 
houfhald feruandis, and gart intromett with fum of the cornis, and 
fchuir ane pairt thairoff. This being cumin to the Laird of Bargayneis 
eiris, he lowpis on, in Arftenfar, and rydis to the land, and with horfe 
and cairttis, brocht the cornis that thay had fchorne with him to Arften- 
far ; for he faid, that ' me Lord had na rycht to the cornis, albeit he had 
obtenitt decreitt againft the land.' This being one the Setterday, me Lord 
prowydis, with all his forfe that he can, againis Monunday, to cum to 
fchier the reft off the cornis. And the Laird of Bargany, on the famin 
maner, prowydis for the famin effect. The Laird of Bargany, be the nar- 
reft hand, comis firft to the grund of the land, and to the number of fex 
hunder men, on horfe, with tua hunder hagbutteris ; and me Lord of 
Wchiltrie com alfo with the number of ane hunder horfe ; fo that, in all, 
he wes, or tuelff houris, the number of nyne hunder men, on futt and 
horfe. My Lord of Caiffillis come alfo, with his haill forfe that he mycht 
mak to the lyk number, or few ma. Bot the Laird, being in the Houle 
and 3airdis, and he heaffing mony baffis and hagbuttis of found with 
him, the fame was onpoffable to me Lord to mend him felff Bot me 
Lord of Cartcartt, being ane nobill manne, quha had mareit to his wyiff 
ane neir kinnifwoman of me Lord Caiffillis, and his fone heffing mareitt 
the Laird of Barganyis filter, trauellitt amangis thame, and tuik wp the 
mater, in this fortt, that the Laird fuld have the heill cornis that wes 
one the grund, to his ferwand, and fuld find cautioune for the dewitty of 
the land, quhilk was me Lordis : And that me Lord fuld com to the 
grund of the landis, and, according to his decreitt, tak poffeflion of the 


lame, bot nocht to fteir the cornis ; and for the dewitty of the landis, the 
Laird off Cairlltoune, and the Gudmanne off Airdmellane, to be cau- 
tiouneris for the foirfaid dewitty ; and me LordVfand cautioune nocht to 
trubill the cornis, nor the manne in the fcheiring of thame. And to (end) 
this agreanfe, the Laird reid his way to Arftenfar ; and me Lord com to 
the land, and tuik poftefiioune ; and Johnne M c Allexander fchoir his 
cornis in peace. 

[plots to take the earl's life, &c] 

Now, me Lord was far offenditt with this forme, that the Laird of 
Bargany fuld mak him ane pairty, within his awin cuntry, as he thocht ; 
and beginnis to call for the byrunnis of Girvandmaynis. The quhilk the 
Laird, perfeiffing that me Lord Avald neuer ftay his maleife, it wes thocht 
that he deltt with the Maifter and Co^eone, and had fundry meittingis 
amangis thame, the quhilk the cuntrie thocht was to tak me Lordis lyfF; 
the quhilk I trow the Maifter and Co^eone bayth culd condifcendit to. 
This was ane devifione that mowit this fufpicione, becaUs, that fchortly 
efter this, me Lord, being to ryd to Galloway, the Laird of Bargany had 
mony of his freindis conveynit in Arftenfar, quhair Blairquhane younger 
Avas, and the Laird of Girwandmaynis, quha thocht wald tane his lyffe, 
giff that the Laird of Co^eone had not beine with his Lordfchip ; the 
quhilk, thay faid, was ftayit be the Laird of Auchindrayne, for the re* 
gaird of the Laird off Col^eone. 

[attempt to imprison the laird of auchindrayne.] 

Now, this was thochtt, Co^eone had promeiffitt not to be with me 
Lord ; and in refpect that he had brokine promeife, thay tuik occafioune; 


and fend the Laird of Auchindrayne to him, on the morne, to the Infche. 
Quhair he cuming, Co^eone defyritt him to cum to him ; quha com into 
the Ylle, and talkitt with him the fpeace of ane hour. Bot me Lord di- 
rectitt that the boitt fuld not tak the Laird off Auchindrayne owtt. Me 
Lord being riffine, he com to the 3aird, and accufitt Auchindrayne, and 
faid, ' We ar certanly informitt that the Laird of Bargany gounger, the 
Laird of Blairquhane, Girwandmaynis, and 3e, fuld heff beine to tak our 
lyffis — and this $e neid nocht to deny, for we have certane informatioune 
heiroff !' Auchindrayne anfueritt, and faid, ' He is not fa gude that hes 
informitt 30UI' Lordfchip of this ; bot he is ane falfe liar, and dar nocht 
byd be the fame ! And giff he be in this prefent pleace, I fall gar him 
prefently deny the fame ! Try itt or we fched, for we knaw that je ar 
heir !' And immediatly me Lord, being callit in to his denner, Auchin- 
draynis manne, feing the bott onlokitt, and heiring the wordis, maid ane 
fing to his maifter, quha come ; and he and Ardmellanis brother enter- 
ing the boitt, thay thene rowis ouer, and lopis on thair horfe ; and fo 
rydis thair wayis. 

[the laird of auchindrayne escapes.] 

Me Lord being verry far offenditt of thair efcheap, and thay cuming 
to Ballantry, quhair all the reft was, fchew thame how he had efcheapitt, 
and quhat me Lord had faid. Quhairat the Laird of Bargany was far 
offenditt, and fend the Gudmanne off Ardmellane, and goung Camill- 
toune (Carriltoune) to me Lord of Caiffillis, to defyir his authour in this 
thing ; quha altogidder denyit the famin. Quhairwpone thay returnit to 
the Laird, and fchew him the famin ; and thay all thocht that this wes 
ane inwentioune of the Laird of Achindraynis, to caft me Lord and the 


Laird att warianfe. Auchindrayne thocht hard of the famin ; and for 
remeid thairofF, writt ane Letter to me Lord, in this forme, 

[auchindrayne's cartel to the earl of cassillis.] 

My Lord, 
My humbill dewitty of feruice being prefentitt, pleis 30m* 11. pat I 
haue fchawin pe Laird of Bargany and his freindis how 30ur 11. accufitt 
me of ane feitt, maid be pe Laird, pe Laird Blairquhane 30imger, Gir- 
vandmaynis, and my felff, to haue tane 30ur lyff : And now pe Lairdis 
freindis fayis, pat 3our 11. denyis pe famin ! And thairfoir, I haue tane 
pe baldnes to fett doune pe vordis, to putt sour 11. in rememberanfe of 
pe famin. The wordis ar thir : That 30ur 11. faid, f ge war certanly in- 
formitt pat pe Laird of Bargany, goung Blairquhane, Girvandmaynis, 
and I, wes to tak 30ur lyff ; quhilk 3e wald mend as 3c mycht !' And 
now, me Lord, I pray 30UX 11. to abyd be pe famin, or elles pat (I) will 

be compellit, for my , to publeife pe famin at all markatt- 

corffis, to fchaw pat I am nocht pe inventar pairofF. 

gour 11. ferwand in dewatty, 


Me Lord, reflaiffing this Letter, and confiddering the famin, perfaiwitt 
that Auchindrayne wald publeis the famin ; and than be itt and that 
thair war of me Lordis awin feruandis quha wald confefs that ' thay hard 
the famin faid to him,' concludit to mak Anfuer, in this forme, 


We haue 30ur Letter ; and for anfuer, We deny the wordis, pat we 


accuffitt 30W off pat fack. Bot thir war our wordis : ' We find pat we 
war fuirly informitt pat pe Laird of Bargany, 3oung Blairquhane, Gir- 
vandmaynis, and 7,e, war fett to tak our lyiff.' And thir ar pe words we 
faid ; and quhat i,e haue faid mair, i>e leid ! Caissillis.' 

Auchindrayne, refaiwing this Anfuer, laitt the famin doune hefoir the 
Laird and his freindis, and faid, ' Sirs, judge ^e now one my pairtt ! 
ge bruittit me, pat I had maid this of my heid — and now, pe fie, I haue 
had fum thing for me ! And as to me Lordis lie pat he hes gevvin me, I 
think, in refpect pat he hes confeffit all pat I haue accuiffitt him one, I 
aucht not to querrell pat, nor I will nocht do pe famin ! For it fall 
nocht he faid, pat, for my pryd, me Lord and 3e, firs, fall fall outt !' 
The freindis, perfeiffing this, bayth the Challengis and his Anfuer, culd 
find na differenfe in effect ; and fa it reftitt. 

[fresh attempts to take the lairi; of coezean's life.] 

Now, me Lord, and Auld Blairquhane, wes fallin owtt, as ye hefF hard 
befoir, quhairupone me Lord tuik ane Decreitt againis him off Kelly 
Caftell, and of Kilhenhow, and remowitt him thairfra ; quhilk mowitt 
him to ane gritt readge aganis me Lord. And for that caus, he hondit 
me Lord and Barganyis togidder be the eiris, in all that lay in his powar, 
and cauffit the Young Laird, his fone, to remayne with Bargany. And 
in refpect that me Lord, that wald not giff his authour, thay layd all the 
wytt one the Laird of Co^eone ; and allegit, that it was he that had re- 
portit the famin ! Quhairupone, he, being to ryd to Galloway, the Young 
Laird of Blairquhane, Thomas Kennedy, Barganyis brother, and aucht 
with thame, fett for him at the bak of Ardmellane-hill, at ane pleai'e 
callit Glentrefiik ; bot the famin wes diflapoyntitt be fum, quha reweillit 



thair interpryife to him ; and it wes ewer fufpect that it wes Auchin- 
drayne that aduerteifiit him, becaufe that he and he was to meit that day ; 
and giff thay had flayne him, cuming to meitt with him, he wald haue 
beine thocht on the counfell thairoff. And he, being in Arftenfar, per- 
feaffit thair purpoife, and writt to him, and ftayit his jurnay. Co^eone 
fend his ferwand Lanfellat to try the trewth, and fand thame thair ; and 
thay, thinking that his maifter was cuming, tuik him, and held him cap- 
tiue with thame quhill neir ewine, quhill thay thocht that he wald not 

Quhairupone the Laird of Co^eone raid to Edinbruche, and complenit 
to his Maiesty of this turne. And the King fendis for the Laird of 
Bargany, and accuiffit him ; and he denyit that ewer he was pruiff thair- 
to ; and faid, ' that it vald nocht try that he knew ony thing thairof.' 
Co^eone anfuerit, that he wald ' pruiff the famin be Auchindrayne, and 
Dauid Kennedy of Makfaltoune.' The King writ ane Letter to thir 
tua, and gart thame cum. And thay being accuffitt, faid, that ' thay knew 
nocht quhidder he wes pruiff or nocht, bot be ony thing that thay knew 
he wes innocent ! Quhat thay had faid, the famin wes bot one thair awin 
heid, to flay ony forder inconveyniance !' Quhairupone the King gart 
thame drink togidder, and fchaik handis ; and freindit thame, and alfo 
Young Blairquhane ; quha fchone thairefter, be his awine mifbehawiour, 
mifwffit the Laird off Pantofkane, being ane of the Kingis Maiefteyis 
Maifter ftaibleris. And me Lord leiflBs to my neir freind, ane of his name, 
Blairquhane ; and he, being as it war brother, wes at drink, and being 
mirrie, he ftrekis Pantofkane with his fuord gairdis on the feace, for fum 
wordis quhilk fell out amangis thame. Bot the famin was nocht lang 
onrepairitt ; for, on the nixt nycht, he was, be moyane of Sir Johnne 
Kennedy, drawine doune to agrie ; bot in the cuming to fchaik handis, 
he wes fett vpone be Pantofkane, and lemmit one his hand, and alfo 


ftrukin in the heid, far to his difgraice, and alfo to his quha wes his 



Now, in the raoneyth off , tbair com fum ferwandis of 

Barganyis to Mayboll, hot wes boftitt, and wald not be fufferit to re- 
mayne in the fame, be me Lordis feruandis. And thairefter, thair com 
fum of me Lordis feruandis fra Ballantry, quhair the Laird of Benand, 
and fum with him, gartt tham gang about the toune, and wald nocht lett 
thame pafs throw the famin ; and thairefter, the Laird of Benand coin 
with his brother Thomas, and ane boy with him, heaffand ane hagbutt 
in his hand, by Mayboll, quhair me Lord was ; and he being weill horffit, 
as he thochtt, wald ryd his horfe at the Carne, and fchouttit, ' Gif ony 
wald cum outt to him ?' And they feing the famin, fend out ane frend of 
me Lordis, callit Antane Kennedy of Balfarrocht, and Patrik Rippethe, 
broder to the Laird of Rippethe ; quha, quhene Benand faw, he reid his 
wayis, and thay followit him to the hous off the Threw, quhilk wes four 
myllis ; ewer, as they faid, crying one him to tairye ; bot he ryding his 
wayis, thay tuik his manne, and tuik fra him the hagbutt ; and fo re- 
turnit bak but mair fkayth. 


Efter this, me Lord rydis to Galloway, quhair he remaynit ane lang 
tyme. In the quhilk tyme, the Laird of Bargany and the Maifter mett 
in Glennaip ; and than in the Lady Garlandis hous off Balfarrochis, and 
than in Bargany, quhair thair wes fum writtis fett doune amangis thame, 


as wes thocht, to tak me Lordis lyff: And fchortly efter, me Lord 
cuming out of Galloway to Craigneill, quhair lie remaynit fum fpeace. 
Now befoir this, ane littill, the Lady Bargany and her filler with hir wes 
ryding to Air, and fum folkis with thame ; the quhilk me Lord feing, 
fend out xx horfe to fie quhat thay war, and com to thame at Ballach- 
montt befyd Mayboll ; and quhan thay faw that the Laird wes nocht 
thair, thay reid thair way. Now, on this braill, the Laird of Benand 
tuik this to the Lairdis (Bargany's) eirris, faying to him, that ' the fame 
wes to haue tane the Lairdis lyff;' and thairfoir faid, that ' he wes bot 
ane beaft, J>at wald nocht prewent ]>e fame ; for, fir, ^e fie J>at me Lord 
waitis no thing, bot tyme and pleafe, to do J»e fame ! And, fix*, giff 7,e will 
vfe my counfall, I fall mak an end of all this trubill !' The Laird faid, 
' How culd 3e do J>att ?' He faid, ' Ye morne he is to ryd hame to May- 
boll, out of Craigneill ; and in his hame-ganging, we may do all as we 
pleife !' The Laird faid, ' Ewin do as 3e think !' Quhairupoune the 
Laird of Benand delt with Thomas, the Lairdis broder, to be pairtiner 
with hime in that interpryife ; quhilk he condifcendit to. And fa, thai, 
Avith tenne or tuelff with thame, laid for me Lord, within the keill of the 
Laird of Dalgorracheis, quhilk ftandis hard be the way-fyd quhair me 
Lord wes to ryd one the morne ; and had cuttit out hoillis, to the effect 
to fchutt him in the by-ganging. This nycht thay war within the kill 
of Dallgarroche, Thomas wyff grew fa feik, that fcho wes not lyk to leiff, 
and cryand ewer for hir hufband, thay fend for him to cum to hir with 
diligenfe ; and he, concluding to leiff the reft, thay wald not tairye ; and 
fa thai all left the fame. And it being neir day or thay went out of the 
kill, thay wer fein be fum that reweillit the famin to me Lord, quha left 

that way, and reid the way of , and fa went to Mayboll 

with faifty ; quhair, (on) tryall (of) all this to be true, me Lord wes 


hewelly offenditt, and awowitt to be equall with the fame ; and vaittit 
only one tyme and pleace to performe the fame. 

[deadly feud betwixt the earl of cassillis and the 
laird of bargany.] 

Now, in the monethe of Nouember, thair wes ane meitting at Craig- 
neill, betuix Sir Johne Grahame of Knokdolyane and his wyfF ; and be- 
caus thay culd not agrie, thay appoynttit to meitt agane the fext day of 
December, in the toune of Air ; with fpeciall conditionn, that the Laird 
of Bargany fuld not be thair him felff ; bot the Laird of Cairlftoune, and 
Auchindrayne, with fum wtheris. Bot yit, the Laird of Bargany, being 
mowit be the Laird of Benand and his filter, he lap one ; and being bot 
accumpanyitt with ten or tuelff horfe, being the firft warnare, com by 
the Bogend, quhilk is ane fchortt fpeace fra me Lordis 3ett, nocht paint 
ane quarter of ane myll, heafBng with him his broder and the Laird of 
Benand, quha had beine at the feitt of the kill of Dalgarrache ; the quhilk 
me Lord thocht the mair of that contempt. And thairwpone fend for 
all his freindis and ferwandis, and keipitt thame with him, fra Tyfday 
to Fryday, heaffand ewer intelligence and fpyis in Air, to try quhane the 
Laird wes to cum out of the famin. 

The Laird of Bargany heaffand intelligenfe thairoff, wald not fend for 
his freindis and feruandis ; bot the toune of Air, heaffand thair teindis 
of him, he thocht that thay wald tak his pairtt ; and heaffand fum freindis 
with him, he thocht that me Lord wald nocht impediment him to ryd to 
his Hous. And, contrair all his freindis adwyife, one the xj day of De- 
cember, he reid out of the toune of Air ; the quhilk wes fik ane day of 
fnaw, as the fame wes werrie thik of drift, fa that thair wes nane culd 
feine the lenthe of ane lanfe befoir him. The Lairdis number wes neuer 


fourfcoir of horfe and feitt. Me Lord had fend tua of his feruandis to 
cum befoir to him to mak him foirfeine quhan the Laird com by. Thay 
war callit William Cuninghame and Hew Pennandgow. The Laird of 
Auchindrayne, knawing thame, com and fchew the famin to Bargany, 
and faid, ' Sir, I pray 30W ftay, for 30m' freindis is not heir, and 3e will 
be foir to heiff ado with menne ; for thir tua is heir, quha will nocht 
feill to mak 30ur number and 30ur cuming playne ; and thairfoir, gif 3e 
do weill, 3e ftay ; giff 3e will nocht, I will ryd and ftay thame, that thay 
do no wrang : Bot I tak God to my witnes, I haiff na will of this dayis 
wark ; foir I fe nocht the menne I wald lie to do 3our turn !' And fa 
Auchindrayne reid to the Brig of Done, and firft tuik William Cuning- 
hame, and nixt Hew Pennangow. Thay fend William Cuninghame, on 
his word, bak to Air ; and brocht Hew Pennandgow with thame, as ane 
fre freind ; for he was of bluid to the Laird of Auchindrayne. 

[fatal encounter between the earl of cassillis and the 

laird of bargany.] 

The Laird of Bargany cumis to the Brig of Done, quhair he ftayit ; 
and calling all his freindis and feruandis thair togidder, he faid in this 
fortt, ' Sirs, I am heir to proteft befoir God, I am nocht to feik the bluid 
of me Lord, nor his dishonour, in na fortt ; bot ryd hame to my Hous, 
in peace, giff he will lat me. And giff me Lord be to perfew me, I hoip 
3e will all do 30m- dewitteis, as becumis menne ; and he pat will not be 
willing to do pis, for my luiff and kyndnes, he will ather fay he will 
tairy with me to the end, or leaff me now at pis prefent !' And thay 
all anfuerit, ' We will all die in 30ur defenfe, giff ony will perfew 30W !' 
And fo reid fordwartt, dewyding his horfe-men in tua cumpanyis ; takand 
ane with him felff, and geffand the Young Laird of Cairltoune the wther. 


Thair wes with him felff the Lairdis of Auchindrayne, and Clonkaird, 
his broder Thomas, and Gilbert Kennedy of Knokda, with ane feruand 
of Auchindraynis callit James Kennedy, with tua wtheris, Edwart Irr- 
wingis his peadge, and Thomas M c Allexander, and fum ma, quhome I 
neid nocht to expres. The reft war all with Cairltoune ; fa thay com 
fordwairtt to the Brochloche neir the Lady-Corfe ; and thair, me Lord, 
cuming out off Mayboll, with his houfhald feruandis, to the number of 
tua hunder men, on fut and horfe, with xx mwfkatteris with him ; and 
wes at the Lady-Corfe befoir the Laird : Quhair, thay being all reddy 
to meitt, the ane on the Teynd-know, and the vther on the nixt, within 
the fchott of ane mwfkatt, thay beganne to flytt ; and Patrick Rippitt 
cryitt, ' Laird of Benand ! Laird of Benand ! Laird of Benand ! This is 
I, Patrick Rippett, pat tuik thy [hagbut] ! Cum doun heir in pe houm, 
and brek ane trie, for thy luiffis faik !' Bot the wther gaiff na anfuer, 
albeitt he had gewin the Laird fteiff counfell to ryd fordwartt befoir. 

Now, the menne of Air wald hef beine at fchutting, at this tyme ; bot 
the Laird of Bargany ftayit thame, and faid, ' I will nocht perfew me 
Lord, bot I will efchew all cummer, alfe far as I may.' And thairwpone 
left the way, and reid doune the Bogfyd of Dinhame, thinking be that 
deid to efchew me Lord. Bot he, in the contrair mynd, followitt doune 
the wther fyd ; and at the fut of the bog thair wes ane cumpany of feall 
dykis, quhairto the hagbutteris raid, on bayth the fydis ; and wes, the ane 
at the heid of the feallis, and the wther at the futt. And thair, me Lordis 
menne with the mwfkattis fchott firft ; and thane the Laird, feing that 
his hagbutteris was neir me Lordis horfmenne, he com and wald not heff 
his menne in danger. Me Lordis mwfkatteris, feing him cum fordwartt, 
fchott at him, and the horfemenne that wes with him. Now, at the futt 
of the bog, thair wes ane fmall burne, quhilk the Laird and his had to 
corfe ; at the corffing of the quhilk, Gilbert Kennedyis horfe wes ilayne : 


and alfo the Lairdis broderis Thomas brydell wes fchott in tua ; quhairby 
his horfe kaift him, and ftraik his airme out o£ juntt, in the fchudder. 
Sa, thair wes nane that corffit the fame burne, bot the Laird him felff, 
the Lairdis Auchindrayne and Clonkaird, James Bannantyne, and Ed- 
wartt Irrwing. Thir corffit the bume, thinking that all the reft wes 
cummand efter thame ; bot quhane thay wer na ma, he turnit aboutt 
and faid, ' Gude fir, we ar ouer few !' 

Me Lordis men, feing the famin, fchot firft at thir fy we ; and than me 
Lordis horfemen, perfeiffing that thay war na ma, gaiff the charge, led be 
Captain Fofter, but wes mett be the Laird and the fyff that wes with 
him, in fik fortt, as the Young Laird of Grinak wes ftrukin throw the 
chin, and he and horfe bayth ftrukin to the eird ; and Row Cuninghame, 
Pochquhairnis broder, was ftrukin in at the knie with ane lanfe and out 
at the buttok. Captane Fofteris horfe wes hurtt with fuordis, and his 
piftollatt ftrukin out of his hand ; him felfF, heaffing ane fteill hatt, wes 
dyuerfe tymis ftrukin on the heid, bot the fam preferuit him. Richart 
Spenfe, Maifter houfliald to me Lord, was flayne be the Laird of Clon- 
kaird ; and findry horfe was hurtt. And on the Laird fyd, the Laird 
wes flayne himfelff, Auchindrayne fchott and hurtt in the kirnellis of the 
thie, and his horfe alfo ; James Bannatynis horfe wes flayne ; Edward 
Irrwing, the peadge, was flayne be ane ftraik of ane lanfe ; Johne M C A1- 
lexander wes hurtt with ane fchott in the thie. 

[the laird of bargany defeated, and mortally wounded.] 

Bot now, to fpeik of the nobill youthe, how gallantly (he) behaiffitt 
him felfF, my penne can nocht writt the fam ; for being bot this way ac- 
cumpanyitt with thir fywe menne, thair wes againis him the number of 
xxx horfemenne, quha all geiff the charge and ftraikis to thir fywe. Yitt 


quhan that thair wes of thame tua vnhorffitt and ane flayne, fa that thair 
wes nane with him bot ane, yitt he wald nocht flay his curradge, hot 
raid through me Lordis menne, hard to me Lord, and cryit, ' Quhair (is) 
me Lord him felff? Lett him now keip promeife and brek ane trie !' 
Bot me Lordis menne being aboutt him, war with heill lanfis ; quha 
preferuitt (perfewitt ?) the Laird : And fpecially Hew Kennedy of Gare- 
quhairne, and Patrick Rippethe, and Qwinteyne Crafurd of Sillyhoill 
Younger ; Gyriehorne brak ane lanfe on the Laird, and the wther tua 
ftrak att him with fuordis ; and fo forffit him to reteir. And than Pa- 
trick Rippethe and Qwinteyne Crafurd, this way dealling with him, ane 
fellow callitt Johne Dik, quha had beine far obleiffit to him befoir, at 
quhais handis he efcheapitt na harme, haikitt ane lanfe at him, and ftraik 
him throw the craig and throw the thropill ; for he feiritt nocht him, 
and fa tuik na tent to him, bot to thame that war ftrekand at him. The 
lanfe brekis in him, and ftrekis (flicks ?) mekill of thrie quarteris in his 
thropill ; the quhilk ftayit his breathe. This Qwinteyne Crawfurd cum- 
ing wp to him, ftrekis in his fuord to his feace ; for he had na forfe to 
hald out ane ftraik, he being breathelefs be the firft ftraik : Bot his horfe> 
being ane werry gude gelding, buir him to his (awin men ?), neir quhair 
he fell deid for laik of breathe. His menne tuik him wp and drew out 
the lanfe out of his craig, and fet him one ane horfe, and caireytt him 
with thame ; bot ane gritt pairt wes fled befoir. Thay, waiting ftill, 
held him wpon horfebak, quhilk maid ane paflage to the bluid to defcend 
doun about the hairtt throw the condeitt of the throppill ; quhilk wes 
ane gritt caufe of his deathe. 

Now, the Laird of Bargany, being this way careyitt away, fum-of the 
Laird Auchindraynis folkis com and tuik him with thame ; bot wantand 
horfe, docht nocht gett him with thame, bot brocht him ane quarter of 
ane myll, to ane houfe callitt Dingheme ; and me Lordis folkis (depairtit ?) 



And quhan he law that, he cauffit his men leiff him, quhilk thay had 
euill vill to do. Bot he faid, ' ge haue na forfe to defend me, and 30iir 
deathis will be my gritter greiff ! And giff T,e will gang 30m" wayis, 36 
may remember one me ane wtber tyme !' And fa thay left him nane 
with him, bot ane boy. Me Lord com to the barne, and wald haue his 
lyff, bot all me Lordis menne thocht he was bot deid, in refpect of the 
aboundanfe of bluid that he had bled, counfellitt me Lord to tak him with 
him, and thair fie his woundis ; and giff thay war nocht deidly, than to 
tak his lyff, be Law, for he wes Judge-ordiner of the country. Quhair-, 
upone he wes tane with him thane to Mayboll ; quhair his wondis being 
with the cald fa gritt fuallit, the trewtlie was, that thay culd nocht knaw 
how thay war ; and fa faiffit him for the fpeace of xxiiij houris, that me 
Lord was forffit to feik ane Commiffioun, the quhilk he fend for to Edin- 


And than, the Laird of Bargany, being in Air, thocht him felfF in na 
danger, and had ane gritt cair of Auchindrayne ; and gart feik ane charge, 
to gett him fent to liberty ; quhilk was grantitt, and me Lordis Comif- 
fioune wes refuiffit. The word cuming to me Lord heiroff, (he) fend to 
Achindrayne, and faid, ' Gif he wald bind him felfF newer to mell with 
]>at feid agane, and becum his manne, he wald fett him at liberty !' And 
Auchindrayne, nocht knawing, he imbreaffitt the condicioune ; for he 
knew that ony thing he did in captiuity wes null. And be (the tyme ?) 
the writt wes enditt, the charge com to delyuer him wp ; one the quhilk 
he wes delyueritt, and me Lord gartt conwoy him ane halfF myll aff the 
toune, and thair fett him doune : And his awin folkis come and conwoyit 
him to his awin hous. And alfe fchone as he come thair, he fend and 


difchargett the band quhilk he had maid to me Lord, in his captiuity ; 
becaus the fam wes done for feir of his lyff, and the fam fuld (nocht) 
thairfoir ftand. 


The Laird being in Air, Doctonr Low was he that handelitt his 
woundis ; quha had na (kill, bot laid to plaifteris to the wondis, not con- 
sidering the danger of the bluid quhilk wes fallin doune to the hairtt. And 
that was the caus of his deathe ; for fra the fam freaffitt about his hairtt, 
he had na langer tyme. And quhan he law that thair wes na langar 
tyme, he beganne to mak his Dewyife, and left his wyfF Tutrix-Tefta- 
menter. He had bot ane fone and tua dochteris, quhair'of ane deitt young. 
He deitt the beft reffoluit manne that ewer was knawin in this cuntry ; 
fa that his deathe may be an exampill to all pofteritteyis. He was the 
braweft manne that was to be gottin in ony land ; of hiche ftatour, and 
weill maid ; his hair blak, bott of ane cumlie feace ; the braweft horf- 
manne and the ebeft of mony at all paftymis. For he was feirfe and 
feirry, and winder nembill. He was bot about the aige off xxv yieris 
quhane he was flayne, bot of his aige the maift wyife he mycht be ; for 
gif he had tyme to had experianfe to his witt, he had bein by his mar- 
rowis. Bot, to conclud, it was the gritteft pitty of his loife, that ewer 
was of ony manne in this land. He was laid in the Kirk of Air in ane 
colme of leid for ane gritt fpeace, quhill his buriall was maid redy. 

[the earl of cassillis obtains remission from the king.] 

Immediately efter this onfortvnate day, my Lady Caiffillis rydis to 
Edinbrughe, quhair fcho delt with all hir freindis at Court, to obteyne 


his Maieftyis fauour to her hufband. And gat this mekill grantit, that 
me Lord fuld cum him felff and deall with the Thefaurer for his efcheitt. 
Now, my Lord and his cuffing the Laird of Co^eone, was maid freindis ; 
and me Lord reid the xxiij day to Edinbrughe, and Coljeone followitt 
one him, the nixt day ; and, be his moyane, he obtenit to me Lord ane 
Act of Counfall, makand all that me Lord had done gude feruice to the 
King ; becaufe that the Laird had his broder in his company, quha was at 
the home ! And as for me Lord, allegitt (he) had ane Commiffione to take 
him ; the quhilk was in this fortt. Me Lord indeed had obtenit ane Com- 
miffioun to tak tua fallowis, quhais namis I knaw nocht ; bot however, 
efter thair names he left ane blank in the Commifioune; the quhilk 
blank, efter the deathe of the Laird of Bargany, he fillit wp with Thomas 
name, bot the famin was blank in the Regifter, as it ftandis yitt ; fa that 
the trewthe of that is weill kennitt. Bot yitt, how ewer, the ten thou- 
fand markis gewin to the Thefaurare was that quhilk did the tvrne, and 
be moyane als gottin made gude feruice to his Maiefty, be Act of Coun- 
fall, as faid is off befoir. 

[lady bargany purchases her son's ward.] 

The Lady Bargany reid to Edinburghe, and maid hir complent to the 
King and Queine ; bot wes littill the better, or at left bot hard ; for fcho 
was compellit to by the ward of hir fone, and to giff threttene thoufand 
markis for the lame. 


Me Lord Wchiltrie gat the giftis of the Refpecttis of thame that was 


with the Laird of Bargany one the feildis that day, with ane command 
to the Thefaurer to giff Remiffionis to alfe mony as accumpanyitt with 
me Lord Wchiltrie. And immediatlie, my Lord Caiffillis raife letteris on 
thame all that wes with the Laird, for the flachter off his manne Richartt 
Spenfe ; and gatt thame all to the home, for nocht compeiranfe ; quhair- 
off me Lord Wchiltrie gatt his adwantage, to gett thair geir ; for that 
me Lord of Caiffillis focht thair bluid and thair geir. Sa that, be this form 
of deilling, thair was hot few that com nocht to me Lord ; for fum be ane 
moyane and fum be wther, thair wes nane that catchit in that feid ; for 
Ardmellane being fre, at the firft tyme, wald neuer catch in that turne, 
bot lay by ; and Cairltoun maid moyane, be Garriehorne and Gilbert 
Rofs, nocht to be trublitt nor to trubill. The breidder of the Wikertoun 
maid their moyane be Pennquhirre. And for Auchindrayne, he was ly- 
and onheillitt of his wondis ; fa that thair wes nane to querrell that pur- 
poife, bot Thomas, the Lairdis broder, and the Laird of Clonkaird, quha 
had bein ane ferwand befoir to the Laird, in his hous. Thir tua, with 
fum few tua or thrie, wes togidder, and wes be the Lady fuftenit. As to 
Benand, he had promeift fo ewill in the firft tyme, that thair wes (na) 
account maid off him. 

Me Lord, this way, being maid frie of law, me Lord focht an freind- 
fchip of the freindis ; bot mannaffitt thame, thinking thairby to compell 
thame to leaff the Hous of Bargany, and ferue him. 

[auchindrayne employed to reconcile the lairds of drum- 
urchie, cloncaird, and the laird of colzeane.] 

The obteining of me Lordis fredome being knawine to cum be the 
moyane of the Laird Coljeone, it mowitt the Lady Bargany to ane gritt 
angir ; and for that caufe, fcho fochtt all the moyane fcho culd, to gett his 


lyff; and deltt with Thomas and Clonkard to that effect. And the firft 
tyme that this taitchit, was efter that Co^eone was cumin hame, he 
being on the Cauff-hill, thay war cuming by, and feing him thair, fum 
of thame faid, ' Now, fir, thair (is) pe manne 3e wald heaff !' Bot yitt 
thay thochtt, that he, being fo neir his awine yett, culd nocht be gottin 
at that tyme. Bot yitt, thir wordis being hard be fum of the Laird of 
Colseanis ferwandis, the famin com to his eiris. Wpone the quhilk, he 
fend to Auchindrayne and fchew him the fame, defyring him to try gif 
the fame wes true, and that he wald deill with thame to fett him and 
thame doun. The quhilk Auchindrayne faid he wald do, to his power. 
One the quhilk, he trauellit and brocht Thomas to that poyntt, that he 
was contentt to fett doune with him, conditionally, that he wald nocht 
mell mair with the Eirll, in that feid, nor contrair the hous of Bargany. 
Quhairupone Auchindrayne appoyntitt Thomas and Clonkaird to cum 
to his Hous of Auchindrayne : The quhilk thay did. And quhan thay 
war thair, he fend for Co^eone, and caufiitt him cum to Knokdone, 
quhair he promeifitt to meitt him ; as he did. And thair, he fchew him 
that he had brocht thame to that poyntt, to fett doune with him on the 
conditiounis aboue writtine. And Co^eone wes content not to mell mair 
with that feid. Quhairupone* he brocht him with him to his Hous of 
Auchindrayne ; and quhill thay and he fuld meitt, he maid thame to 
remayn in ane chalmer, and he and Col3eone remaynit in the hall ; and 
thane he faid, ' Sail I bring thame doune to 30W ?' The Laird of Col- 
zeone faid, ' It is beft to flay quhill efter denner, and then we vill gett 
pe fame done pe mair quyetly.' The denner being done, he defyrit Col- 
3eone ' ather to go abuiff ; or, giff he fuld mak the hall quyatt, that 
thay fuld cum doune to him.' The Laird of Co^eone faid, ' I haue 
beine thinking one this, and I knaw this can nott be keipitt fecritt ; and 
being gottin witt off, me Lord my Cheiff had neuer pe lyk to lay to my 


charge ! And giff he accufe me hefoir freindis, I can nocht fay Jiat I can 
be anfuerabill for pe famin, to joyne handis with his eneraeis, by his ad- 
wyife. And thairfoir, I will continew, quhill I lie tyme to lay this be- 
foir me Lord ; and I hoip to gett his leiff to do }>e famin. And giff he 
vill nocht, I vill nocht Hay, bot I will do pe famin. Bot I will nocht do 
pis, by making him foirfeine !' The Laird of Auchindrayne laid this 
befoir Thomas, and deltt with Thomas alfe eirniftlie as he culd ; bot 
wes nocht the better. For Thomas anfuer was this, ' I am in alfe gritt 
danger to tyne my gude-lifteris gud will, as he hes me Lordis ; and I will 
lett hir knaw pe fame !' 

The Laird of Auchindrayne, finding that he culd nocht agrie thame, 
reid outt with Co^eone almeift to his awine houfe ; and, or he com bak, 
Thomas wes away and all his menne. 

Co^eone fchortlie reid to Galloway, quhair he remaynit ane grit fpeace. 
And the Lady Bargany com hame out of Edinbrughe, and heiring of 
this, was far offendit with Thomas, and alfo with Auchindrayne, for his 
trauell. And Co^eon and his tua menne cuming hame out of Galloway, 
Thomas and his fettis for him, and had gottin him, had he nocht relauit 
aduerteilinent be quhom it wes ontertane ; bot the word was be Auchin- 
draynis moyane. 

[quarrel between the earl of cassillis and the laird of 


At this tyme, me Lord com hame out of Edinbrughe to iVlayboll ; 
and the Laird Co^eone, heaffing refauit word that his eldelt lone was 
deid in France, be quhais deathe the Proweftfchew off the Coll edge of 
Mayboll waikitt, and becom in me Lordis hand to giff to quhom he pleiffitt. 
And me Lord gaiff the fame to Gilbert Rofs, noter. Quhairat the Laird 


of Co^eone was far offenditt, bayth with the giffar and refaiffair ; and 
awowitt to be equall thairwith. Wpone this, me Lord and he fell cald ; 
and thanne, he wald haue bein at ane agreanfe with Thomas. But 
thanne it wald not be ; for the Lady Bargany had condifcendit the con- 
trair. The quhilk the Laird of Auchindrayne perfeiffing, he fchew the 
famin to the Laird of Co^eone, and faid, ' Sir, this will nocht be ! And 
I affair pow, fir, and ^e com in 3air danger, $e ar tane ! Thairfoir, do as 
3e think gude for 30m* felff ; and I tak witnefs of pir twa, Dauid Ken- 
nedy of Maxfeltoune, and Johne Mwir in Wodland, }>at I haue tald 30W 
the trewthe !' 

[murder of the laird of colzeane.] 

Now, upon the xj day off Maii, 1602, the Laird of Col3eon, being to 
ryd to Edinbrughe, directit his ferwand, Lanfellatt Kennedy, to caus 
Wodland, or ane of his fonis, to ryd to Auchindrayne, and bid him 
' meitt the Laird of Co^eone at the Dampall.' And Lanfellatt, cuming 
to Mayboill, he gois to the fcholl, and cauffit the Maifter vrytt ane Let- 
ter, to this effect ; and gaiff the fame to ane puir fchollar, quha beggit 
his leirning, callit Williame Dalrumpill, to tak to Auchindrayne. The 
boy 3eid ane gude fpeace ; and, as he faid, he mett ane feruand of Auch- 
indraynis, quha faid to him, that ■ the Laird wes not at hame !' Quhair- 
vpone he returnitt to the Scholl-maifter agane, and gaiff him the Letter ; 
the quhilk the maifter gaiff to Lanfellatt, quha brocht the famin. The 
Laird of Co^eone, being on his jurnay to Edenbrughe, had directit Hew 
Kennedy of Cheappill to meitt him at Auchindrayne. This Hew com 
to Andro Kennedyis hous, quhair Col3eone (Cloncaird ?) and Thomas 
Wallis was, quha war tua of the fieyaris of the Laird of Co^eone ; and 
quhatt wordis was amangis thame, I will not repeitt it. Bot, however, 


Thomas Kennedy was fend for, and the reft ; quha com to Air, the xij 
day, in the dawing. 

The Laird of Co^eone, cuming to the Greine and lichttitt ; and re- 
maynitt with Balterffane ane lang fpeace. The quhilk Thomas and his, 
being in Air, feing him licht at the Greine, thay drew thame felffis in 
amang the Sandy-hillis, befyd Sanct Lennardis Cheapell, and held thame 
quyatt, quhill he (Col3eone) cuming by the toune, ryding one ane fmall 
haiknay, thay brak att him, and, cuming to him, ilayis him maift cruelly, 
with fchottis and ftraikis ; he heaffand na perfon with him, bot only ane 
gentill man, quha wes callit Lanfellatt Kennedy, as ye hard befoir : And 
thay war fywe that perfewitt him ; to witt, Thomas Kennedy, brother 
to the Laird off Bargany, principall ; Walter Mwir of Clonkard, Tho- 
mas M c Allexander, and Thomas Wallas, with ane boy callit Gilbert Ram- 
fay, and Williame Irrwing, quha was ane Border man ; quha, according 
to thair forme, tuik fra him, eftir he was flayne, his purfe, with ane ring, 
and fundry dyamondis in the famin, with his goldin buttonis off gold- 
fmyth work. 

He being flayne, as ye haue hard, his man Lanfellatt bringis him with 
him to the Greinand, and thair gettis ane horfe-litter, and takis him to 
Mayboill ; quhair thair wes gritt duill maid for him — for, indeid, he was 
ane werry potenteous man, and werry wyife. He had builditt ane proper 
hous in the CoufF, with werry braiff 3airdis, and be ane moyane and 
wther had conqueiflitt ane gude leiwing. He had the handling of the 
Erldom of Cafiillis, as Tutour, xx yeiris. He (had) to his wyfF Deame 
Elifabethe M c Gill, as ye hard, and had gottin on hir four fonis and thrie 
dochteris, quhilkis wer leiffand at his deathe, to witt, James, Allexander, 
Johne, and Dauid. His dochteris war thir ; Margaret, mareyit the 
Young ScherefF of Galloway ; Heleyne, mareyitt to the Young Laird of 
Auchindrayne ; and Sufanna, quha was efter Lady Larg. His (Col- 


3eanis) wyff, at the firft, heaffing fum difdayne at the Laird of Achin- 
drayne, allegitt, that he was priwie to this fak ; and that he had maid 
Thomas, his guid-broder, to do the famin ; and that the Letter, quhilk 
wes fend to the Scholl-maifter, was the motione off his deathe. 

[measures taken for detecting the murderers of colzean.] 

Quhairwpone, within four or fywe dayis, at the tyme off his buriall, 
quhilk wes in the Lytill Yll off the Collidge Kirk off Mayboll, me Lord 
of Caiffillis, me Lord Cathcairtt, the Laird of Craigy, and the Laird of 
Barnbarrach, being all prefent, the Scholl-maifter wes fend for, and cauf- 
fit declair the trewthe — that he writt the Letter, and gaiff the famin to 
the puir fcollar, as ye hard, quha had brocht the famin to him bak 
agane, and faid, that ' he had mett ane feruand of the Laird of Auckin- 
draynis, quha had fchawin him that the Laird wes a-feild, and that maid 
him to ftay.' The boy him felff, being lykwyife exeminitt, confeflitt the 
fame. Quhairwpone the freindis, and me Lord bayth, latt thame gang. 

[auchindrayne charged of being accessory to the murder.] 

Bot the Lady Co^eone, being malitious bentt againis Achindrayne, 
vald heir na reffoune, bot buir on him that he was priwie to the famin ; 
and caufiit conteyne him in the Letteris, amangis the number of thame 
thatt was the flearis of him ; notwithftanding, that he offeritt all that 
layit in his powar for to cleir that caufe. Bot all wes for nochtt ; fcho 
wald perfew him. And he, being cbargitt, findis cautioun ; bott, becaus 
that he was fufpect, he was forlEtt to by ane Remiffione fra me Lord 
Wchiltry, and peyitt him for the fame ane Thoufiand merkis. And 
haiffand gottin the famin, he entirit at the day, accumpanyitt with mony 


Nobill men and freindis. The quhilk the Lady Co^eone feing, fcho pur- 
cheft and difchargitt of the day, and wald not perfew the Laird of Achin- 

The reft var all denuncitt to the home, with ane charge directt to all 
the ffreindis, that thay fuld find cautioun not to intercommon with Tho- 
mas, nor nane of his affifteris : And all freindis fand cautioun, quhairby 
the Gentill men wes foirfaltt of freindfchip, fayne to leafF the cuntry, and 
to gange to the Bordour for ane tyme ; quhill, efterwartt, thai drew hame 
to the cuntry in quyett maner. 

[the earl and master of cassillis are reconciled.] 

Now me Lord was agreitt and maid freindis with his broder. Efter 
this ilachter, the Maifter tuik in hand to rewendge the fame, and gatt 
comand to all me Lordis feruandis to wait on him ; hot the cuntry thocht 
that he wald not be eirnift in that caufe, for the auld luifF betuix him 
and Auchindrayne. For Auchindrayne was hardyeft perfewitt off ony 
of all the freindis, and becaus his hous of Auchindrayne was inveireyit 
with woidis, he left his awin houfe and 3eid to the Nework, quhilk wes 
bot ane myll differentt fra Auchindrayne. And as he ves paffand betuix, 
he forgadderitt with ane James Mwir, callit James the Bailyie, quha had 
beine at the Ilachter of the Laird of Bargany and his hurtting, and was 
the manne, as he allegitt, fchott him. And becaus he was ane of his 
awin name, he was the farder ofFenditt with him. And, in the taking, 
he was hurtt ; bot be freindis, he was mowitt to fpair his lyfF ; and fa 
he fufferitt him to depairtt, wnder fpeciall conditioun, that he fuld nocht 
cum in his cuntry again. The quhilk he did not keip, bot joynit to me 
Lord, and tuik pairt with him thairefter. 


[the master of cassillis lies in wait for auchindrayne.] 

Now, the Maifter com for rewendge of this deid. The Maifler com 
with fextein horfe to the hak of the Nework-hill, thinking that he fuld 
haue gottin the Laird of Auchindrayne cuming betuix the houffis ; hot, 
be chance, the Lady Auchindrayne was cumand betuix, and ane manne 
with hir ; and fcho perfeifFand the fame, fend the gentillmanne, and maid 
hir hufband foirfein of that, being thair. And he, knawing that thair 
wes fum of his freindis in Air, he maid thame forfein ; quha com to him. 
And he, being than alfe mony as thay, he com outt to thame, and thay 
wer forffitt to reteir, with fchame. 

[skirmishes between the master of cassillis and the 
laird of auchindkayne.] 

And now, at this tyme, me Lord of Caiffillis raid wp to Lundone, and 
left all his ffreindis with me Lady his wyff, and the Maifler his broder. 
The Maifter and me Lordis houihald was daly perfewand Auchindrayne. 
And thair being ane tryft betuix the bairnis of Clonkaird and Johne 
Kennedy of Creich, att quhilk Auchindrayne fuld heff beine, the Maifter 
and me Lordis hele houfhalld (cam ?) and lay betuix Auchindrayne and 
the place quhair the tryft fuld haue beine. Bot Auchindrayne, fufpect- 
ing ewill, wald not cum to the tryft, bot fend ane, and cauffitt thame 
cum to him to Auchindrayne. The quhilk thay feing, com thair and 
raid aboutt the hous, and fchouttit ! The Laird Auchindrayne being bot 
few in number, fchott hagbuttis of found at thame, and put thame about 
the hous. And fyn com out to the wod, contrair Efche-wod-dykis. Thair 
war findry of thair horfe hurtt. Thair wes ane of me Lordis houfliald 


that com fa neir quhill he wes fchott throw the doublett, and his hors 
throw the craig, abone, bott nocht flayne. 




WpON the xvj day of Apryill, me Lady Caiffillis rydis to Galloway, 
and the Maifter with her ; and all me Lordis houfhald, and Johne Dik, 
quhilk, as ye hard, had flayne the Laird of Bargany ; the quhilk maid 
his broder far offendit with the fame. And me Lady remanit in Gal- 
loway, quhill the xxj day off Maij ; quhair, fcho being to repair to Car- 
rik, Thomas gettis intelligenfe off hir cuming. He, being accumpanyitt 
with James Stewartt, fone to the laft Chanfellai-, and Walter Mwir of 
Clonkard, with the number of nyne horfe, and the number of xxiiij hag- 
butteris, com to the Mwir of Auchindrayne ; and thair, forgaddering 
with me Lady and the Maifter, with all me Lordis houfhald ferwandis 
with hir, to the number of xv horfe : And thay, feing the hagbutteris 
befoir, and feing that the ix horfe was to giff thame the charge, thay fled, 
and tuik the hous of Duncan Craufurdis, callit Auchinfoull. Thomas 
followit, and cloffitt the fame ; the quhilk being bot ane thak hous, he 
cauflit fyir the fame, fa that thay war compellit to leafF the houfe, and 
tak thame to defend the cloife. Thay being at this poynt, me Lady gois 
out and beginnis to trauell with Thomas. This Duncane Craufurd had 
thrie of his freindis within the hous, to witt, Andro Cuninghame, broder 
to the Laird of Poquharne, the Young Laird of Grimatt, and Quinteyne 
Craufurd of Sillyhoull. Thir thrie had affurance of Thomas condition- 
ally, that thay com nocht (with ?) me Lord and his ferwandis aganis him ; 
and this aflurance was purcheffit be the moyane of the Lairdis of Carfe 


and Lochnoreife. Now, this Duncane Crafurd trawellit for thame with 
Thomas, quha faid, he ' trewid nane hot thay knew (that Johne Dyk ?) 
flew his broder ! And gif thay wald delyuer him, the reft fuld be faifF !' 
The gentilmanne fchew this to thame ; the quhilk this Johne Dik per- 
feiffis. He takis doune ane floip in the cloife-dyk, abuifF the watter ; 
and the wind blawand the reik that way, the fam coweritt him and his 
horfe for ane gude fpeace, quhill he was four or fywe pair of butt-length 
paft throw thame, or thay culd perfeiff him ; and than thay cheiffit him 
four or fywe myll ; bot he being weill horfflt, the horfe buir him ewen 
away. The quhilk, quhan thay faw, thay returnitt bak, and tuik the 
Maifter of Caiflillis, the Young Laird of Grimmitt, Young Andro Cu- 
nynghame, broder to the Laird of Pochquhairne, Quinteyne Craufurd, 
younger of Sillyhoull, and Williame Kennedy, callit Williame the Sigour, 
and Johne Baird, broder to the Laird off Scheie (Kilkenzie ?) And in 
the taking thay flew ane Johne M c Greame. 

The reft, this Johne Dik efcheipitt, as ye haue hard, reid the narreft 
way to Lundoune, and maid his complent to me Lord, quha fchew the 
famin to the King, and put him in fie ane readge, that he geaff him all 
Commiffiounis that he wald defyir aganis thame. The Maifter was re- 
leiffitt : And be the moyane off the Laird off Garland, his gud-broder, at 
the Laird of Carfe and Lochnoreife requeftit (requeft ?) me Lord Wchiltry 
and his broder Jofias and Auchindrayne gatt Grumatt, Andro Cuning- 
hame, and Young Grumatt fred : The Lady Girwandmaynis trauellitt 
for Johne Baird of Keil3eine (Kilkenzie ?) and gatt him releifF. 

[proclamation that none should beset drumurchie, &c] 

Now, me Lord com hame out off Lundone, and brocht hame with him 
ane Proclamatioune, chargand all menne, wnder the payne off Treffone, 


that thay fuld (nocht) fpeik nor refett Thomas, nor nane of his ; quhair- 
of thair wes ane gritt feir in all mennis hairttis ; (fo) thatt it wes bott 
few that wald refett thame, bot him that was kynd. 

[plot to take the earl of cassillis' life.] 

Aboutt this tyme, me Lord being to ryd to Hammiltone, the freindis 
of the Hous of Bargany fett for him, and that at the Monktoune ; and 
yitt me Lord gat witt of thame, and forfaw the fame, in fik fortt, that he 
ftayit in Air quhill he fend for ma folkis ; and thanne reid one his jur- 
nay. And being in Edinbrughe, gart charge the freindis befoir the 
Counfall ; quha bot ane gritt pairtt of thame vynt to the home, and en- 
terit nocht at me Lordis hame-cuming out of Edinbrughe. 

[the laird of stair's brother (dalrymple) taken by the 
earl of cassillis, and hanged.] 

His Lordfchip, being to ryd to Galloway, mett be accidentt Thomas 
Dalrumpill of Stair ; and, the nycht being mirk, he was at the brig of 
Girwand, hard at me Lordis menne, or ewer he knew of thame ; and, 
nocht being weill horffitt, was tane ; and, in the taking, was werry ewill 
hurtt. Me Lord tuik him to Craigneill ; and on the morne gaifF him 
ane Aflyife, and hangit him on ane trie, befyd the Yett off Craigneill ; he 
being the Laird off Barganyis fifter-fone, and me Lord and he was thrid 
and fecundis of kinne. He was broder to the Laird of Stair, ane pretty 
little manne, and werry kynd. He was kyndly handlitt, quha was ane 
manne that had neuer offendit manne. 


[the laird of cloncaird revenges dalrymple's death.] 

Now, for rewendge of the famin, Walter Mwir of Clonkard, and Tho- 
mas Wallas, the peage, raid to Galloway, to the Inche ; and thair, in the 
hous off Mathow Miller, onfett on ane Dauid Girwand, fon and air to 
Johne Girwand of Callbolliftoune, and flew him ; he being me Lord 
Caiflillis Maifter of Work, abuiff his new Hous in Auchins. Quhairat 
me Lord was hichlie offenditt, and perfewitt thame with gritt rigour. 


The quhilk Thomas feing, was perfuadit, be the counfall off the Lady, 
and his wyff, and gud broder, Jofias Stewart, to draw out of the cuntry 
to France. The quhilk he did, leiffing all thame that had enteritt for 
him ; and fpecially, Walter Mwir of Clonkaird, quha was maift hardly 
perfewitt of ony manne ; for me Lord fett for him, and tuik his horfe, 
and mift him felfF verry narrowelly. 


The young man, feing this, and that he was fo ewill rewarditt be 
Thomas, quha had maid choife of ane ftranger, and refuiffit to tak him 
with him, tuik fik heaffie malancolly, that he deitt thairoff. Quhairof 
had beine ane gritt lofs ; for he was bayth ftout and kynd ; and giff that 
he had had dayis, wald haue beine ane werry fyne manne. 



Efter his death, me Lord of Caiffillis gatt the Gift of his ffoirfaltry, 
quhilk wes fa weill defenditt be the Lairdis of Co^eone and Auchin- 
drayne, that the fame was preferrit. 

Me Lord had, in the lyftyme of this Walter, gottin of the Hous of 
Clonkaird in his keiping, the quhilk he putt menne in to keip tenne or 
tuelff. Bot Auchindrayne, heaffing the Gift off the Waird, raiflit ane 
charge, quhairwith he com to the Pleace off Clonkaird, and, awaitting 
ane tyme, cauffitt draw out all the keiparis, as it had beine to ane bank- 
att : And thanne com to the Hous ; and heaffand ane Meffinger, chargit 
the Hous. Thair being bot ane boy in the fame, (he) gatt it bot ony 

Quhairat me Lord was fo far offenditt, that he awowitt to be equall 
with Auchindrayne. Quhairwpone, he chargitt Auchindrayne to compeir 
befoir the Counfall ; the quhilk he did. And thanne the Eirll of Caif- 
fillis tuik in hand, befoir the Counfell, to pruiff the Laird of Auchin- 
drayne ane that wes airt and pairtt of the flachter off the Laird of Col- 
3eone. Quhairwpone, the Counfell put the faid Laird of Auchindrayne 
in Waird, in the Caftell off Edinbrughe, quhair he remaynit the fpeace 
of xxviij oulkis ; and, in the end, fand cautioune to compeir quhan ewer 
he was chargitt. 

Now, me Lord, thinking to wrak the haill Hous of Bargany, maid ane 
fett for Benand, and tuik him befyd Air, and putt him in vard, within 
the Tolbuyth of Edinbrughe ; quhair he remaynit for ane gude fpeace, 
quhill he was fayne to becom his manne, and tak Johne Dik be the hand, 
quha had flayne his maifter and Scheiff, the Laird off Bargany. 



[death of the laird of blairquhan.] 

Now, at this tyme the Auld Laird of Blairquhanne depairttit, quha 
wes ane werry nobill manne, and the beft that was of his Hous ; for he 
was newer behind the hand be na manne. He buildit the Hous of Blair- 
quhanne, quhilk is the braweft hous that is to be fund, off ane Barronis 
hous. He held the beft hous, for deligent cheir, that was to be fund. 
He had bot tua fonis, the Laird that fucceiditt him, callitt Johnne ; his 
fecund fonne James, quha was maid Laird of Croceltoune. He had 
thrie dochteris ; the eldeft wes mareyit to me Lord Wchiltrie ; the fe- 
cund to the Laird off ; and the youngeft to the Laird of 



Now, the Lady Bargany was werry far gewin ouer to the counfell of 
hir broder Jonas ; quha maid hir to be werry ftrait aganis all the freindis 
of the Hous. And amangis the reft, fcho raiffitt ane Summondis of De- 
claratour on the gift of Efcheatt fcho had of the Laird of Auchindrayne ; 
and wald not grant him na eife thairoff. The quhilk maid Auchindrayne 
in ane gritt angir, feing the fame was tane for intercommoning with 
Thomas, and for the caufe of that Houfe ; and thanne, he being fa far 
diftreft befoir, for that Houffis caufe. 


Now, fcho being feik of the eittik, had tane medeceine fra Doctour 
Mairteyne. And he being in Lundone, with the Queine, fcho vent (thair) 


to gett remeid of hir defeafe. Quha, at hir cuming, wes refoluitt (be) 
the Doctour, that thair was na lyff to hir ; quhairfoir fcho wald haue 
beine att hame. And returning (with) diligence, fcho depairtit this lyff, 
in Stiltoune, threfcoir myllis adeft Lundoune, the xvj day off Auguft, 
1605. Scho was brochtt be hir broder Jofias, quha was with hir in cum- 
pany, to the toune off Sanchyir ; quhair the haill freindis of the Hous 
mett hir, and brochtt hir to Air ; and laid hir in the Kirk befyd hir 
hufband, quhair fcho reraaynis ; quhilk is the buryall off thame bayth. 


Now, the freindis of the Hous conwenit at the Kirk of Girwand, to 
tak ordour with the affairis of the Hous, becaus the Lairdis broder Tho- 
mas wes the Kingis rebell, and mycht nocht be Tutour. And Benand, 
quha fucceiditt to that office, wes bot ane vayne manne. The quhilk 
being reweillitt to Jofias of thair purpois, he raid to Edinbrughe, and 
gat the Gift of the Tutory of that office ; and 3eid to the Chanfellar and 
me Lord of Abercorne, and offerit the barnis mareage to me Lord of 
Abercornis dochter. Wpon the quhilk, the Erll of Abercorne com to 
Air, and thair writt to all freindis of the Hous of Bargany to meitt him ; 
quhair he promeiffitt to be thair maifter, and defend thame to the Laird 
of Bargany com him felff ; and fpecially, the Laird of Auchindrayne. 
Bot he thocht his promeis fkarfe veill performit, as efter ye fall heir. 

[the magnificent funeral obsequies of the laird and 
lady of bargany.] 

At this tyme, me Lord of Abercorne, and the haill freindis, concluditt 
that the buryiall of the Laird of Bargany and his wyfF fuld be on the 


xv day off September, .... yeiris, in the New Kirk of Ballantry ; quhilk 
the Lady had cauffitt build for hir hufband, quhair fcho had gartt fett 
wp ane glorieous towme ; and, indeid, Jofias maid gritt preparatioune 
for the fame, bayth in Bargany and in Arftenfar ; the honouris and all 
the reft being prepairitt werrie honorablie. The day being cumin, thair 
wes thairoff Nobill menne, the Eirllis of Eglintoune and Abercorne, and 
Vintoune, with the Lordis of Sempill, Carkartt, Loudone, and Wchiltry. 
The Lairdis of Bombie, Blairquhanne, and Gairland ; with ane grit 
number, quhilk I will nocht mint to expres. His Honouris being borne 
be the Gudmanne of Ardmillane, the Gudmanne of Kirkhill, with findry 
ma of the freindis. His fifter-fone, Young Auchindrayne, beirand the 
Banner of Rewendge, quhairin was payntitt his portratour, with all his 
wondis, with his fone fittand at his kneyis, and this deattone writtine 
betuix his handis, " Judge and rewendge my caus, O Lord !" And 
fa, conwayit to Air ; bur all werry honourabilly, to the number off ane 
Thouffand horfe, of Gentilmenne ; and layd in the foirfaid Tome. 

[measures proposed for securing the interests of the 
young laird of bargany.] 

The Buriall being enditt, the freindis defyrit that the euidentis mycht 
be putt in four refponfabill mennis handis ; and that the commodity of 
the lewing fuld cum to the bairnis wfe, for lowfling of his Wodfett- 
landis. The quhilk me Lord promeiflit to do. And he that was maift 
eirnift in this turne wes the Laird of Auchindrayne. For the quhilk, 
thair rais ane gritt angir betuix him and Jofias ; for the quhilk, Jofias 
perfewit his efcheitt, and vfitt all arreiftmentis, and all wther thingis he 
culd do, in his contrair. 


[auchindrayne again imprisoned.] 

Att this time, Ardmellane and Achindrayne being in Edinbrughe, 
thay defyrit the Laird of Benand, that he wald mak ane letter of factorye 
to fum of the frendis of the Houfe, to the barnis comodity. The quhilk 
he refuiffit, (and) left him. And Jofias, perfeiffing the famin, he gartt 
tak him on ane anld decreitt, and putt him in the Tolbuyth ; quhair he 
remaynit quhill he quyatt the Ower Benand, quhairof he had gottin fex 
nynteine yeir tak, befoir the Lairdis deceife, fra him of the fame, and 
pofleffit him in the fame. 

[the laird of ardmillan attempts to procure the 
tutory of bargany.] 

Ardmellan, be Auchindraynis adwyife, raiffis ane Breiff, and gatt 
him felif ferwitt befoir the Stewartt off Corcorberie to be Tuttour to the 
Laird ; and alfo, thair was ane Williame Kennedy, quha faid, that ' He 
being with the Laird, at the hour of his deathe, that he had vrittine ane 
Teftamentt, with his awine hand ; in the quhilk, he had left, in caife off 
the deceife off his wyff, James (Jonet) Stewart, Thomas Kennedy off Ard- 
millane Tuttour to his fone !' This Williame Kennedy was the Laird off 
Ardmellane (his) baftard brother fone ; and he reweillit the fame to the 
Lady Auchindrayne, quha fchew the fame to hir hufband ; quha fend 
for the faid Williame, quha confeft the heaffing of the fame, and pro- 
meiffit to giff the fame to Ardmellane. Bot Jofias, getting witt of the 
famin, deltt with the faid Williame to obfcuir the famin ; quha, in end, 
preweillit, in lik fortt, as the famin was neuer gottine to lichtt, bot ra- 
ther diftroyitt be Jofias moyane ; and this Williame maid to fay, that 


' He had inventitt the famin, be him felff, for to haue gottine geir fra 

Jofias, perfeiffing that he was fuir that way, intenditt againft Ardmel- 
lane for the allowanfe of the feruice of Tuttory ; and Ardmellane, being 
ane hard manne of his geir, lutt the famin pafs, for laik of moyane. For 
he fand that the Chancellar, and mony ma, wes Jofias gritt freindis ; and 
thairfoir, for the prefent, paft fra the famin. The quhilk, quhane Jofias 
bad obtenit, he incontinent fummondis Ardmellane to produce the Testa- 
ment, or ellis the famin fuld neuer haue fayth thairefter, in no tyme cu- 
ming. And Ardmellane, becaufe that he wald nott wair geir thairon, 
lutt the famin pafs, for nwll defenfe. Be the quhilk, Jofias become full 
Tuttour off Barganny, and perfewitt Auchindrayne, with all rigour that 
lay in him, be law. 


And at this tyme the auld Lady Bargany died, quhilk wes ane nobill 
womane, and ane that wes maift nobill in all hir effairis. Be quhais 
deathe Jofias gat the heill lewing off Bargany in his hand. 


Thomas, the Tuttour of Bargany (that) fuld be, was all this tyme in 
Ireland, with ane freind of his, callit Sir Hew Montgomery ; quhair he 
was wondir weill intertenyitt, and findry of thais that wes at the flachter 
of Coljeane. 


[auchindrayne and his son attack the laird of 

Now, in the moneyth off October, 1607, the Laird off Auchindrayne 
and his fone, and ane ferwand of his, was coming out of Air to Auchin- 
drayne ; and at ane pleafe befyd the toune, callit the Foullveir, thay 
thair forgaderitt with Hew Kennedy of Garriehorne, quha was ane ftre- 
kar off the Laird of Bargany. Thair wes with him his tua breider fonis, 
and Gilbert Ferguffone of Dulduff, Thomas Fergufibne, broder to the 
Gudman of Threff, and Gilbert M c Hareine, with ane Walter M c Caw. 
Thay meitting, fchott piftollattis at wther, and efter, fell in ftraikis ; 
quhair the Young Laird of Auchindrayne wes hurtt, one the mid finger, 
with ane fword. Bot the Proweft and fum with him being thair, thay 
wer red. And fa, the famin culd not be gottin menditt at that tyme. 


Now, wpone malice for this caus, the Eirle of Caiffillis and his 
(freindis) raiffitt ane bruitt on Auchindrayne and his fone, and this manne 
of his, that thay fuld haue forgadderitt with this boy William Dalrum- 
pill, quha, as thay allegitt, was the cairreyar off this letter to Auchin- 
drayne fra Co^eone ; and that thay, for to hyd the fame letter, thay thrie 
had flayne him 




Alexander, Fii 

Dora, de Gervenmaines, prime 

a quo descendunt alii postea 

Domini de Gervenmaynes. et t 

Filia, pritno nupta Dom°. Filia, nupt; 

de Sceldon-Mure ; postea Boyd, Goo 

Guil. Hamilton de de Penli 


Ahchibaldus, Hugo, Gudman de Dauid, 

Gudman de Barquhanny. d 

MSS. ADV. LIB. W. 3. 19. 



The Black Book of Scoone was so termed from the colour of the binding. 
From various notices still preserved, it would appear that the number of Chroni- 
cles and Family Histories was formerly very considerable, in Scotland ; and that 
almost every family, tribe, and clan, of any consequence, had its hard and chro- 
nicler. Several Red Books (leavar diarig) are still extant, in Highland families 
— and though they lean towards the fame and matchless exploits of their parti- 
cular sept, which is perhaps in so far allowable, at all events is naturally to be 
expected in such memoirs, they frequently preserve with scrupulous accuracy, 
the memory of many public events which otherwise might have perished. A 
Collection of such Family Histories as those now alluded to, would be highly 
interesting and valuable, and would tend, in no small degree, to elucidate the 
political, as well as the private and internal, history of Scotland. — For accounts 
of the destruction of our muniments of Scotish history, by King Edward I, and 
more recently by the furious and blind zeal of the Reformers, see Innes's Critical 
Essay — Nicholson's Scot. Hist. Library — Douglas's Baronage, &c. 


It may safely be affirmed, that the traditional account of the origin of tho 
name of Kennedy here recited, is in a great measure fabulous. That the Ken- 
nedies were the aboriginal inhabitants of Car rick, seems to be abundantly ob- 
vious; at all events, previous to the year 1256, (the date of his death,) Neil 
Earl of Carrick granted a charter in favour of Roland of Carrick, who is proved 
to be an ancestor of the Kennedies, granting and confirming to him, and to his 
heirs for ever, to be the Head or Chief of his race, ' ut ipfe et heredes fuijint 
capud tocius progeniei Juce ;' which grant was confirmed by King Alexander III, 


January 20, 1275-6, and ratified by Robert II, October 1, 1372. Reg. Mag. 
Sig. 114, 115, and 116. As the family, ever after tbe date of this grant, assumed 
the name of Kennedy, i. e. ' The Head of the House or Family,' it is pro- 
bable that the Surname was adopted by them in commemoration of that circum- 
stance. On this subject, reference may be made to Crawford's and Wood's Peer- 
ages, &c. It would be foreign to the purposes of this work, to attempt an ex- 
tended genealogical account of the various branches of such a very numerous 
and ancient family, which would, separately, extend to a large volume. 

The same author, who drew up this History of the Kennedies, has, in his 
larger work, to which the other is appended, given the following additional no- 
tices, in treating of the early History of Scotland : — 

' In the ring off King Gregorie, (quha rang in the yeir of God 887,) att the 
tyrae that he vintt to Yrland, quhair he had ane gritt vaffaledge, he had ane 
Captane wes callit Kenneithe, Thane of Carrik, quha being directitt with ane 
airmie to ane hill-heid, and keift doune ftanis one the bak of the Yrland menne, 
be the quhilk the feild was wonne. And of this Kenneithe, the Kennetyis al- 
ledgis thay ar caditt ; bot we efteyme thame to be better, as faid is, in the Blak 
Buik of Skone.' 

' In this kingis tyme ( Malcolm II) thair was ane of his fpeciall Captanis, quha 
was callit Kenneth e of the Yllis, that wes flayne be the Deanis, at the battale 
of Mwrthlaik — and of him defcenditt M c Kennethe, quha bruikis his landis to this 
hour. Of the quhilk Hous, the reft off the name of Kennetty takis thair be- 
ginning. Thay weir the thrie corffis' (viz. they wear three cross crosslets, fitchee, 
for their armorial bearings.) 

battell of the laukis. — p. 2. 

The memorable Battle of Largs, where Haco, King of Norway, and the Danes, 
sustained so signal a defeat, on the second day of October, 1263. It is only ne- 
cessary to refer to the various Histories of Scotland, to Lord Hailes' Annals, 8vo, 
1819, I. 213 ; and to the curious enquiry by John Dillon, Esq. F.S.S.A., in the 
Transactions of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, for authentic accounts of 
that remarkable and disastrous overthrow of the Danes. 



This name signifies ' The Hill, or Fort of the Yew-tree.' It may here be 
remarked, that almost all the names of places in Ayrshire are of Gaelic origin. 


Dun generally denotes a Hill or Crag, somewhat of a conical shape ; and, from 
this circumstance, gives the name to many cities, towns, and forts, such as Dun- 
Edin (Edinburgh,) Dun barton, Dundee, Dunfermling, Dunbar, &c. 


The following is the remarkable passage alluded to by our chronicler : 

A bawk 1 was knyt all full of rapys 8 keyne; 

Sic a towboth 3 fen fyn was neuir feyne : 

Stern men was fet the entre for to hald ; 

Nayne mycht pafs in, bot ay as thai war cald. 

Schir Ranald 4 fyift, to mak fevvte 6 for his land, 

The knycht went in, and wald na langar Hand ; 

A rynnand cord thai flewyt 6 our his hed, 

Hard to the bawk and hangyt him to ded. 

Schir Bryss the Blayr, 7 next, with hys eyme 8 in paft ; 

On to the ded 9 thai haiftyt him full fail ; 

Be he entrit, 10 hys hed was in the fwar, 11 

Tytt to the bawk, hangyt to ded rycht thar. 

The third entrit, that pete was for thy, 

A gentill knycht, Schir Neill of Mungumry. 12 

1 Beam. 2 Ropes. 3 Prison ; tolbooth. * Sir Reginal Craufurd of Loudoun, 

heritable Sheriff of Ayr, and maternal uncle to Sir William Wallace. 5 To do homage or 

fealty. ° Slipped or flung a running noose. ' Ancestor of the ancient family of Blair of 
that Ilk, in Ayrshire. 8 Uncle. ° Death. 10 By the time he had entered. M Snare. 

" Ancestor of the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton, &c. This is part of the narrative of 
Henry the Blind Minstrel's account of King Edward the First's savage cruelty practised at 
the Barns of Ayr, commonly called the Slack Parliament ; where, according to the Complaynt 


And other feill ' of landit men about, 

Mony yeid s in, bot na Scottis com out, 

Off Wallace part, thai putt to that derff 3 deid, 

Mony Craufurd fa endyt in that fteid. 

Off Carrik men, Kennedyss flew thai alfe, 

And kynd Campbellis, that neuir had beyne falfe. 

Wallace, b. vii. 1. 201. 


Probably a clerical error for ' thus wes Dalrumpill conqueift,' which is the 
form adopted by the author for concluding his history of each of the other con- 


The Laird of Dunnure made this Laird Macktaise godfather or sponsor for 
his son. It is remarkable that the ancient Catholic custom of naming godfathers 
and godmothers was observed, in Scotland, long after the period of the Reforma- 
tion from Popery ; not only among those who adhered to Episcopacy, but among 
Presbyterians. As formerly, the ' Christening' was observed as a high solemni- 
ty; but it was succeeded by mirth and festivity, which even the rigid forms 
adopted by the Presbyterian Reformers were insufficient to put down. The out- 
ward ceremony of baptism was no doubt altered, and, as they supposed, the pri- 
mitive form restored ; but the Kirk could not suppress the ancient customs and 
feastings, which, in reality, were retained by the people, long after their meaning 
and origin were forgotten. Gossop, or gossep, is derived from A. S. god-sib. In 
modern language, ' gossip' is still used in this sense, but is applied to the female 
sponsor. The office was formerly not one of mere form, but bound the god- 
father and godchild by a religious tie, only to be equalled by blood-relationship. 

of Scotland, pp. 144, 159, 160, ' vndir culour of familiarite, he gart hang, cruelly and disho- 
nestly, to the nummer of sixten scoir of the maist nobillis of the cuntre, in faldomis of cordis, 
tua and tua ouer ane balk.' And that this was done ' vndir culour of faitht and concord ; 
qulia comperit at his instance, nocht heffand suspitione of his tresonabil consait.' 
1 Many others. 2 Went. 3 ' Derff' implies swift and cruel. 



In this sense the word foster signifes adopted son. Macktaise, as his gossep, 
first undertook the charge of fostering and rearing him ; and finally, adopted the 
child, his godson, as his heir. Foster, Sw. simply denotes a child. 


Alexander Kennedy here referred to, got the sobriquet, or rather agnomen of 
Dalgour, from the circumstance of the free use made by him of his short sword 
or dagger, on the occasion so graphically described in the ' Hiftorie.' The fol- 
lowing story of wresting the forty-merk land from the Earl of Wigton is told 
with much force and spirit, and has not often been excelled for diy and caustic 
humour. It conveys a bold but correct portrait of this rough period, and is 
highly illustrative of the state of manners, where such practical jokes were played 
off" merely as a facetious pastime, • for thair grit folaice and divertifement.' Yet, 
forsooth, these were ' the goodold times' ! How far the story is founded on fact, 
would now be a difficult task to trace ; but it is certain that the Earl of Wigton 
made a grant of the town of Kyrkyntulach to Sir Gilbert Kennedy, knight, 
which was confirmed, May 13, 1372. Reg. Mag. Sig. 104. Wood's Peerage, 
II. 630. 


The Laird of Lainshaw, anno 1602, who is here referred to, was Sir Niel 


The Laird here alluded to is Sir Gilbert Kennedy, son of Sir John Ken- 
nedy of Dunure, the son of Sir Gilbert de Carrick. He was one of the hostages for 
the liberation of King David II, anno 1354. 1 His first wife was Marion, daugh- 
ter of Sir James Sandilands of Calder, by Eleonora, only daughter of Archibald 
Douglas of that Ilk, and relict of Alexander Bruce, Earl of Carrick, who was 

1 Rymer's Feed. III. i. 99, 147. See also Crawford's and Wood's Peerages, &c. 


killed at the battle of Halidon-hill, anno 1333. 1 By this lady he had, 1. Gilbert, 
disinherited by him, as related in the text, who died in the French service, with- 
out issue, as is asserted ; 2. Sir James Kennedy of Dtginure ; 3. Alexander, who 
was the { Alfchunder Dalgouf of the ' Hiftorie ;' 4. Sir Hugh Kennedy of Ardstin- 
char, 2 who accompanied the Scotish troops under the Earl of Buchan, where he 
distinguished himself at the battle of Bauge, in Anjou, March 22, 1421, 3 in so 
remarkable a manner, that he was honoured by the King of France with his ar- 
morial bearings, viz. azure, 3feurs de lis, Or. These arms are still borne quar- 
terly (first and fourth) with the arms of Kennedy (second and third) by his de- 
scendants. From bim are sprung the Houses of Bargany, Kirkhill, and Binning. 4 
By his second wife, Agnes, daughter of Sir Robert Maxwell of Calderwood, he 
had other three sons, viz. 5. John; 6. Thomas ; 7. David, who was one of the 
retinue of knights and esquires who attended Margaret of Scotland into France, 
on her marriage to the Dauphin, Louis, anno 1436. 5 


It is obvious, that this is an error of the author, who, excepting in matters 
whicb fell under his own immediate observation, is not much to be trusted to ; for 
he too implicitly leans to tradition, without reference to records, &c. Sir James 
Kennedy of Dunure married the Princess Mary, second daughter of King 
Robert III. She was the widow of George Douglas, first Earl of Angus. Sir 
James bad charters of the barony of Dalrymple, &c. on his father's resignation, 
Jan. 27 and 28, 1405-6, by the latter of which, the old privilege is declared and 
ratified by the King, ' Quod dictus Jacobus et heredes fui mafculi fint caput 
totius progeniei fuse, tam in calumpniis quam in aliis articulis et negotiis ad 
Kynkynol pertinen. valentibus ; vnacum Officio Ballivi predictse terrae ( Car- 
rick) et hominum ipfius directione, ac cum armorum oftentatione, in omnibus, fub 
Comite de Carrick, qui pro tempore fuerit.' 6 He was killed in a quarrel with 

1 This Lady had no less than Jive husbands, viz. (1) Earl of Carrick; (2) Sir James Sandi- 
lands of Calder; (3) William Towers of Dairy; (4) Sir Duncan Wallace of Sundrum ; and 
(5) Sir Patrick Hepburn of Hales. Wyntoun, II. 268. s See this ' Historie,' p. 4. 

» Fordun, II. 461. ' Nisbefs Heraldry, II. 66. 5 Fordun, II. 485. Wood's 

Peerage, I. 326. 6 Confirmed by King James II, Aug. 2 and Nov. 21, 1450. 


bis disinherited brother, Gilbert, in his father's lifetime, leaving two sons ; Gil- 
bert, afterwards first Lord Kennedy, and the celebrated Bishop James Ken- 
nedy, who was successively created Bishop of Dunkeld, 1438, — made Postulate 
of St Andrews, anno 1440, during his absence at Florence with Pope Eugenius 
IV, who at same time bestowed upon him the Abbacy of Scone, in commendam, — 
was chosen one of the Regents of Scotland, during the minority of King James 
III, — and died, May 10, 1466. This highly eminent and talented prelate, ac- 
cording to Buchanan, ' surpassed all men in Scotland, in point of authority ; his 
prudence was held in the highest estimation, and he was lamented at his death 
as a public parent !' l 


The spirit of the author's remark is, that it was feared that this violent and 
bold-spirited man would have disinherited his brother's son, i. e., that he would 
have usurped the inheritance of his nephew, the lawful heir, and maintained him- 
self in possession, by force ; according to his peculiar vein of humour, of which 
an example is above cited. 


From the numerous lands acquired by this Lord, and the Charters in his fa- 
vour passing under the Great Seal, it would appear that he was possessed of 
great power and influence. He was, anno 1460, appointed one of the Six Re- 
gents of Scotland on the death of King James II. He married Catherine, daugh- 
ter of Herbert, first Lord Maxwell of Caerlaverock. The issue of this marriage 
was three sons and two daughters; 1. John, second Lord Kennedy; 2. James, 
married Egidia Blair, to whom the half of the barony of Glenstinchar was 
granted, on his father's resignation, May 17, 1473 ; 2 3. Walter, designed brother 
of John Lord Kennedy, in a Charter of the Earl of Angus, Sep. 25, 1498 ; 3 (1 ) 

1 See Buchanan's Hist, of Scotland — Keith's Hist, of the Bishops — Crawford's Lives of 
Officers of State, &c. — Pinherton's Hist, of Scotland, I. 247-25-J. ■ Reg. Mag. Sig. 

Lib. vii. 224. s Wood's Peerage, I. 328. 



Catherine, married to Alexander, second Lord Montgomery; (2) Mariot, married 
to Sir John Wallace of Craigie. 1 


He married Elizabeth Montgomery, second daughter of Alexander, first Lord 
Montgomery, by whom he had only one son, ( 1 ) David, third Lord Kennedy. He 
married, secondly, Lady Elizabeth Gordon, second daughter of Sir Alexander 
Seton de Gordon, first Earl of Huntley, (by his third wife, Elizabeth, eldest 
daughter of William Lord Crichton, Chancellor of Scotland, whose posterity 
took the name of Gordon, ) and relict of Nicol, second Earl of Errol. She had a 
Charter of the Lands of Cassillis, Jul. 12, 1471. 2 By this marriage, there were 
three sons and two daughters ; (2) Alexander, ancestor of the Kennedies of Gir- 
vanmains and Barquhanny, who had Charters of the lands of Garvane, &c. in 
Carrick, with the lands and barony of Lessvalt; 3 (3) John; (4) William. The 
daughters were ; (1) Janet, one of the Mistresses of King James IV, who grant- 
ed a Charter to her, 4 for her lifetime, under the title of Lady Bothwell, of the 
Castle and Forests of Dernway, &c. &c, in shire of Elgin, Jun. 1, 1501 ; clog- 
ged with this qualification, — 'tamdiu remanferit abfque marito feu alio viro, cum 
Rege et fuo condilccto filio Jacobo Stewart, in Caftro Regis de Dernway, vel 
alibi prout Regi placuerit et convenientius vifum fuerit.' This son was, the same 
year, created Earl of Moray. There is evidence of this Lady having formed a 
similar connexion with Archibald Earl of Angus, commonly known by the 
name of Bell-the-Cat. At all events, confirmations of Charters exist in the Public 
Records ; one of them to him and Janet, daughter of John Lord Kennedy, and 
the heirs-male procreated, or to be procreated, betwixt them ; whom failing, to 
William Douglas, son of the said Earl, of the Barony of Bradewode, &c, dated 
Jul. 20, 1498 ; and the other, of a Grant by the Earl to her of the Barony of 
Crawford-Lindsay, Sep. 25, 1498. Hume of Godscroft says, that Archibald Earl 
of Angus was confined to the Island of Arran, for taking Jean Kennedy, daugh- 

1 Reg. Mag. Sig. Lib. v. 104. a Ibid. Lib. vii. 207. 3 Ibid. Lib. ix. Gl,— 

x. 132,— xii. 38,— xiii. 346. 4 Ibid. xiii. 473. 


ter of the Earl of Cassillis, out of Galloway, to whom tlie King bore affection — 
and to whom the Earl gave infeftment and seisin of the lands of Bothwell, 
though he never married her. Mr Wood states, that ' she does not appear ever 
to have borne the title of Countess of Angus.' * (2.) Helen, married to Adam 
Boyd of Penkill. 2 As it would have been treading on tender ground, the author 
has chosen to leave the account of the issue of this marriage entirely blank in 
his MS. 

This Lord appears frequently in the Records of Parliament, as taking an ac- 
tive share in all public affairs. On Oct. 16, 1488, he obtained a royal Commis- 
sion ' for ftanching of thift, reff,' &c. in Carrick, — and on Feb. 15, 1489-90, he 
is held responsible for the King's casualties, in Carrick, Leswalt, Monybrig, &c. 


' Dauid Lord Kennedy/' fonne and air to Jhonc Lord Kennedey, by Jeane de 
Montgomerie, eldeft daughter to the Lord Montgomerie, ves, by K. Ja. 4, created 
Earll of Cassilles, 4 in anno . . . . s Hemaried Anna Borthuick, eldeft daugh- 
ter to Johne Lord Borthuick, by quhome he hed ilheu 4 fonnes and 3 daughters. 
Gilbert, lies eldeft fonne, fuccidit to him ; William, the 2, ves Abott of Crofre- 
guall ; 6 James, the 3 fonne, ves Laird of Broineftoune ; Thomas, the 4 fone, ves 
Laird of Cafs. 7 This Earll Dauid, after the death of Anna Borthuick, hie ma- 
ried for lies 2 vyffe, Gregoria Boyde, 8 daughter to the Lord Boyde, and grand- 
chylde to K. Ja. 2 ; by quhome he lied no iflieu. This Earll Dauid wes flaine. 
at the battell of Floudone, in anno 1513.'° 

1 Wood's Peerage, I. 328. « Ibid. See also B. Boyd of Trochricjs MS. 3 He was 

advanced to the order of knighthood by King James III, on the creation of his second son, 
Alexander, as Duke of Ross, Jan. 29, 1487-8. — Bee. Pari 32.3. He was also one of King 
James IV's Privy Council. 4 Ante Aug. 6. 5 1G10. c This son William 

is omitted in the Peerages. ' ' Coiff,' in Wood's Peerage, &c, which is correct. 

He was one of the hostages for his nephew the Earl of Cassillis in England, Feb. 1543. — See 
Lodge's Illustr. I. 103. The title is left blank, in the text of the ' Historie.' The three 
daughters, (1) Kathreine, (2) Helene, and (3) Christiane, are omitted in all the Peerages. 
3 Lady Gregoria, Greikly, or Grizel Boyd, only daughter of Thomas (Boyd) Earl of Arran, 
who had, anno 1467, married Mary, eldest daughter of King James II. This Lady Grizel was 
the widow of Alexander,/o«rfA Lord Forbes, at the period of her marriage with David, first 
Earl of Cassillis. s Sep. 6, 1513. Balf. MS. Geneal. Coll. (Denmylne MSS.,) Adv. 

Library, W. 220— Collated with another copy, Jac. V, 6. 18. 



' Gilbert Lord Kennedey fuecidit his father, ancLves fecond Earll of Caf- 
filles. He rnaried Iflbbell Campbell, daughter to Colin Earl of Argyll, 1 and had 
iflieu feven fonnis and two daughters. Gilbert hes eldeft fonne fuecidit him ; ° 
Dauid, s fecond fonne ; Mr Quintine, 4 the third fonne, ves Abbott of Crofreguall ; 
Archbald, 5 the fourth fone ; Heu, the fifth fonne ; James, the fixth fonne, and Ro- 
bert, 6 the feventh fonne. Janet, the eldeft daughter, ves maried to the Laird of 
Freuche, 7 and had iflieu. Helen, the fecond daughter, ves maried to the Laird of 
Kilhilt, 8 and had iflieu. This Earll Gilbert ves lulled at the Pou of Preftick in 
Kyll, by Heu Campbell of Loudoune Shiriffe of Aire, 28 Decembris, in anno 
1527, 9 and ves buried at the Collegiat Church of Mayboll.'— Balf. MS. Geneal. 
Collections, Adv. Library. 

In regard to the murder of the Earl of Cassillis, the editor has made some en- 
quiries in the Original Records of Justiciary ; and has to communicate, that at the 

1 Isabel, second daughter of Archibald, second Earl of Argyle. 2 Thomas the second 

son is omitted in this list. 3 David married Janet Kennedy, eldest daughter of Duncan 

Kennedy of Dalgabre. He was one of the hostages for his brother the Earl in England, 1543, 
who was one of the prisoners taken at the rout of Solway by Dacre and Musgrave, in Nov. 
1542. Thomas Kennedy of Coif, and David and Thomas his brothers, were hostages for his 
ransom, which was fixed at L.1000. — Lodge's Illust. I. 46 — Wood's Peerage, I. 330. • The 
learned and pious Churchman who publicly disputed with John Knox, on the subject of the 
sacrifice of the Mass, for three days, at Maybole; for which acceptable service, he was 
canonized as a Saint, on his death, 1564. — See Tracts reprinted by the late Sir Alexander Bos- 
well of Auchinleck — Knox's Hist. 318. Irving's Lives, I. 80. Appendix to Keith's Church 
Hist. &c. 6 Our genealogist has here omitted Archibald, the fifth son. The Earl shame- 

fully neglected his hostages, who had been placed under the care of the Archbishop of York; 
so much so, that in a letter published by Lodge, Aug. 20, 1544, it appears that no provision 
had been made even for. their clothing or maintenance, which had been expended, out of 
humanity, by the Archbishop. — Lodge's Illust. I. 46 and 103. 6 He does not appear in 

any of the Peerages. • The text of the ' Historie' reads Feochtt. It is believed that 

Freuche is the proper reading. It is remarkable that none of the Peerages notice that there 
were any daughters of this marriage. e The text reads Kenkill. On reference to other 

authorities, and especially Balfour's MSS., it is pretty clear that the youngest daughter was 
Lady Kenhilt {Adair, Galloway.) ' This slaughter took place on Dec. 22, 1527. Sir Hugli 

Campbell of Loudoun obtained a Remission for all crimes of treason, &c, Dec. 12, 1524. — 
Acta Pari. — Wood's Peerage, &c. 


Justice Court held before Sir William Scot of Balwery, 1 Justiciar, at Edinburgh, 
Oct. 5, 1527, James, Earl of Arcane, was fined L.100, for not producing Hugh 
Campbell of Lowdoune Sheriff of Are, and for his not compearing and under- 
lying the law, for art and part of slauchter of Gilbert, Earl of Cassiliis. — 
Item, L.100 for the non-entry of George Craufurd of Lefnorijs. — Item, Hugh 
Campbell of Lowdoune fined for non-entry of John Campbell of Cesnok, and An- 
drew Campbell of Skelingtoune, (Sherrington). — Item, James Coluile of Vchiltre, 
100 marks for non-entry of William Craufurd, brother of George Craufurd of 
Lefnorijs. Others were fined in 100 merits each, for non-entry of Hugh Crau- 
furd, in Smedyschawis, William Spottiswod, Margaret Douglas, and William 
Rede of Halfpennyland, all charged with the same crime. 

It is very probable that the murder of the Earl of Cassiliis occasioned a series 
of deadly Feuds, between the name of Kennedy and that of Campbell; which, in 
all likelihood, would last for some generations. In proof that a battle or skirmish 
of no ordinary description had ensued, shortly after these criminal proceedings 
were adopted against the Sheriff of Ayr and his accomplices, (which appear to 
have been in a great measure frustrated by the usual delays of Replegiation, &c.) 
it may be remarked that the Books of Adjournal record, that at the Justice Court 
held at Stirling, (die Martis) before Sir John Stirling of Keir, and Mr John 
Campbell of Lundy, Justice Deputes, Jul. 28, 1528, Alexander Kennedy of Bar- 
gany was fined 100 merks for not entering Hugh, his son, to appear and underly 
the law, for the slaughter of Robert Campbell in Lochfergus, Alexander Kirkwod, 
and Patrick Wilsone. The following persons were likewise fined in L.100 each, 
for not entering their friends, viz. David Kennedy of Claslochane, 2 for the non- 
appearance of Alexander Kennedy of Bargany ; John Mure of Auchindrane, for 
not entering James Mure his brother ; Allan Makilvene, Laird of Grummet, for 
Gilbert Kennedy of Kirkmechell ; John Kennedy of Giletre, for James Kennedy 
of Blarequhane ; James Kennedy of Blarequhane, for Thomas Corry of Keld- 
wod. A number of other individuals of rank were likewise charged for the same 
slaughters, and fail to appear, viz. William (Kennedy) Abbot of Crosragwell ; 

1 See Original Records of the Court of Justiciary, MS. * It lias been considered 

best to preserve the ancient orthography, as in the Record. 


Thomas Kennedy of Coiff; James Kennedy of Knokdone; Alexander Kennedy 
of Glentig ; Gilbert Kennedy of Barmaclannochane ; Mr Walter Kennedy ; James 
Kennedy, son and heir apparent of Patrick of Drummellane ; John Kennedy, 
son and heir apparent of Gilbert of Kirkmechell ; Thomas Kennedy, son of Alex- 
ander of Bargany ; Hugh, son of Thomas of Duneyne ; David Kennedy, son of 
the Laird of Kirkmechell : Alexander Kennedy of Zet ; Thomas Kennedy of 
Dunneyne ; John Kennedy of Bennane ; Mungo Eklis of that Ilk ; Patrick Ken- 
nedy of Drummellane ; and a number of Kennedies } &c. their followers. 


' Gilbert (Lord) Kennedey fuccidit to hes father Gilbert, and ves third Earll 
of Caffilles and Lord Kennedey. He maried Sophia Kennedey, daughter to the 
Laird of Bargenie, i and bed iflieu three fonnes and tua daughteris. Gilbert, hes 
eldeft, 2 fuccidit him ; Dauid, 3 the fecond, deyed a chyld ; Sir Thomas, 4 the third 
fonne, ves Laird of Reiland. Jeane, 5 hes eldeft daughter, ves maried to Villiam 
Earll of Orknay ; and Cathareing, 6 the fecond daughter, wes maried to Sir Pa- 
trick Vans of Barnbaroch, and hed ilheu. This Earll Gilbert ves fent to France 
embafadour be Marie Quein of Scotland, to conclud the mariage betuix her and 
(Francis) the Dolphin of France, quho, in hes returne home, departed this mor- 
tal lyffe a.t Deipe in France, not without fufpitione of poifone, 14 Novembris, in 
anno 1558. Buchanan, lib. 16. He layes buried at the Collegiat Churche of 
Mayboll, quhofe exequies Jhonftone hath fung thus : 

Quae decora Heroum, quae gens, quibus edita diuis, 

Quos, quantos dederit diu propago duces, 
Virum Iiunc fi fpectes, fpectaveris omnia in vno, 

Inque viro hoc oranis lucet imago domus. 
Prifcos reddidit auos foelix, noua ssecla nepotum 

Excitat et meritis auget verofque fuis. 

1 Alexander Kennedy. 2 Afterwards fourth Earl of Cassillis. 3 This son, who 

died young, is not mentioned in the Peerages. • Of Cassillis. 5 She married 

Robert Stewart, first Earl of Orkney. 6 She married Sir Patrick Vans of Barnbarroch, 

in the shire of Wigton. 


Plurima reftabant : Ni fraus male tecta veneno 

Tolleret ; extrema funera Gallus habet. 
Incubat vfque grauis rebus fortuna fecundis, 

Et nunquam sequali fata tenore fluunt.' 1 

This nobleman appears to have been the most eminent and excellent of the 
early Earls of Cassillis. Having succeeded his iather in 1527, when merely a 
boy, of thirteen years of age, and at his studies at St Andrews, he was early pla- 
ced in difficult circumstances. He was compelled to sign the sentence of death 
pronounced against Patrick Hamilton, Abbot of Feme, who was burnt for he- 
resy. 2 On Oct. 30, 1529, he was discharged of all points of treason for ' ma- 
king of ligis (leagues) and bandis, laitlie at Striueling, with vmq' e Johne Erie 
of Levenax, &c. and for arraying of ane field and batell befyde Linlithqw.' 3 

The Earl of Cassillis had the fortune to be educated by George Buchanan, who 
remarks, in his autobiography, which has been preserved by Dr Irving, in his 
Appendix, — 'Tandem in Collegium Barbaranum accitus, prope triennium claffi 
grammaticam difcentium prsefuit. Interea cum Gilbertus Caffillijfts Comes, ado- 
lefcens nobilis, in ea vicinia diverfaretur, atque ingenio et confuetudine ejus 
oblectaretur, eum quinquennium fecum retinuit, atque in Scotiam una reduxit.' 
— Irving' s Life of Buck. Ed. 1817, p. 322. 

Buchanan, having survived his pupil, composed the following elegant Epitaph, 
in grateful commemoration of his virtues : 

' Hie fitus eft Heros humili Gilbertus in urna 

Kennedus, antiqua? Nobilitatis honos : 
Mufarum Martifque decus, paeifque minifter, 

Et columen patriae confiliumque fuae. 
Parce, hofpes, lachrimis, et inanem coraprime luctum ; 

Non mifere quifquam qui bene vixit obit.' 

He remained abroad with his tutour, George Buchanan, till May 1537, when 
they returned home. 4 In November 1542, he was one of the prisoners taken at 

1 Balf. Geneal Coll. MS.— Adv. Library. * Knox's Hist, of the Reformation, 318. 

5 Acta Pari. Jac. V. 4 Irving's Life of Buchanan, 15, 18. 


the disastrous rout of Solway, and was committed to the charge of Cranmer, 
through whose means he was finally induced to espouse the Reformed Religion, 
to which he had already heen secretly attached by thcinstructions of Buchanan. 
Having procured hostages, he returned home next year, and engaged in the 
English interest to promote the marriage between Queen Mary and Edward, 
Prince of Wales, for which service he got a pension from Henry VIII of 300 
merhs. The sureties were most culpably neglected by the Earl ; and it was not 
until after they were threatened with immediate execution, that he, early in the 
year 1545, went to London, and delivered himself up to King Henry; when his 
hostages were immediately released, and he was permitted to return home, loaded 
with presents. 1 He afterwards deserted the English party, 2 went to France 
with the Queen Dowager, 1550, — was appointed Lord High Treasurer of Scot- 
land, 1554, 3 — and after numerous public services, came to the untimely end by 
poison, as is noticed in the ' Hiftorie,' which, it may be remarked, is confirmed 
by historians. 


' Gilbert (Lord) Kennedey fuccidit his father Gilbert, and ves 4 Earll of 
Caffillis. He maried Margaret Layone, daughter to Patrick Lord Glames ; 4 by 
quhome he bed ifheu a fonne 5 and a daughter, quho deyed both children ; and 
then, therafter, he hed by her tuo fonnis. Jhone, the eldeft, fuccidit lies father ; 
and Gilbert the 2 fonne. This Earll Gilbert ves one of the Affyfe of Francis 
Earll of Bothuell, quho ves convict for rnurthering Henrey, Duck of Albaney, 
father to King James the VI, King of Grate Brittane, then hufband to Marie 
Queine of Scotland. 6 This Earll Gilbert departed this mortall lyffe, at Edin- 
burgh, 14 Decembris, in anno 1516 ; 7 and layes entombed at Mayboll. In me- 
morey of quhome is extant this Epitaph of leirnid Buchannan.' s 

1 Buck. xiv. 30— Lodge, I. 103, &e. 2 Calderwood, 56. 8 Crawford's Off. of State, 382. 
* She was the only daughter of John, ninth Lord Glanmiis. Through her persuasion, accord- 
ing to Knox, he hecame a Protestant, and caused his Kirks in Carrick to be reformed. — Hist, 
of Reform. 398. 5 Balf. BIS. Jac. V, 6, 18, says ' Dauid hes eldest sonne deyed a chyld.' 

6 Buck. lib. 18. ' 1576. s Balf. Geneal. Coll. MS. It is almost unnecessary to remind 
the reader, that the Epitaph which has been here inserted, by Sir James Balfour, as applicable 



In reference to this remarkable person, the reader may feel interested in the 
following brief notes from the Records of Parliament, which may assist in illus- 
trating his life. — (Aug. 19, 1568.) Gilbert, Earl of Cassillis; Hew, Earl of Eg- 
lingtoun, and John Lord Herries, were forfeited in Parliament for their trea- 
sonably conspiring against the King, at the battle of Langside, &c. — (Aug. 24, 
1568.) The Lairds of Blairquhan, Barganye, Clonkaird, Paul Reid, burgess of 
Air, &c. ' Proteftit tbat the foirfaltour of the Erie of Caffillis preiuge (nocht) 
thame nor nane of thame.' — (Nov. 17, 1569.) ' My Lorde Regent declarit that 
my Lord Caffillis (and) Patrick Congiltoune of that Ilk, hes maid dew obedience 
to the Kingis grace ; and hes thairfoir ordanit thame to be deletit furth of the 
Summondis.' — (Aug. 28, 1571.) It was declared that the escheats of the Earls of 
Cassillis, Argyll, Eglinton, &c. and their kin, specified in their remissions, ' fall 
nawife be vptakin be his Maieftie, his Thefaurar, or be the perfonis donatouris 
thairto,' &c. — (Sep. 5, 1571.) The Earl of Cassillis appears again in Parliament ; 
and, on the 7th of the same month, is chosen one of the Privy Council. 

The Pollok MS. which is now preparing for private publication, (for the use 
of the Bannatyne Club,) likewise furnishes some information, which is also no- 
ted here. — (April 27, 1571 ) ' The Erlis of Caffillis and Eglintoun were put in 
waird ; the faid Erie of Caffilis in Dunbartane, and the faid Erie of Eglingtoun 
in Doun Caftell, be my Lord Regent.'— (Mar. 9, 1572.) ' Matho, Erie of Len- 
nox, Regent, depairtit fra Glalgow towart Carrik witht his freindis and men of 
weare. This palling of my Lord Regentis wes, becaufe Gilbert Erie of Caffillis 
wes to perfew the Laird of Bargany for his hous of Dummure (Dunnure) tane 
be the faid Laird fra the faid Earle of befoir. And the faid Regent, myndit to 
affift the faid Laird of Bargany, paft to Ayr, and thair remanit quhill thair wes 
ane afiurance takin betuix the faidis pairties ; and thairefter returnit to Glalgow, 
on the 16 day of this inftant.'— (Feb. 22, 1574.) ' The Erles of Montgomery, 
(Eglinton,) Caffillis, Lordis Boyd, Semple and Somerveill, come to Edinburgh 
out of Waird.' ' 

to the fourth Earl, must have arisen from inadvertency or negligence ; for no part of Buchanan's 
encomiums were deserved by that tyrannical and profligate nobleman. The Epitaph will be 
found in the notes which refer to Gilbert the third Earl, in commemoration of whose virtues 
it was written. ' Pollok MS. preparing for the press by the Bannatyne Club. 



It is unnecessary to comment on the events recorded in these memoranda, for 
they must he sufficiently ohvious to all. 


Margaret, only daughter of John, eighth Lord Glammis, and Dowager of 
Gilbert, fourth Earl of Cassillis (ob. Dec. 1576), married, for her second hushand, 
John, first Marquis of Hamilton, when Commendator of Aberbrothock, by which 
title he then was chiefly known. This marriage is thus noticed by a contempo- 
rary writer. ' The Lord Arhrothe maried the Countes of CalTels, fiftar to the 
Lord Glammes, then Chanceller ; wharby he gat tolerance for a fchort tyme. u 
This passage relates to the share which he and Lord Paisley, and others of the 
Hamilton faction, had in the murder of the Regent Murray. 


Mr Wood, in his Peerage, mentions a third son, Gilbert, Master of Cassil- 
lis, on the authority of D. Stewart, in his History of the Stewarts, p. 121. But 
it appears from this contemporary History, that Stewart was misinformed ; or 
had inadvertently used the prevailing name in the family for many generations, 
{Gilbert,) as the Master's name. Perhaps, however, D. Stewart had referred to 
a period during the lifetime of the third Earl, when of course his son Gilbert, af- 
terwards fourth Earl of Cassillis, would assume the title of Master. Hew, Mas- 
ter of Cassillis, married Margaret, daughter of Uchtred Macdowall of Garth- 
land ; — who, on the death of her hushand, married, 2dly, James, Lord Ochiltree ; 
which accounts for the intimate connexion he had with all the subsequent affairs 
of the Kennedies. 


' Jhone Kennedey fuccidit to hes father, and ves 5 Earl of Caflilles and Lord 
Kennedey. He maried Jeane Fleming, daughter to Malcolme, Lord Fleming, 
and viddou of Thome Mettelane, Lord Thirlftane, and Chancleour of Scotland, 
and mother to Jhone, nou Earll of Lauderdaill, by quhome he hed no ifheu. This 

1 James MelvilFs Diary, p. 46, (printed for Bannatyne Club.) 


Earll Jhone departed this lyffe at London, in England ; and ves brought home 

and entered at Mayboll, in anno , regnante Jacoho Magna? Brittannia?, 

Galliae, et Hyberniae rege.' ' The same authority adds, of the Sixth Earl of 
Cassillis, the following short notice, which it is best to preserve here : 

' Jhone Kennedey, eldeft fonne to Gilbert Kennedey, quho ves 2 brother to 
Jhone, the 2 of that name, and 5 Earll of Caffilles, fuccidit his vnckell [quho 
deyed vith{out) airs gotten of hes auen bodey], and ves 6 Earll of Caffilles. He 

maried Hamiltoune, 3 daughter to Thomas, Earll of Haddingtoune, 

and hes ifheu. He Hues Earll of Caffilles, in this prefent yeir of God, 1628.' 


The word blok was used to denote entering into barter, or bargaining, &c It 
is, however, used here in an oblique sense, and indicates a scheming contrivance 
or device to overreach. 


To hold the Lands as a Feudal tenant of the Abbot or Convent, for the annual 
payment to them of a certain rent, termed few- duty, farm or maill. L. B. Feodum, 
feudum ; a feu, fee, or fief. 


Cairl signifies churl; a low-born person. In the sense here used it denotes a 
rough, sturdy clown, who for hire would do a deed of violence. In modern lan- 
guage, it generally indicates old age and decrepitude, a meaning which it cer- 
tainly did not formerly possess. 

The Torturing of Master Allan Stewart, Abbot of Crossraguel, by. Gilbert, 

Earl of Cassillis, and his accomplices, in the Black Voute (Vault) of 

Dunnure, on the first and seventh days of September, 1570. — p. JO. 

The History of this almost unexampled act of barbarity is so fully and gra- 

1 This and the other notices marked Balf. MS. Geneal. Coll. are taken from the original 
MSS. preserved in the Library of the Faculty of Advocates, W. 2. 16. They have likewise 
been collated with Jac. V, 6. 18. also belonging to Balfour's Collection of MSS. 


phically described by Richard Bannatyne, in his ' Memoriales,' that the Edi- 
tor has thought it best to give his very remarkable account of the matter, from 
Mr Graham Dal yell's ' Illustrations of Scotish History/ 8vo, Edinburgh, 1806. 
Bannatyne's Journal was procured by that learned and indefatigable antiquary, 
from the original MS., preserved in the Advocates' Library. A few Notes are 
now added, together with such variations as occur between the Advocates' MS. 
and the more correct copy belonging to the Library of the University of Edin- 
burgh, which, it is believed, has been discovered since Mr Dalyell's edition was 
published. Such notes, explanatory of the tragical story of ' The Abbot's Roast- 
ing,' as have fallen within the Editor's notice, shall also be appended. 

In reference to the Abbacy of Crossraguel, 1 which was the bone of con- 
tention in this barbarous affair, it is proper to say a few words. Dr Irving, in his 
learned and valuable life of George Buchanan, observes, that Mary Queen of 
Scots ' was not insensible of his powerful claims upon the protection of his 
country. In the year 1 564, she had rewarded his literary merit by conferring 
upon him the temporalities of Crossragwell Abbey, which amounted in annual 
valuation to the sum of five hundred pounds, in Scotish currency. The Abbacy 
was at that time vacant by the decease of Quintin Kennedy, who was a man of 
learning, and the brother of Buchanan's former pupil, the Earl of Cassillis.' — 
And that, ' about the period when Buchanan was appointed Preceptor to the 
King, he seems to have entertained some apprehensions for his personal safety, 
as well as his pension,' &c. — Irving's Life of Buck. Ed. 1817, pp. 123, 168. In 
his Appendix, (No. V. and No. VI.) Dr Irving has preserved copies of the docu- 
ments from the Privy Seal Record, relative to Buchanan's pension, &c, to which 
the reader is referred. The following Paper, procured from the same source, suf- 
ficiently illustrates the lawless violence of ' the King of Carrick,' and the steps 
which Buchanan was forced to adopt for the protection of his pecuniary interest, 
as well as to provide for his future personal safety : — 

Act of Privy Council, Oct. 16, 1564. 

' The quhilk day, anent the Complaint maid be Maister George Buch- 
quhannan, makand mentioun, That quhair, he hes, be Gift of our Souerane 

1 In the Appendix to this volume will he found some particulars relative to this Religious 
House. The reader is also referred to Spotswood and other authorities. 


Lady, for all the dayis of his lyff, ane yeivlie penfioun of the foume of V c li., to he 
yeirlie vptakin of the frutes and emolumentis of the Abbay of Corsragwell ; 
and for payment thairof thair is affignit to him the haill Temporalitie of the faid 
Abhay, with the place, manis, wod, and pertinentis thairof: Neuirtheles, Gil- 
bert Erle of Cassillis hes, fen the deceife of the laft Abbot of Corfragwell, 
enterit within the place and Abbay thairof, withhaldis, and on na wayis will 
deliver the famin to the faid Maiftir George, without he be compellit ; lyke as, at 
mair lenth is contenit in the faid complent. The faidis Erie of Caffillis and 
Maiftir George comperand baith perfonalie, the Lordis of Secreit Counfall or- 
danis letteris to be direct Jimpliciter, to charge the faid Gilbert Erie of Caffillis to 
deliver the faid Abbay and Place of Corfragwell, with the orchards and yairdis 
thairof, to the faid Maifter George, or ony in his name, havand his power, in his 
name to reffaue the famyn, within fex dayis nixteftir the charge ; under the pane 
of rebellioun : And gif he failyie, the faidis fex dayis being bipaft, to put him to 
the home. And as to the remanent pointis of the faid compleaint, referris the 
famyn to the decifioun of the Lordis of Counfall and Seffioun, Ordinand the faid 
Maiftir George to perfew befoir thame or vther ordiner Jugeis, as he thinkis caus.' 


Maister Allane Stewart, freind to Captane James Stewart of Cardonall, 
be meanis of the Queues corrupted Court, obteaned the Abbacie of Croferaguall. 
The faid Erie, thinking him felf gritter than ony King in thefe quarteris, deter- 
mined to have that whole benefice (as that he hes dyvers vtheris) to pay at plea- 
four : and becaus he culd not find fie fecuritie as his infatiable appetite requyred, 
this fhift was devyfit. The faid Mr Allane, beand in cumpany with the Lard of 
Bargany, was, be the faid Erie and his freindis, entyfet to leave the favegard 
which he had with the faid Lard, and to come make gud cheir with the faid Erie. 
The fimplicitie of the imprudent man was fuddenlie abufed : and fua he pafled 
his tyme with thame certane dayes ; which he did in Maybole with Thomas Ken- 
nedie, 1 father brother to the faid Erie. Efter the which, the faid Mr Allane 

1 Sir Thomas Kennedy of Colzean, tutor of Cassillis, and the Earl's uncle; the same indivi- 
dual who was afterwards murdered at the instigation of Mure of Auchindrayne. 


paffed with quyet cumpany to vifie the place and boundis of Croceraguall ; whair- 
of the faid Erie being furelie aduertifed, determined to put in practeis the tyrany 
which long before he had conceaved. And fo, as King of the countrie, 1 appre- 
hendit the faid Mr Allane, and carried him to the hous of Dunure, where for a 
feafone he was honourablie entreated (gif a prifoner can think ony interteanment 
pleafing) : but after that certane dayis were fpent, 2 and that the Erie culd not 
obtene the fewis of Croceraguall according to his awin appetite, he determined 
to prove gif a collatione could work that, which neather dennor nor fupper could 
doe of a long tyme. And fo, the faid Mr was caried to a fecreat chalmer ; with 
him paffed the honourable Erie, his worfchipful brother, 3 and fie as was appoint- 
ted to be fervantis at that banquett. In the chalmer there was a grit iron chim- 
lay, vnder it a fyre; other grit provifione was not fene. The firft cours was, 
' My lord Abbot,' (faid the Erie,) ' it will pleis you confefs heir, that with your 
awin confent ye remane in my cumpany, becaus ye darre not comitt yow to the 
handis of vtheris.' The Abbote anfwerit, ' Wald ye, my lord, that I fliuld mak 
a manifeft leifing, for your pleafour ? The treuth is, my lord, it is againft my 
will that I am heir ; neather yit have I ony pleafour in your cumpany.' — ' Bot 
ye fall remane with me at this tyme,' faid the Erie. — ' I am not able to refift 
your will and pleafour,' faid the Abbot, ' in this place.' — ' Ye man then obey 
me !' faid the Erie. And with that were prefentit vnto him certane Letteris to 
fubferyve, amonges which ther wasafyve yeare Tack and a 19 yeare Tack, 4 and 
a Charter of Few of all the landis of Croceraguall, with all the clauffes neceffaire 
for the Erie to haift him to Hell ! For gif adulterie, facriledge, opprefllone, bar- 
barous creweltie, and thift heaped vpon thift diferve Hell, the great King of Car- 
rick can no more efchape Hell, for ever, nor the imprudent Abbot efchaped the 
fyre for a ceffone, as followes. 

Efter that the Erie efpyed repugnance, and that he culd not come to his pur- 
pofe be fair means, he comandit his coockis to prepare the bancquett. And fo, 

1 The sobriquet of this Earl, and some others of the Earls of Cassillis, was ' King of Car- 
rick,' in consequence of the almost boundless power which they exercised over the inhabi- 
tants of the districts unhappily subjected to their heritable jurisdiction. ! The Univer- 
sity MS. reads ' unrespectit,' in place of ' were spent.' 3 He is called ' Thomas Maister 
of Cassillis,' in the Supplicalion to the Lords of Privy Council. ' Lease. 


firft, they fleed the fcheip, that is, they took of the Ahbotis cleathes, ewin to his 
fkyn ; and nixt, they band him to the chinilay, his leggis to the one end and his 
armes to the vther ; and fo they began to bait the fyre, fometymes to his but- 
tockis, fometymes to his legis, fometymes to his fhulderis and armes. And that 
the roft fuld not burne, but that it myght roll in foppe, they fpared not flamb- 
ing with oyle. (Lord luik thou to fie creweltie !) And that the crying of the 
miferable man fuld not be hard, they clofed his mouth, that the voice myght be 
flopped. (It may be fufpected that fum practiliane of the Kingis murther was 
there !) In that torment they held the poore man, whill that oftymes he cryed, 
' for Godis faik, to difpatche him ; for he had alfmekle gold in his awin purfe as 
wald bye poulder aneugh, to fchorten his paine.' The famous King of Carrick, 
and his coockes, perceaving the roft to be aneuch, comandit it to be tane fra the 
fyre, and the Erie him felf began the grace in this maner : ' Benedicite Jefus Ma- 
ria ! you are the moft obftinat man that ever I faw ! Gif I had knowin that ye 
had bene fo ftubborne, I wold not for a thoufand crownis handled you fo ! I ne- 
ver did fo to man, befoir you.' And yit, he returned to the fame practeis, within 
two dayes ; ' and ceafled not till that he obteaned his formeft purpofe ; that is, 
that he had gottin all his pieces fubferyvit, alfweill as ane half roiled hand cukl 
do it ! The Erie thinking him felf fare aneugh, fo long as he had the half rolled 
Abbote in his awin keping ; and yit, being efchamed of his prefence, be reafone 
of his former crueltie, left the place of Dunvre in the handis of certane of his 
fervantis, and the half rolled Abbote to be keapit thair as prefoner. The Laird 
of Barganie, out of whofe cumpanie the faid Abbote was entyfed, underilanding 
(not the extremitie) but the reteaning of the man, fend to the Court and reafed 
Lettres of delyvrance of the perfone of the man, according to the ordour : which 
being difobeyed, the faid Erie, for his contempt, was denunced rebell and put to 
the home. But yit hope was thair none, neather to the afflicted to be delyvered, 
neather yit to the purchafer of the letters to obtein any comfort therbye ; for 
in that tyme God was defpyfed, and the lauchfull authoritie was contemned iq 
Scotland, in hope of the fuddane returne and regiment of that crewel murtherer 

1 This second torture did not take place until the seventh day of September, as appears by 
the Abbot's Bill of Supplication. 


of hir awin huf band, ' of whofe lordis the faid Erie was called one ; 2 and yit, 
ofter than once, he was folemnedlie ftvorne to the King, and to his Regent. The 
trew report and narratione of this fact is to be fene irvthis Act made befoir the 
Privie Counfall, vnder Alexander Hayis hand write. 3 

Act of Privy Council, Apr. 27, 1571. 

At Stirveling, the 27 of Apprile 1571 yearis. 4 Anent the complante made be 
Mr Alane Stewart, Commendatour of Crosraguaix, againft Gilbert Erle 
of Cassilis, Thomas Maister of Cassilis, his broder, and thair complices, con- 
teanit in the faid Mr Alanes Supplicatione, whairof the tenor followes : 

Vnto your Grace and lordis of Secreit Counfall, humblie meanes and fchaws 
your fervitour Mr Alane Stewart commendatour of Crofraguall, that whair, vpon 
the 29 day of Auguft laft by paft, I, beand within the Wood of Crofraguall, do- 
and my leafome earandis and bufines, belevand no harme nor in van one to have 
bene done to me, be ony perfone or perfones ; Nottheles, Gilbert Erie of Caflilis, 
Thomas Maifter of Caflilis, with thair complices, to the number of 16 perfones 
or therby, come to me, and perfuadit me he thair flatterie and deceatful wordis 
to pas with thame to his Caftle and place of Dunvre, being alwayis myndit, gif I 
had made refufall to pafs with them, to have tacken me perforce. And he, put- 
and me within the fame, that I fuld be in fure firmance, commandit fex of his 
fervantis to avait vpon me, fo that I ifchewit 5 not ; wha tuike fra me my hors 
with all my weaponis, 6 and -then departed, while 7 the firft day of September 
therefter, that he come agane, and requyrit me to fubfcryve to him ane Few 
Chartour, brought with him, made in parchement, of the whole landis pertean- 
ing to the faid Abbacie, together with 19 and 5 yeir Tak of the fructis, teyndis, 
and dewities therof, as he alledgit, of the whole kirkis and perfonages pertean- 
ing thairto ; whairof I never (having) redd a word of, anfwerit, ' it was a thing 

1 This bitter allusion is to Mary Queen of Scots, against whom Knox's Secretary ceased not 
to rail, whenever an opportunity occurred of dragging her forward. a He had been at 

the battle of Langside, &c. See the History. 3 He was then Lord Clerk Register, &c. 

This alludes to the time when the legal proceedings took place. * Eschewed; esca- 

ped. 6 In those troublesome times it was by no means unusual (indeed, for the pur- 

pose of self-defence, it was absolutely necessary) for dignified churchmen to go abroad armed, 
at least with secret doublets and other defensive armour. * Until. 


vnreafonable, and that I could na wayis doe, in refpect the fame, long of befoir, 
was alreddie difponit to the kyndlie tenentis and poifefferis therof, and to James 
Stewart of Cardonall ; and therfore, the famin being forth of my landis I culd na 
wayis grant his vnreafonable defyre.' Wlia then, after long boafting 1 and minaffing 
of me, caufed me to be cariet be Jhone Kennedie his baxter, 2 Jhone M'leir his cuike, 
Alexander Ritchard his pantriman, Alexander Eccles and Sir William Tode, 3 to 
ane hous callit the Black Voute 4 of Dunvre ; whair the tormenteris denudit me 
of all my cleathis, perforce, except onlie my fark and doublat ; and then band 
bayth my handis, at the ihakle-bones, 5 with ane corde, as he did bayth my feet, 
and band my foilles betuix an iron chimlay 6 and a fyre; and beand bound therto 
could no wayis fteir nor move, but had almoft inlaikit, 7 through my crewell burn- 
ing. And feing na vther appearance to me, but eather to condefcend to his defyre, 
or elis to continew in that torment while 8 I died, tuke me to the longeft lyfe, and 
faid ' I wald obey his defyre,' albeit it was fore againft my will. And for to be 
relevit of my faid paine, fubfcryvit the foir named Charter and Tackis, whilk I 
never yit red, nor knew what therin was conteaned ; which beand done, the faid 
Erie caufit the faid tormentouris of me fweir, vpon ane Byble, never to reveill ane 
word of this my vnmerciefull handling, to ony perfone or perfones. Yit, he not 
beand fatisfeid with their proceidings, come agane vpon the 7 day of the foirfaid 
moneth, bringand with him the famyn Charteour and Tack, which he compellit 
me to fubfcrive, and requyred me to ratiffie and approve the fame, befoir Notar 
and WitnefTis ; which alluterlie 9 I refufed. And therfore he, as of befoir, band 
me, and pat me to the fame maner of tormenting, and I faid, notwithstanding, 
' He fuld firft get my lyfe or ever I agreit to his defyre ;' and being in fo grit 

paine, as I trufte never man was in, with his lyfe, whair I cryed, ' Fye vpon 

1 Threatening ; bullying. * Baker. 3 This personage has probably been the 

Earl's domestic chaplain. * Black Vault. 5 Wrists. e Grate or fire- 

place : which, in such places, stood in the centre of a spacious square or oblong chimney, 
along three of the sides of which stone seats were arranged, so as to admit of a large number 
of persons sitting round the fire. The fourth side of the square was left open so as to com- 
municate heat and light to the rest of the apartment. The phrase, to ' sit round the ingle,' or 
'Jire-side,' was literally correct, for nearly a century after the date of this affair. ' A 

metaphorical expression for died. 8 Until. " Altogether. 


you ! will ye ding whingaris 1 in me and put me of this world ! or elis put a bar- 
rell of poulder vnder me, rather nor to he demaned 2 in this vnmercifull maner !' 
The faid Erie hearing me cry, hade his fervant Alexander Ritchard put ane fer- 
viat 3 in my throat, which he obeyed; the fame being performed at xi horis in 
the nyght ; wha then feing that I was in danger of my life, my flefch confumed 
and brunt to the hones, and that I wald not condefcend to thair purpofe, I was 
releivit of that paine ; whairthrow, I will never be able nor weill in my lyftyme. 
Sic ane creweltie never being hard of befoir, done to onie frie perfone, that had 
not comitted offence. And gif your Grace and Lordfchipes takis not gude order 
heiranent, for punifment of the fame, it will gie occafione to vtheris proude per- 
fones, contemners of the Kingis grace authoritie, to brek gude ordor, and truble 
the comone weall of the cuntrie. And for declaring of the faid Erles wicked mynd 
towardis me, hes wrangouflie, by 4 all ordour of juftice, intromettit with and tane 
vp my whole leving of Crofraguall, at his awin hand, without ony title or richt, 
thir thrie yeiris bypaft. Lyk as, he yit continewis therinto, taking no feare of 
our foverane lordis Lettres, or charges vfed in his name, ewin as he were ane 
exemit 5 perfone, not fubiect to lawes, but mycht doe all thingis at his pleafour : 
As it is not vnknawiu vnto your Grace and Lordfchipis of my deteaning captive, 
that I obteaned both lettres of Horning, and lettres chargene him, vnder paine of 
Treaflbne, to put me at libertie ; yit be continewallie difoheyed the fame, and both 
paft to the home, and alfo incurrit the faid paine of treaflbne, as the faidis lettres of 
Horning and Treafone, executiones, and iudorfationes therof heir prefent to fchaw, 
heiris. Heirfore, in maift humble maner, I befeik your Grace and Lordfchipis, 
to have confideratione of the premifles ; and that it will pleis your Grace to co- 
mand and charge the faid Erie to bring and prefent before your Grace and Lord- 
fchips, the forenamed Few Charteour and Tackis, at fie day as your Grace pleafis 
to afligne, and vnder fie panes as your Grace thinkis expedient ; and they beand 
producit, to be decernit of none avail, for the caufles above written. And als, to 
caus and compel him to find me catione and fovertie, or he depart therefra, that 
he nor none in his name, in all tymes cuming, fall intromet or medle with ony 

' A short sword. ! Rather than to be used, &c. 3 A table-napkin. Fr. serviette. 

* In defiance of. 5 Exempted ; licensed. 


part of my faid leving of Crofraguell, but to fuffer me to vfe the fame and intro- 
mett therwith at my pleafour, conforme to my provifione. And in lyk maner, I 
befeik your Grace, nocht to overfie 1 the vfurped authoritie taken vpon him in the 
wrongous tormenting of me ; be reaffone the fame onlie appertenis to your Grace : 
And ye fuld fie the famyn punift, in exemple of vtheris. And your Grace and 
Lordfchipis anfwer. 

And anent the wairning to the faid Gilbert Earl of Caflilis to compeir befoir 
my lord Regentis Grace, and Lordis of Secreit Counfall, at ane certane day, to 
anfwer to this Complante, the faid Erie compearand perfonallie, alledged the 
poinds of the faid Complent to be eather Civile or Criminall ; and that he aught 
not to anfwer therto, hot befor the Iudges competent. My Lord Regent, with 
the advife of his faid Counsall, no wayes willing to preiudge the ordiner Iurif- 
diction and Iudgement, or hinder ony parteis rychtis or defens, but onlie to pro- 
vyde for the quyetnes of the realme, and to forbid violent forfe ; therfore Ordanes 
and Comandis the faid Gilbert Erle Cassilis being perfonallie prefent, to 
find catione and fovertie actit in the bukes of Secreit Counfall, that he nor 
none that he may lett, 2 fall invaid, inoleft, nor perfew the faid Mr Alane 
Stewart, in his bodie ; nor yit medle or intromett with his place and leving of 
Crofraguell, or vptak the fructes, renttis, proffeitis, or dewiteis therof, vther 
wayis nor be order of law and iuftice ; vnder the paine of tuo thowfande pundis. 
And als Ordanes the faid Erie to find the lyk catione and fovertie, and vnder 
the fame paine, to Mr George Buchwhannan, penfioner of Crofraguell, being 
perfonallie prefent, and cravit the fame, alfweill for his awine perfone, as his 
penfione. And incais the faid foverteis be not found, befoir the faid Erie depart 
furth of Stirveling, that alwayes the fame be found before he be releavit of his 
warde whair he is appointted to remane ; althought the vther occafiones that he 
is wardit for were accomplifed and fulfilled be him. 

Extractum de libro actorum Secreti Confilii Supremi Domini Noftri Regis 
per me, Alex mm Hay deputatum. Subfcryvit, Alexander Hay. 

To the reft now, whair we left. The faid Larde or Barganie, perceaving that 
1 Not to overlook, or omit the consideration of. 2 Hinder. 


the ordinal- Juftice (the oppreffed as faid is) could neather help him, nor yit the 
afflicted, applyed his mynd to the nixt remedie ; and in the end, be his fervandis, 
tuke the houfe of Dvnvre, whair the poore Abbote was keapit prifoner. The 
brute flew fra Carrik to Galloway ; and fo fuddanelie aflemblit bird and hyre- 
raan that perteaned to the band of the Kennedies : And fo, within few horis, 
was the hous of Dunvre invironed agane. The Maister of Cassilis was the 
frackaft, 1 and wald not flay ; but, in his heat, wald lay fyre to the dungeon, with 
no fmall boafting that all enemeis within the Hous fuld die. He was requyred 
and admonifed be thofe that were within to be more moderat, and not to hazard 
him felf fo fooliflie. But no admonition wald help, till that the wind of ane 
hacquebute blafted his (hulder ; and then ceafed he from forther perfute, in furie. 
The Lard of Bargany had before purcheft of the authoritie, Lettres, chargene all 
faythfull fubiectis to the Kingis majeftie to aflift him againft that crewall tyrant 
and menfworne Traytor the Erie of Caflillis : Which Lettres (with his privie 
Avrytingis) he publiffit, 2 and fchortlie fand lie concurranfe of Kyle and Cunyng- 
hame with his vther freindis, that the Carrik company drew bak fra the Hous ; 
and fo the vther approched, furnifit the Hous with mea men, 3 delyvered the faid 
Mr Allane, and caried him to Ayre, whair, publictlie, at the mercat croce of the 
faid towne, he declared how crewellie he was entreated, and how the murthered 

1 The University MS. reads ' frankest.' s In the usual way, hy open proclamation 

at the market crosses of the head burghs, &c. In addition to this, he wrote ' Missive Bills,' or 
Letters to his friends and adherents to concur with him. 8 More men. This phrase 

reminds the editor of a humorous anecdote communicated to him, some years ago, by Sir Pa- 
trick Walker, Knight, Heritable Usher of the White Rod. During some repairs in the vicinity 
of the Chapel of Holyrood, two labourers had been toiling for a long time in clearing away a 
large mass of rubbish, to which task they thought themselves inadequate; and had often, but 
in vain, craved assistance from the contractor. At length, in turning over some loose stones, 
one of them raised a circular lump ; which, on clearing away the earth, turned out to be a 
human skull, with the words memento mori written in large Roman characters on the fore- 
head ; and having a hole neatly drilled in the crown of the head, in which, doubtless, a small 
crucifix had once been inserted. The relic had likely belonged to an Oratory in the Convent 
or Chapel. After scratching his pate and muttering over to himself these mysterious charac- 
ters, letter by letter, for some time, the delighted man at length exclaimed, ' Jock ! I say Jock, 
man ! this is the maist blessed sight my eyes hae seen! Lang hae we prayed for mae men, 
an' this auld rotten pow says, we're to hae mae men to-morrow !' Verily, the schoolmaster had 
not been abroad, or rather, (which is more likely,) our pioneer had been ' a pestilent wag,' 
and indulged his spleen against his employer in this way, for giving him such a dreichjob ! 
The skull, at all events, is in Sir Patrick Walker's cabinet of curiosities. 


King fufferit not fie torment as lie did : l that onlie excepted, lie efcaped the death. 
And thirefter, puhlictlie did revoicke all thingis that were done in that extremi- 
tie, and fpeciallie he revoiked the fubferiptione of the thrie wrytingis, to wit, of 
a fyve yeir Tak and 19 yeir Tak, and of a Charter of Few. 

And fo the Hous remaned, and (till this day the 7 of Fehruare 157 1 ) 2 remanis 
in the cuftodie of the faid Larde of Bargany and of his fervantis. And fo cre- 
weltie was diflapointed of profFeitt prefent ; and falhe eternallie, vnlefs he ear- 
neftlie repent. And this far for the creweltie comitted (to give occafione vnto 
vtheris, and to fuch as heat the monftruous dealing of degenerat nobilitie) to 
luke more diligentlie vpon thair hehaviouris, and to paint thame foorth vnto the 
world, that they them felvis may he efchamed of thair awin beaftlines ; 3 and that 
the world may he advertifed and alfo admoniflied to ahhore, deteft, and avoide 
the cumpauy of all fie tyrantis, who are not worthie of the fociety of men ; but 
ought to be fend fuddanlie to the Devil! , with whome they moll burne without 
end, for there contempt of God, and crewaltie comitted againft his creatvris. 
Lat Caflillis and his brother be the firft to be the exemple vnto vthers. 


The House being situated within the bounds or territories of the Earl of 


This must allude to Sir Thomas Kennedy, afterwards of Colzeau, and Tutor 
of Cassillis, and Hew Kennedy of Drummurchie ; who, to prevent the escape of 
the intruders, surrounded the House with the whole of the Earl's forces. The 
want of chronological arrangement on the part of our author, sometimes leads to 
considerable perplexity, in reading his Narrative. 


They chose for their ( oversman,' or umpire, the well-known Mr David Lind- 
say, Minister of Leith. 

1 The Murder of Darnley is a favourite topic with Bannatyne to descant upon. ' Pro- 

bably the time when the author compiled this part of his narrative. 3 Then used in the 

same sense that ' brutality' now is. 



After the reconciliation they ' grew very gracious' — got into habits of friend- 
ship and intimacy. 


The family of Corrie of Kelwood was of considerable note in this district. 
John Corrie was the Laird here alluded to. 


It is difficult to conjecture to what use tbis ponderous ornament could have 
originally been applied. The term leigna is obscure, and never before fell under 
the Editor's observation. It may perhaps be reasonably supposed that this piece 
of gold had been one of the massive armlets, which are still occasionally dug up 
in various places of Britain and the continent of Europe, as relics of the bar- 
baric splendour of the aboriginal inhabitants of these countries, or their success- 
ive conquerors. Tbey seldom exceed six or eight ounces. However, as nothing 
is said regarding its shape, it may have been merely a wedge or ingot — ' lingo- 
tus, auri vel argenti massa in longum, ad modum Ungues porrecta.' — Glass. 
Manuale (Du Cange, &c.) Halae, 1776. 

OUT OF HIS HOUSE, &C. P. 1 2. 

The house here alluded to is Thomastoun Castle, situated about half a mile 
south-east of the modern Castle of Colzean. It has been large and very strong, 
and was inhabited in the commencement of last century. This Castle is said to 
have been built by a nephew of Robert the Bruce, circa 1335. 


Jamb is still a term used, in Scotland, for a corbel, pier, or projecting build- 
ing, added or eked to the original building, as a to-fall. Fr. Jambe. 

the pend of the yett-hous. — IBID. 
The arch-way of the gate-house, through which it was usual (in addition to 


several other iron-gates) to let down, by means of machinery, a massy one com- 
posed of very strong materials. 


This dangerous wound was inflicted upon the seat of the inguinal glands, in 
the groin. 


David Crawford of Kerse, who, according to Mr Robertson, 1 ' married Jean, 
fifth daughter of Malcolm Lord Fleming, by whom he had four daughters,' &c. 
He died anno 1600. In reference to this ancient Family, and their feuds with 
the Kennedies, the Editor has been so fortunate as to procure a transcript from 
one of the small number of copies of an humorous and very able poem, printed 
at the Auchinleck Press, by the late lamented Sir Alexander Boswell, Baronet, 
which is inserted in the Appendix to this Work. 


The drum was then used, as at present, as a signal for starting the horses. 
Horse-racing, both as a public and private sport, was considerably encouraged 
by the Kings of Scotland of the Stuart race, who all appear to have been pas- 
sionately fond of field-sports of every description. 


The individual here alluded to is Duncan Crawford of Camlarg. 


This is probably a clerical error, instead of ' deferring,'' i. e. passing by bis 


This very questionable stratagem seems to have been resorted to by the Mas- 
1 Robertson's Account of the Ayrshire Families, II. 173. 


ter, to overawe the Earl, his brother. He no doubt did so under the suppo- 
sition, that the Earl would believe himself to have been attacked by his old and 
powerful feudal enemy, the Laird of Kerse ; and wouM claim the Master's pro- 
tection and assistance on such an emergency, gladly forgiving and forgetting all 
their former quarrels. 


Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland, a powerful baron of Galloway, who is 
repeatedly noticed in the course of this History. 


The unfortunate scuffle here alluded to, took place on the streets of Stirling, 
Mar. 17, 1578, between the followers of the Earl of Craufurd and those of the 
Lord Chancellor ; when Lord Glammis seems to have been accidentally slain by 
a random shot. It is understood that the Earl of Craufurd had no immediate 
concern in this affair. 1 


The individual in whose house Sir Thomas Kennedy had been at supper, pre- 
vious to the attack upon him, at Maybole, by Auchindrain and his accomplices, 
in 1597. 2 


The notorious Robert Logan of Restalrig. See Histories of Gowrie Conspi- 
racy, Trials, &c. for an account of this remarkable person. 

the laird of lochinwak. — p. 15. 
Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, Justiciar of Galloway, &c. 

the laird off gairleis. — ibid. 
Sir Alexanper Stewart of Gairlies. 

1 See Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, I. 79, &c. 2 Ibid. II. 36, &c. See also the Trial of 

Auchindrayne, &c. 



My projected or intended account; the History which I have professedly 


Kennedy of Dumieane, or Dineyne, as it was sometimes spelt. 


Before her feudal investiture in the property was completed, hy Infeftment, 
or Instrument of Seisin. 


On the ground of her now possessing the hest legal right, by virtue of her 
prior investiture or infeftment, she instituted an action before the Lords of Ses- 
sion, to have it found that her right was preferable, &c. 


' Blak Bessie' considered it to be her best policy to assign her right to her 
nephew Bargany ; who, being a powerful man^ was likely to bear down her com- 
petitors, if not by legal title, at least he was enabled to enforce it by strength 
of arms. 


She having a living, or alimentary provision, from her first husband, &c. 


A blank is here left in MS. of three words, which it is supposed the transcri- 
ber could not decipher. From the sequel, the words within brackets appear to 
the Editor to convey the meaning of the passage. 


If you do not speedily mend, or remedy it. 



The now notorious John Mure of Auclrindrayne was son-in-law of Thomas 
Kennedy of Bargany, (ob. Nov. 7, 1597,) having married his second daughter, 
Margaret Kennedy, by Lady Agnes Montgomery, sister to Hugh, third Earl of 
Eglinton. See his very remarkable Trial, &c. in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, 
Part VI. p. 124, &c. 4 


The lands here referred to are perhaps Garachts, Macknairstoun, and Hole. 


The hapless lady here referred to, was probably Lady Jean, the eldest, and 
the only unmarried of the six daughters of James, seventh Earl of Glencairn, by 
Mariot or Margaret Campbell, second daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glen- 


This passage refers to John, fifth Earl of Cassillis, son of Earl Gilbert, well 
known as he who so cruelly roasted the Commendator of Crossraguel, to extort 
from him a Charter of the Church-lands, &c. See this ' Hiftorie,' p. 9, and 
Illustrations, p. 91. 


The Earl repaired to Edinburgh, before setting off for France, where he put 
his affairs in order ; and there arranged the conduct of the domestic concerns 
and details of his household, and the management of his estates, during his 
absence in foreign parts. 


Purchased the Ward. By the Feudal law, the Superior in ' Ward-holdings' 
(t. e. when the fee was held by military holding, or knight- service) had the cus- 
tody of the person of his ward or vassal, during nonage, being 21 years in the 


case of males, and 14 in that of females ; and, excepting where the casualty was 
taxed, drew the profits of the ground, &c. during the whole minority. This 
feudal ' casualty' could be gifted or sold by the superior to a third party, who 
was called donator of the ward ; and who thus acquired the same powers which 
had formerly been vested in the superior's person. These tenures were at length 
formally abolished by Act of Parliament, 20 Geo. II, cap. 50. 


Colzean is here represented as using all his influence with the young Earl, 
(so long as the quarrel between the brothers subsisted,) to get his Tutorial 
Accounts passed, and the transactions entered into by him as Tutor during the 
Earl's minority ratified — and finally, to procure from the Earl a full discharge 
for all his official intromissions. 


This Laird is elsewhere, in this History, designed Johne Bairds of Kilhenzie ; 
and his son ■ Oliuer Baird of Culleinzie' occurs in the Decreet of Absolvitor, 
inserted in the Proceedings before the Privy Council, Appendix, No. I. (iii.) 


These were Thomas Kennedy of Bargany, and his wife Lady Agnes Montgo- 
mery, daughter of Hugh, second Earl of Eglinton. The former died Nov. 7, 


Hew or Hugh Kennedy of Bennan seems to have been no favourite with our 
Chronicler. The House of Bennan was of considerable antiquity, and sprung 
originally from that of Bargany. A Charter was granted by King James II, to 
John, son of Henry Kennedy of Bennan, anno 1450 ; which shows the family to 
have been then one of some standing. 1 On Jun. 8, 1560, Hugh Kennedy, second 
son of Thomas of Bargany, was married to Katharine Kennedy, the heiress of 

1 Reg, Mag. Sig. — Nisbefs Heraldry, &c. 


Bennan ; as appears from their Marriage-Contract, to which Thomas elder, and 
Thomas younger, of Bargany, are also parties. Their eldest son married a daugh- 
ter of Ross of Galstoun and Haining — and his eldest son and heir, Hugh, mar- 
ried Margaret Cathcart, daughter to James of Genoch — whose eldest son and 
heir, Hugh, married Isabel Wardlaw, niece to Sir John Wardlaw of Pitrevie. 1 
The family of Bennan claimed and wore the armorial hearings of Bargany, after 
the extinction of that House ; being the last cadet of the Family. 


A short blank occurs in MS. The sense, however, is, that the Laird of Col- 
zean, in order to frustrate the plot here alluded to, ' which was to have been put 
to execution,' attempted to divert the Earl's attention, by the incast or suggestion 
of another device of his own invention. 


This alludes to the pernicious custom then prevalent, (though contrary to the 
established laws of the land, ) of privately entering into mutual Bonds, whereby 
the contracting parties were solemnly engaged, under the severest penalties, to 
espouse ' all the lauchfull quarrellis' of each other — their allegeance to the King, 
and, sometimes, that of their feudal Superior, being alone excepted. 


The same author, in his History or Chronicles of Scotland, has given a very 
valuable account of these remarkable proceedings, which the Editor believes to 
be the best contemporary illustration now extant, excepting that which Robert 
Birrel has given in his usual quaint style, in his amusing ' Diarey,' 2 to which the 
reader is referred. These two accounts convey an accurate picture of the transaction, 
and must form the groundwork of all subsequent historical notices of this event. 

Ane Vproir in Edinburgke. 3 

And now, wpone the 17 day of December, 1596, the Kingis Maiestie being 

1 Nisbefs Heraldry, II. 38, App. 2 BirrePs Diary, p. 39. 3 From Anon. MS. 

Hist, of Scotland, Adv. Library, A. 4. 35. See also Pitcaim's Trials, II. 3, &c. 


in the Tolbuyth, and the Octawianis 1 with him, about ten houris of the cloik 
before none, the Ministeris of Edinhurghe conwenis in the New Kirk, and 
fendis for fum Noble-menne and Barrounis, quha conveynit with thame, to this 
intent as thay faid, to direct fum difcreitt Nobill-menne to pafs to his Maieftie 
to informe his graice, that dangeir appeirit to the Kirk of God, to his Maielteis 
Crowne and lyff, be the craft of the Papistis, quha had thair intelligence with 
the King of Spayne, and the Peap. In the quhilk tyme of thair advvyfmente, 
fum dehuift body 2 maid the word to ryife, that the Minifteris and thai that war 
with thame wes to tak the Octawianis, and put thame fra the King. The quhilk 
word being fpred be comoun pepill abrod, fum ill-willing men to the foirderance 
of the glory of God, put thame felffis in airmour, thinking that fals word had 
bene the Minifteris intent, as it wes nocht ; and that word being cryit, ' God 
and the Kirk !' thair wes file ane vproir in the haill toune, that the famin wes 
hard to be pacifeyitt. 

The King, being in the Tolbuyth, fend for the Proweft and Baylleis ; quha 
fchew his Maieftie the trewth. And in end, the Magiftrattis, hefFand gottin the 
mater pacifeyitt, his Maiefty wes conwoyitt to the Abbay of Halyrudhous. 

His Maiefty, being in ane gritt angir aganis the toune and Magiftrattis, rydis 
the morne to Lynlythgow, and fendis bak one the 18 day this Proclamatioune, 
widelicett, difchargeand the Seffioune, ComrnhTaris, and Shereffis, and Jufticeis, 
to feitt or hald juftice, in ony fortt, within the faid toune ; — and alfo, all maner 
of perfonis, Barronis and Gentilmen to pas out of the toune, within fex houris, 
wndir the payne of horning. And alfo, one the 20 day, chargit to the Proweft 
and Bailleis to tak and aprehend Mr Robert Bruce, Mr William Watfoun, Mr 
Walter M°canquell, Mr James Balfour, Mr Michall Cranftoun, with findry 
wtheris toun's-menne, to the number of tenne, and to put thame in ward, within 

1 These were, (1.) Alexander Lord Urquhart, President of the College of Justice, afterwards 
first Earl of Dunfermline, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland, &c. (2.) Walter Commendator 
of Blantyre, Lord Privy Seal, &c. (3.) David Carnegie of Colluthie. (4.) John Lindesay, 
Parson of Menmure. (5.) James Elphingston of Innernaughty. (6.) Thomas Hamilton of 
Dummauy. (7.) John Skene, Lord Clerk Register. These were all Senators of the College 
of Justice. (8.) Mr Peter Young of Seaton, Elemosynar. — See SpotswoocTs Church History, 
p. 412, &c. 8 * Deboischit,' or worthless fellow. 


the Caftell of Dunbartane ; and alfo, thay wer chargit to compear in Linlyth- 
gow, the 23 day, befoir the Counfall, to anfuer as feditious perfonis and convo- 
catteris of the Kingis Hegis, in his Maiefteis contrair. 1 And becaus thay com- 
perit nocht, thay war, one the 26 day, denuncitt rebellis, and put to the home 
the fyff Minifteris abon-writtin, and with thame Edwerd Johneftoune, Williame 
Littill, Michall Fliebairne, and Thomas Hunter. 

On the laft of September (December), the King come to the Abbay, and com- 
mandit the Erll of Mar to keip the Nedder-bow, and my Lord Seyttoune to keip 
the Weft-Portt, 2 the Lord of Lewingftoune, Balcleuche, and Sesfurd to be one 
the Gaitt. 3 And on the morne, his Maiefty com to the Kirk, quhair he maid 
ane orifone 4 concerning the foirfaid purpois, calling the Minifteris 'fchaweris of 
feditioune betuix him and his pepill !' And on the fourtt day of Februar cauflitt 
proclayme the Seffioune to litt in Leith ; and difchairgit the Minifteris to con- 
weyne in Prefbitreis, nor to fpeik in pwpat 5 of the King nor his courteouris ! 
Thair wes accuiffit, of Nobill-menne, findry, for being with the Minifteris in the 
New Kirk: Bot the Loed Lindsay and the Laird of Bargany wes hardlyeft 
wffitt ; for the Lord Lindfay peyitt ane gritt fowme of money, and Bargany wes 
compellit to mairie his eldeft fone on the Quenis maideine, the Lord Wchiltreis 
filler, but tocher, 6 to his grit vrak. 

The Toune of Edinbrughe peyitt fum fowmis alfo ; and thereftir, the Sef- 
fioune was commandit to fitt doune in Edinbrughe agane, the 15 day of Maii 
nixt following. And on the xxij day of Marche, the King drank, in the Coun- 
fell-Hous, with the Proweft and Bailleis ; and thay conwoyitt his Maiefty to the 
Weft-Portt, the younkyeouris being in thair beft array befoir him, and the bellis 
all the tyme wes haldin ringand — and fo his Maiefty tuik the Toune in his fauour 

1 As adversaries or enemies to bis Majesty. ! In BirreTs Diary the order is reversed, 

viz. Mar at the West-Port, and Seaton at the Netherbow-Port. s By ' the Gaitt' at this 

period was generally meant the Canongate. Birrell, however, assigns them ' the Hiegate,' or 
High Street. 4 Oration ; harangue. 5 Pulpit. 6 Without tocher, or dowery. 

This corresponds with the account given in the ' Historic.' See page 24, &c. The Laird of 
Bargany here alluded to, was Gilbert Kennedy, whose slaughter and magnificent funeral 
obsequies form so prominent a part of the conclusion of the History. 


Robert Birrell follows up his account of these transactions with this passage, 
which strongly shows the agitation of the public mind, and their total want of 
proper information of what had really occurred ; and how the matter was likely 
to terminate — for, as Birrel remarks, ' the haill commons of Ed 1 " raife in armes, 
and knew not quherfor always !' 

' Upone the morne 1 at this tyme, and befoir this day, thair wes ane grate 
rumour and word among the tounefnien, that the King's M. fould fend in Will 
Kinmond, 2 the comone TheifF, and fo many South-land men as fould fpulyie the 
Toune of Ed r . Upone the quhilk, the haill merchants tuik thair haill geir out 
of thair buithis or chops, and tranfportit the fame to the ftrongeft hous that wes 
in the toune, and remained in the faid hous thair, with thame felfis, thair fer- 
vants ; and looking for nothing hot that thai fuld haue bein all fpulyeit. Siclyke, 
the haill craftfmen and comons conveinit themfelfis, thair beft guides, as it wer 
10 or 12 houfholdis, in ane, quhilk wes the ftrongeft hous, and might be beft keipit 
from fpulyeing or burneing, with hagbut, piftolet, and uther fie armour as might 
beft defend thamefelfis. — Judge, gentill reider, giff this wes playing !' 


This lady is called Isabel in the Peerages. 3 She was the sixth and youngest 
daughter of Andrew, Master of Ochiltree, and sister of Andrew, third Lord 
Ochiltree, who married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhan. 


This absurd match is thus described by our author, in his History of Scotland. 4 
' On the 3 day Nouember (1597), the Erll of CaifEllis mareyis Deame Jeane Fle- 
myng, quha wes wyff to the laft Chancellar ; ane werry onmeitt matche, for fcho 
was paft bairnis beiring, and he was ane young manne not paft 23 yeiris, or thair- 
by, and his landis onairitt. 5 The King and Court mokit the famin mareage, and 
maid fonattis in thair contempt ; and fpeciallie, his Maiefty tuik his paftyme of 
that fportt !' He likewise relates the following misadventure, which happened 

1 Jan. 1, 1596-7. s For the exploits of this Border worthy, see Sir Walter Scott's 

Minstrelsy, and other works. See also Piteairn's Trials, I. 363, 364, &c. 3 Wood's Peer- 

age, and Crawford's, p. 375, &c. ' Adv. Library, A. 4. 35. s Unheired. 


soon after the Earl's marriage. ' The 22 of Marche, 1598, the Erll of Caiflillis 
is maid gritt Thefaurer, he opine proclamatioune, at the corfeof Edinhrughe. He 
bruikit the fame hot for ane fchort fpeace ; for he was perfuadit thairto be his 
wyff, quha had heine the Chancellaris wyfe of befoir; fcho thocht fcho wald haue 
hir laft gudmanne Thefaurer. Bot his Maiefty, thinking him rycht rich, and 
that fcho mycht furneife fowmis of mony quhan he had to do, ' he vfTand fum 
wordis to this effect, putt him in fie ane fray, that fcho mowitt hir huf band, 
within four dayis, to giff the fam our to his Maieftie ; and to giff aucht thoufand 
markis to the King for to tak the famin fra him. The quhilk wes to the Erll 
ane grite diflionour and difgraice.' 

John, fifth Earl of Cassillis, in consequence of this imprudent marriage, died 
* onairitt,' without leaving issue of his body. 


James, Master of Paisley, the first Lord Abercorn, was the eldest son of 
Lord Claud Hamilton, the well-known partisan of Queen Mary, and Commen- 
dator of Paisley ; which Abbacy he had interest enough to get erected into a 
temporal lordship, in 1587. Lord Abercorn was created a Baron, Apr. 5, 1607 ; 
and an Earl, Jul. 10, 1606. He married Marion, the eldest daughter of Thomas, 
fifth Lord Boyd. 

he feiritt god, &c. — p. 25. 

The well-drawn points of the character of Thomas Kennedy of Bargany, as 
sketched by our Chronologist, in the text, strongly remind the Editor of an old 
scrap of poetry said to have been composed by one of the ancient family of De 
Berkeley or Barclay of Mathers, (nowUrie,) who nourished in the beginning of 
the sixteenth century, and wrote the following 

Advice to his Son and Heir. 2 
Giff thow defyre thie houfe lang Hand, 
And thy fucceffouris bruik 3 thy land, 

1 Viz. when the King had occasion. 2 MS. Adv. Library. — See also another, but 

more modern version, in Nisbefs Heraldry, II. 189, Appendix. 3 Enjoy; possess. 


Abuiff all thingis luiff God in feir, 

Intromitt noclit with wrangeous geir ; 

Nor conqueifs nathing wrangeouflie ; 

Vith thie neichthour keip charitie : 

See tbat thow pafa nocht thie eftaitt ; 

Obey dulie thy magiftratt ; 

Opprefs nocht, but fuppoirt the puir. 

To helpe the common-weill tak cuir. 

Vfe na deceit — mell ' nocht with treafoun, 

And to all menne doe richt and reafonn. 

Boith vnto vord and deid be trew ; 

All kinde of wickednefs efchew. 

Slay na manne, nor therto confente : 

Be nocht cruell, bot patient. 

Allay 2 ay in fome guid plaice, 

With nobill, honneft, godlie raice. 

Haitt huirdome and all viceis flee ; 

Be humbill ; hant guid companie. 

Helpe thie freind, and doe na wrang — 

And God fall caufe thie Houfe ftand lang ! 3 


Lady Agnes Montgomery was the eldest daughter of Hugh, second Earl of 
Eglintoun, and sister of Hugh, the third Earl. She had the lands of Kirkoswald 
settled upon her, as her jointure-lands, by charter, Feb. 15, 1555-6. 


For a particular account of this attack, reference may be made to Pitcairris 
Criminal Trials. 4 


It appears abundantly obvious from this, and also from many of the subse- 

1 Meddle. Fr. meter. ' Ally ; connect yourself by marriage. s Nisbet's Heraldry, 

II. 239. • Vol. II. 35, 37, 390, 538, &c. and Trial of Mures of Auchindrayne, Jul. 1611. 



quent passages of this < Hiftorie,' that the writer had been a partisan and associate 
of the Mures of Auchindrayne ; at least there is no doubt, from the strain of his 
narrative, that he was an eye-witness and auditor of many of their most secret 
transactions and conferences. In some instances, he recites the very words spo- 
ken by them ; and he uniformly attempts to put the most favourable construction 
upon all their actions, as a professed friend and apologist. 


The Master here alluded to, was Hew, Master of Cassillis, second son of Gil- 
bert, the fourth Earl of Cassillis. See the two following notes. 


Hugh, Master of Cassillis, along with John Boyd his servant, and Hugh Ken- 
nedy of Chapel, obtained a remission under the Great Seal, for the slaughter of 
Andrew M'Kewan, in Auchatroche, Sep. 14, 1601. ' 


There is considerable difficulty and obscurity attending this portion of the 
pedigree of the Family of Cassillis. The Peerages are borne out by the public 
records, that Hew, Master of Cassillis, must have been alive after Sept. 1601 ; 
and according to this History, he was the same person who married the Laird of 
Garthland's daughter ; which event appears to have happened immediately, at 
least shortly, after this quarrel with his brother the Earl, and to have been the 
consequence of his residence and intimacy with that powerful Baron, at his 
seat in Galloway. On the other hand, it is equally proved, that Gilbert, Mas- 
ter of Cassillis, married Margaret, daughter of Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland, 
(though the Editor has been unable to ascertain the exact date,) by whom he had 
only one son, John, afterwards sixth Earl of Cassillis, who was served heir to his 
uncle, the fifth Earl, Jul. 25, 1616. Gilbert predeceased his brother the Earl; 
and his widow married James, Lord Ochiltree. In absence of legitimate evi- 
dence, therefore, it may be conjectured, that Hew, Master of Cassillis, died with- 

1 Reg. Mag. Sig. Lib. xliii. 179. 


out issue ; and that his immediate younger and only surviving brother, Gilbert, 
adopted this title of courtesy. However, nothing short of a laborious investiga- 
tion of the public and the parochial registers, and the charter- chests of the family. 
&c. can set this matter, and others of equal or greater moment, at rest, in a 
satisfactory manner. 


This person, although stated in the text to have been ' ane proud manne, s 
died ' ane ill death' at the stake — and from the terms of the dittay, appears to 
have been in all respects, un mauvais sujet. The Records of the Court of Justi- 
ciary 1 inform us, that on May 29, 1601, Thomas M° Alexander of Drummoch- 
reyne, and several others, were ' ordanit to be tane to the Caftell-hill of Edin- 
burgh, and thair to be wirreit at ane ftaik quhill thay be deid ; and all thair 
landis, &c. to be forfaltit and efcheit,' for treasonably concealing the forging 
and vending of adulterated ' ten fchilling peiceis, to the fimilitude of his hienes 
trew coiuzie,' and for ' fforging, prenting, and cafting in calmis of trie, &c. of 
twa fals foure merk pecis,' &c. 


He was one of the Mac Alexanders, afterwards ' Alexanders,' of Corseclays. 


This refers to a sort of bond of truce or amity, wherein both parties, under 
the security of the signatures of their respective friends, as contracting parties 
along with them, bound themselves to keep the peace towards each other for a 
specified period, under certain high penalties stipulated in the agreement. These 
treaties sometimes bound the parties, likewise, to maintain each other in their 
' lauchfull querrillis,' by way of knitting them closer in their bonds of friendship. 


Inche, the ancient residence of the Earls of Cassillis, in Wigtonshire, was for- 
1 See Pitcairn's Crim. Trials, II. 353. 


raerly, for the sake of gx - eater security, built upon an inch or small island in the 
centre of a lake, called the Loch of Castle Kennedy. There were two lakes of 
Castle Kennedy, lying parallel to each other ; one being a mile, the other half a 
mile, in length, both being about half a mile broad, and each of them having an 
island in the centre. Castle Kennedy was of a large square form, and its ruins 
show it to have been a strong and massy building. It was burnt, by accident, in 
1715 ; and at the date of the Statistical Account of the Parish of Inch, 1792, 
the walls of the ruin, then still standing, were seventy feet in height. 1 The 
Castle and property had been previously acquired by the Earls of Stair. 


These powerful Barons, who make a conspicuous figure in this ' Hiftorie,' 
were, Sir Alexander Stewart of Garlies, ancestor of the Lords Garlies, and 
Stewarts Earls of Galloway ; and Sir John Gordon of Lochinvar, Justiciar of 
Galloway, &c. ancestor of the Viscounts Kenmure, a family highly celebrated 
in history. 


This individual was minister of the parish of Calmonell, in Ayrshire, lying 
within the district of Carrick. In this parish is situated Knockdolian, a mountain 
of a conical shape, 1950 feet above the level of the sea; a well-known land-mark 
in the Firth of Clyde. 


Kirkalffy, named in the ' Hiftorie,' unquestionably refers to Craigcafne, the 
ancient possession of the Neilsons, who are said to be descended from Neil, Earl 
of Carrick, who died anno 1256. 


The term eame, from A. S. earn, is also frequently spelt eyme, and erne, in old 
MSS. and signifies ' uncle.' It has long been obsolete. 

1 See Symson's Account of Galloway, edited by Thomas Maitland, Esquire. Cr. 8vo, Edin- 
burgh, 1823, p. 39. Statist. Ace. of Scot. III. 137, &c. 



This singular phraseology implies, that he would use every effort within the 
compass of his power ; and, if necessary, even sacrifice his life, in his attempts to 
force them off the field, and thus provide for his lordship's escape from his in- 
veterate hesiegers. 


The Laird of Bargany, in reply to the Galloway Lairds, said, ' Sirs, since such 
is the case, the hest step I can recommend to you is, to lay aside your armour and 
weapons, and to dismiss your followers,' &c. 


This passage affords an amusing illustration of the entire want of confidence 
in the Earl. As they had no reliance on his good faith, the Laird ' made assurance 
douhly sure,' hy taking a pretty strong force with him, lest he also should fall 
a sacrifice to this ' unconfcionahle' nobleman. 


Glennap is a remarkable pass betwixt the shires of Galloway and Ayr. 


The Castle of Craigneill is situated near Colmonell, in Carrick. 


Andrew, third Lord Ochiltree, the person here referred to, married Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhan. The family of Ochiltree were 
strongly connected with the Kennedies, by marriage ; and they had, besides, 
interested ends of their own to serve in interfering in their affairs, as will be seen 
in the sequel of the History. 



In explanation of this paragraph, reference may be'made to another Note, on 
the same subject, at p. 115. 


The Earl having obtained a Decreet of the Lords of Session, he purposed to 
come to the ground of these lands, and to draw the tithes by compulsory means. 


They posted themselves privately within the enclosures, in a strong and com- 
pact body. The stall, staill, or stell, was formerly employed to denote the centre, 
or main body of an army, drawn up in battle array. 


Basses or bassills (q. d. basilisks ?) were a long sort of cannons, then in use ; 
Fr. Basilic. The Hagbut of found appears to be the same with the • Hagbut 
of crochert' or { croche.' Fr. Arquebus a croc ; i. e. an Arquebuse having a hook 
fixed into a rest, staff, or tripod, to support their great weight, in taking aim and 
discharging them. These pieces were between the size of the smallest cannon 
and the hagbut, arquebuse, or musket; and were chiefly used in the lower flanks 
of walls, or small batteries, and in towers pierced with loop-holes, called ' Mur- 
derers.' See Grose, &c. 


Allan, fourth Lord Cathcart, is the Nobleman here alluded to. He married 
Margaret, daughter of John Wallace of Craigy, a very ancient family in Ayrshire, 
from which Sir William Wallace was descended. Their pedigree can be traced 
to the reign of King David I; when the first of the family of whom evidence has 
been preserved was a witness to a Charter, dated anno 1128. 



Allan, Master of Cathcart, (who predeceased his father, having died anno 
1603,) married Isobel, (Elizabeth ?) fourth daughter of Thomas Kennedy of Bar- 
gany, known in this History as ' the auld Laird.' 


John Cathcart of Carleton is the Laird here noticed. 


Auchindrayne's follower, anxious for his master's safety, having perceived 
the boat to be unlocked, or unfastened to its chain, through the negligence of the 
Earl's servants, made a signal to his master, &c. 


Judging of the known character of Auchindrayne, perhaps this may be con- 
sidered a pretty fair inference ; and, in the quaint language of our author, ' noclit 
far fra the trewth.' 


The word here left blank in the MS. has probably been ' defenfe,' ' honour,' 
' cleiranfe,' or a term of some such signification. 


In order to relish the force of this conclusion, it may be observed, that in 
those days, Public Proclamations, legal denunciations of rebels, &c. were made 
at the Market-crosses of burghs, after the sound of Trumpets, to call together 
the lieges — and in addition to this, in all or most instances, copies were affixed 
for public inspection and notoriety. This solemnity, which was necessary in 
matters of importance, gave rise to the adoption of similar formalities in those 
of lesser moment, such as posting a person for refusing to accept a challenge, 
holding up a person to public scorn, as a liar, cheat, &c. Even to this day, it is 


usual, among the common people, in the heat of passion, to threaten exposure 
' at the cross.' It may he here remarked, that Auchindrayne's Cartel or Chal- 
lenge conveys no mean impression of his scholarship, especially in matters con- 
cerning the duello, where he appeal's to he entirely at home, and to ' quarrel by 
the book,' as an experienced and thorough-bred cavalier. 


This term is an old and expressive forensic word. The verb to hound on, in 
one of its senses, seems to have been originally borrowed from the mischievous 
and cruel practice of encouraging and ' setting on' dogs to fight. In another 
sense, to hound out implies the employment of the most active steps in tracking 
or tracing out an individual, as it were, like the blood-hound, whose instincts 
and properties are well known. 


After considerable research and trouble, the Editor has procured the most 
authentic information on this subject, which he believes will be best explained in 
the terms of the Original Documents which follow. 

Acts of the Privy Council, relative to the Challenge and t Singular- Combat' 
between the Laird of Pantoskane, and Kennedy, younger of Baltersane. 

At Edinburgh, the xxvij day of December, the yeir of God, I m .V c .lxxxxix 
yeris. Forsamekle as it is vndirftand to the Kingis Maieftie and Lordis of 
Secreit Counfaill, that Alexander Levingstoun of Pantofkene, one the ane 
parte, and Mr Johnne Kennedy, appeirand of Balterfane, on the vthir parte, 
hes of lait maid ane Challange, and vndirtane ane Singular Combat, without 
ony warrand or commiflioun had frome his Maieftie, to that effect : And feing, all 
tic Combattis ar prohibite and forbiddin be the Lawis of this realme, and Actis 
of Parliament, and ar na authourized, permitted nor allowed, in na vthir weill 
gouernit Commounwele ; and that the event of this Combatt is not liklie to fet- 
tle the troublis and accompt quhairupoun the Challange procedit, and procuir 
peace to baith pairteis : Thairfoir, Ordanis letteris to be direct, to command and 
.charge haithe the faidis pairteis, as alfua all and findrie his Maiefteis liegis, quha 


ar or falbc appointit Jugeis, witneffes, affiftaris, or pairt-takaris to the faicl Com- 
bat, perfonalie, gif thai can he apprebendit ; and failzeing thairof, be oppin pro- 
clamatioun at the mercat-croce of Edinburghe, and vtheris placeis neidfull, that 
thay on nawayes prefvme nor tak (on hand?) to entir in the faid Combatt, nor to 
mak ony forder challangeis or prouocationis, be worde or write, to that effect, 
vndir the pane of deid : Certifeing thame, and (if) thay doe in the contrair, that 
thay lalbe takin, apprebendit, and pvnift to the deid, without fauour. 


(Eodem die.) The Lordis of Secreit Counfall, ffor the bettir obferuatioun 
of his Maiefteis peace, quietnes, and gude reule in the cuntrey, Ordanis Letteris 
to be direct, chargeing Johnne Erll of Cassillis, Andro Lord Steuart of 
Vchiltrie, Hew Campbell of Lowdoun, fchereff of Air, Johnne Kennedy, elder 

of Blaquhan, Kennedy, appeirand of Blaquhan, Gilbert Kennedy of Bar- 

gany, Kennedy of Girvanemanis, Kennedy of Balterfane and Mr 

Johnne Kennedy his fone and air, on the ane pairt ; and Alexander Lord 
Levingstoun, Johnne Levingftoun of Dunnipace, Alexander Levingftoun of 
Kilfyithe, on the vthir parte, to fubfcryve ilkane of thame to vthiris, fie forme 
of affuiranceis as falbe prefentit vnto thame, markit be the Clerk of Counfaill ; 
and to find fufficient and refponfall cautionaris and fouerteis for obferuatioun 
thairof vnviolat, in ony point : and to gif in the fame affuiranceis, fubferyuit be 
thame and thair cautioneris, to be actit and regiftrat in the buikis of Secreit 
Counfaill, within fex dayis nixt after the charge, vnder the pane of rehellioun ; 
and giff thay failzie, to denunce, &c. £ Montroise, can"™s. 

the hous off the threw. — p. 43. 

The House of Treave, in the parish of Kirkoswald, belonging to Gilbert Fer- 
guson of Treave. 


Our author seldom misses an opportunity to have a slap at poor Bennand, 
whom he is evidently anxious to represent as a vain-glorious person, but weak of 
intellect, ' deboifchit,' and at best but a cowardly braggart. At p. 47, where 



the last fatal skirmish of the Laird of Bargany is so well told, Rippethe loudly 
challenges him to ' brek ane trie, for luiffis faik !' But, alas for Bennand's gal- 
lantry ! he was deaf to the call, though to his cost hejsvas much within earshot — 
he ' gaiff na anfuer, albeitt he had gewin the Laird fteiff counfell to ryd fordwartt 
befoir !' 


Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchie, the second son of ' the auld Laird' of 
Bargany. He figures conspicuously in Auchindrayne's Trial, 1 and in this History. 

the keill of the laird of dalgorracheis. — IBID. 

A kiln situated on the property of Alexander Kennedy of Daljarrock. He is 
by mistake styled of ' Baliarrak,' in the Records of the Court of Justiciary. 2 


Sir John Grahame of Knockdolian married Dame Helen Kennedy, eldest 
daughter of Thomas Kennedy, ' the auld Laird' of Bargany, by Dame Agnes 
Montgomery, sister to Hugh, third Earl of Eglinton. 


The account of this disastrous day's work is thus shortly narrated by our 
author in his other work, as follows. ' Now on the tent of December (ther wes) 
ane wariance being betuix the Erll of Caffillis and the Laird of Bargany. Thay 
met in Carrik, quhair the Laird of Bargany and findrie wtheris war flayne, and 
diuerfe gentilmenne hurtt. This wes one the 11 day of December, 1601. And 
on the 12 day of Maij 1602, Thomas Kennedy, brother to the Laird of Bargany, 
flew Sir Thomas Kennedy of Colzeane kny 1 , quha had beine Tutour of Caifillis, 
in the rewenge of the flachter off his brother. The quhilk fead continewis as 
yitt onreconfeillit.' — MS. Hist, of Scotland, Anon. Adv. Lib. A. 4. 35. 

1 See Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, Jul. 1611. s Ibid. II. 400. It may be remarked, 

however, that the prefix ' Bal' (town) and ' Dal' were often used promiscuously at this period. 
Many instances of this could easily be produced. 



The Earl's spies were stationed to ' mak him foirfeine,' i. e. to get the earliest 
intelligence Drought him of the Laird of Bargany's approach. 


The name of this depender of the Earl of Cassillis is now extinct. The Editor 
has only been able to ascertain, that there was a family of Penango of Broadlie, 
who, it is understood, were heritable Armour-bearers to the family of Douglas. 
It may be curious to some to preserve the following notices of persons of that 
name, which, indeed, are in themselves in some measure illustrative of interest- 
ing facts. ' Vpoun the laft day of Junii, the yeir of God I m .V°.xxxvj yeiris, 
(1536,) thair was ane Angular fechting (Single Combat) betuix the Johnftounis, 
on the ane pairt ; twa Moffettis and Gyrie Panango, on the vther pairt, in pre- 
sence of the Kingis grace. And the Johneftounis gat the victorie of the faid 
Gyrie, quha was flane ; and ane Moffeit on the ane fyid, and ane Johueftoun on 
the vther fyid.' 1 Old Birrel 2 also notices, under date Jan. 17, 1569, ' The fame 
night Roflinge furprifit and vonne by the Laird and hes feruants from the Laird 
of Lochnoreis 3 feruants — Syme of Panango being Capitane therof.' 


Auchindrayne, who seems to have been a ruling spirit in all the transactions, 
and especially in the feuds, of that district, remonstrated, like an experienced 
soldier and tactitian, on the impropriety of hazarding any engagement, if possi- 
bly it could be prevented. The conclusion of his speech was to this effect, ' I 
take God to witness, that I have the greatest disinclination to this day's proceed- 
ings — for I see not those men here in whom I can trust, (viz. Bargany's own 
followers,) who alone could be of real service to you, and upon whom alone I 

1 From an old Historical MS., presently preparing for the press, under the auspices of the 
Bannatyne Cluh, known as ' The Polloh MS.,' p. 7. * Diarey, p. 18. a William 

Craufurd of Leifnorris, who married Isobel, fifth daughter of Sir Mathew Campbell of 


could rely for getting us honourably rid of this quarrel, in which we find our- 
selves thus unhappily entangled.' 1 


The lands of Brockloch here alluded to are immediately adjoining to Lady- 
Corse, about half a mile north from Maybole. The property of Dinnene or Dine- 
hame also • marches' with Lady-Corse. 


James Bannatyne of Chapeldonald ; who makes so conspicuous a figure in 
the Tragedy of Auchindrane. 2 


We are too inconsiderable, in point of numbers, to execute what you design. 


Ln the Register of the Privy Council, he is called i Capitane Johne Forrefter ;' 
but the Editor has not been able to discover to what family he belonged. It is 
probable he was a mere soldier of fortune. 


It is likely that this is a clerical error of the transcriber of the MS. — as, at an 
after part of this History, the Lairds of Grumat, Gremat, or Grimmitt, repeatedly 
occur. Their names were Patrick Macilveane elder, and John younger of 
Gremmat. Alexander Schaw, Tutour of Gremmat, is mentioned to have been 

1 Let it be here remembered, that, if the Narrative of the Dittay or Indictment on which 
Mure was tried, and the Letter of Sir Thomas Hamilton, which has been printed in the Appen- 
dix to that Trial, at all approach the truth, these professions prove Auchindrayne to have been 
a most finished villain, and a perfect master in dissimulation. He is there charged with train- 
ing the Earl and Bargany, &c. into all their quarrels. According to the deep game of ambi- 
tion he was playing, therefore, if either or both of these Chiefs should fall, it was one or 
more moves farther in his chequer. — Pitcairn's Trials, III. 137, &c. * See Pitcairris 

Criminal Trials, HI. Jul. 1611, &c. 


concerned in these feuds. 1 At the same time it is proper to remark, that Gree- 
nock then belonged to the family of Schaw. 


This person, who is here described as ' Pochquhairnis broder,' again occurs 
at p. 62, where he is named ' Andro Cunynghame.' 


He was afterwards attacked near Air, 2 by the Laird of Auchindrayne and his 
son, &c. in order that they might pass to the horn, honourably, for such an assault 
and slauchter ! At this very time they had been charged to appear aud answer for 
the Murder of the Tutor of Cassillis, Dalrymple, &c. and had also been called upon, 
by the voice of the whole country, to come forward and testify their innocence 
of Dalrymple's Assassination, by laying their hands on the breast of the mur- 
dered corpse, &c. The compliance with this ancient but superstitious custom 
proved too severe an ordeal for them, being a test of so fearful a description 
to a guilty mind. They accordingly shrunk from it with conscious horror. 3 In 
order, however, to furnish to the world a cogent reason for concealment and 
flight, they instantly projected the Murder of Kennedy of Garriehorn, with 
whom, it may be remarked, they had no previous personal quarrel ; and they 
were only prevented from perpetrating that additional crime, by the Provost of 
Air and others fortunately coming to his rescue. 4 


George Dik, son of vmquhile John Dik in Meklewod, got a Feu-Charter of the 
(4s. 2d. old extent) lands of Over Meklewod, from King James VI, by Charter 

1 See Appendix, for Privy Council Proceedings. s See p. 70. 3 For a full 

account of this very prevalent Superstition, see Pitcairn's Trials, III. 182. • See Mure's 

Trial, Jul. 1611, Pitcairn's Coll. — and Introduction to ' Auchindrane, or the Ayrshire Tra- 
gedy,' by Sir Walter Scott. The author relates the matter in the ' Historie,' so as to give the 
most favourable account of Auchindrayne's part in the matter— making it appear as a scuffle 
which had happened by the parties accidentally ' forgadering !' 


dated at Falkland, Jun. 4, 1600. These lands are there stated as lying in the 
lordship of Kyles-muir, and shire of Air ; and to have fallen into the hands of 
the King, as coming in place of the Monastery of Melrose, under the late Act of 
Annexation. It is prohahle that this was the son of John Dick mentioned in the 
text. 1 It is proper, however, to mention, that, in the Acts of Privy Council, he 
is designed ' Johne Dik of Barbefburne.' 


Dick hurled a lance 2 at Bargany, which struck him through the throat and 
wind-pipe. Bargany was at this time engaged with Redpath and Crawford ; 
and he, heing solely hent on defending himself from their attacks, paid no atten- 
tion to Dick ; he being a person beneath him in rank, and besides, was one who 
was not then immediately assailing him. 


Had the wound been of the precise nature which cne would naturally infer, 
from a slight perusal of the preceding passage, death must have ensued almost 
instantaneously, by the flow of blood down the wind-pipe into the lungs ; which 
accident must of course have caused immediate suffocation. The blow, therefore, 
must have been dealt in a sloping direction, and in such a manner as to pene- 
trate the gullet ; through which the blood would readily flow into the stomach. 
In either case, it is remarkable that Bargany, suffering under such a frightful 
wound, should have lingered so long, especially when the art of Surgery was 
then at so low an ebb in Carrick. 


According to his usual line of policy, Auchindrayne embraced the conditions 
proposed to him, with apparent eagerness ; well aware, that ' ony thiDg he did 
in captiuity wes null !' This gratuitous ruse de guerre, however, he performed 

1 Reg. Mag. Sig. lxii. 160. ! Threw or cast it like a. javelin, and contrary to the 

usual mode of fighting with a lance, where the party, after having fixed it in its rest, charged 
his antagonist. 


in ignorance of the Earl's failure in procuring a Royal Commission, and that 
Letters of charge had already through the Laird of Bargany's interest heen 
procured for setting him at liberty, — otherwise a person of his stamp would not 
have thus demeaned himself, by accepting as a boon, what he could have in a 
few hours demanded as a right — his personal freedom. 


Bargany, when he saw ' thair wes na langar tyme,' i, e. when he felt his end 
approaching, began to make his Testament or Latter Will. 


This affecting and well-drawn character of the Laird of Bargany, which is 
given in the History, requires few explanations. The passage quoted denotes, 
that, among his other excellent qualities, he was perfectly expert in all his exer- 
cises — the victor, champion, or chief among many — q. d. ae best. 


The autbor concludes by giving it as the decided feeling of his friends, that, 
if he had had time to have added experience to his wit, or natural talent and 
genius, he would have surpassed the whole of his equals and contemporaries. 


Referring to the practice of compounding with the Lord High Treasurer, 
(then Sir George Home, Earl of Dunbar,) for the escheat, and the fine payable 
to the Crown, previous to a Remission being granted for the Slaughter. 


In the blank thus accidentally left in the Commission, it is here asserted, that 
he filled up the name of Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchie. 


She was constrained to purchase or compound with the Crown for the Ward 


duties, leviable during the young heh - 's long minority — so as to prevent the same 
falling into the hands of a ' Donator,' who might injure, perhaps ruin, the estate. 
See Note to p. 19 — under, ' coft the Vard.' * 


He was, by a Letter of Gift, passing under the Privy Seal, made < Donator' 
of the Compositions payable for the whole of the Respites and Remissions to 
be granted to those, who accompanied Bargany ' one the feildis that day.' 


In explanation of this, see Collection of Criminal Trials. 1 


A n umber of names follow here, which, so far as they are known to the Editor, are 
attempted to be explained. ' Ardmellane! was then Thomas Kennedy of Ardmillan, 
who was succeeded by his son Hugh ; — ' Cairltoun,' John Cathcart of Carleton ; 
— ' Garriehorne,' Hew Kennedy; — ' Gilbert Ross,' a Notary, who was afterwards 
Provost of the Collegiate Kirk of Maybole, and high in favour with the Earl of 
Cassillis ; — ' The breidder of the WikertourC were perhaps MacAlexanders, younger 
sons of the House of Corseclayes — for, Oct. 21, 1658, Robert MacAlexander of 
Corseclayes is, among a number of other lands, retoured heir to his father Robert, 
in ' the 2 merkland commonlie called Viccartoun of Girvan, within the bailyiarie 
of Caiiik ;' — ' Penquhirre,' Hew Kennedy, son of John Kennedy of P. ; — ' The 
Laird of Clonkaird,' Walter Mure ; — ' Thomas, the Lairdis broder,' and l Benand,' 
are Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchie, and Hew Kennedy, who have already 
been frequently noticed. 


The residence of Walter Kennedy of Knockdon ; which property adjoins 
Beoch, near to Garryhorn. 

1 Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, II. 400, 460, 480, &c. 



In this and numerous other instances in the History, and also in similar wri- 
tings of that age, ' by' signifies without, in opposition or contrary to. 


In like manner, this denotes ' without previously forewarning the Earl,' or 
acquainting him with the fact. 


The sense of this passage is, ' I am in as great danger to lose the good will of 
my sister-in-law, Lady Bargany, as he is in to forfeit my Lord's,' &c. 


The Laird of Drummurchie and his accomplices lay in wait, or in ambush. 
This old phrase is peculiarly expressive, and denotes the intensity of the act. 
Perhaps the sporting term to ' set,' as a pointer, &c. may be borrowed from it. 

THE prowestschew off the coli.edge of mayboll, &c. IBID. 

The Laird of Colzeane, if ' the Hiftorie' is correct, (which, upon that point, 
there is no reason to doubt,) had Jive sons, 1 Thomas, James, Alexander, John, 
and David. Thomas, younger of Colzean, must have died, in France, at the close 
of the year 1601, or early in anno 1602 — for his brother James was served and 
retoured heir to him, May 18, 1602. 2 He had got the Provostship of the Colle- 
giate Church of Maybole conferred on his eldest son by the Earl of Cassillis, the 
patron ; and, from his long services, and his intimate connexion with the family, 
he naturally expected it would have been bestowed on James, his successor ; but 
when it ' waikitt,' (vaked,) or became vacant, the Earl bestowed it upon a crea- 
ture of his own, Gilbert Ross, a Notary. This occasioned a serious quarrel, which 
terminated fatally, as is described in the text. 

1 The Peerages only notice the three first of these sons of Sir Thomas Kennedy. ' See 
Wood's Peerage, I. 336. Crawford's Peerage. Play/air's Brit. Fam. Antiquities, &c. 




The Editor, not being personally acquainted with many of the localities, to 
which the tragical story of the Laird of Colzeane's Murder refer, applied to his 
friend John Whiteford Mackenzie, Esquire, W.S., ] to furnish the information 
which appeared to he requisite to make the matter intelligible to the general 
reader. From the answers which have been kindly supplied by that gentleman 
to the queries transmitted to him, the following brief notice is drawn up. 

It would appear from the narrative given in the text, that it was Sir Thomas 
Kennedie's intention, previous to setting off for Edinburgh, to have an interview 
with the Laird of Auchindrayne (whose son, it must be remembered, was mar- 
ried to the Laird of Culzean's second daughter, Helen) at the Duppill, and for 
that purpose, he sent to advertise him of the place of meeting. When he left 
home, he seems to have purposed, in his way, to call upon John Kennedy of 
Baltersan, who then resided at Greenan Castle, which is situated on a rock over- 
hanging the sea, about two miles from the town of Ayr. On his road, he must 
have left Auchindrayne Castle at no great distance ; and from that circumstance, 
it is probable he had some private reason for wishing not to have his interview 
at that place. In leaving Greenan, therefore, when he proceeded on his journey 
to Edinburgh, he must have crossed the water of Ayr at the Holmstone-ford, so 
as to avoid passing through the town of Ayr, the inhabitants of which, as has 
been seen, were pretty keenly attached to the Bargany faction. Both the Chapel 
of St Leonard and the Duppill, mentioned in the History, lay in the direct line of 
road from Greenan to Holmstone. St Leonard's Chapel stood at the south-west 
corner of the present Race- ground, about half a mile from the town. 2 Duppill, 

1 The Editor lias much pleasure in thus publicly returning his thanks to Mr Mackenzie for 
much valuable information, relative to many of the localities, &c. connected with this work. 
It is hoped that Mr Mackenzie's minute knowledge relative to the Shire of Ayr, and its prin- 
cipal Families, and the valuable Collections he has formed upon these subjects, may eventually 
be given to the public. Should that gentleman's professional avocations ever permit his 
undertaking a regular County History, which must necessarily be attended with a sacrifice 
of much time and labour, it would confer an important service towards elucidating the history 
of this very interesting and important district of Scotland. 2 The ruins were pulled 

down many years ago, and the materials employed in enclosing the Race-course. 


where the interview between Sir Thomas Kennedy and the Laird of Auchin- 
drayne was trysted to have taken place, is about a mile farther forward, and is 
situated near Castlehill gate. 

The only other circumstance connected with the localities of the scene of Col- 
zean's Murder is, that the ground near St Leonard's Chapel is still very sandy 
and unequal, and must have been much more so when less cultivated. This cir- 
cumstance was peculiarly favourable for such a design ; as Drummurchie and his 
party could easily darn themselves among the sand-hills, and at same time see 
distinctly what was going on, upon the esplanade of Greenan. 


The individual here referred to, was John Muir of Woodland. 


Here, again, it appears plain, that the writer of this History was an eye-wit- 
ness and an auditor of the various conferences and transactions narrated by him. 1 


This appears to be a clerical error for, ' The Laird of Colzeone, cuming to the 
Greinand, lichttitt, and remaynitt,' &c. 


This ' back-handed compliment' looks very like an arrow shot from the 
enemy's camp. There cannot be a doubt that the author, all along, professes no 
exalted opinion of Colzean, or of his or the Earl of Cassillis's adherents. 


The persons present on this occasion were Allan, fourth Lord Cathcart, who 
married Margaret, daughter of John Wallace of Craigy, and whose son, Allan 
Master of Cathcart, married Isobel Kennedy, the fourth daughter of the " auld" 

J See Prefatory Notice to this work. 


Laird of Bargany, (obiit 1597 ;) John Wallace of Craigie ; and John Vans of 
Barnbarroch, knight, 1 son of Sir Patrick Vans of Barnbarroch, knight, who 
married Lady Catharine, second daughter of Gilbert, third Earl of Cassillis. 


It was by no means unusual, in those troublesome times, for parties accused 
of crimes to come forward to the bar, attended by numbers of influential per- 
sons, as ' prolocutors,' or ' fore- speakers,' for the purpose of showing the strength 
of their interest. In many instances, 2 this practice was carried to such an excess, 
that the ends of justice were frustrated, by the Judge and Assise being intimi- 
dated in the discharge of their duty. At length, the pannel's coming forward with 
armed attendants, &c was abolished, by the solemn interference of the legisla- 
ture. In the present instance, on Nov. 23, 1608, the Lord Advocate ' proteftis 
that this dyet may continew, in refpect of the grit diforder of the Hous {the Court 
of Jujliciary) this day.' 3 The ' Preloquutouris for the pannell,' at the earlier 
diets of Court, were (besides their Counsel) the Lairds of Lainshaw, Rowallan, 
Auchinleck, Blair, Caldwell, Bombie, Blair younger, Hazelhead, William Mure of 
Banderston, and their respective followers. None of these gentlemen appeared 
at the final Trial, which seems strongly to argue their belief of Auchindrayne's 
and his son's guilt. They would not have thus deserted their friend, when their 
countenance and assistance were most needed. 


Lady Colzeane procured the diet to be continued to a farther time — or 
rather, perhaps, ' deserted the diet' against Auchindrayne, pro loco et tempore. 


Auchindrayne left his own house of Auchindrayne, and went to Newark, 
the residence of his friend Duncan Crawford of Newark. 

1 He married Margaret, daughter of Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland. - This remark 

is more especially applicable to the case of the inferior Criminal Tribunals, where the Court 
was frequently taken possession of by the adherents of the criminal. 3 See Pitcairn's 

Criminal Trials, II. 565. 



He accidentally met with or rencountered this person, without ' setting' for, 
or waylaying him. 


The old proverb holds true here, ' 111 doaris are ill dreadaris !' 


His horse was wounded through the fleshy upper part of the neck. 


Sir James Stewart of Killeith, was the eldest son of Captain James Stewart 
of Bothwell-muir, some time Earl of Arran, and Lord Chancellor of Scotland. 
Sir James was afterwards created Lord Ochiltree — and married, 1st, Margaret, 
daughter of Uchtred Macdowall of Garthland, and 2dly, Mary Livingston. See 
note to p. 66 (p. 134.) 


As their only remaining chance of holding out against their besiegers, they 
betook themselves to defend the enclosures, viz. the court-yard, &c, which sur- 
rounded the house. 


Probably ' the reft ' is here employed in the sense of Fr. au teste, or de reste, 
viz. besides, finally, as for the rest, &c. 


This only imports that he was of the family of Stair. He was designed in the 
Records of the Secret Council, ' brother to the Laird of Stair,' and is likewise so 
styled a few lines below. This mode of designation is in some degree still used, 


colloquially, in Scotland, bat is very incorrect, and is besides apt to lead to 
serious mistakes. 


Craigneill was one of the residences of the Earl of Cassillis. 


The Earl and Cassillis and Dalrymple were within the second and third de- 
grees of consanguinity. 


This short sentence forcibly explains the indelible disgrace which was then 
considered as infallibly attaching to the very idea of being reconciled to a feudal 
antagonist, or of compounding a deadly feud, otherwise, than by an onset and the 
slaughter of the offending party or some of his kin or adherents. This feeling 
was of course greatly exasperated in a case like the present, where the feud was 
aggravated tenfold by the murder of the chief. 


Sir John Kennedy, the Laird whose death is here alluded to, married Lady 
Margaret, seventh daughter of William fourth Earl Marischall. 


Margaret Kennedy, eldest daughter of Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhan, 
married Andrew, third Lord Stewart of Ochiltree ; who sold the lordship to his 
cousin, Sir James Stewart of Killeith ; and thereupon resigned the title in his 
favour. He got the same confirmed by King James VI, Jul. 30, 1615. See note 
to p. 61 (p. 133.) 


The disorder under which Lady Bargany laboured, was what was commonly 


called ' the hectic sickness, or pulmonary consumption. O. Fr. Etique, denoting 
a ' wasting' or ' decline,' as this disease is still expressively termed, in Scotland. 
The word is thus used by Bellenden, in his Chronicles (B. ix. c. i.) ; ' Ambrofe 
King of Britonis fell in ane dwynand feiknes, namyt the ethik feuer.' It is al- 
most needless to remark that the term is now entirely obsolete, not having been 
made use of for above a century. 


By this it is meant to be expressed that Hew Kennedy of Bennan was the per- 
son who was legally entitled to the office of Tutor, by virtue of his descent and 
near relationship to the young Laird of Bargany. 


This projected marriage to the Earl of Abercorn's daughter did not take place. 


The tomb or monument here alluded to, is still in existence, and considering 
the indifferent quality of the materials, which have suffered much from the damp, 
&c. is still pretty entire. It is situated at the west end of the aisle, which had been 
erected by Lady Bargany for the reception of her husband's remains, immediate- 
ly after his slaughter; and, as will be seen from the History, it was destined also, 
on the same day, to receive her own. This aisle was attached to the south side of 
the old kirk of Ballantrae, exactly in its centre ; and is within the walls sixteen 
feet long, and fifteen feet broad. It stands south and north with the roof, three 
or four feet above the true pitch, and is slated. 

On a hewn free-stone tablet, raised three feet and a half from the floor, are 
two recumbent figures of the Laird and Lady Bargany, with their heads lying 
towards the south. Above the figures is an ornamented canopy, supported by 
six pillars, which form the recess, three being situated at their heads, and three 
at their feet. These pillars recede behind each other obliquely ; the first pair 
being perfectly cylindrical, the second octagonal, and the third square. A mural 
tablet is behind the figures, but the legend i3 entirely obliterated, owing to the 


decay of the stone. Surmounting the pillars are various ornamental carvings : 
in the centre of which are Bargany's shield and coat armorial, with supporters, 
much effaced, but the dexter supporter appears to he a female with her arm 
extended, and the other a dragon. On two compartments, at each side of the 
arms, are the initials G. K. and I. S. ; and on the capitals of each of the front 
pillars, to the south and north, are ciphered the same letters in Roman characters. 
Underneath the monument there is understood to he a family A'ault, in which 
these remains and those of others of the family are mouldering. 

The above information has been taken by the Editor from notes kindly furnish- 
ed to John W. Mackenzie, Esq. W.S. by Mr John Millar, post-office, Ballantrae. 


The loss of the early records of the Court of the Lord Lyon, or Herald's Col- 
lege of Scotland, by a destructive fire, at the commencement of last century, un- 
fortunately leaves us in considerable doubt as to the minutiae of the Funeral Ce- 
remonies of Scotland, previous to the year 1700. However, from the informa- 
tion which does remain, it is obvious, that these solemnities were observed with 
all the pomp and circumstance of heraldic splendour; as may be inferred from 
a perusal of ' the Order of the Funerals of the high and potent Prince John, Duke 
of Rothes, Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, the 23d day of August, 1681." 
Although this Ceremonial refers more immediately to the public funeral of a high 
Officer of State, yet similar solemnities were observed, in almost every instance, 
of the more private celebration of the obsequies of the nobility and lesser barons 
of the kingdom. Even to this day, among the wealthy, traces are to be found of 
a lingering desire for show and procession — and among the Scottish poor, one of 
their most earnest wishes is for a " decent burial," provision for which is fre- 
quently, or rather, is usually made, many years before that event occurs. 

There cannot be a doubt that every funeral of a person of rank was marshalled 
by heralds and their pursuivants, &c. The custom of funeral escutcheons being 
hung upon the walls of the parish church, or family vault, and on the front of the 

1 Nisbet's Heraldry, II. 146, Ext. ornaments. See also Kincaid's Plates of this Funeral Pro- 
cession, published along with * the Riding of the Scots Parliament,' &c. 


mansion-house, &c. is the last remnant of former heraldic funeral pomp, which 
has been handed down to us. These still continue to be pretty generally obser- 
ved by the nobility, and by the heads of ancient and honourable families. 

Besides numerous banners, gumpheons, pennoncels or pencils, standards, ban- 
nerols, &c. there were borne in procession the great gumpheon, or mort-head, 
the pencil of honour, the colours of the deceased, the great mourning banner, 
the spurs, gauntlets, corslet, targe, helmet, wreath, the coronet (if a nobleman,) 
and the sword; each of the last ' honours' borne upon a spear by a gentleman ; 
the war-horse, the mourning-horse, covered with black cloth, the mort-cloth, 
the canopy, &c. The procession having reached the church or burial vault, there 
was usually a funeral sermon, or oration, pronounced ; and before the body was 
deposited in the grave, a herald declared the styles, &c. of the deceased. On 
great occasions, the procession returned in a reversed order, after the interment 
had been concluded; and in almost every case, as many individuals who were 
present at the funeral obsequies had come from great distances, a banquet con- 
cluded the solemnities of the day. But it must not be concealed, that even such 
grave occasions as these, often terminated in feud and bloodshed ; for the pre- 
sence of such a mixed assemblage was often the means of reviving old animosi- 
ties, which were by no means allayed by the unmeasured libations poured out in 
honour of their departed friend. 

It would be out of place to enter into too minute a detail of the whole of the 
ancient funeral solemnities, in a work of this nature ; but it may be inferred, 
from the instance of the Laird of Bargany's funeral, where, besides persons of 
inferior rank, there were " ane thouffand horfe, of gentilmenne !" that fuch 
solemnities were conducted in a very magnificent and costly manner, and that 
they were often ruinous to the heir. 


The company present at this magnificent funeral consisted, among others, of 
Hugh, fifth Earl of Eglintoun; James Master of Paisley, eldest son of 
Lord Claud Hamilton, Lord Paisley, who was created Baron Abercorn, Apr. 
5, 1603, and Earl, Jul. 10, 1606 ; Robert, second Earl of Winton ; Robert, 



fourth Loud Sempill; Allah, fourth Lord Cathcart ; Sir Hugh Campbell 
of Loudoun, Sheriff of Ayr, who had been created Lord Campbell of Lou- 
doun, Jan. 30, 1601 ; Sir James Stewart of Killeith, Lord Ochiltree. 
(See Notes to pages 61 and 66.) Sir Robert Maclellan of Bombie, who 
was afterwards appointed one of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to Kings 
James VI, and to Charles I. He was created Lord Kirkcudbright, May 25, 
1633 ; having married, 1st, Margaret, sixth daughter of Sir Mathew Campbell 
of Loudoun — and, 2dly, Mary Montgomery, daughter to Hugh Viscount Airds, 
in Ireland ; John Kennedy of Blairquhan, who married Margaret, third daugh- 
ter of Sir Hugh, Lord Campbell of Loudoun; Sir Uchtred Macdowall of 
Garthland, before noticed : Thomas Kennedy of Ardmillan, &c. &c. 


Although this is not the only instance, which might readily be cited, of a 
Banner of Revenge having been carried in procession, for the purpose of exci- 
ting and stirring up others to avenge the cause of the departed, the Editor has 
not been able to satisfy himself, that this necessarily formed a component part of 
a proper Heraldic Funeral, where the deceased had been Murdered, or slain in 
a feud or quarrel. Such an event, doubtlessly, occurred after the Murder of King 
Henry Darnley, where a similar Banner was triumphantly paraded through the 
streets of Edinburgh, bearing upon it a figure of the infant Prince, (afterwards 
King James VI, ) with the same motto as is mentioned in the text inscribed upon 
it ; but that exhibition was quite unconnected with any Funeral solemnity. At 
all events, it cannot be denied, that no stronger or more appropriate excitement 
can well be figured than this, to work upon the passions of the friends and fol- 
lowers of a feudal Baron ; and to induce them, with heart and hand, to unite in 
pursuing, with the most rancorous hostility, the aggressor and his adherents. 

Owing to a combination of unfortunate events, the once great and powerful 
Family of Bargany never recovered the shock thus occasioned, by the sudden 
death of Gilbert Kennedy, the gallant and brave individual, whose exploits are 
dwelt upon with such odour, by the writer of this anonymous History. 



The relations of the young Laird wished that the Title-deeds of the Estates 
should be lodged in the hands of four responsible individuals, and that the entire 
Rental should be preserved unbroken, to be appropriated for the heir's benefit ; 
and, amongst other purposes, to be applied towards redeeming the lands, which 
had been mortgaged, for money borrowed by the late Laird, to maintain his 
rank and dignity. All their endeavours to maintain the family estates, however, 
proved ineffectual, as is hinted at in the preceding Note. 


Auchindrayne was once more imprisoned, in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, 
until he quitted or renounced his Lease of Over Bennan. 


The Steward or Sheriff of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. 


It is stated, that, through the Laird of Ardmillan's parsimony and timidity, 
he permitted the steps which Josias Stewart was taking, to ' pass in absence' — 
in consequence of his failing to appear and resist them. 


This venerable Lady was Dame Agnes Montgomery, sister to Hugh, third 
Earl of Eglinton, and Dowager of Thomas Kennedy, ' the auld Laird' of Bar- 
gany, who died Nov. 7, 1597. 


Sir Hew Montgomery of Airds, who was afterwards created Viscount of 
Airds, and Earl of Mount Alexander, in Ireland. For an account of the 
family of this Nobleman, see Lodge's and Archdcdl's Irish Peerage. — Playfair's 
British Family Antiquities, &c. 



This most probably refers to the lane or road whiqh was anciently called the 
Foul Vennel ; but is now known, in Air, as the Carrick Vermel. See Descrip- 
tions of Carrick, No. Ill, &c. of the following Appendix. 


He is named George Ferguson, in the Records of Privy Council. See Appendix 
to this History, No. I. 


The Provost of Air, at this time, was David Fergushill. Adam Stewart had 
been Provost, from Michaelmas 1606 to Michaelmas 1607. 


Through the interference of the Provost of Air and his friends, they were 
red, or separated, &c. The settling of such quarrels, in those days, was by no 
means an enviable task. The redding- straik is still proverbially considered to be 
one of the deadliest blows delivered in the tuilzie. 


Here the MS. unfortunately terminates abruptly, at a most interesting period. 
See Prefatory Notice to the History. 



No. I. 


(i.) Warrant of Privy Council, (apud Edinburgh, decimo tercio 
Decembris, 1601,) commanding the Earl of Cassillis to set Mure 
of Auchindrayne and others at liberty. 

Forsamekill as it is vuderltand to the Lordis of Secrete Counfall, that at the lait Con- 
flict and Combat, quhilk hapnit and fell out betuix Johnne Eri.e of Cassillis, and 
certane bis freindis, on the ane pairt ; and Gilbert Kennedy of Bargany, and certane his 
freindis, on the vther pairt, vpoun the ellevint day of December inftant ; the faid Erie tuik and 
apprehendit Mure of Auchindranf., Dauid Kennedy of Maxueljfoun, and cer- 
tane vthers of the laid Laird of Auchindrane and Barganyis feruandis ; and prefentlie hes 
thame in his cultodie and keipiug : And in refpect of the Slauchter and bluid qubilk hapnit 
and fell out at the faid Conflict, it is verie fufpitious that the faid perfonis fould be fufferit to 
remane in the powar and handis of the faid Erie. Thairfoir, the faidis Lordis Ordanis 
Letteris to be direct, chairgeing the faid Erie of CaJJillis to defift and ceis fra all proceiding 
aganis the perfonis foirfaidis, tane and apprehendit be him at the faid Conflict, be vertevv of 
his office of Bai^erie, or of ony powar or commiffioun grantit to bim for that effect ; difchairge- 
ing him thairof, and of his office in that pairt : As alfua. chargeing the faid Erie to raus fett 


the faid Laird of Auchindrane and Dauid Kennedy of Maxueljloun, and all rtheris perfonis 
tane be liim at the faid Conflict, at frie libertie, within the toun of Air, without ony violence 
or liarme to be maid to thame be the way, within tuentie fotire houris nixt efter the chairge ; 
vnder the pane of rebellioune, &c. And, gif he faikjie, &c, to denunce him rebel!, he. 

(ii.) Wakrant of Privy Council, (apud Halyruidhous, quarto, 
February, 1607,) to denounce John Mure of Auchindrayne and 

Lennox, Fyvie, Lowdoun, Kinlofs, Previe feill, Kilfyth, 

Chancellar, Vchiltrie, Maifter of El- Haliruidhous, Aduocat, Tracquair, 

Angus, Newbottle, phingftoun, Thefaurar, Collectour, Brunt Hand, 

Mar, Spynie, Rofs, Comptrollar, Clericus Regiftri, SirPatrikMur- 

Wyntoun, Roxburgh, Dunkeld, Juftice-Clerk, Elimofinar, ray. 

Anent oure fouerane lordis Letteri9, raifed at the inftance of Sir George Home of Spott, 
knycht, his Maiefteis Thefaurer, and Mr Thomas Hammiltoune of Dmmcairne, his Maiefteis 
Aduocat, for his hienes enterefe ; makand mentioun : That quhair, vpoun the ellevint day of 
December inftant, Johne Mure of Auchindrane, Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchy, Hew 
Kennedy of Bennan, Walter Mure of Cloncard, Hector Kennedy in Bargany, Johne M c alex- 
ander iu Auchingregane, Thomas M c alexander his broder, James Bannatyne in Chapeldonane, 
Johne Cathcairt of Carltoun, Jone Cathcart younger of Carltoun, John Ecclis of Kildonane, 
Williame Irwing, Thomas Wallace feruitour to the Laird of Bargany, Johne M c alexander of 
Dalreoch, Thomas Dalrumpill brother to the Laird of Stair, Gilbert Kennedy in Pynmachir, 
Gilbert Ramfay feruitour to the Laird of Bargany, Mofes Lokhart brother to the Laird of Bar, 
Dauid Kennedy in Maxvelftone, Alexander Kennedy fone to Hew Kennedy in Craigneill, 
Robert Kennedy feruitour to Walter Mure of Cloncard, Mairtene Wilfoun in Newwark, 
Robert Campbell in Carmychell, Williame Cauldwell of Lochirmofs, Williame Kennedy in 
Garfer, Johne Mure of Craigfkeane, Johne Mure in Quhytleyis, Robert Wallace of Holmif- 
toun, George Angus notar in Air, Symone Gilraour thair, Peter Hammiltoun thair, Andro 
Kennedy thair, Henry Dalrumple thair, Hew Kennedy thair, James Blair thair, Johne Blair 
thair, George Dunbar thair, George M c almont thair, James Dumbar thair, and .... Kennedy 
cowpar thair, with convocatioun of his hienes leigeis, to the nowmer of ... . perfonis ; all bodin 
in feir of weir, with jakis, corflettis, fecrettis, lancis, and vtheris waponis, inuqfiue, and with 


mufcattis, hacquebuttis, and piftolettis, prohibit to be wome be the lawis of this realme, Actis 
of Parliament and Secrete Counfall, come furth of the burgh of Air, towardis the toun of 
Mayboill, refoluit and difpofit to haue attemptit fome heich interpvyfe aganis Johne Erle of 
Cassillis, in cais thay had found him vpoun the feildis : Lyke as, thay perfaving the faid 
Erie and fome of his frendis and fervandis to be vpoun the feildis, befyd the toun of Mayboll, 
thay immediatlie fet vpoun thame, fchot and difchairgit a nowmer of mufcattis, haqebuttis 
and piftolettis amang thame, quhairwith thay flew vmq le . . . . Spence, maifter of houibald to 
the faid Erie, and hurt and woundit findrie vtheris of his fervandis : Quhairthrow, as thay 
have convocat his hienes leigis in armes, without powar or commiffioun, fua haue thay violat 
his hienes lawis and Actis of Parliament, maid aganis the beiring and weiring of hacquebuttis 
and piftolettis ; and with that, thay haue brokin his hienes peace, to the difturbance and 
fchaikin lowfe of the haill eftait of that countrey, without remeid be prouydit. And anent 
the chairge gevin to the faidis Johne Mure of Auchindrane, &c. to haue compeirit per- 
fonallie, befoir the Kingis Maieftie and Lordis of Secrete Counfall, at ane certane day bigane, 
to haue anfuerit to the premiffes, and to haue vnderlyne fie ordour as fould haue bene tane 
thairanent ; as alfua, tuicheing the obferuation of his hienes peace and keiping of guid reull 
and quyetnes in the cuntrey, vnder the paine of rebellioun and putting of thame to the home : 
With certiiicatioun to thame, and (if) thay failjeit, Letteris fould be directjlmpliciter to put 
thame thairto : Lyke as at mair lenth is contenit in the faid Letteris, executionis, and indorfa- 
tionis thairof. Quhilkis being callit, and the faidis Perfewaris compeirand perfonallie, and the 
faidis Johne Mure of Auchindrane, &c. being oftymes callit and not compeirand, the Lordis 
of Secrete Counfall thairfoir Ordains Letteris to be direct, to denunce thame rebellis, and put 
thame to the home, and to efcheit, &c. 

(iii.) Decreet of Absolvitor, (apucl Haliruidhous, quinto Feb- 
ruary, 1602,) by the Privy Council, in favour of John Earl 
or Cassillis and others, 'for convocatioun of his hienes lieges, and 
beiring and weiring of hacquebuttis and piftolettis, br eking of his 
hienes peace? 

Blantyre, Secretar, Prevey feill, Kilfyth, 

Haliruidhous, Comptrollar, Aduocat, Sir Patrik Murray, 

Thefaurar, Collectour, Tracquair, Elimofinar. 








Anent our fouerane lordis Letteris, raifed at the inftance of Sir George Home of Spot, 
knycht, his bienes thefaurer, and Mr Thomas Hammiltoun of Drumcairne, his Maiefteis Ad- 
uocat, for his hienes intereffe ; makand mentioun : That quhair, vpoun the ellevint day of 
December inftant, Johnne Ehle of Cassillis, Johne Corrie of Kelwod, Hew Kennedy of 
Penqhuirry, Johne Dauidfoun of Pennyglen, Oliver Baird of Cullein5ie, Patrik M c ilveane 
elder of Gremmat, Johne M'ilveane 30unger of Gremmat, Hew Kennedy of Garryhorne, 
vtherwayis callit the Guidman of the Ballot, George Fergufoun of Thraif, Alexander Schaw 
tutour of Gremmat, Johne Mure of Wodland, Johne Mure of Kingmarloch, Johne Dik of 
Barbefburie (Barbeftoune), Hew Kennedy of Dangar, Anthone Kennedy 50unger of Barfal- 
locb, Johne Mure merchant in Mynyboill (Maybole), Quintene Crawfurd 50unger of Silli- 
holl, Johne Kennedy of Smetoun, William Kennedy of Turneberry, Johne Campbell in 
Burnefurde, Johne Smyth 50unger in Caffillis, Johne Calderwode in Girmerftoune, Johne 
Fultoune in Giltryhill, Johne Fultoune in Mofend, Alexander Baxter porter, William Harlaw 
hagbutter, Robert Fultoun in Giltryhill, Johne Fultoune in Bargennoch, Dauid Fultoun his 
brother, Thomas Fultoune in Giltrie, Thomas Wode in Caffillis, Quintene Tod in Caffillis, 
James Dauidfoun in Burnemoith, Johne Dauidfoun his fone, Johne M c colmeftoun, Johne 
Malcolme in Blairbouy, Johne Bell in M^colmeftoune, Thomas Mortoune in Caffillis, Johne 
Mortoun his broder thair, Johne M c cary thair, Johne Smyth in Dalrumple-holme, Williame 
Huntar thair, James Coiry in Bray of Dahumple, David M c quhorta in Batlevvand, William 
Campbell in Bra thair, Robert Cunynghame in Bateiftoun, Johne Smyth in Drumgoblis, 
Nicoll Bryce in Burnetoun, George Fary in Kirkjardone, Johne Dunfyth in Dalrumple, Henry 
Huntar in Halfmerkland, Thomas Gray in Drumoir, Gilbert Henderfoun thair, Johne Dauid- 
foun thair, Alexander M c Nydir thair, Hew Hammiltoun maltman thair, Fergus Strowane 
thair, Johne M c Jerrow thair, Thomas Wod in Craigincroy, Donald Logane in Drumoir, Tho- 
mas M c Kewrey thair, Thomas Brill thair, Androw Cauldwell hacquebutter, Johne Chalmeris 
in Drimbane, Andro Home in Ladyburne, Johne Hammiltoun, fone to Mathow Hammiltoun 
in Drumbeg, Robert Chalmeris in Turneberry, Johne Egilfein thair, William Egilfeine his 

fone thair, James Dunlope in Jameftoun, Johne M'ilmvne in Auchinhervie, Patrik 

in Barlach, Patrik Hutchefoun merchand thair, Johne Johnfioun merchand thair, Mathow 
M c gowne merchand thair, Robert Rowane merchand thair, Duncan Denaday (Kennedy ?) 
merchand thair, Johne Cochrane merchand thair, Johne M c colme merchand thair, James 
Mure thair, Thomas Mure thair, David Mure taikjeour thair, Johne Mure tai^eour thair, 
Johne Mure cordyner thair, Thomas M c Walter thair, Thomas M c Walter merchand thair, 
Johne Kennedy notar thair, Olipher Rofs notar thair, James Kennedy in Loch-Spallendery, 
George Wilfoun in Mynyboill, Johne M c rea tai^eour, Johne Ecclis tai^eour thair, Johne 


Gritrig flefcheour tliair, Charlis Rea tai^eour thair, Williame Mure tai^eour thair, Johne 
M°clerie tailjeour tliair, Gilbert M c ilweane flefcheour, Thomas Gibfoun fmyth thair, James 
Gritrig flefcheour, James M'murray flefcheour, James M c graine falconer, Johne M c grane of- 
ficer, James M c charray officer, Andro Cochrane thair, Hew Betoun drummer thair, James 
Richard thair, Johne Raird thair, James Baird flefcheour, George Gibfoun maiffone, Johne 
Myllar fuord-flipper, Robert Myllar his fone, Johne Logy tai^eour, Hew Walker mer- 
chand, Hew Gray thair, Vmphray Stewart flefcheour, Dauid M c alexander cordyner, Johne 
Wallace fmyth, Patrik Fergufoun homer, Johne M c richer tailjeour, William M c richer his 
fone, Gilbert M'richer his fone, alfua Johne M c richer cordyner thair, Hector Ramfay cor- 
dyner, Michaell Slowane cordyner, Archibald M°callone wrycht, Johne M c murry cordyner, 
Gilbert Kennedy fone to Duncan Kennedy merchand, Gilbert M c fkynnone cordyner, William 
Dauidfoun merchand, Johne 3oung, Johne Duncane merchand, Andro M c ilwraith, Johne 
Mure at the Well thair, David M'ilmond thair, Daniell M c ilmond his brother, Johne Hog 
feruitourto Richart Spens, 1 Dauid Gray femitour to Patrik Rippett, 2 Johne Blair feruitour to 
Andro Cunynghanie, Alexander Forbes thair, Johne Girven in Mochrumhill, Johne Ramfay 
in Lairgis, James M c graine thair, Gilbert Montgomerie thair, Johne M c grane thair, Hew 
Kennedy in Drumdir, James Kennedy his brother, Gilbert M c guflbk feruitour to Hew Ken- 
nedy of Penquhirry, Dauid M'ilweane flefcheour in Mayboll, James Sym faidlar thair, Tho- 
mas M'ricliie, Andro Moreis, Patrick Moreis, James Kennedy fofter (forefter) in Dalrumple, 
Thomas Dik in Craufurdftoun, John Dik his fone, Johne Ahannay in Carfingtoune, Dauid 
Campbell in Drumoir, Henry M c greane in Carfintoune, Johne M c Jerrow in Hoilhous, Robert 
M c grew his fone, Robert M l 'Jerrow his fone, Dauid Craufurd feruitour to the Erie, Capitane 

Fofter, 3 Mr Chriftall Cokburne, Patrick Rippett, Quintene Crawfurd, Mr William 

Boyd, Hew Pinango, 4 William Flemyng, Thomas Kennedy, William M c claud, Dauid Girven, 

James , Andro Cunynghame, Dauid Cathcart and Arthur Kennedy, all men, ten- 

nentis, fervandis, and proper dependaris vpon the faid Erie, with convocatioun of his Maiefteis 

leigis, to the nowmer of hundreth perfonis, all bodin in feir of weir, with jakis, fteil- 

bonnettis, corflettis, lancis, and vtheris waponis invafiue, and with hacquebuttis and piftolettis, 
prohibite to be worne be the lawis of this realme and Actis of Parliament ; come in hoftile and 
weirlyk maner, furth of the toun of Mayboill, and lay at await for vmq ,e Gilbert Kennedy 
of Bargany, his freindis and fervandis, as thay wer comeing the hie way frathe burgh of Air 
towardis the faid Lairdis awne duelling hous, and invadit and perfewit thame of thair lyffis, 

1 Who was slain, and for whose slaughter proceedings were instituted before the High Court of Justiciary. 
See Pitcairn's Trials. 2 The same person whose exploits are so frequently related in the * Historie.' 

3 See ' Historie,' p. 48, and Illustrations, p. 124. * See Hist. p. 4G, and Must. p. 123. 


ichot and difchairgit a nowmer of hacquebuttis and piftolettis at thame, quhairwith findrie of 
the faid Laird of Barganyis cumpany wer hurt and woundit; and at that fame tyme, thay 
fchamefullie, cruellie, and vnmercifullie flew the faid vmq le Gilbert Kennedy of Bargany : 
Quhairthrow, as thay haue convocat his hienes liegeis in airmes, without ony lauchfull 
Warrand or authoritie, fua haue thay violat his hienes lawis and Actis of Parliament maid 
aganis the beiring and weiring of hacquebuttis and piftolettis ; and with that, thay haue brokin 
and diflbluit his hienes peace in that cuntrey : Quhairby mony inconvenientis are lyke to fall 
out, to the trouble and difquyeting of the haill cuntrey, without remeid be provydit. And 
anent the chairge gevin to the faidis Johne Erie of Caffillis, Capitane Johne Forrefler, 
Mr Criftopher Cokburne, Quintene Craufurd, Patrik Reidpeth, Williame Maitland, Williame 
Flemyng, Alexander Forbes, houfhold-men to the laid Erie, Anthone Kennedy 30unger of 
Balfcheroch, Arthour Kennedy his brother, Mr Williame Boyd, Andro Cuninghame, Dauid 
Girvan, Thomas Kennedy, Dauid Cathcairt, Alexander Baxter, Williame Harlaw, Dauid 
Craufurd, Dauid Gray, Johne Blair, alfua his houfholdmen and fervandis, Johne Corrie of 
Kelwode, Hew Kennedy of Penquhirry, 1 &c. to haue compeirit perfonallie : As alfua, anent 
the chairge gevin to the faid Erie of Caffillis, to haue enterit and prefentit the perfonis parti- 
cularlie aboue writtin befoir the Kingis Maieftie and Lordis of Secreit Counfall at ane certane 
day bigane, to haue anfuerit to the premiffes, and to haue vnderlyne fie ordour as fould haue 
bene tane thairanent ; as alfua, tuicheing the obferuatioun of his hienes peace and keiping of 
guid ruell and quyetnes in the cuntrey, heirefter, vnder the paine of rebellioun and putting of 
thame to the home, with certificatioun to thame and 2 thay failjeit, Letteris fould be direct 

Jimpliciler to put thame thairto ; lykas at mair lenth is contenit in the faidis Letteris, execu- 
tionis, and indorfationis thairof. Quhilkis being callit, and the faidis perfewaris compeirand 
perfonallie, and the faid Johne Erie of Caffillis being lykwayis perfonallie prefent, for him 

" felf, and in name of the remanent defendaris foirfaidis ; quha producit tua Commiffionis, fub- 
fcryuit be his Maieftie, and paft his hienes Regifter and Signet : The ane aganis Blaquhane 
Younger, 5 Girvenmanis, Hew Kennedy of Bennan, Thomas his brother, and Walter Mure of 
Cloncard, quhais names ar infert in the faid Commiffioun with his Maiefteis awne hand, 
knawing thair mifdeidis, geving powar to the faid Erie of Caffillis to convocat his hienes liegeis, 
and to fearche, feik, tak, apprehend and perfew, with fyre and fivord, the perfonis aboue 
writtin, and to weir hacquebuttis and piftolettis to that effect ; as the faid Commiffioun, of the 
dait the nynt day of Julij, the jeir of God I m .Vj c . and ane 3eiris, at lenth beiris : And the vther 
Commiffioun, direct to the faid Erie, for the perfute, taking, and apprehending of Robert Gor- 

' Here the remainder of the names are repeated. ! If. 3 Blairquhan. 


doun of Barrier ino, Alexander Gordoun of the Hillis, Williame M^neilie, Alexander M'kie 
of Balfeir, and Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchy, as fufpect gilty of Murthour, Oppreffioun, 
and Reffett of Thift ; as in the faid Commiffioun, geving powar to the faid Erie to convocat 
his hienes liegeis, affiege houffis, raife fyre, and perfew the faidis peribnis with all extremitie, 
and beiring dait the tuentie-ane day of July I m .Vj°. and ane, at lenth is contenit : Be vertew of 
the quhilkis Commiffionis, the faid Erie allegit, that he had lauchfullie proceidit in the haill 
actioun aboue writtin, quhairvpoun he wes accufet, feing the faid Thomas Kennedy of Drum- 
murchy and the faid Walter Mure of Cloncard, and dyuerfe vtheris his Maiefleis rebellis, 
vpone quhome the faid Erie prefentlie producit Horning, deulie execute and regiftrat, and 
quha ftandis jit at the home vnrelaxt, wer prefent and vpoun the grund with the faid vmq le 
Gilbert Kennedy of Bargany, the tyme foirfaid ; and the faid Erie, being in executioun of his 
Maiefleis Commiffionis, in fearchiDg and feiking of the faid Thomas, and of the remanent per- 
fonis thairin contenit, all that fell out in that mater wes lauchfull. Quhairunto it wes an- 
fuerit be the faid Mr Thomas Hammiltoun, that the faid firft Commiffioun can be na War- 
rand nor authoritie to the faid Erie ; becaus that lang befoir the committing of the crymes 
aboue writtin, quhairvpoun he is now accufit, the fame Commiffioun wes difchairgit be his 
Maieftie, for the haill perfonis thairin contenit, except Young Blairquhane ; and lauchfull inti- 
matioun and publication wes maid to the faid Erie of the faid difchairge, lang befoir the faid 
tyme, viz. in the moneth of Auguft laftbypaii : quhilk the faid Aduocat referrit to the faid 
Erles aith : And fua, in refpect of that difchairge, and that the faid Laird of Blairquhane 
3ounger wes not in cumpany with the faid Laird of Bargany the tyme foirfaid, the fame Com- 
miffioun can be na Warrand to the faid Erie : And as to the laft Commiffioun, it wes anfuerit 
be the faid Aduocat, that the fame can be na fufficient Warrand to the faid Erie ; becaufe the 
fame Commiffioun wes not deulie regiftrat aganis the faid Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchy, 
bot his name infert thairin, lang efter the fame wes paft the Regifter and Signet : And thair 
was na powar nor licence contenit in the faid laft Commiffioun for beiring and weiring of 
hacquebuttis and piftolettis ; and feing his Maiefleis Regifter is the reull be the quhilk the 
faid Commiffioun fould have been directit, the fame can be na Warrand to the faid Erie : 
Vnto the quhilk it wes replyit be the faid Erie, that, albeit the firft Commiffioun wes dif- 
chairgit aganis the haill perfonis contenit thairin, except Young Blaquhane, jit it ftude in full 
force and effect aganis him ; and he being his Maiefteis rebel], and continewing difobedient 
to his Maieftie, and being a ordinary hantar and keipar of cumpany with the faid Laird of 
Bargany, oftymes ofbefoir and fenfyne, and fufpertit to haue bene with him that day, he had 
gude Warrand and powar to fearche him quhaireuer he mycht get knawlege of his being : 


And as to the faid laft Commiffioun, it wes replyit be the faid Erie that he had a fpecial War- 
rand and directioan fra his Maieftie, to the Keipar of the Regifter, to regifter the faid Com- 
miffioun, as it wes producit to the Regifter ; quhilk Wan-and he producit befoir the faidis 
Lordis ; fua that it was lauchfull to him to infert ony names thairin, quha wer rebellis, or gilty 
of fie crymes, in his plefour : And albeit thair wes na mentioun maid in the laft Commiffioun 
of hacquebuttis and piftolettis, 5it, in refpect of the firft Commiffioun (landing vndifcharget, 
as faid is, and that the laft Commiffioun gaif him powar to vfe all weirlyk ingyne, quhilk he 
could deuyfe, for apprehenfioun of the perfonis thairin contenit ; the executioun of the fame, 
in forme and maner as it fell out, was lauchfull : And forder, it wes replyit be the faid Erie, 
that he being the ordinar Judge and Magiftrat of the cuntrey, and not a privat perfone, thair 
fould na fie difchairge haue bene purcheft, quhill 1 firft he had bene wairnit to the geving thair- 
of, and that the perfonis, in quhais fauour the fame wes grantit, had gevin thair obedience to 
Jiis Maieftie, and purgit thame felffis of the Horningis quhilkis thay vnderlay. With the 
quhilkis Anfueris and Replyis, and dyuerfe vtheris the reffbnis and allegationis of baith the 
l'aidis pairteis, the Lordis of Secrete Counfell being weill and ryplie advyfet, — The Lordis of 
Secrete Counfall Findis and Declaims the tua Commiffionis aboue written, producit be the 
faid Erie, to be guid, valid, and fufficient ; and that theirby he had gude powar and authori- 
se to fearche and feik the faidis perfonis, and vfe the fame Commiffionis. And thairfoir, the 
faidis Lordis AffoW^eis- Jimpliciter the faidis Defenderis fra that pairt of the faidis Letteris, 
tuicheing the convocatioun of his hienes liegeis, and beireing and weiriug of hacquebuttis and 
piftolettis, and breking of his hienes peace : And Decernis thame quyte thairfra in all tyme 
comeing, and of all offence (that) may be impute to him, in the vfing of the faidis Com- 

(iv.) Act of Privy Council, The Laird of Coheane {James Kennedy) 
again/i William M c Phadrik. 

Anent our fouerane lordis Letteris, reafit at the inftance of James Kennedy of Culzeane, 
makand mentioun : That quhair, albeit his Maieftie, be the fpace of aucht yeiris fyne, maid 
and fet forth diuerfe edictis and Proclamatiounis, prohibiting and difchargeing all his heynes 
leigeis, that nane of thame fould reflett, fupplie, nor intercommoun with Thomas Kennedy, 

1 Until. a Absolves ; acquits. 3 Regist. Seer. Cone. (Acta), Aug. 3, ] 609. 


Thmnas McAlexander, Jliomas Wallace, and William living, during the tyrae of thair 
rebellioun and remaneing at the home, for the odious, cruell, and deteftable Murthour of 
vmq le Sir Thomas Kennedy of Culzeane, father to the faid complenair, committit be thame, 
in maner fpecifeit in the faid Proclamatioun, vnder certane panes mentionat thairintill: Nocht- 
withftanding, it is of treuth, that William M c Phedrice, fervitour to the Laird of Girvanmanis, 
hes continewallie, and alraaifl ilk day fen the dait of the faid Proclamatioun, aganis the ten- 
nour of the fame, reffett, fuppleit, and intercommonit with the faid Thomas M Q Alexander, 
and remanent rebellis abouenameit, within his awin duelling-houfe in Air ; has keipit mony 
tryftis and meitingis with him, as namelie, vpoun the xxvj Junij, I m .Vj c . and aucht yeiris, the 
faid Thomas M c Alexander being in his dwelling hous in Air ; and informatioun thairof being 
maid to Johnne Eell of Cassillis and the faid Complenair, and tliay haueing warrand, 
power, and commiffioun for the perfute of the faid Thomas M c Alexander, and being than 
vpoun the feildis agaitward 1 towards him, it is of treuth that the faid William M c Phedrice, 
being vpoun the knawlege and counfall of the faid Erll and the faid Complenaris faid purpois 
aganis the faid Thomas, he lap on horfe and convoyit him felf fecritelie away to the faid hous, 
quhair the faid Thomas wes for the tyme, and thair intercommvnit with him, reveillit and 
difclofit vnto him the faid purpois and plat layd doun for his perfute : And that he mycht 
the more fauflie efchew, 1 the faid William M c phedrice horfit him on his awin horfe, and pat 
him away ; in heich and proud contempt of his Maiefteis auctoritie and lawis. For the qubilk,' 
the faid Williame aucht to be perfewit and pvnift, in his perfone and guidis, to the terrour of 
vtheris to commit the lyke heirafter. And anent the chairge gevin to the faid William Mcphe- 
drice to haue compeirit perfonalie before the Lordis of Secrite Counfall this prefent thrid day 
of Auguft inftant, to haue anfuerit to this complaint, and to haue hard and fene fie ordour 
tane thairanent, as appertenit ; vnder the pane of rebellion and puting of him to the home : 
with certificatioun to him and 3 he fail^et, Letteris fbuld be direct Jimpliciter to put him 
thairto ; lyke as at mair lenth is contenit in the faidis Letteris, executionis, and iudorfationis 
thairof; quhilkis being callit, and the faid perfewar compeirand perfonalie, and the faid 
Defender being oftymes callit, and not compeirand, The Lordis of Secrite Counfall thahfoir 
Ordanis Letteris to be direct to Officearis of airmes, fchirefris in that pairt, chargeing thame 
to pas and denunce the faid Williame M 1 ' Phedrice his Maiefteis rebell, and to put him to the 
home ; and to efchete, &c. 

1 On the road or gait to apprehend him. 3 Kscape. * An, if. 


(v.) Act of Prtvy Council, The Kingis Aditocat againjl Johnne 

Mure. 1 

Anent our fouerane lordis Letteris, reafit at the inftance of Sir Thomas Hammiltoun of 
Bynnie, knycht, aduocat to our fouerane lord, for his hienes intereffe, makand mentioun : 
That quhair the cruel], unwortbie, and deteftabill Murthour of vmq le Sir Thomas Kennedy 
of Culzeane, knycht, and of vmq ,e Williame Dalrumple, fone to Williame Dalrumple in 
Aire, haueing thir mony 5eiris bigane lyne obfcure and hid, and no perfyte difcouerie nor 
knawledge being had of thefo who wer the cheiff and principall divifaris, practijaris, and con- 
fpiratouris in the fame Murthour, the faid Aduocat is now informed that the perfonis follow- 
ing, thay ar to fay, Johnne Mure, cook in Auchindrane, Thomas Wallace, feruitour to 
Auchindrane, Andro 3I c alexander, fometyme feruitour to James Bellindane- in Chapildonane, 
James M c caig, fone to Adam M°caig, in Girvane, and George Small, in Plefance, doeth 
knaw fomething in that mater, and can gif fome licht, evidence, and probable prefumptioun 
and circumftanceis, for cleiring of the fame : Quhairfore, neceffar it is, that thay be examinat 
heirvpone, in prefence of the Lordis of his heynes Preuey Counfall. And anent the charge 
gevin to the faidis Johne Mure, cook, Thomas Wallace, Andro M c Alexander, James M c caig, 
and George Small, in Plefance, to have compeirit perfonalie, befoir the Lordis of Secrite 
Counfall, this prefent xx day of Junij inftant, to haue anfuerit to fuche thingis as fould have 
bene fpeirit at thame tuitching the Murthour of the perfonis foirfaidis, vnder the pane of rebel- 
lioun and puting of thame to the home ; with certificatioun, &c. The Lordis ordanis Let- 
teris to be direct, &c. chairgeing to pas and denunce the faid perfonis, who compeirit not, his 
Maiefteis rebellis, and put thame to the borne ; and to efchete, &c. 3 

(vi.) Suspension, James Bannatyne, in Chapeldonall* 

Anent oure fouerane lordis Letteris, reafit at the inftance of James Bannatyne in Cha- 
peldonall, makand mentioun : That quhair as, he is informed he is denunctt rebell and put to 

1 Rey. Seer. Cone. [Acta), Jun. 20, 1611. * Bannatyne. At this period the name Bannatyne was 
indifferently spelt, Ballendyne, Bellenden, Bannatyne, and Ballantyne. 3 A similar entry occurs, of 

the same date, to denounce ' Thomas Mure, some to {Johne) Mure of Auchindrayne, and Andro Sinclar, 
halff-brother to the Laird of Auchindrane, for not appearing to answer at ane certane day hygane.' 
4 Regist. Seer. Cone. {Acta), Sep. 27, 1611. 


the home, be virtew of Letteris, raifit at the inftance of Johne Erll of Cciffillis and Sir Tho- 
mas Hammiltoun of Bynnie, kny', his Maiefteis Aduocat for his heynes intereffe, ffor the 
complenair his allegeit not compeiring perfonallie before the Lordis of Secrite Counfall, at 
ane certane day bygane, to haue anfuerit to ane complaint maid be the faid Erll and Lord 
Aduocat vpoun him, tuicheing his allegit beiring and weiring of hagbuttis and piftolettis, and 
invaiding and perfewing of Hew Kennedy of Garrihorne and Thomas M c quhary, boith fer- 
uitouris to the faid Erll, and fchooting and difchairging of piftolettis at thame, &c. 

The Lords fufpended the faid ~LetteTS,Jimpliciter, on the ground of Bannatyne's not having 
been cited to appear, &c. 

No. II. 


(i.) The Forfaltrie of Thomas Kennedie. 

Apr. 26, 1604. — Sir Thomas Hamiltone, King's Advocate, took inftruments of the 
Production of the Summons of Treafon and executions, &c. in Parliament. 1 

Jul. 11, 1604. — The Summons and other documents were again produced in Parliament, 2 
which were of new verified in prefence of the Lord Commiffioner, (John Earl of Mon- 
trofe,) and haill Eftaittis : And ficlyk, the faid Aduocat producet Lettres of Relaxatioun, re- 
laxant! the faid Thomas Kennedie frome all proces of Horning led and deducet aganis him, 
for quhatfumeuir caufe. And thaireftir, the faid Thomas Kennedie being thryfe callit at the 
tolbuith windo, to haue anfuerit to the faid Summondis of Treaffoun, he comperit nocht to 
anfuer thairto, and thairfoir the faid Aduocat (eftir that the foirfaid caus of the faid Sum- 
mondis of Treaffoun wes fundin relevant be the faidis haill Eftaittis aganis the faid Thomas 
Kennedie of Drummurchie) ffor preving of the pointis of the faid Summondis of Treaffoun 
aganis the faid Thomas Kennedie, and of the reffoun and caus contenit thairin, repetit the 
Depofitiounes of the Witneffes reffauit, admittit, fworne, and examinat in prefens of the faidis 
haill Eftaittis vpoun the foirfaid Reffone and caufe ; and alfe repetit the notorietie of the fact 

1 Acta Pari IV. 260 s Ibid. 267. 



of the Burning, and the faid Thomas Kennedie acknawlegeing his awin giltines, and taking 
of the faidis crymes vpoun him, throw being fugitiue, and denuncit Rebel], for nocht compe- 
rance befoir our faid fouerane lordis Juflice and Lordis of his hjenes Privie Counfall refpectiue, 
in maner contenit in the Lettres of Horning rafit thairvpoun : And lykwayis, the faid Aduo- 
cat producit diuerfe vtheris writtis and probatiounes, for prcuing of the faid Summondis of 
Treaffoun, and defyrit the faidis Eftaittis of Parliament to advyfe the foirfaidis probatiounes, 
and to gif furth thair Dome and Sentence thairintill, according to juftice. And thaireftir, the 
foirfaidis haill probationis and Summondis of Treaffoun being red, hard, fene and confident 
be the faidis Eftaittis, and they thairwith being ryplie advyfit, the faidis haill Eftaittis of Par- 
liament Findis, Decernis, and Declaris that the faid Thomas Kennedie of Drummurchie has 
committit Treaffoun, in Railing of the faid Fyre, and Burning of the faid Place of Auchin- 
soull, in maner fpecifeit in the foirfaid Summondis : And thairfoir, Decernis and Ordanis 
the Dome vnderwrittin to be pronuncit and gevin forth aganis him, be the mouth of Dauid 
Lyndefay, dempfter : Off the quhilk Dome the tennour followis. 

Dome. This Courte of Parliament fchawes for Law, that the faid Thomas Kennedie of 
Drummurchie hes committit Treaffoun in Railing of Fyre and Burning of the faid Place of 
Auchinfoull, pertenying to the faid Duncane Craufurde, the tyme and in maner fpecefeit in 
the faid Summondis of Treaffoun perfewit be his hienes faid Aduocat, for his grace entres, 
aganis him : And thairfoir Findis and Declaris, That the faid Thomas Kennedie hes aniit- 
tit and tynt, and Foirfaltit for euir, all his landis, heretages, rowmes, poffeflionis, gudis, and 
geir quhatfumeuir, belanging to him ony maner of way, and quhilkis he hes, had, micht haue, 
or clame, within this Realme of Scotland : And Decernis the famin to haue appertenit and to 
appertene to our faid fouerane lord, to be confifcat, and to remane with his hienes, as his pro- 
pirtie, in all tyme cumming. And als, Findis and Declaris, that the faid Thomas Kennedie 
hes amittit and tynt his fame, honouris, and dignitie : And he to be pvnift as ane Tratour, 
conforme to the Lawes of this realme. And this I gif for Dome. 

(ii.) The Summondis or Tressoun of vmq le Walter Mure of 
Cloncarde, pajlfra, Jimpliciter, be our fouerane Lordis Aduocat. 1 

Jul. 11, 1604 The quhilk day Maifter Thomas Rollok, depute for Sir Thomas Ham- 

myltoun of Monkland, knycht, Aduocat to our fouerane Lord, and in his hienes name repro- 
ducit, in prefens of ane nobill and potent lord, Johne Erie of Montrofe, Lord Grahame and 

1 Acta Pari. IV. 271. 


Mukdok, Great Commiffionar of this prefent Parliament, and in prefens of the haill Eftaittis 
thairof, the Summondis of Treaflbun vnderwrittin ; quhilkis wer producit be the faid Aduocat, 
ofbefoir, at Edinburgh, in prefens of the Lordis of Articlis, vpoun the tuentie aucht day of 
Aprile laft bipaft : Off the quhilk Summondis of Treaflbun the tennour followes. 1 

[Summons of Treason againjl Thomas Kennedy of Drummurchie and Walter Mure of 


Jacobus, Dei Gracia Rex Anglorum, Scotorum, Gallorum et Hibeniorum, &c. Fideique 
defenfor: Dilectis noftris Leoni Regi Armorum, Albanie, Snawdoun, Mercbemont, Rothefay, 
Hay, Rofs, Bute, Carrik, Ormond, Vnicorne, figniferis; Dauid Bryfoun, Robert Stewart, 
Alexandro Dowglas et Jacobo Chalmeris, clauigeris noftris ; necnon Joanni Ferguflbun et Jo- 
anni Wilkefoun, nuncijs, et eorum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuifim. Vobis precipimus et man- 
damus quatcuus legitime fummoneatis Thomam Kennedie de Drummurchie, fratrem ger- 
manuin quondam Gilberti Kennedie de Barganie, perfonaliter, fi ejus perfonalem prefentiam 
habere poteritis, feu aliter apud locum fui domicilij et habitations ; ac etiam apud cruces fo- 
rales burgorum noftrorum de Air, Irving, Mayboll, ac apud portus noftros de Air et Leith, et 
alia loca neceffaria, fuper premonitione fexaginta dierum, eo quod dictus Thomas de prefenti 
extra regnum noftrum Scotie morari dicitur. Necnon fummoneatis legitime Robertum 
Mure, fratrem germanum et heredem apparentem quondam Walteri Mure de Cloncarde, 
Joanetam Mure eius fororem germanam, perfonaliter, fi eorum perfonalem prefentiam 
habere poteritis, vel fecus apud locum fuorum domiciliorum et habitationis ; ac etiam dictos 
Robertum et Jonetam aliofque agnatos et cognatos dictj quondam Walterj Mure de Cloncard, 
omnefque alios interefle habentes vel habere pretendentes, necnon Tutores et Curatores dicto- 
rum Robertj et Jonete Mures, fi quos habent, apud dictos cruces forales dictorum burgorum 
noftrorum de Air, Irving, Mayboll, et alia loca neceffaria, quod compareant coram nobis et 
noftris Commiflionarijs et Locum tenentibus, necnon coram Regni noftri Scotie Ordinibus, 
Edinburgh vicefimo die menfis Aprilis proxime futuri, in Parliamento noftro incipiendo decimo 
die dicti menfis, hora caufarum, cum continuatione dierum ; ad refpondendum nobis, necnon 
ad inftantiam dilecti et fidelis noftri confiliarij Domini Thome Haromyltoun de Monkland, mi- 
litis, noftri Aduocatj, pro noftro interefle, dictum viz. Thomam Kennedie de Drummurchie, 
pro fua nefaria, fcelefta, facinorofa, et proditoria Occifione et Interemptione quondam Thome 
Kennedie de Coiff militis 3 per fe fuos complices et confortes fecum confpiratores in dicto Ho- 

1 Here the Summons which had formerly heen given is inserted. 2 To prevent repetition, the Sum- 

mons here given (which is a transcript of the other against Drummurchie, with the additional clauses rela- 
ting to Cloncard) has heen preferred. 3 For ' Cassilia.' However, Sir Thomas was often so designed. 


micidio, per fummum nefas vt fequitur, perpetrato, vndecimo die mentis Maij, anno domini 
1602: Necnon pro fuo fcelefto, nefario, et manifefto Furto, cum violenta rapina coniuneto, 
vulgariter vocat. Stuth-reiff, niarfupij feu crumene dicti quondam Thome Kennedie de Coiff 
militis, cum magna pecunie fumma auro et argento fignato, fummam duorum millium mercarum 
extenden. quam dictus quondam Thomas cum eo portabat ; cum varijs annulis aureis, gem- 
matis et alijs, ac multis fibulis auveis diploidi tunice et femoralibus dicti quondam Thome 
confutis, ad valorem mille librarum extenden. in ipfo actu Homicidij perpetrat. : Necnon pro 
fua proditoria et nefaria Obfidione, per fe et fuos complices, ad numerum quinquaginta virorum 
armatorum, Manfionis et Maneriei teiTanim de Auchinsoull, jacen. infra vicecomitatum nof- 
tmm de Air ; ad quod, per occafionem fubfcriptam, dilecta confanguinea noftra Jeanna Co- 
mitissa de Cassellis, comitata feptem vel octo feruis ac comitibus confugerat, falutis fue 
caufa, cum dicta Domina Jeanna et eius ferui iter facerent a domicilio fuo de Inche in Gallo- 
uidia, verfus aliud fuum domicilium in Villa de Mayboll, in balliatu de Carrik et infra vice- 
comitatum noftrum de Air, decimo octauo die menfis Maij vltimo elapfi, 1603. Et pro male- 
uolo, crudeli, nefario, abhominabili, et fcelefto Incendio Maneriej, in quod, caufa euitandi peri- 
culi mortis, dicta Domina Jeanna ComitifTa de Caffellis et ferui fui confugerunt; e qua rnanfione 
et manerie de Auchinfoull, cum idem maneriem combuftam effent vndique et conflagraret, 
rnetu mortis vehementia flammarum et fumi egredi coacti funt, vbi poft egreffum dicte Domine 
Joanne Comitiffe de Caffellis quondam Hugo Kennedie, frater germanus et heres apparens 
dilecti noftri confanguinej Joannis Comitis de Caffellis, Domini Kennedie, Joannes M c ilveiane 
junior de Grwmett, Joannes Dik de Barbaftoun, Andreas Cunynghame in Knokdone, Quin- 
tinus Craufurde, Robertus Hay, Willielmus Kennedie, ferui et comites dicte Comitiffe pro 
tempore, per dictum Thomam Kennedie de Drummurchie et fuos complices captiui facti funt, 
et vt infra dicitur abducti, et in privatis carceribus detenti. Et propterea, dictum Thomam 
ad videndum et audiendum fe crimen Lefe-Maieftatis per decretum et cenfuram noftri Parlia- 
ment! et regni Scotie Statuum incurriffe ; et ideo, tanquam reum, Lefe-Maieftatis puniri de- 
bere, capitali et vltimo fupplicio ; necnon amiffione omnium bonorum fuorum, mobilium et im- 
mobilium, terrarum et tenementorum, que dictus Thomas in regno noftro Scotie habet, habere, 
vel clamare poterit, in futurum. Necnon, dictos Robertum Mure, fratrem germanum et he- 
redem apparentem dicti quondam Walterij Mure de Cloncarde, et Jonetam Mure eius foro- 
rem germanam, omnefque alios cognatos et confanguineos dicti quondam Walteri, ac tutores et 
curatores diet. Roberti et Jonete, fi quos habent, omnefque alios interefle habentes vel habere 
pretendentes, ad videndum et audiendum, per regni noftri Ordines in Parliamento noftro fupra- 
dicto decerni et declarari, quod dictus quondam Walterus Mure de Cloncarde fuit et eft reus 
Lefe-Maieftatis, vt qui fuit actor, factor, et perpetrator diet, criminum cum dicto Thoma Ken- 


nedie de Drummurchie modo et forina quibus infra dicitur. Pro QUIBUS eiufdam quondam 
Walteri memoria et fama damnari ct aboleri debet, ac eius omnia bona mobilia et immobilia, 
terre, tenementa, et omnia alia que habuit in regno noftro Scotie, vel habere potuit, ad nos per- 
tinere decemi debeat ; et quod ab eifdem dictus Robertus frater et Joneta eius foror, omnef- 
que alij ab eo defcendentes, debent excludi imperpetuum, propter rationes et caufas fubfe- 
quentes. Propterea quod in Parliamento noftro tento apud burgum noftrum de Edinburgh, 
in Scotia, vicefimo nono die menfis Julij, anno domini 1587, per nos et tres dicti noftri regni 
Ordines ftatutum eft, quod ft contigerit aliquem fubditorum noftiorum dicti regni Scotie, qui 
habet terras fibi hereditarie pertinentes, viz. vt vulgariter in dicto ftatuto dicitur ony landit 
man, fore legitime et fecundum juris ordinem, aliquo tempore poft dictum ftatutum futuro, de 
manifefto furto et vi rapine admifto, id eft Stoutk-reiff efTe convictos, incurrent propterea cri- 
men et penam Lefe-Maieftatis, hoc eft omiflionem et forisfacturam vite, terrarum, et bono- 
rum ; prout in dicto ftatuto apertiffime continetur. Sed fie eft in rei veritate, quod dictus 
Thomas Kennedie de Drummurchie, et prefatus quondam Walterus Mure de Clon- 
carde, cum fuis complicibus et confortibus, numero feptem, armis, machinis bellicis, et fclopis, 
prohibitis et lege vetitis, inftructi, et equis infidentes, dicto duodecimo die menfis Maij 1602, 
exiftentes Rebelles et ad cornu noftrum pofiti, prout per Literas noftras et denunciationem 
rebellionis clare conftare poterit ; et ex precogitata felonia dictum Thomam Kennedie de Coiff 
militem, imparatum et non-opinantem, ac iter facientem, vno feruo comitatum, a domicilio fuo 
de Coiff verfus dictum burgum noftrum de Air, ac inde profecturum Edinburgum negotiorum 
fuoruni gerendorum caufa, apud Capellam Sanctj Leonardi nuncupat. dimidio miliaris a dicta 
Vrbe de Air diftan. aggreffi funt, ac eundem invaferunt machinis bellicis ac lanceis transfix- 
erunt et crudeliter occiderunt, et furto, rapina, et vi furtum comitante, id eft le Stouth-reif, 
ex marfupio et crumena dicti quondam Thome Kennedie de Coiff predictam fummam bis 
mille marcarum in auro fignato, lie Roif-nobillis, et Fyve-pund-peices, Angell-nobillis, et 
Portingall-doucattis, violenter furati fnnt et abftulerunt, cum varijs annulis, gemmatis, ac 
alijs, et multis fibulis aureis diploidi tunice et femoralibus dicti quondam Thome confutis, ad 
valorem mille librarum extenden. Pro quoquidem crimine, coram Jufticiario noftro vocati, vt 
lege fubirent, contumaces facti Rebelles declarati funt, et ad cornu noftrum pofiti, prout per 
Literas noftras et denunciationem rebellionis fatis clare conftare poterit. Ac etiam ftatutum 
eft, per aliud actum Parliamenti illuftriffime memorie quondam Jacobi V. Scotorum Regis, avi 
noftri, tenti et inchoati, apud Edinburgh, vicefimo fecundo Januarij, anno 1538, quod fi quis 
combuferit aliquos in domibus fuis, reus Lefe-Maieftatis erit : Ac etiam, quod omnes Com- 
buftiones domorum vel granorum, et omnia Incendia voluntaria feu malitiofa, fiant crimina 
Lefe-Maieftatis ; idque in odium Incendiariorum, quos leges propter crimiuis atrocitatem 


feuerius plecti jubent ; ficut in eodem ftatuto plenius continetur : Quodqtiidem ftatutum in 
Parliaraento noftro tento apud Edinburgh, quinto die menfis Decembris, anno domini 1567, 
repetitum et renovatum eft, idque nierito crefcente in regno noftro Incendiariorura numero 
et audacia ; prout in dicto ftatuto pofteriori latius continetur : Skd fie eft, quod dictus Thomas 
Kennedie de Drummurchie et dictus quondam Walterus Mure de Cloncarde, comitati 
circiter quinquaginta armatis equitibus, per infidias obfiderunt iter dicte dilecte confanguinee 
noftre Jeanne Comitisse de Cassellis, proflcifcentis e domicilio de Inche in Gallovidia, 
in vicecomitatu noftro de Wigtoun, verfus aliud domicilium fuum in Villa de Mayboll et 
balliatu noftro de Carrik et vicecomitatu de Air, die xviij menfis Maij, anno domini 1603, et 
equis citatis in dictam dilectam noftram confanguineam, et eius feruos ac comites, impetum 
facientes, iter et viam publicam deferere, metu vite fue, compulerunt : Ilia autem cum refvgii 
caufa verfus Manfionem quandam de Auchinsowll, quam turn inhabitabat Duncanus Craw- 
furde de Auchinfowll, cum comitibus et feruis fuis citatis equis accurreret ; qui locus, cum ad 
effugium commodus videtur, et viderunt ex eo loco dilectam confanguineam noftram feruos 
et comites eius nifi dotno incenfa extrabi non pofie, illico illato igni domum et eius ambitum 
vndique incenderunt, e qua crefcente fumo et irrumpentibus flammis, ad extremum periculum 
ouines redacti, in maims dictorum Latronum Incendiariorumque dilecta noftra confanguinea 
cum fuis feruis et comitibus, deditione facta, captiui devenerunt ; ex quibus vnus, nomine 
Joannes M c grane, flammis fuperatus predictam domum combuftam egrefius priufquam refpi- 
rare potuerit, crudeliter et nefarie gladijs et machinis bellicis, a dictis Thoma et quondam 
Waltero et complicibus predictis crudeliter interfectus eft : Ac reliqui comites dicte noftre 
confanguinee, viz. Hugo Kennedy, frater germanus et heres apparens dicti dilecti noftri 
confanguinei et confiliarij Joannis domini de Cafiellis, Joannes M c ilveyane junior de Grwmett, 
Joannes Dik de Barbeftoun, Andreas Cunyngbame de Knokdone, Quintinus Craufurde, Ro- 
bertus Hay, Willelmus Kennedy, per dictos Latrones, Predones, et Incendiarios captiui facti 
funt, et eorum arbitrio abductj, et per eos in domibus, fortalicijs, et Caftris de Ardftinchell, 
et lie Coiff de Craignett, infra dictum vicecomitatum noftrum de Air, proditorie cuftoditi et 
detenti funt, per dies quindecim, aut eo circiter ; Nee ab ilia captiuitate liberati et redempti 
fuerunt, donee per fe et ndejuflbres fuos obligarentur, quod dictum dilectum confanguineum 
noftrum Joannem Comitem de Cafiellis, cui vt domino et hero fuo feruire tenebantur, omnino 
defererent, et fi fecus facerent, magnam pecunie fummam foluturos fe promitterent, compulfis 
etiam diris feipfos deuouere, fi contra fecifient : In quo, non folum Latrocinii, Stuthreif, 
Infidiationis viarum, ac proditorij Incendii crimine irritati funt ; fed etiam, proditorie Vfurpa- 
tionis autboritatis noftre reos fefe facerent. Ac vt hec omnia notoria fiant, idem Thomas 
Kennedie de Drummurchie ac dictus quondam Walterus Mure de Cloncarde vocati coram 


Dominis Secreti Confilij noftri refponfuri predicto proditorio crimini Ineendij et Captionis dic- 
tarum Hberarum perfonarum et liegiorum noftrorura et aliis fupramentionatis, cont umaces effecti 
funt ; Ac propterea etiam Rebelles nobis declarati et denunciati funt ; prout in Literis noftris, 
ea de re executioni mandatis, latius continetur. Quare, dictus Thomas Kennedie de Drum- 
murchie, per Decretum et cenfuram Parliament noftri et regni noftri Ordinum crimen Lefe- 
Maieftatis incurrifle decerni ; et ideo, tanquam reus Lefe-Maieftatis puniri debet capitali et 
vltimo fupplicio, necnon amiffione omnium bonorumfuorum,mobilium et immobilium,terrarum, 
et tenementorum, que dictus Thomas in regno noftro Scotie habet, vel clamare et habere poterit 
in futurum ; ac etiam per dictum noftrum Parliamentum et regni noftri Ordines decerni et 
declarari debet, quod dictus quondam Walterus Mure de Cloncarde fuit et eft reus dictj 
criminis, Lefe-Majeftatis, vt qui fuerit actor, factor, et perpetrator diet, criminum refpectiue 
fupramentionat. cum dicto Thoma Kennedy de Drummurchie, modo et forma antedict. ; pro 
quibus, etiam eiufdem quondam Walteri memoria et fama aboleri et damnari debent ; ac etiam 
eius omnia bona, mobilia et immobilia, terre et tenementa, et omnia alia que habuit in regno 
noftro Scotie, vel habere vel clamare potuit, vel prefatus Robertvs et Joneta agnati, cognati, 
confanguinei, et omnes ab eo difcendentes, habere vel clamare potuerunt, in futurum, ad nos 
pertinere decerni debent, et ab eifdem dictus Robertas nunc fritter germanus et dicta Joneta 
foror germana dicti quondam Walteri, et omnes alii ab eo difcendentes, afcendentes, collate- 
rales, et alii quicunque, excludi debent imperpetuum, propter rationes et caufas fuprafcriptas ; 
intimando fupradictis perfonis, et eorum cuilibet, refpectiue, quod fiue dictis die et loco cum 
continuatione dierum comparuerint, flue non, nos, dictufque nofter Jufticiarius in premiffis, 
jufticia mediante, procedemus et procedet. Insuper, citetis peremptorie, coram teftibus, 
Alanum Cathcart de Drumjowan, Petrum Algeo feruum Magiftri Jacobi Donaldfoun Aduo- 
cati, Dauidem Craufurde, Alexandrum Craufurde feruos Domini de Kerfe, Duncanum Crau- 
furde, Joannem Mure de Tarquyne, 1 Jacobura M c artour in Knokdone, Gilbertum Mure de 
Auchinfoull, Gilbertum Kennedy de Monunfioun, Artliurum Kennedie filium Dauidis Ken- 
nedie de Balfcheroche, Joannem Wilfoun in Dalrumpill, Archibaldum Gellis coquum, Hugo- 
nem Kennedie de Garryhorne, Allanum M c tir in Layne, Jacobum Gowdie in Lauderdall, 
Jacobum M c trutour in Traboyak, ad comparendum coram nobis dictoue noftro Jufticiario, 
dictis die et loco, cum continuatione dierum, ad perhibendum fidele teftimonium in caufa pre- 
dicta, fub pena legis. Et prefentes Literas debite executas et indorfatas earundem latori 
reddatis. Et vos qui prefentes executi fueritis, fitis ibidem dictis die et loco, coram nobis 
feu dicto noftro Jufticiario, portantes vobifcum fummonitionis veftre teftimonia infeript. pro 

1 In Act. Pari. IV., 269, he is described Johne Mure de Carquhene. 


premifiis vel ipfos teftes Ad quod faciend. vobis et veftrum cuilibet, coniunctira et diuifim 
vicecomitibus noftris in hac parte, noftram committimus poteftatem. Datum fub teftimonio 
noftri magiii figilli, apud Edinburgh, xiij die February 1604, et regni noftri Scotie tricefimo 
feptimo, anno Anglie, Gallie et Hibernie primo. 

The quhilk Summondis, with the executiounes and Indorfationes thairof, wer producit be 
the faid Sir Thomas Hammyltoun of Monkland knycht, Aduocat to oure fouerane lord, in 
prefens of the faid Erie of Montrofe, Great Commiffionar of this prefent Parliament, and haill 
Eftaittis of the famin Parliament, firft vpoun the tuentie fext day of Aprile laft bipaft ; and 
thaireftir the famin wes producit in thair prefens, and prefens of the Lordis of Articlis, upoun 
the tuentie aucht day of the faid nioneth of Aprile laft bipaft : Vpoun the quhilk tuentie aucht 
day of Aprile, the faid Sir Thomas Hammyltoun, Aduocat to oure fouerane lord, in his hienes 
name, paft Jimpliciter fra the perfute of the faid Robert Mure, brother germane and appe- 
rant air to the faid vmq le Walter Mure of Cloncairde, and Jonet Mure his filler, and thair 
Tutouris and Curatouris, for thair interefiis ; as alfe, pa&Jimpliciter frome the haill reffones, 
haill pointis and articlis contenit in the faid Summondis of Treaffoun, beirand and contenand 
as is abonewrittin, fua far as the famin extendis or may be extendit to the faidis Robert and 
Jonet Mures. Lyk as, alfo this inftant day, in prefens of my Lord Great Commiffionar 
and haill Eftaittis of Parliament, the faid Sir Thomas Rollok, Aduocat depute, in abfens of 
the faid Sir Thomas Hamyltoun, principall Aduocate, lykwayes paft Jimpliciter frome the per- 
fute of the faidis Robert and Jonet Mures, and thair faidis Tutouris and Curatouris for thair 
interefiis ; and alfe paft Jimpliciter frome the haill reffones, haill pointis and articlis contenit 
in the faid Summondis of Treaflbun, fua far as the famin extendis or may be extendit to the 
faidis Robert and Jonet Mures, and thair faidis Tutouris and Curatouris : Lykas, the faid Sir 
Thomas Hammyltoun, principall Aduocat foirfaid, vpoun the faid xxviij day of Aprile laft 
bipaft, had paft Jimpliciter frome the famin, ofbefoir, in prefens of the faidis Lordis of Arti- 
cles. Vpoun the quhilkis haill premifiis, the faid Robert Mure, for himfelf and his faid fifter, 
afkit Inftrumentis. 


No. III. 


From the Geographical Collections relating to Scotland, 
Collected by Walter MacFarlan of that Ilk, Esquire.* 

Carrick is a part of the shyre of Ayre, lying to the South and South-weft of Kyle ; 
from which it is feparated by the River of Dun, which hath its ryfe out of a Loch of that 

fame name, which is in breadth , 3 and has a Caftle in the midft of it, above Dal- 

mellingtoivne, a Kirk-towne in Kyle, .... miles ; and after many windings, whereby it 
makes Kyle and Carrick mixe and indent the one with the other, it empties itfelf into the 
Sea, within two myles of Aire ; yet fo that, at low water, there is fcarce the veftige of a 
River ; becaufe, in the broad and fpacious Sands, the waters of it are loft, having no chan- 
nell, to that people ufually pane alongft on foot and ihod, without any prejudice by water. 

It lyes in the forme of a triangle, whereof the North poynt towards Kyle, at the Bridge 
of Dun, is very narrow, being fhutt up by the Sea on the Weft part ; and the land of Kyle 
in the parilh of Alloiuay and Dalrimple, fhutts up the Water of Dun, on the Eaft fyde. 
The Coaft runs South-weft from the Caftle of Greenand, ftanding on a rock at the inlluxc 
of Dun into the Sea, untill the Poynt of Turnberry, whereon are to be feen the ruins of an 
old Caftell, of the fame name. From this to Girvan, the Coaft turns perfytely South > 
from which, turning South-weft till the Bennan-hill, from thence it turns again Southward, 
till Ballantrae ; on the South fide whereof, the River of Stincher runs into the Sea; 

1 It appears from a paper in ' Swinton's MS.' Adv. Library, being ' Ane Account of Ministers at and 
since the late Revolution,' (Jac. V. 7. 7.) that Abercrombie was an Episcopal Clergyman, who is there 
marked * Deserted — also outed by Mr Jo. Hutchesou's return,' the former Presbyterian Minister of ' My- 
ninbole.' ' Mr Alexander Fairwather, 1696.' * MacFarlan's MS. Geogr. Coll. Adv. Library. 

Jac. V. 4. 20. To the valuable and voluminous MS. Collections of that learned and indefatigable anti- 
quary and genealogist, the Scottish Historian lies under the deepest obligations, for the preservation of 
copious materials which, but for his zeal and industry, might now in vain be sought after. Himself of a 
very ancient family, (his descent in a direct male line being deduced from Alwinus the first of the old 
Earls of Lennox, ob. 1165,) he married Lady Elizabeth Erskine, daughter of Alexander sixth Earl of 
Kelly; but died, sine prole, in June 1767. 3 See ' Distances in Carrick,' in this Appendix, where 

Loch Doon is said to be six miles long and two miles broad. The various blanks left in this MS. are 
preserved here, so as to give Abercrummie's Account in its original form. Such observations as occur to 
the Editor, are thrown into foot-notes, or supplied in the text within hrn^Vo*o 



at the influxe whereof, there rifeth up a ridge of hills, which run ftreght Weftward to the 
mouth of Loch Ryan : and then the Coaft of Carrick turns to the South-eaft, up the fyde of 
the Loch. This Loch will he .... myles ' in hreadth, above the mouth of which on the 
other fyde of Glenap, toward the defcent of the hill to the Rins of Galloway, are the 
(Three) Standing Stones, which are accounted the March betwixt Carrick and Gallo- 
way, on that part ; from whicli Stones, Eaftward, this countrey is all alongft marched with 
the countrey of the Rins, and Shyre of Galloway, alongft the heads of the parifhes of 
Ballantrae, Calmonell, Barrc, and the parifh of Straton, which bords with (the) parifh of 
Carsfairne in the Stewartrie : But all alongft the March, it is a wild moorifh countrey ; 
and ther meets with Loch Dun, out of which iffues the River of that name, above mentioned. 

It is a countrey, which is abundantly furnifhed with all the accommodations of human 
lyfe ; and if it had iron, could fubfift of itfelfe, without dependance upon any other ; for 
though no fait be made in it, yet wants not the materials for making thereof, it being wafhed 
by the Sea upon one fyde, and well enough provyded of coal, at no great diftance from the 
Coaft ; and it is not fo much the fioath of the inhabitants that they have none, as the cheap- 
nefs of this commodity, both domeftick and forreigne. 

It is better fitted for pafturage than corns, yet it produces fuch plenty of all forts of 
graine, that it not only ferves its own inhabitants, but has to fpare to neighbouring places ; 
fo that from hence are yearly tranfported confiderable quantities of meal, both to Gallo- 
way, and the Fifliing in Clyde. 

It affoords alfo ftore of cattle, fo that great droves of cowes and bullocks are carryed 
yearly hence, both into England and other places of our own kingdome, which are returned 
again in filver and gold, which ufes to be very common amongft all the people, from Hallow- 
day till Candlemafs that the rents be cleared. And this is the fpeciall quality of the beefe 
that pafture in the moore-countrey, that the flefh is very fweet and pleafant, and the fat of 
them keeps foft lyke that of pork. 2 

It is very balanced with moore and dale ; for the one part that abounds with corne, fup- 
plyes the other place, which is for pafturage, with bread ; as they fournifh them again with 

1 In this, and a variety of other instances, the author has left Hanks to have filled up the proper measure- 
ments, &c, when accurately ascertained. * In ' a Memoriall of the most rare and wonderfull things in 
Scotland, London, 1603,' this fact is corroborated, in the following singular terms : " In Carrik are kyne and 
oxen delicious to eate ; but ther fatnes is of a wonderfull temperature ; and although the fatnes of all other 
comestable (eatable) beasts, for the ordinarie use of man, doe congeale with the cold aire ; hy the contrarie, 
the fatnesse of these beasts is perpetually liquid, like oil." Bellenden also, in his Translation of Hector 
Boece, has a similar notice — " In this region ar mony fair ky and oxin, of quhilk the flesche is richt deli- 
cius and tender. The talloun (tallow) of thair wambis is sa sappy, that it fresis nevir ; bot flowis ay be 
nature, of the self, in mane of oulie." — BeUend. Hist. I. xxix. 


beefe, mutton, woo], butter, cheefe ; and the whole countrey are fo fond of preserving ftore, 
that it is very rare to find any veal eaten here, but what is brought from Kyle or Cuning- 
hame. They have plenty of poultrey, hens, capons, ducks, geefe, and turkeys, at eafie 
rates ; and for wild-foul, partridge, moor-foul, blackcocks, pliver, no place is better pro- 
vided ; befyde, ftore of folan-geefe, in fo great plenty, that the very pooreft of the people 
eat of them in their feafon, at eafie rates ; befides other fea-fowles, which are brought from 
Ailsa, of the bignefs of ducks, and of the tafte of folan-geefe, and are called Albanacks or 
Ail/a Cocks, and Tarnathans, of which there is fo great a multitude about that Ifle, that 
when by a lhot of a piece, they are put upon the wing, they will darken the heavens above 
the fpectators. This Ailsa is a Rock in the Sea, in which thefe folan-geefe neftle and 
breed ; in which alfo there be conies and wild doves. It is reckoned as a part of the parifh of 
Daylie, belongs to ilie Earl of CaJJillis, and has the valuation of ten lib. land of old extent. 

By the neighbourhood of the Sea, which wallies the Waft thereof, for the fpace of thirtie 
miles, it is well provided of fifties, fuch as killing, ling, cod, haddowes, whyttings, her- 
rings, makrells : And by the three maine Rivers that water this countrey, viz. Dun, Gir- 
van, and Stincher, they be furnifhed with falmond, which be taken at the mouth of each 
of thefe in fuch abundance, as ferve both for the ufe of the countrey and to be fent abroad. 
The Lochs and other Rivulets have in them pykes, trouts, eels. 

No countrey is better provyded of Wood, for alongft the banks of Dun, Girvan, and 
Stincher, there be great Woods, but efpecially on Girvan ; whereby they ferve the neigh- 
bourhood, both in Kyle and Cunninghame, for timber to build Countrey houfes, and for all 
the ufes of hufbandrie, as cart, harrow, plough, and barrow, at verie eafie rates ; and the 
forts are birch, elder, faucb, poplar, afh, oak, and hazel ; and it is ordinary, throughout all 
that countrey, and every Gentleman has by his houfe, both wood and water, orchards, and 

The countrey is very well watered, for it has Dun, that marcheth it all alongft on the 
fyde next Kyle ; Girvan runs through the middle of it, and almoft divides it ; and Stin- 
cher, that waters the upper part, befydes feverall other leffer Rivulets, fuch as Muck, Dusk, 
and Tig, that run into it ; the laft whereof, is about a mile above the influxe of Stinclier 
into the Sea. 

The Lochs be Loch Dun, out of which runs the water of Dun ; the ftreame whereof is 
veiy rapid and impetuous, and is paffable by a bridge of one arch ;' but exceeding wide, 

1 The bridge so highly celebrated by Robert Burns's poem of Tasi o' Shanter. It may be remarked, 
that the hero of this inimitable poem was Thomas Reid, tenant of the farm of Shanter, which lies about 
a mile from Turnberry Castle, on the height above the shore, towards Kirkoswald. 


about half a myle above its influxe into the Sea. Loch Spalander, in which are excellent 
trouts, known by their blackifh colour ; out of which runs a small rivulet called Dyrock, 
which in its courfe paffes by the Church of the parifli of Kirhmichael, and paffes into Gir- 
van a mile below the faid Kirk. There be alfo other Lochs, fuch as the Dove Loch, Neili- 
Jlon Loch, and Heart Loch, all in the parifli of Mayboll ; the laft whereof is fo called from 
its fhape and figure, which is exactly that of a heart, fo formed by the rufhes growing round 
about it, and giving the waters the fhape of the heart. It lyes within a quarter of a myle of 
the town of Mayboll, to the South-eaftward. There be alfo Mochrum-Hill Loch, and Craig- 
dour Loch, in the parifli of Kirkofwald. 

It abounds with many good Springs of water, whereof I fhall at prefent mention four only, 
for ther Angularity. Two for ther copioufnes of water, both of them at Mayboll; on (one) 
at the North-eaft end of the towne, called My Lord's Well and Hough ; ufually it fprings 
fo abundantly, that no inconfiderable ftream runs from it ; yet in tymes of great droughts it 
fails : But the other, on the South-weft end of the town, called the Spout of Welltrees, is fo 
very plenteous, that, falling in feverall mouths through rock and ftone, it would, for its 
plenty and ftveetneffe, be accounted a rich treafure to the Capital City of the nation. An- 
other fpring there is, called St Helen's Well, or, by a cart * pronunciation, St Emus, for St 
Antonies Well; it is about a myle and ane halfe from Mayboll, on the road to Aire, a little 
North of Balachmont. It is famous for the cure of unthriving children, to which, at the 
change of the quarter, efpecially at May-day, there is great refort of people from all quar- 
ters, 2 and at a good diftance. A fourth is a fmall neglected fpring about the head of the 
Denines, in the forfaid parifli of Mayboll, near to a place called Penny glen s-CroJfe, famous 
for its vertue in curing cowes that are taken with the mure-ill ; for by drinking thereof 
they are healed ; and accordingly, it is carryed far up into the moore-countrey, by people, 
for this ufe. 

Though this countrey be (walked) with the Sea, for the fpace of 24 myles and upwards, 
yet there be no convenient Harbours or Bays, for receiving of Ships ; fo that none refort 
(to) it but fmall boats and barks from Ireland or the Highlands, and ther bell recep- 

1 Curt ; short. ■ This can unquestionably be traced as a remnant of the ancient superstition that 

miracles were wrought at Holy- Wells; which all the anathemas of the Reformed Kirk could not for a 
time obliterate from the minds of the common people. The records of the Kirk-sessions bear witness to 
the prevalence of applying to Saints' Wells for the cure of bodily infirmities, on stated occasions ; particu- 
larly, when the Saint or Angel was understood to ' move the waters.' Pins, pieces of the dress of the 
patient, or such small trifles, were left at the well — the remains, no doubt, of the offerings formerly made 
to the Clergy — and in token that the disease was transferred from the suiFerer to the rags, thus offered to 
the Genius loci. Numerous traces of this prevailing superstition could easily be cited. 


tacle is the broad Lands of Turnberry, and the mouths of Dun, Girvan, and Stincher ; 
and of all thefe three, Girvan is the beft ; and for the fifhing boats, they have no other fhelter 
but to draw them up the length of the water-marke, when they come afhoar, and then to 

them when the tyde puts them afloat againe. The (hoar is very well parted, all 

alongft, 'twixt Rock and Sand ; fome places a tract of open plain Sands, fome places high 
and fteep Rock, which is ever wafhen with the Sea. 

There be in this country fome veftiges of ancient occurrences, the hiftorie whereof 
not having been preferved by the Inhabitants, oblidges us to obferve them only, without giving 
any rationale of them. There is a little Acervus of earth, of a circular forme, with a big 
Stone erect on the middle thereof, within halfe a myle of Maybole, on the road to Aire, 
within the farme called St Murray. There is alfo upon the defcent of Broun- Car •rick- 
hill, near to the Mains of Blairftoune, a big Whinftone, upon which there is the dull figure 
of a Croffe ;' which is alledged to have been done by fome venerable Churchman, who did 
mediat a peace twixt the King of the Picts and Scots ; and to give the more authority to 
his propofalls, did in their fight, by laying a Croffe upon the ftone, imprint that figure theron. 
Of late there was a difcoverie made near to the Houfe of Bargeny, and juft oppofite to the 
gate of the new Avenue to this Houfe, a Sepulchre of fquare ftone, covered over with flag 
ftones, in which were found the bones of a man ; and at the place where his head was 
laid, an Earthen pott, in which the diggers of it found fome fmall peices of filver, whereof 
the Impreffion bore no letters that could be known. 

There is yet to be feen on the Coaft of Carrick, beyond Drumbeg, as you goe to Girvan, 
the veftige of a Camp and Fortification. But the moil memorable actions that are now 
remembered in this countrey, are domestick Feuds betwixt two great Families of the 
name of Kennedy, contending for precedence, viz. the Family of Cassilis and the 
Kennedys of Bargeny; thefe contending for the right of primogeniture againft the en- 
croachments of the other, who, by the intereft of his greater allyance with the Royale 
Familie, aflumed the preheminence ; which occafioned fuch animofities betwixt them, that 
the matter was difputed by thefe two Families, with their refpective friends and followers, 
in a pitched field, in a certain place within the parifli of Mayboll, called ' the Field of 
Pennyglen to this day. In which conteft many of both fydes were killed ; but the Family 
of CaJJilis had the advantage. Since which tyme the ftock of the Family of Bargeny 

1 Attributed by the vulgar (as is usual in this district in all such cases) to Sir William Wallace ; who 
having slept there, and laying his sword upon the stone, the impression of it was left in the morning ! 
Another veracious tradition asserts it to have been a dint of the sword of ' Wallace wight,' which accident- 
ally struck the stone, when he was eDgaged with a host of English foes, The Popish and the popular 
legends are equally credible. 


is extinguifhed ; fome branches of it being yet extant. The Manfion-houfe and principall 
parts of the Eftate being now poffeffed by Hamiltons. 

The Inhabitants of this countrey are of ane Irifh Original], as appears, both by their 
names, being generally all Mac's ; I mean the vulgar : And all their habitations of Irilh 
defignatione ; their hills are Knochs, their Caftles Ards. But (although) the great and al- 
moft only name amongft the gentrie have been Kennedies, yet their be befide them Boyds, 
Catlicarts, Ferguffbns, and Moores, that have been old poffeffers. But the later names that 
eDJoy fome the ancient honourable Seats of the Kennedies, are Hamiltons that poffeffe Bar- 
geny ; Whitfoords that poffeffe Blairquhan; and Craufuird that have Ardmillan. 
Yet the Kennedies continue ftill to be both the moft numerous and moft powerfull Clan. 
Befide the Earl of Cojfdis, their Cheife, there be Sir Gilbert Kennedy of Girvanmains, 
Sir Archibald Kennedy of Colarne (Colzean), Sir Thomas Kennedy of Kirhhill, Kennedy 
cf Belter/an, Kennedy of Kilherque, 1 Kennedy of Kirkmichael, Kennedy of Knochdone, 
Kennedy of Glenour, Kennedy of Bennan, Kennedy of Carlock, and Kennedy of Drum- 
mellan. But this name is under great decay, in comparifon of what it was, ane age agoe ; at 
which tyme, they flourifhed fo in power and number, as to give occafion to this Ryme, 2 


And lajgh down by the Cruves of C'hee, 
you shall not get a lodging there, 
Except ye court a Kennedy !' 

The perfons of men are generally tall and ftatelie, well limbed and comely ; and women 
are nowhere better complexioned. They are a healthful fort of people, and live to a good 
age, both Gentrie and Commons ; fo that theyufually have, in all their families, the Grand- 
father and Oyes. Some fee the fourth generation. And they all generally love eafe ; to 
which their foyle being for paflurage, gives them opportunities ; and they are, in poynt of 
indnftrie, moft addicted to merchandifing, by droves of cattle, wool, flocks of iheep, and 
commerce, with Ireland ; but feeme not fond of trading afar off, as having all neceffary ac- 
commodations at home ; but if they be tranfplanted from their native foil, they profper and 
thrive very well, both at home and abroad. Their «afe and plenty difpofes them to be un- 
ruly and turbulent, fo that the fervants are infolent, and all of them are but uneafie fubjects ; 

1 Kilkenzie. ! Sir Walter Scott has preserved this rhyme, from tradition, thus — 

' Twixt Wigton and the town of Air, 

Portpatrick and the Cruives of Cree, 
No man need think for to bide there, 
Unless he court Saint Kennedie !' 


fo that in the late tymes, Carrick hath been a fanctuary, or rather a nurferie, of Rogues, bear- 
ing arras againft authority, upon pretext of Religion. 

Iu this countrey Religion has had the influence upon the people to difpofe them to the 
founding and endowing many places for devotion ; for though their be but one Monasterie 
in all this countrey, viz. Crojfraguel, within two myles of Mayboll, Weftward ; which, 
befyd other revenue, enjoyed the Tythes of thefe five parifhes, viz. Kirkofwald, Daillie, 
Girvan, Ballantrae, and Straton ; which enjoyed the jurifdiction of Regality within itfelfe, 
to which all its vaffals and tenents were anAverable ; yet were there alfo feverall other pious 
foundations and dotations. There is the Munkland, ane 100 merkland of old extent, which 
is an appendage of the Abbacy of Melrqfe, and had a feparate Jurifdiction of its owne, for 
miniftring juftice to all the vaffals and Tenants thereof. Tlie Laird of Ardmillan, one of 
the vaffals, was heretable Baillie ; and upon the parcelling of his fortune, was acquired by 
Kennedy of Grange. 

There was alfo a Collegiat Church at Mayboll, the fabrick whereof is yet extant and 
entyre; being now ufed as t/ie Burial place of (he Earle of Cajfilis, and other Gentlemen 
who contributed to the putting of a roofe upon it, when it was decayed. On the North 
fyde of which Kirk, is the Buriall place of the Laird of Colaine, within ane Enclofure of 
new fquare-ftone, lately built. The Colledge confided of a Rector and three Prebends, 
whofe flails are all of them yet extant, fave the Rector's, which was where thefe low build- 
ings and the garden are, on the Eaft fyde of that which is now tlie Parfons houfe. The 
other three are the Black houfe, Ja. Grays houfe with the Orchard, and the Welltrees. The 
partimony of this Church were the Proveji (lands) and Prieff s-lands, in the parilh of Kirk- 
michael, which fell into the Earl of Caffillis hands, upon the diffolution of the Colledge, at 
the Reformation ; out of which, he as yetpayes, yearly, to the Minifter of Mayboll, the fome 
of 70 merks Scots. As for the Church, its prefent patrimony is out of the Tyth of the 
pariih, which before the Reformation was all poffeffed and enjoyed by the Nitns of North- 
berwick ; and on the diffolution of the faid Nunnerie became a prize to the Laird of Bar geny. 
Tlie Parifli Church ftands at a little diftance from the forfaid Colledge Eaft ward. It does 
not appear when it was built ; but the large Ifle, that lyes from the body of the Church 
Southward, and makes the figure of the Church a T, was built by Mr Ja. Bonar, Minifter 
thereat, in the reign of King Charles the Firft. Within the faid parifh of Mayboll, there 
have been other Chappells of old, as Kirkbryde on the Coaft fyde, whofe walls and yard be 
yet extant ; and within the lands of Auchindrain and elfewhere, there have been other 
Chappells, whereof the Rudera are yet to be feen. 

This countrey of old gave the title of Earle to Robert Bruce, the great affertor of 


the Scottifh liberty ; in right of whom it continues ftill to be one of the titles of the Prince ; 
and the freeholders of this Jurifdiction are the Prince's vaffals. This country is the ancient 
feat of the Kennedies, whofe principall dwelling was the Caflle of Dinnure, Handing on 
the Sea-fyde, in a rockie fhoar, in the parifh of Mayboll, an'd gives designation to a Baronie 
lying round about it ; but this being wholly ruined, their chief Manfion is the Houfe of 
Cqffillis, Handing upon a high ground, on the South fyde of the river of Dun, having the 
Wood of Dalrimple oppofite to it, on the other fyde, in Kyle, which gives it a very agree- 
able profpect of wood and water. The Houfe, in the body of it, is very high, having a fine 
ftone ftare, turning about a hollow cafement, in which are many opens from the bottome 
to the top, that by putting a lamp into it, gives light to the whole turn of ftairs. In the 
river they have cruves for taking of Salmond, and ponds to furnifh them other fifties ; and 
there be large plots of ground call into gardens, fenced about with ftone walls, exceeding 
high ; which yeilds good ftore of apricocks, peaches, cherries, and all other fruits and her- 
bage that this kingdome produces ; near to which ftands the hill ofDunrie, out of which has 
been digg'd a rich ore, and is accounted a filver myne. 

All the houses of the Gentry of this countrey are feated both pleafantly and com- 
modioufly ; being either built upon the principal Rivers, and the lefter waters that feed them, 
or upon the Sea-coaft. Thofe upon the Sea-coast are, the Cqftle of Grenand 1 and the 
Cove. The Greenand is a high houfe upon the top of a rock, hanging over upon the fea, 
with fome lower new work lately added to it, but never finifhed. It is too open to the cold 
and moifture, aryfing from the Sea, to be a defyreable habitation ; and has been defigned to 
be the owner's fecurity againft a furprize, rather than a conftant refidence. It is within the 
parifh of Mayboll. Not far from it lyes the Houfe of Newark, a good old Caftle, South-eaft 
from the other ; much improven of late, by the enclofing grounds for a park, and a well- 
planted orchard. The Cove is the Lairds of Colain's Manfion-houfe, ftanding upon a rock 
above the Sea, flanked on the South with very pretty gardens and orchards, adorned with 
excellent tarafes, and the walls loaden with peaches, apricotes, cherries, and other fruit ; and 
thefe gardens are fo well Sheltered from the North and Eaft winds, and ly fo open to the 
South, that the fruits and herbage are more early than any other place in Carrick. South- 
ward from this lyes the Houfe of Thomas- Towne, once the refidence of the Cory's, but now 
of M c Levain (Mackilveane) of Grimmet; a very pretty houfe, with gardens, orchards, and 
parks round it. Both thefe ly in the parifh of Kirkqfwald. The next, upon the Coaft, are 
to be feen the old Ruines of the ancient Cajlle of Turnberry, upon the North- weft poynt of 

1 " In this cuntre ar mony Strang CasteUis, richt strenthy, baith be nature and craft of men." — 
Bellenden's JBoece, I. xxix. 


that rockie angle that turns about towards Girvan ; and is perhaps that place called by 
Ptolemee Perigonium ; of a Greek origination, importing round the corner, and fuiting the 
Englifh defignation of Turnberry ; and that it cannot be Bargeny, as fome imagine, the very 
fituation of that Caftle and recentnefs of it will abundantly fhew. And to confirme this our 
conjecture, that rteg/yonov is Turnberry, from turning of the corner, a tradition amongft the 
people there, will not a litle conduce, viz. that near to this very Caftle, there was, of old, a 
Towne of the fame name, of which there is no veftige at prefent to be feen, but that they 
perceive fome remainders of a Caufeway ; and the reafon for this may be, the neighbourhood 
of the Port of greateft refort in all that coaft, at which the firft poffefTors have landed from 
Ireland, and fo might have fixed their habitation near to it, though now the place be but a 
tract of barron fands. 

Next to this is the Cajile of Ardmillan, fo much improven, of late, that it looks like a Pa- 
lace, built round, Court-wayes ; furrounded with a deep broad ditch, and ftrengthened with 
a moveable bridge at the entry ; able to fecure the owner from the fuddain commotions and 
afiaults of the wild people of this corner, which on thefe occafions are fett upon robbery and 
depredation ;' and to enable him the better to endure a feige, he is well provided of well in 
his court ; and a hand-mill in the houfe, for grinding meal! or malt, with which two lufty 
fellows fett a-work will grind a firlott in the fpace of ane hour. It is well furrounded with 
good corn-fields and meadow, with large parks for pafturage, and excellent good gardens and 
orchards that yeild plenty of apples and pears, and one more particularly, that for its preco- 
city is called the early pear of Ardmillan, of a very pleafant taft. In the year hap- 
pened a ftrange conjunction 'twixt a Jackdaw and a Magpie that paired together, built their 
neft, and brought forth ther young, refembling more the jackdaw than the magpie. 

Laft, there is the old Cajfle of Ardjlincher, which is moftly now ruined, but has been of 
old a vaft hudge fabrick, and ftands upon ane afcending ground, above the town of Ballan- 
trae, Eaftward. 

The Houses on the water q/"DuN, are Cqffillis, of which already; Achindrain, an high 
Tower, with laigh buildings, furrounded with good orchards and gardens, parks, and good 
corn feilds. The owner hereof is Moore (Mure.) Next to this is Blairtown, a ftone Tower- 
houfe, with lower buildings about it, furrounded with gardens, orchards, and parks. It lyes 
low, upon the water fyde. And then Bridgend* a pretty dwelling, furrounded alfo with 
gardens, orchards, and parks. All thefe three are in the parifh of Mayboll. 

1 The Laird of Ardmillan, of that period, was a zealous persecutor of the Presbyterians ; which suffi- 
ciently accounts for the glowing account given by Mr William Abercrumbie, the Episcopal Curate, of the 
beauties of Ardmillan Castle and demesnes. * This place is now called Doonside. 



Tbe Water of GiRVA'S, above the Kirk of Straton, is wyld and billy; but at the Clachwn} 
it opens into a faire pleafant profpect of plaine grounds. Next to it is tbe great Cajile of 
Blairquhan, tbe fyne building and hudge bulk wbereof, is a plain demonstration of the fome- 
time greatnefs of tbat Family; which, befyde their poffeffions in Carrick, had large terri- 
tories alfo in Galloway. It is well provyded with wood, covered with planting of barren 
• timber, and furrounded with large orchards. Next to it is Cloncaird, near two myles dis- 
tance, which is furrounded with gardens, orchards, and great ftore of wood. The third, but 
at a remoter diftance from tbe water of Girvan, is the Houfe of Kirhmichael, a pretty com- 
modious houfe, within a fliort fpace of the Church of the fame name ; betwixt which runs 
the Water of Dijroyh, above-mentioned, which foon fvvells with rains falling on the higher 
grounds, and becomes unpaffable on a fudden. The Houfe of Kirhmichael is as defyreable 
a dwelling as in all the countrey, having good gardens and orchards ; and was tbe firft in 
Carrick planted with apricocks and peaches. This orchard and Houfe is flanked on the 
South with a Loch; part whereof has been drained of late, and rewards the owner's induftry 
with good hay. The next is Dalduffe, on the South fyde of Girvan, a fmall Hone houfe, 
with ane orchard and good* come feilds about it. 

Below that, upon tbe South fyde and at lbme diftance from the River, ftands the Hoii/e of 
Barclanachan, 2 with its gardens and orchards, all which are furrounded by wood. All tbe 
water from this downward, till near Daillie, being fo covered with wood, that it looks lyke 
a foreft. And in a low ground below the laft, and nearer the water, ftands Drummellan ; 
and upon the North fyde of the River, below that, upon an higher ground, ftands the Hou/e 
of Drumburle, the Manfion-houfe of the Lairds of Drummellan. On that fame fyde, farder 
downe tbe water, ftands the Hou/e of Drummochrin, which is but a fmall intereft, but a moft 
lovely thing, being every way fo commodious and convenient for living eafily, that it is, as 
it were, ane abridgement of this countrey, having all the accomodations that are difperfed 
through it all comprized within its fliort and fmall bounds. It hes a boufe, not for ofteuta- 
tion, but conveniency, fit to lodge the owner and his nighbours. It hath gardens, orchards, 
wood, water ; all the fifties that fwim in rivers ; all fort of cattle, flieep, cows, fwine, and 
goat ; all fort of fowl, wyld and tame ; all manner of ftone for building, freeftone, and lyme- 
ftone ; and coall, moore, mofle, meadow, and marie ; a Wak-myln and Corn-miln ; and all 
manner of artifans and tradefmen within his bounds ; and yet tbe revenue not above an 100 
lib. per annum. 

Not far from this, downe the water, ftands the ftately Cajile of Dolquharran, tbe build- 
ing whereof is much improven by the additions lately made thereto, which make it by very far 
1 Kirk-town. s Now called Kilkerran. 


the beft Houfe of all that countrey ; furrounded with vaft enclofures of wood, that the coun- 
trey is not able to confume it, by their building and other inftruments. And amongft them 
there be oak trees of a confiderable fize, both for hight and breadth, that will ferve either for 
jeft or roofe of good houfes. Oppofite to this flands the Houfe of Mairejlowne, on the South 
fyde of the River. And Weft ward from it, the new Kirk of Daillie, which is of late erect- 
ed for the accommodation of the pariihioners ; being now centricall, whereas before, the fitu- 
ation therof was at the extreme Weft poynt of the parifh. Below this, on the South fyde of 
Girvan, ftands the Houfe of Brunjlowne, in ane open feild. Next to which, in the midft of 
a forreft, rather then wood, ftands in a low ground, near the brink of the River, the old 
Cajile of Bargeny, on the South fyde of Girvan ; which is ane argument of the fometime 
greatnefle of that Family ; being a hudge, great, lofty Tower, in the center of a quadrangular 
Court, that had on each of three comers, fyne well-built Towers of freeftoue, four ftory high. 
But the new Houfe, lately built after the modern fafhion, ftands upon a higher ground, South- 
ward of the old Cajile, which furnifhed materials both for founding and finifhing of the new 
Houfe. It is a mighty commodious Houfe ; and if any make a greater fhew and appearance, 
yet it lias the advantage of them for contrivance and accommodation. It is flanked to the 
South with gardens, very pretty ; and has orchards lying Weftward of it. 

About a myle downe the water, ftands the Cajile of Killochan, the M ai Jion-houfe of 
Cathcart of Carletowne, furrounded with orchards, planting, and wood. It ftands upon a 
higher ground that defcends Southward to the water, which is at a final! diftance from it ; 
and has, toward the South, a profpect of a pleafant plaine, where flood the Old Kirk of 
Daillie and Kirktowne, by which runs the litle rivulet of Polchapil, paffing Northward into 
Girvan ; on theEaft fyde of which, up toward the hill, ftands the Houfe of Pinkill, belong- 
ing to the Boyds. Weft of which lyes a high hill, called the Saueh hill, once memorable 
for the refort of people to Conventicles, where they built a Meeting-houfe of turfe and wood. 

On the North fyde of the River downard, and up toward the hill, about a myle from the 
River, ftands the Houfe of Trockreg, which belongs to the Boyds ; which family hath pro- 
duced two great men, famous in their generation, and great lights in the Church of God. 
One was James Boyd, Archbijlwp of Glafgow, 1 who maintained the honour of his character 
by a vertuous and exemplary lyfe, and ftrenuoufly defended the lawfullnefs of his office 
againft the infults of our firft zealots, Mr Andrew Melvin and his accomplices. The other 
was his fon and heir, 2 who, following the ftudy of Divinity, merited the Chaire in the Col- 

1 He was the second son of Adam Boyd of Pinkill, brother to Robert Master of Boyd, who was father 
of Robert, sixth Lord Boyd. * The distinguished individual here alluded to, was Mr Robert Boyd 

of Trochrig ; who had also had a chair in the University of Edinburgh. 


ledge of Saumure in France; and thence, was brought to be Principall of the Colledge of 
Glqfgow ; whofe learned Commentaries on the Ephefians are well known, and juftly had 
in great estimation. 1 From this, downward, ftands the Enoch ; and a little below that, there 
is caft over the River a Hone bridge. And near to the influxe of the Sea, upon a levell 
ground, high above the water, ftands the Kirk of Girvan, and the Par/on s hoafe, on the 
North fyde of the Churchyard. Oppofite to which, on the other fyde of the River, lyes a 
pleafant Links with a Conytvare ; 2 and at the foot of it is a Salraond filhing, at the mouth 
of the River, and a ftation for boats that come from Ireland or the Highlands. Southward 
from the Kirk of Girvan ftands the Tower of Balachtowle, a monument of the builder's 
folly, being railed five ftory high, without a ftairecafe, and no more but one roome in each 
ftory. It has neither garden or orchard, nor planting, but ftands in the midft of rich coin- 
fields. The builder of this Houfe, Boyd of Penkill, procured a patent for building a New 
Burgh at Girvan, whofe Situation and ftreets he defigned and marked out in thefe barren 
fands, on the South fyde of the water mouth of Girvan, and erected a pole for the crofle 
therof ; but his defign never took effect, not an Houfe being built there, fave (one ?) and 
that fcarcely within the compafs of the hounds affigned his Towne ; yet it hath four faires, 
one for every quarter of the year, that give the names of the Newlurgh of Girvan to thefe 
fandy knowes. Amongft which, there is one fpot that is not to be paffed without obferva- 
tion, which is called Knock- Ofliin ; upon which the Head Courts of this Jurifdiction are 
kept and held, and all the vaffalls compear there, and feems to retaine fome thing of the 
aucient cuftome of our Nation, that the King's Vaftals were convened in the feild, lyke a 
rendezvous of fouldiers, rather then in ane houfe for ceremony and attendance. 

The other principall River of this countrey is Stincher, which ryfes in , s and 

makes a pleafant ftrath in all its courfe ; in which are many pleafant feats of pettie here- 
tors, and fubftantiall farmers ; who, knowing the nature of the foyle to be fitteft for paf- 
turage, breed ftores of cowes, lheep, and goats, and live very plentifully. Below the ryfe 
of it, .... myles, the countrey opens about the Ballage, and affoords pretty plains on each 
fyde of the River, which is fomewhere again ihut up by the encroachment of fome litle hills, 

' Of the family of Boyd, also, was the celebrated Mark Alexander Boyd, who was born at Pinkill, 
Jan. 13, 1562. Sibbald, Prodr. Nat. Hist. — He was the nephew, not the son, of the Archbishop, being 
a younger son of Robert Boyd of Pinkill. Having accompanied John Earl of Cassillis in his travels, he 
died of a slow fever, Apr. 10, 1601, on his return home. See his Life by Lord Hailes, appended to 
Annals of Scotland, 8vo edit. Edin. 1819, III. 420. * Cuninyar, or rabbit-warren. 3 The 

Stinchar rises in the parish of Barr, 12 miles above the village of Colmonell. It continues a very rapid 
course, for the space of 26 or 27 miles, till it falls into the Atlantic, at Ballantrae. Several rivulets fall into 
it, in its course, particularly the AsldU, the Dusk, the Muick, and the Feoeh. 


and againe is dilated into broad plaine feilds, as at Dalherne ; l and fo makes pleafant 
hauglis, upon one or other fyde of the river, till you come to the Barre-hill ; upon the 
Southwell of which, ftands the Kirk of Barre, or Brown-hill, which is a new erection, for 
the conveniency of the extreame places of the old pariihes of Daillie and Girvan, and the 
dwellers in the remote corners on the borders of Galloway, upon the waters of Cree and 

From the faid Kirk, the trough of the water continues pretty open, and has pleafant dwell- 
ings, all alongft, upon each fyde of the water, as Antan- Albany? Dowlarg, Achinjbul, Ben- 
nain, 3Ionnucion, 3 for the fpace of three myles, till you come to Corfeclay, as that ftands 
upon the confluence of Muik and Stincher, the hills growing clofe and high upon the North 
and Weft thereof, leave the place open to the Eaft and South ; and then, running 'twixt two 
hills, is fhutt up by them upon the South and North, till you come to Daljarrach, which 
ftands upon the North fyde of the River, at the head of a pleafant plaine, looking Weftward ; 
below which, Stincher receives Dvjk : And juft above their meeting, ftands the old Cqfde 
of Pinwhirrie ; and up Dujlc a litle, ftands the Huttfe of Glen-Dufk, on the ryfing ground ; 
below which, lye large fields of excellent meadow ; and a myle upward, ftands the Iloufe of 
Kildonan, upon the Eaft fyde of the water. And below the influxe of Dujlc into Stincher, 
ftands the Craig, on the North fyde of the River ; and in a higher ground, and a litle downe 
the River, on the South fyde, ftands Dalreoch, on a ryfing ground ; but the hills upon the 
South come fo clofe upon it, and fo high, that they cover it from the Sun, in the fhort days. 
Anil a litle downeward, and in the low ground upon the brink of the water, ftands Bardro- 
chatt ; and juft above it upon the hill, on an afcent of difficult acceffe, ftands the ftrong 
Cajtle of Craigneil, which belongs to the Earl of CaJJillis, and gives designation to a Barony 
of land, lyand round it. Oppofite to which, on the North fyde, on a ground mounted above 
the water, ftands the Kirk and Clachan* of Calmonell ; and hardby it, the Hoiije of Kirhhill, 
which gives the title to Sir Thomas Kennedy, late Provoft of Edinburgh. A myle below 
this, ftands the ffoufe of Knockdolian, on the Eaft foot of Knockdolian Hill, the feat of the 
M'Kubbens ; about which is fhewen what art and induftrie can doe, to render a place, to 
which nature hath not been favourable, very pleafant, by planting of gardens, orchards, 
walks, and rows of trees, that furprize the beholder with things fo far beyond expectation, 
in a countrey fo wild and mountainous. This hill lyes North-weft of the houfe, and mounts 
up with a fmall top, as if it would pierce the fkies. It is the higheft of all the countrey; 
about the top whereof, when any mift is feen, 'tis the forerunner of foul weather, and is the 
Countrey-man's Almanack. 

1 Dalqubirne. * Alton- Albany. 3 Monuncion. 4 Kirk town. 


When the river of Stincher has paft this hill, it receives the Water of Tiff, about whofe 
influxe into it, are the remains of an old Church, called Innertig or Kirhudbright, the an- 
cient parifli Church of Ballantrae. Below which influxe _there is a pleafant haugh of low 
grounds, till the falling into the Sea, which of late has been quyte ruined and fpoyled, by the 
river's forcing its courfe out of its ancient channel, and breaking in upon the fame, that it is 
neither fitt for grafs nor corns. At the foot of this water Hands the Towne of Balantrae, on 
the North fyde, on a pleafant foreland, which fome years agoe has been much reforted to, by 
reafon of an Herring-fifliing, about the Chriftmaffe tyme ; but that has ceafed above 30 yeare 
paft. In this Towne is the parijh Church ; andinitan Ifle (Aisle), the Buriall-place of 'the Lord 
Bargeny. Oppofite to which, on the other fyde, there is a rich Conney-ware -, 1 and in the 
mouth of the River the beft Salmond fifhing m Carrick; all which belong to the Lord 

As to the Civill Jurisdiction of this Cuntrey, 2 it is a Bailliarie, and belongs heretablie 
to the Earl of CaJJillis, who exercifes his power by a depute ; and has the priviledge to ap- 
poynt his owne Clerk, without dependence either upon the Secretary or Regifter. The 
ordinary feat of the Courts of Justice, is at the Towne of May boll, on Thurfday ; though 
the meeting of their Head-Court be at a little hillock or know, called Knochqfliin, in the 
bounds defigned for the Newtoivne of Girvan? All the inhabitants of this countrey anfwer 
to this Court, both for civill debts and crymes ; except thefe who live within the precinct of 
the two fpiritualities, viz. the Regality of Croffe-Raguel, and tJie Regality of the Moncland, 
depending on Melrofe, above mentioned. But now, thofe being all united in the perfon of 
the Earle of CaJJillis, there are no feperate Courts held, upon that account, nor any privi- 
ledge pleaded for them, in prejudice of the Baillie Court. 

The Offices of Depute or Clerk, are advantagious polls to any the Earle beftowes them 
upon; for by the plenty of wood and water in this countrey, which tempt men to fiih and 
cutt ftob or wattles for neceflary ufes, they find a way yearly to levy fines, for cutting of 
green wood, and killing fry or fiih in prohibite tyme, that makes a revenue to thefe offices, 
and is a conftant taxe upon the people. 

1 A rabbit-warren, or cuningair; cunicularius. 2 The same author, at the close of his Table of 

Distances, which follows this article of the Appendix, makes the following remarks, under the title, 
" Jurisdictions in the Shire of Air. The Shire of Air hes in it three Jurisdictions, Koyle, CdnyNG- 
hajie, and Carrick ; all subject to the Sheriffs Court, which holds at Ail - , the head Brugh of the Shire. 
The Valuation of the Shire is Twa hundred thousand lib. There are very many Noblemen and Gen- 
tlemen's famelies here of richt good Estates and old standing. Severiall very remarkable Antiquities in this 
Shire might be noticed j but I leave it to a better hand. Only take what is before, from my own proper 
knowledge." — MacFarlaris MS. Geogr. CoU. Adv. Library. 3 See p. 172. 


In all this countrey there is not any Towncorporat, fiive one, viz. Mayboll, which is 
nether a Burgh Royall, for it fends no Commiffioner to the Parliament, nor is it merely a 
Burgh of Barony, fuch having only a power to keep mercats and a Magistracy fetled amongft 
them, in dependence on the Baron of the place. But here it is quyte otherwayes, for they 
have a Charter from the King, erecting them into a Burgh, with a Toune-Councell of Sixteen 
perSbns, for manadging the common concerns of the Burgh, with power to them to elect from 
amongft themfelves two Bailies, their Clerk, and Treafurer, and to keep Courts for main- 
taining order amongft the inhabitants, and to admitt Burgeffes of their Corporation. It is 
true, indeed, the Earle of Caffillis is the Superiour of all the land, whereupon the Town is 
built ; but they deny him to be their Superiour, in their Constitution as a Burgh, and difpu- 
ted their right with him. During the dependence of which action, he, as Baron, fett up a 
Baron-Bailie, to exercife authority over the inhabitants, and to leflen the MagiStrats' autho- 
rity ; but the people being poor and divided amongft themfelves, and the Earle being gott 
into the Government, upon the Revolution, they were forced to fubmitt and yeild to his pre- 

This Towne of Mayboll Stands upon an afcending ground, from Eaft to WeSt, and lyes 
open to the South. It hath one principal! Street, declining towards the Eaft. It is pretty 
well fenced from the North, by a higher ridge of hills, that lyes above it, at a fmall distance 
Northward. It bath one principall Street, with houfes on both fydes, built of free-Stone ; and 
it is beautifyed with the Situation of two Caftles, one at each end of this Street. That on 
the Eaft belongs to the Earle of Caffillis ; beyond which Eaft ward, Stands a great new build- 
ing, which be his granaries. On the Weft end is a Caftle, which belonged fometime to the 
Laird of Blairquhan, which is now the Tolbuith, and is adorned with a pyramide, and a 
row of ballefters round it, raifed upon the top of the ftaire-cafe, into which they have mount- 
ed a fyne clock. There be four lanes which paffe from the principall Street ; one is called 
the Bach- Venall, which is Steep, declining to the Southeast, and leads to a lower Street, 
which is far longer then the High chiefeflreet, and it runs from the Kirkland to the Welltrees ; 
in which, there have been many pretty buildings, belonging to the feverall Gentry of the 
countrey, who were wont to refort hither in Winter, and divert themfelves in converfe toge- 
ther at their owne houfes. 1 It was once the principall Street of the towne ; but many of thefe 

1 Tradition has preserved the names of a few of the chief of these residences. These are, 1. The Castle, 
belonging to the Earls of Cassillis. 2. The present Tolhooth was the town residence of the Lairds of 
Blairquhan. 3. ' The Black House,' which belonged to the Kennedies of Knockdone. 4. A large Man- 
sion-house, with a garden, which belonged to Sir Thomas Kennedy of Culzean; and was probably the 
house to which he was returning when waylaid by Auchindrayne and his accomplices. It now belongs 
to Mr Niven of Kirkbride. 5. A House in the Kirkwynd, which belonged to Kennedy of Ballimore. 


houfes of the Gentry being decayed and rained, it lias loft much of its ancient beautie. Juft 
oppofite to this Venall, there is another, that leads North-weft from the chiefe ftreet to the 
Green, which is a pleafant plott of ground enclofed round„with an earthen wall, wherein 
they were wont to play at foot-ball, but now at the gowffe, and byaffe-bowls. At the Eaft end 
of the principall ftreet are other two lanes ; the one, called the Foul Venall, carryes North- 
ward ; the other furder Eaft, upon the chiefe ftreet, paries to the South-east, and is called the 
Kirk- Venall, and is the great refort of the people from the towne to the Church. The houfes 
of this Towne, on both fydes the ftreet, have their federal gardens belonging to them ; and 
in the lower ftreet there be fome pretty orchards, that yeild ftore of good fruit. 

The Church is very capacious, well furnilhed with feats below, and lofts or galleries 
above ; the principall whereof is that belonging to the Earl of CqJJillis. On the Eaft end of 
the Ifle there is the SeJJlon Loft, well adorned with two rows of feats, a higher and lower, 
round about it, for the accommodation of the people, who are wont to be Catechifed in this 
apartment. The Schoole is upon the Eaft end of the Church, feperated from it by a par- 
tition of timber, wherein doors and windows open, to give them, not only a profpect into the 
Church, but opportunity of hearing at the greateft diftance. 

In this Jurifdiction there be nyne Churches, all of them built of good free-ftone, and 
covered with fkleit ; made fo capacious as to containe the people of the refpective parifhes ; 
and they are generally all of them very well endowed with competent maintenance, and other 
good accomodations for the Minifter ; having all of them tolerable good Manfes and gleibs. 

Thefe nyne Churches have fometyme been a diftinct Prefbyterie, under the name of the 
Presbyterie of Mayboll, which thereby appears to have been the feat thereof; which 
feems very reafouable, as being moft capable to lodge fuch as on that account lhould refort 
thither ; and having the prefence of the Magistracy to aflift and fecond the exercife of difci- 
pline. And of late ane eflay was made for erecting it anew, under the designation of the 
Presbytery; but there being difficulty to fatisfie the parties anent the feat thereof, it was 
let fall. All the tyme that they acted diftinctly, the Meetings were either circular, lyke 
visitations, or by turns, at Girvan and Mai/boll. The nyne parifhes are Mayboll, Kirkmichael, 
Straton, Barre, Calmonell, Ballantrae, Girvan, Dallie, and Kirhqfwald. 

6. ' The White Horse Inn,' which formerly belonged to the Lairds of Kilhenzie. 7. ' The Garden of 
Eden,' and the House to which it is attached, which was the residence of the Abbots of Crossraguel. 8. 
The House where Abbot Quentin Kennedy and John Knox held their celebrated Conference or disputa- 
tion, and is now ' the Red Lion Inn.' A great number of other ancient Houses are still extant, an exa- 
mination of the Title-deeds of which would show the proprietors to have been the principal Gentry of the 
district of Carrick. Enough has been noticed to show the ancient splendour of Maybole. Twenty-eight 
of these winter Mansion-houses can still be reckoned. 


The Parish of Mayboll is very large and populous, extending from the fea and wa- 
ter of Dun to the water of Girvan, about Daldvffe and Weft ward. Befyde the large church 
now ufed for publick worfhip, there be other religious places, fuch as the Collegiat Church, 
and Kirkbryde, and other Chappells, whereof mention is made above. The Lord Sargany 
is patron thereof, though he have fmall or no intereft therein. There be a great number of 
gentry living therein, who have pretty dwellings in commodious places throughout the pa- 
rifh, fome of which we have already named, and ihall remember them againe, in the general 
reckoning, viz. Dalduffe, Kilkeiznie, 1 Achinwind, Bogend, Smithfioivne, Monkioood, Don- 
trine, 2 Knockdone, Sauchry, Craigjliean, Beoch, Garrihorne, Dunduffe, a houfe on the coaft 
never finifhed, Glenayes, Greenand, Newark, Bridgend, Blairjloune and Auchindraine. 
Many of thefe are fweet, defyreable places ; but for the good building, gardens, orchards, 
and all other accommodations, Kilkeiznie is the chiefe, lying about a fhort myle South from 
the towne of Mayboll. 

The Parish of Kirkmichael lyes in length Eaft and Weft, and is a Menfall Kirk of 
the Bifliop of Galloioay, who is patron thereof. It ftands hard upon the rivulet of Dyo- 
rock ; has no Clachan by it. In this parifh are thefe houfes, Cqffillis, the manfion-houfe of 
the Earle of Caffillis, Kirkmichael, Cloncaird, Blairquhan, Kilmore, and Montgomeryjimie. 

The Parish of STRATOWNElyes Eaft and South, toward the ftewartrie of Galloway. 
The Church ftands upon a ground declining to the Weftward. The King is in poffeffion of 
the patronadge thereof, having dipt from the Abbot of Crojferaguel, to whom it feems to 
appertaine, becaufe the tyth 3 hold of that Abbacy. There be no gentry live here, fave Shaw of 
Keirs, and Shaw of Grimmet, toward the water of Dun. 

The Parish of Barre is but a late erection, for accommodation of the extreme parts 
of the parifhes of Daillie and Girvan. The Patron hereof is the BiJIiop of Dumblaine, in 
the right of holding the Abbacy of Crqfferaguell. In this parifh, below the Church, on the 
North fyde of the water, on the higher ground, ftands the chappell called Kirk-Dornine, at 
which there is ane yearly fare, and the cuftom levyed by Alexander of Kirkland. None 
dwell here but petty Heretors, in common ordinary houfes, as Doherne, Barre, Diamuchrie,* 
Antanalbany, Achinfoid, Bennan, Monucion, and Bellimore. It is of vaft bounds, reaching 
from Stincher to Galloway ; 'twixt which, lye vaft bounds of moorifh and barren ground. 

The Parish of Calmonell is of yet larger extent ; fome places in thefe moorifh coun- 
treys lying at ten myles diftance from the church. The Patron hereof is the Lord Bargany. 
In this parifh are feverall very good houfes for the Heretors refidence, as Corfeclayes, Dal- 
jarrock, Kildonan, Glendui/lce, Craig, Dalreoch, Craigneil, Kirkhill, Knockdolians, Knock- 

1 Kilheinzie. 8 DuDnearie. 3 Teiuds or titbes. * Drummurchie, or Drummurchtie. 



daw, and Carleton. Craigneil belongs to the Earl of Cqffillis, and Knockdaio to Bargeny ; 
fo they are no places of ther residence. 

The Parish of Ballantrae is of a great extent. Though the people be not nume- 
rous, the Clachan is pretty populous. The Patron hereof is the King ; and the Lord Bar- 
gany pretends mightily to it ; but upon examination it will be found to belong to the Abbacy 
of Crqffbraguell. The refiding Heretors are but few, and their dwellings are mean and 
homely ; being, Glenour, Bennan, and Carlock, and Glentig. There is neither orchard nor 
fruit-tree in it all ; and Ardfiincher, above mentioned, is North-eaft from this. A wynd-mill 
lately built. 

The Parish of Girvan is populous, lying contiguous to the fea, and the champaigne 
ground upon the water of Girvan on both fydes. The Patron thereof is the Bi/liop of 
Dumblane, in the right of the Abbacy of Dumblane. 1 The houfes of the gentry here are 
Ardmillan, Balachtotde, Troweir, Trochrig. 

The Parish of Daillie lyes, in length, Eaft and Weft on both fydes of Girvan ; more 
populous than fpacious. The Patron hereof is the Bi/Iwp of Dumblain, in the right of the 
Abbacy of Crqfferaguel. This parilb. abounds with gentry and manfion-houfes, all alongft 
Girvan ; which gives a very delightfull profpect to any, who from the top of the hills that 
guard the fcene, fhall look downe on that pleafant trough. They are Pinkhill, Killochan, 
Bargeny, Brunjlowne, Dalquharran, Mooreflowne, Drummochrin, Drumburle, Drummel- 
Ian, and Barclanachan. 

The Parish of Kirkoswald is pretty populous, becaufe of the coaft fyde whereof it 
eonfifts, and is all the pleafure thereof ; for the place of the Churches fituation is very ob- 
fcure and unpleafant, being 'twixt two hills, at the end of a bogue and marifh. The Patron 
hereof is the Bijlwp of Dumblane, in the right of the Abbacy of Crosseraguell. The 
fabrick of which Abbey ftands within this pariili. The Monks were of the Ciftercian order. 
The fituation thereof is no ways pleafant. The fabrick of the church is entyre, without a roofe. 
Much of the building is demolilhed, yet there be two towers ftill ftanding entyre, in ther 
walls. It Hands about mid-way 'twixt Mayboll and Kirkofwald. The houfes of the gentry 
refiding in this parifh are, the Cove, Tlwmafloione, Belterfan, and Balfarach, and Thrave- 
The two laft are obfcure countrey dwellings ; but Belterfan is a ftately, fyne house, with 
gardens, orchards, parks, and woods about it ; lying from Mayboll about ane myles diftance. 
The Cove is the manfion-houfe of Sir Archibald Kennedy of Colaine, and takes its name 
hence, that under the outer area of this houfe there be three naturall coves, which enter laigh 

1 It is stated both here and on the preceding page, that the Bishop of Dunblane had acquired the Abbacy 
of Crossraguel, to which monastery this patronage had formerly belonged. 


at the water mark. From the one they enter upward to a higher, hy ane eafie afcent ; but 
the entry to the third is more difficult, being both low in the entry and ftrait ; and in the 
higheft of them there is a fpring of very good water. 

No. IV. 


From a Paper in MacFarlane s Geographical Collections. 1 

Glenapjs in Galloway, in the waybetwix Chappel and Balintrae; betwix a place cald 
77(e Tkrie Standing Stains, whilk is in the hie way, and the faid Glenap, is 6 myl : And 
heir endeth Galloway, and beginneth Carrick. 

Carrick is 26 myl long, and 20 myl broad. Stincher is the firft Water theron, fol- 
■loweing the coaft fra Galloway. At the mouth therof, Balintrae, 3 mil fra the 3 Stains. 
This River Stincher is upon 20 myl long. Fra Balintrae is Knokdolean, 4 myl up, on the 
N. fyd. Therfia, Craigneill, 2 myl up, on the South or Weft fyd. Therfra, Kirkhil, 
6 myl, on the N. fyd. 

Then followeth, up the River (Stincher), DALjERAK,4myl; Penewharry, 1 myl; 
Corskleyis, 3 myl ; Kirkland, 3 myle ; Kirk-damnie, 2 a Paroch-Kirk, 1 myl ; Ald 
Knalbenoch, 3 2 myl ; Dochorn, 3 myl. 

Nixt followeth Girven River ; the mouth therof is fra Stincher 12 myl, Northeaft- 
ward. It (is) fum 18 myl long. At the mouth thereof is Girven, a lmall town ; and a Kirk, 
in the Weft fyd. 

Then follow, up, Trochrig, 1 myl ; Pinkhill, 2 myl ; Kellochan, 2 myl, upon the 
N. fyd ; Bargeny, 4 myl, on the W. fyd ; Bruntstoun, 1 myl ; Dochorro, 4 1 myl ; 
Drimmellan, 1 myl, on the N. fyd. Barclenachan, a myl ; Drymmochrin, a myl; 
Dalduff, 3 myl ; Kirk-Michael, a Kirk, 2 myl ; Cloncaird, 1 myl ; Blaquhane, 
1 myl ; Kirk of Straton, 1 myl. 

Dun is the nixt River ; which River is the March betwix Carrick and Kyle, of 14 
myl lenth. The mouth of it is fra the mouth of Girven 12 myl. It cumeth out of Loch 
Dune. Towns and Castles upon it ar : firft, at the Sea is Girven ; 5 1 myl up, is Brig- 

1 Advocates' Library. 8 Kirk-Dominie. 3 Altonalbany, or Altenalban. 4 Perhaps for Dal- 

buharran. 5 Greenan, frequently mentioned in the course of the preceding History. 


end ; : then is Blairstoun, 1 myl up ; Achindren, 2 myl up ; Monkwood is a myl 
above it ; Cassillis, one myl, on the Weft fyd ; therfra, ftill upward, Baroistoune, 1 myl ; 
then Keirs, 3 myl. Above that is the Loch (Dune), 6 myl long ; of breadth 2 my], fum 
places lefs. It hath an He, with an old Houfe in it, cald Castle Dune. 

Nixt is a fmall River, called Millanderdaill. It falleth in the Sea, betwix Girven 
and Stincher Rivers, and fliould be infert, be defcription, in that place. The mouth of it is 
4 myl fra Ballintrae. — Places upon it ar ; Carltoun, at the Sea ; then is Millander- 
daill, 2 myl up ; Troquhane, a Cartel, is betwix Girven and Dun, 3 myl fra the Sea, fra 

Maybole, the head town of Carrick, the feat of the Juftice. It is fra Ayre 6 myl ; fra 
Girven 8 or 9 myl, and fra the Sea 4 myl. Kilkeingeis, 2 myl fra Mayboll, juft Weft ; 
and fra the Sea, upon 2 5 myl. Baltessan, a myl fra Mayboll, to the South-weft. Gadi- 
horn (Garriehorn), 2 myl fra Mayboll, North-weft ; Knokdon, 3 myl Nord-weftward fra 
Mayboll. Dunduff, 4 myll Nord-weftward fra Mayboll. 

Divers Distances. 
Betwix Aire and Lanrik, in Clydfdail, ar 24 myls ; and Newmils-town 3 is midway - T 
Douglas-Castell and Lainrik, 8 myl ; Lainrik and Biggar, 4 myl ; Craufurd-Jhon 
and Biggar, 10 myl ; Craufurd-Lindsa and Biggar, 6 myl ; Biggar and Peebils, 12 myl ; 
Loudon Castell and Glasco, 12 myl ; Loudon and Hamiltoune, 13 myl ; Loudon 
(and) Lanrick, 13 myl ; Irwing and Lairgs, in Cuningham, 12 myl ; Cros-Raguel 
Abbay is fra Mayboll 2 myl, and Weftward fra Beltaflan, ^ myl ; Kilmaars, in Cuning- 
hame, is fra Irwing, 4 myl ; and fra the Sea, 4 myl alfo. 

The Loch of Minnok, in Galloway, at the head of the River of Cree, is fra the 
neereft part of Stincher River, in Carrick, 3 myl ; betwix the faid Minnok and the neer- 
eft part of the River of Dun is 6 myl. 

Head of Air River and Lainrik, on Clyd, 8 myl ; Ailze Yle is fra Aire 24 myl, and 
fra Ardmillan 18 myl. Now Ardmillan is fra Girven River 2 myl, on the Weft fyd 
therof. This Ardmillan is the neereft fhoar to Ailze. 

Cumnok castel, in Nithefdaill, (and) Crawfurd Jhon, 2 myl ; Town of Crawfurd 
Jhon and Castle Crawfurd Jhon, 2 myl ; Caftell Crawfurd Jhon and Biggar, 10 

Kyle beginneth after Carrick, following the coaft at the mouth of Dune River ; which 

1 Doonside. s This phrase, which often occurs, implies, nearly, — almost, — pretty near, &o. 

8 The Burgh of Newmills, the erection of which is descanted upon in the foregoing ' Description.' 


River marcheth it alongft from Carrick. It is betwix the mouth of Dun River and mouth 
of Aire River, upon which the town of Aire ftandeth, 2 myl. 

This Province is fum 24 myl long. 

The town of Ayre ftandeth on the South fyd of the River ; with a fair ftone bridge of 
ane arche, a good port, and much frequented. Lugdour River falletb in it 8 myl above 
the town, on the South fyd. Air River runneth for the moft part ftracht. S. Kebet's Kirk, 
4 m. up the water on the North fyd, and fra it fum two myl ; Achincrue, 4 myl up the 
River, on the North fyd ; Sundrim, 4 myle up the River, hard upon it, on the South fyd ; 
above Sundrim is Gaillard, 2 myl on the South fyd ; above Gaillard is Partik, a myl on 
the North fyd ; Etterkin, a myl up on the North fyd ; 2 myl higher up the River ftill, is 
Colsfield, on the N. fyd ; 3 myl up the River, on the South fyd, is Barskimmin ; Kings- 
clough is a myl up, on the N. fyd ; a myl furdir up, on the N. fyd, is Bulloch-myll. 2 

Toun, Castell, and Kirk of Mauchlin, is a myl fra Bulloch-myl, and a myl fra the 
River on the North fyd ; Sorn is above Bulloch-myl, 2 my!, on the North fyd ; Smiddie- 
Shawis is juft againft Sorn, on the uther fyd of the River; Kilmuils-croft 5 is above 
Smiddie-fhawis, half mill on the S. fyd ; juft agains it, on the uther fyd of the River, is 
Dergean ; 4 Dadillan 5 is lefs then half (a) myl above Dergean, on the N. fyd ; Wallwood, 
4 myl above Dergean, on that fame fyd; Mid- Wallwood, half a myl bier (higher) on the 
South fyd ; Ovir Wallwood, half a myl up, on that fame fyd ; Kemms, a myl up, on that 
fame fyd ; therfra, a myl up, the Muirkirk, a Kirk, on the North fyd ; above the Kirk, 
Ashie Burn, 6 a myl, on that fame fyd ; above that, the Spy-slack, on the verie fprings 
of the River ; fra which to Lainrick, the neereft part of Clyd, is 8 myl. 

Lugdour River, 7 as faid is, falleth in Aire River, 8 myl above the toun, on the 
South fyd. Thir ar dwellings upon it : firft, Affleck, s a myl above the joyning of the 
waters, on the North fyd of Luggar ; nixt above it is Ochiltree, 2 myl, on the South fyd ; 
then is Watersyd, a myl up, on the North fyd ; followeth Loch-Norries, half myl, on 
the South fyd; then is Torringen Castle (Torrinzean), on the South fyd, a myle up; 
aboue it is the toun of Cumnock, half a myl, on the South fyd. The Castle of Cum- 
nock is 4 myl fra the toun, and ftandeth upon the River of Nith ; but it is in Kyle, as al 
the Parifh of Cumnock is alfo. 

Following up Luggar River, nixt above the toun of Cumnok is Shankstoun, ^ myl, on 
the South fyd ; then is Temple-land, half myl up on the North fyd. Followeth, Logan, 
on the South fyd, half myl up ; Craikstoun, a mile, upon the N. fyd ; Barlannochan, 

1 St Quivox. * Ballochmyle. 3 Gilmillscroft. 4 Dalgain. 5 DaldiUan. 

8 Eschawbum. ' Lugar. 8 Auchinleck, the seat of the Boswells of Auchinleck. 


1 mil up, on the S. fyd ; Duncan-yeemer, 1 1 mile up, North fyd; Glenmuir, 1 mile up, 
N. fyd ; Dornel, 1 myl up, N. fyd ; Kevil, 1 myl up, S. fyd ; Cruick, half mile up, S. fyd ; 
Dalblair, ovir aganis Cruick ; Glenmuir-Shaw, 2 mile up, at the head of the River. 

It is 4 mile betwix the head of this River and the head of the River Aire ; and upon 12 
mile fra the neareft part of Clyd, whilk is Cornes, 2 mile fra Lainrick. 

Followeth the River Irwing, which devydeth Kyle from Cuninghame. 

Irwing toun is on the North fyd therof, at the Sea, with a fair ftone bridge. Heir is a 
convenient haven for (hips. Following the River up, on both fydes, is thus. Craig, 2 mile 
up, on the North fyd ; Dreghorn, 2 mile furdir up, on the S. fyd ; Achans, 2 myl up, S. 
fyd ; Cragie Wallace, 4 mile up, S. fyd ; Ellerslie, 2 mile up, on the S. fyd ; Caprin- 
toun, 2 mile up, S. fyd ; Ricardtoun, 2 mile, S. fyd ; Kilmarnock, a town, ovir agains 
Rieardtoun, the Rivers running betwix them ; the Dinn, 2 above Kilmarnock, 1 mile, N. 
fyd ; Crawfurdland, 1 mile furder up, N. fyd ; Sloss, 3 hard by, on that fame fyd ; 
Rowallex, 2 mile up, on the N. fyd, from the River, 2 mile ; Damisternock, 2 mile up, 
on that fame fyd ; ovir againis it on the uthir fyd, Haning, 4 but 2 mile fra the River. 

Kirk of Gastoun, 4 mile above Damisternock, S. fyd ; Barb, hard by, on the fame 
fyd ; Sesnock, 5 hard by, alfo on that fame fyd ; Gaston Castle, 6 1 mile above the Kirk, 
on the S. fyd ; Lowdoun Castle, ovir aganis Gaftoun, on the N. fyd, and a myl up the 

Neivmils, toun, Kirk, Caftle, a mile above Gaston, N. fyd ; Bankheid, 2 mile up, N. 
fyd ; Braidlie, 1 mile, N. fyd. 

The Hill called Lowdoun-hill is the head of this river, joyning cloas to Clydsdaill. 

Sessok River falleth in Irwing River, 8 mile above the town of Irwing, at the place 
called Sefnock, on the S. fyd ; above Sefnock is Carnel, 4 mile, on the Weft fyd ; above 
it Brighous, 1 quarter mile, on the Weft fyd ; nixt to it is Killoch, 1 mile up, on that 
fame fyd ; upward on the River is Fouler, 1 mile, North fyd. 

After, on the River, is Achmannoch, 2 mile, on the North fyd ; Sefnock River ryfeth 
as far up as Irwing River. It (is) 4 mile betwix the fprings of thir two Rivers. 


Following the coaft northward fra Irving, is Garnock River, 1 myle fra Irving : and 
fra Garnok, 3 mile, is Kyle River. Caf River runneth in Garnok, 3 myle above the fea. 

Eglintoun, in Cuningham, is fra Irving toun 2 mile, (hort ; and fra the fea a myl and a 
half. Kilwinning is fra Irwing 2 myle ; and fra Eglintoun a fhort myle. 

Cuninghamhead, fra Irwing, 4 myle Eaft. 

1 Dtmcanziemuir. * Dean. 3 Asloss. 4 Haining. 5 Cesnock. 6 Galston Castle. 


It is fra Irwing, whair Cuninghame beginneth, to the end therof, viz. Skelmorlie, of 
coaft, 15 mile. 

Arnok (Annock) River fals in Garnok, 1 a mile above Eglintoun, on the South fyd. It 
runs fra the Eaft. Ther is theron Cuninghamhead, 2 myle fra Eglintoun, and 4 fra Irwing. 
Above it, upon that river, is Leinsha, 2 juft agains a prettie green hill, cald Caftletoun Green- 
hill ; Leinfha on the N. fyd. Furdir up, half a myle, on the North fyd, Stuartoun Kirk. 
Juft agains the Kirk, on the other fyd, is Lochrige. Half a myle North fra the Kirk, and 
fra the River, is Corsell ; 3 betwix the Kirk and Corfell is Cochelvey ; and betwix them 
is Chapil-burn, with a bridge. North fra Corfell, another bridge on Chapill. 

Pokelly on the South-eaft fyd of Amok, 4 1 myle; and £ myle fra the River; and fra 
Steuartoun Kirk, 2 myle. Up the River fra the faid Kirk, on the South fyd, is one myle, 
Robertland ; South-eaft therfra, viz. fra Robertland, juft by it, is Swinstie ; up the Ri- 
ver, on the North fyd, above it a myle, is Blacklaw- hill, a great hill. The fprings of the 
River cum fra it about a myle. South-eaft fra Blacklaw-hill, a myle, is Carnhill, at 
the head of the River ; whilk River Arnok comes out of the Black-loch, i myle above 
Carneliill. Black-loch, £ myle long, f myle broad, and ± fra the Whyt-loch, South fra 
it, Black-loch being North. 

Whit-loch, 1 myl long, half myl broad ; between them half myle Carcartii water 
runs out of Whit-loch. Forenent Carneliill is Drumbuy-hill, due South. 

Lugdoun Water 5 is hard by Eglintoun, on the North fyd therof. It runs in Garnock, 
a myle fra Kilwinning, and a myle and half fra the fea. It hath a ftone brig, a myle fra Kil- 
winning, als much fra Irwing ; midway, Garnock his courfe bendeth North-weft. 

Upon Garnock, following up the River, are, Kilwinning, North fyd, 2 mile fra the fea. 

Montgrenan, half a myle up, above theuther, Southsyd, Woodsyd, NoRTHSYD,juft 
agains Mongrenan. Blair, on the S. or E. fyd, 4 myle fra Kilwinning. Achinhervy, 2 
myle South fra the river, 4 myle fra Irwing. 

The Tour, W. fyd, 4 myle fra Irwing. 

The Kirk of Dery (Dalry), 5 myle fra Irwing, and half myl above the joining of 
Garnok and Caf Rivers ; and the River Ry runs in Garnok, 1 quarter myle, above the Kirk, 
on the North fyd. Ry cums fra the Nord-weft, with a great crook Carsland is on Gar- 
nok, 6 myl fra Irwing, Eaft fyd. Kilburnie, 6 a myl fra Garnok, on the North fyd, befyd 
the Loch Kilburnie, a myl therfra. 

1 This is an obvious mistake. The river here alluded to, no doubt, is the Annock ; which, however, 
does not fall into the Garnock, but into the water of Iuvine. s Lainshaw. 3 Corsehill. 

' Annock. s Lugton. 6 Kilbirnie, or Kilburnie. 


Irwing River cums fra Loudon-hil], 10 myl long. 

Saltcoats, a toun and harbour, 3 myl fra Irwing, N.N. Weft. 

Stinstoun, (Steinfton or Stevenftoun,) a myl Eaft therfra, up in the land. Kellylaw, 1 
1 myle Eaft therfra : It is 4 myle fra the Kirk of Kilburnie ; it hath a Loch of a myl long, 
Eaft half a myl fra it. 

A myle fra Saltcoats is the mouth of Stainlie-burn. A myle more North, be the 
coaft, is Minfod-burne. 2 Upon it, Minfod, 1 quarter myle fra the Sea, N. fyd. Nixt, 
a myle, is Gorat-burne, 6 myle fra Lairgs. A myle therfra Sea-mil-burn. 

Poynt of Paincors, 4 myl fra Lairgs ; and fra the Sea-mil-burn a myl. Heir there is 
a poynt runs Nord-weft in the Sea, a large myl ; on the poynt thereof ftandeth the Castle 

Following the Coaft, twa my], is Hunterstoun ; and here you touch the fea agayn, in 
the way to Largis. Therfra the coaft falleth ftraicht Nord-eaft to Lairgis. 

No. V. 


In the ower (viz. upper) pairtt (of Galloway), quhilk is callitt the Reynis, the Erll 
of Caiffillis hes fair landis and poffeffionis, and findry off his name and dependaris thairoff. 
This cuntry takis the name fra the firft inhabiteris thairoff, quha wes Priganis, and of tbame 
callit Briggatia (Brigantia), and now callit Galloway. 

Nixt Galloway lyis Carrick ; the name fra King Carrataik, quha buildit of auld ane 
toune thairin ; the quhilk was, efter his name, callit Carrik. Sum thinkis that this cuntry 
wes nemmitt this way, efter the Queine Carramantis ; quha remaynit in the fam pairtt, 
efter the deith of hir hufband, Eugeneus, quha wes bureyit quhair now the Abbay of 
Corsragull ftandis ; quhilk fcho builditt, for luiff of hir hufband. Throw this cuntry, thair 
rinnis tua watteris, Stenfar and Gimvand ; and Done dewydis this cuntry from Kyill. In 
this cuntry the Name of Kennedy ar principall, the Erll of Caiffillis, Bargany, and 
Blairquhanne, with mony Baronis of that name. Thair beginning com out off Yrland 

1 Kerrilaw, now called Grange. s Monfode-burn. 'Anon. Hist, of Scotland, MS. Advocates' 

Library, A. 4. 35. 


in (to) the Yllis of Scotland ; qubair the Lord of M c kleane yit remaynis, quha alledgis him 
felff to be the Scheiff and eldeft Hous. Thair name had at the beginning, about King Al- 
lexanderis the fecund's ring.' 

No. VI. 


From " Sib James Balfour, Lyon King at Amies', Collection on tJie fevered Shires, 
Original!, with considerable additions by Sir Robert Sibbald, under his hand."" 

Carricke, the Southmoft pairt of tbe Sheriffdome of Aire, and one of the four BaUiries 
tberof; in the which the Earle of CaJJiles is heretable Baljie. The grateft Clane of this 
Sbyre ar the Kennedies, cadit 3 of the Houffe of CaJJiles ; which Houffe, as they them- 
felues imagynne, ar iffhewed out of Irland, from the ftocke of the Earle of Thomound. The 
gratenes of this Family did begin to appeire aboute fome 304 yeiris fince, regno Roberti I. 

Ther is no Record extant quhat Surnames hes bene grateft in this Prowince, of old ; bot 
the moft ancient gentrey, now poffeffors theroffe, ar, 

Cathcarts, difcenditt of the Houffe of Carltone, 

Fergusons, of the Houffe of Kilkerrane, 

Corries, of the Houffe of Kelwood, 

Mures, of the Houffe of Muchemarrane, 4 

Shawes, of the Houffe of Keires, 

Mack Allexander, of the Houffe of Corftrye, and 

Mackilvands, of the Houffe of Grimmat. 


This countrey is feperat, one the Northe and Northe-eift, from King's Kyle, by the vatter 
of Dune, iffeuing from the grate Loch Dune ; in the which laicke ther is ane litle Iylland, 
of a grate rocke, quherone is feated a very ftrange 5 Castele, of old belonging to the Croune, 
bot now poffefid by the Earls of CaJJiles. One the Southe and South-eaft, it borders on 

1 Reign. 2 MS. Advocates' Library, M. 6. 15. No. 2. 3 Descended ; sprung. ' There is no doubt 
that this is a mistake of the transcriber, for ' Auchindrane,' or ' Monyhaoane.' ' Strang; strong. 

2 A 


the Shriffdome and countrey of Gallway ; and one the Weft, for the f'pace of 28 mylles, is 
wafcht with the Irifch Occeane. 

The molt pairt of this fhore is rockie, yeilding no commodious harbrey for fhipes ; yet 
induftrey might yeild tuo, at the mouuths of the Riuers Giruane, and Stincher. All 
this coaft abounds with quhyt fifches, angled in the adiacent Sea, which aboundantly femes 
the quhole Prouince. 


The Latitude of this Prouince exceids not, at the molt, 14 myllis ; and betuix the mouthe 
of Geruane and Stincbear, 10 myites. Both thir Riuers hes ther fours in this countrey ; 
Garuene, from a Loche of the fame name; and Stinchear, from a fmall fontaine. They runne 
throw the breid ' of this Prouince, with maney meanders and turninges, ftill increffing ther 
ftreames by the in-falling of maney fmall brookes and vatters, befor they fall ' in the Irifch 
Sea. They yeild grate plenty of Salraonds, to the grate benifitt of the inhabitantis. 

The haill colt layand to the Sea, is for the moft pairt arrable land, and fruitfull of all fort 
of graines ; planted with the Castell of Dunvre to the North, a grate and plefand 
ltronge Houffe, the moft ancient habitatione of the Surname of Kennedy, Lairds of Dun- 
vre, now Earles of Caffiles. The Castell of Ardstinchear, to the South, ane olde and 
ftronge habitatione of the Lairds of Barganey. Betuix theffe ar the Housse of the Coue, 
buildid with grate colte and expenffe, fome 40 5eirs agoe, by Sir Thomas Kennedy of Cul- 
zeane, Tutor of Cajfiles. It is lituat on a Coue below, haiueing a rocke aboue, quheron it 
is faitted, and (from quhich it is ?) denominatted. This Coue is open to the Sea, of ane large 
extent ; vithin quhich formerly hes beine a werey ftrong hold, befor cloffe with grate vin- 
dowes and grattes of irone, contening vithin aboute the fpace of a paire of buttes, with a fon- 
taine of freche vatter. 

Ther is alfo one this coaft the Housse'S of Ardmillane and Thojiastone, the habit- 
ations of the Goodman of Ardmillane and the Laird of Kelwood. 

That pairt of the countrey touards the North, betuix the Riuers Garuane and Dune, is, 
for the moft pairt, valley, arrable ground, planted with tuo Parifch Churches, viz. Mayboill, 
and Kirkosuald. A pendickele of the Paroche of Maybole is Kirkbryde. 

[Religious Houses.] 

Tuo Monafteries ar featted in this Prouince ; Corsreguall, fometyme a Cell of the 
Abey of Pafley, founded by Duncane Mack-oneill, Earle of Carricke, in annojalutis 1246 ; 

1 Breadth. 


and the College of Maybole, founded by Sir Gilbert Kennedy, Laird of Dunvre, for 
a buriall-place. 

One that fyde of the North of Carricke that layes touards the River Dune, ar diuers 
plefaunt duelling-Houffes of Gentlemen ; hot in fpeciall, the place of Cassiles, lyand 
vithin 2 myles to Mybole. 


The entry of this countrey touards the North, ouer the Riuer Dune, is by a bridge of 
one arche, of a grate heighte, and of fome 82 foote wyde. 

Wpone the heighe-way, betuix the Burrowes of Ayre and Maybole, the Riuer of 
Geruane glydes, betuix plefant, lairge, and fruitfull wallages, abounding with colles and 
pettes, 1 the ordinary fewell of the inhabitants. This Riueris boundis is beutified with 4 Pa- 
rochial Churches, Stratone, Kirk-Michaell, Dailie, and Garuene. Neir the mouth 
of this Riuer ar maney ftronge Castells, as Barganey, Blairquhaine, Dalquhar- 
rane, Killwquharrane,* with many vther grait ftronge Houffes, one eurey myle of the 
fyde Riuer. One it ar alfo feated tuo villages ; Stratone, neir the heid of the Riuer, neir 
to Stratone-Kirke ; and Garuene, at the moutbe, neir a Church fo named. This Riuer is 
ouerpafled at 3 feuerall places one free-ftone bridgges, and one of woode. Nixt the wal- 
leges, adioyning to the faid Riuer, ar adiacent little pretty greine hilles, intermingled with 
fome hadder and moffe. 

The Riuer of Stinchear lies its trouche 3 narrowe. The wallages one either fyde 
ftraitter, aryfing one both handes with greine hilles, exceideing fruitfull of graffe, and ftored 
with beftiall ; on quhofle boundes Paroche Churches ar found, tuo, viz. Colmoneill, and 
Balintrea ; and a Chapell, called Kirkdinine (Kirkdominie) ; with the Castell of 
Craigneill, belonging to the Earl of Cqffiles ; and maney commodious habitations of ftone 
houffes, for the countrey Gentlemen. At the entry therof is the Castle of Stinchear ; 
with a litle willage, callid Balintrea, quhair tbair is a gi'ate take of falmonte ; and, in the 
begining of February, a grate take of herringes, code, and fkait ; which femes the quholl 
Shireffedomes of Aire and Vigtoune, and als fends a werey grate quantitey of them abrode, 
to Ingland, France, and Irland. 

This Riuer can not be ouerpafled' 1 in diuers pairts bot by boate, and that not without dan- 
ger, in refpect of the violent current of the ftreame, which often changes her ufuall and vount- 
ed channell ; by reflbne of which impetuofitey, it admitts no bridges at all. 

The Southe pairte of the countrey, from the Riuer Stinchear to Gallouay, callid the 

1 Coals and peats. % A mistake of the transcriber for ' Killwquhatine,' {KiMochen or Kittoquhen.) 

3 Trough ; bed ; channel. 4 Crossed ; passed over. 


Mores of Carricke, confid of moures, medowes, loches, vafhffes and moffes. The quholl 
countrey is fomequhat heighe, confiding of greine fuelleing hilles and donnes, without anney 
grate montane or rocke, quhence it comes that it is wounderfull wfefull in padorage, fuarm- 
ing vith grate heards of catell and fheeipe, and abounding with diuers kynds of wyld-foule. 

Ther is no Royall Brughe in this Prowince. Only Mayboll is a Burghe of 
Barroney, enuironiug the Collegiate Churche ; popoulus, in refpect of the ther refeiding of the 
Earle of Cafiiles and his frindes, being lykewayes the ordinar place of juftice. 

Betuix the mouuthes of the Riuers Dune and Geruane, ther wes anciently a ftronge and 
veill fortifyed Toune and Caftle, featted one ane creike or inlett of the Sea, called Turn- 
berrey, raced 1 to the ground by King Robert I., lie being Earle of this Prowince by heredi- 
tary fucceffione ; all now over-blawin with fand ; only fome wediges of the citadell as yet 


No Monuments of Batells to be feine in this couutrey ; except neir the rubbidge of ancient 
Turneburrey, alongs the cofte, betuix a litelle promontorey and the Sea, ther is 3 werey grate 
heapes of danes, called wulgarley the Kernes 5 of Blackinney, being tbe name of the village 
and ground. At the Suthermoft of tbir 3 cairnes ar ther 13 grate tale 3 ftanes, Handing vpright 
in a perfyte circkle, about fome 8 ells ane diftant frome ane other, vith a grate heighe ftane 
in the midle, wich is wevily efteemed be the mod learnid inhabitants to be the buriall place 
of King Caractacus ; being mod probable, in fo far as Hector Boetius fayes that this King 
wes interrid in Carricke, quherin he remained during the mod pairt of his rainge ; and that 
from him this countrey wes named Carricke ; and that thir daines, his monument, ar as yet 
danding neir the Toune of Turnburrey, wich wes quedionles the ancient Carrictonium. 4 
This fame coniecture is fo muche the more probable in that, that King Galdus that fuccidit 
him (I meine Caractacke) his buriall place is yet knauin, within 3 mylles to the Toune of 
Vigtoune in Galloway, wich is after the fame forme, being 19 doinnes in compas, and 3 in the 
midle ; wich then hes beine the mode honorable forme of Buriall, befor Churches and Churche 
yairds wer defeigned places of fepulture. 

Ther hes beine in diuers pairts of this countrey Fortes, intrinched, and ditched double ; 
vithin the compaffe of wich, is ther as yet to be feine the mines of Cadells and vails, wich 
appeirs by the grate heapes of ruines and rubbidge ther to be veiued. Of wich ther ar tuo 
mod worthie of note ; one callid Dunveine, vpone the heights betuix the Riuers of Genuine 
and Stinchear, aboute a myle from the Sea ; to wich no approching could be, frome aney 

1 Razed s Cairns. 3 Tall. 4 " In Carrik wes sum time ane riche citie, under the same 

name ; quhais ruinus wallis schawls the great magnificence thairof." — JBettenden's Boece, I. xxis. 


hand, vnefeine. The vther is in the lands of Dhumgairloche, betuix the mouthis of the 
Riuers Dune and Garuene, neir the fea, a litle to the Southe of Caractack's monument. 

Ther is found and obferuid this yeir, 1632, vithin a myle to the Caftle of Turnburrey, fome 
fandey landes newly difcouered, wich formerly had beine ouerblouen ; yet the new difcouery 
reaches in the ancient ground, dounevard, aboue ane elle and a halffe, as the ther ftandinge 
burwes 1 cleirly demonftrats, expofing to the beholders numbers of coffins, neatly heuein of 
free-ftoine, without couer or bottome ; fome 7 foote longe and 3 vyde, all laying Eaft and 
Welle, with ane sequall proportione of diftance one from ane vther. 


This countrey, fo far as is yet known, yelds no Minerallis. 

Aillsey Insula. 

All this Prouince, with the pertinents therof, is one inteir continent, one only lyland ex- 
cepted, cailled Aillsey, fome 14 mylles from the adioyning land, being nothing ells bot a 
grate rocke, yeilding aboundance of folane geiffe, cuninges, 2 dowes, with divers vthers forts 
of Sea-foullis. This rocke is only to be affcendit by one only paffage, and that to the Eafte ; 
not inhabit, bot in the months of Februarij, for fifching of code ; and in Augufte, for killing 
of the geeiffe. In this Iylland there is the ruines of ane old Caftell and Chapell, poffeft by 
the Earle of Cafliles, quo holds the fame of the Abbey of Corfreguall. It is not much aboue 
a myle in circumference, being one hard and folide rocke, having one its tope a fontaine of 
criftaline vatter. 

[Notes appended to the preceding Description.] 

Cartaudis Queine of Scottis, wyffe to King Eugenius, flane by Maximus the Roman 
General], hade, by the bountey of the Roman Generall, after the hudge flaughter of the 
Scotts, for hir mantinance, the Toune of Carrictonium, with diuers territories therto be- 

Ten thoufhand Irifch, in aide of the Scotts, entred Carrick, Kyle, and Cunninghame, vith 
fyre and fuord, defeatt Herdrufiaine, brother to Hergurjlus King of the Picts, with his 
quhole armey. — Boetius, Lib. 6. 

A cruell Batell foughten on the brinkes of the Riuer Dune, in Carricke, betuix Maximus 
the Roman Generall, and Eugenitis King of Scotts, in A. Sal. 378. 

Maximus rebells, crounis himfelue King of Brittane — poffeflis for 17 yeires — and therafter 
is flaine by the Empreour Theodqfius. 

Victorinus, the Roman Proconfull, banifches all the Picts be-north Forth— adioynes to the 

' Perhaps for barrows. 8 Coneys ; rabbits. 


Roman territories in Albion, Merfs, Beruick, Piktland, Carrick, Kyle, Cuninghame, with a 
pairt of the Caledonian Forreft ; and devyds the Picts and Brittans by a grate vail from 
Abercorne to Dumbrittone. — Boetius, Hift. Scot. Lib. 7. 

Corsraguel, corrupte pro Cruce Regali in Carrica, Ord. Cluniacenfis, fundat Duncanus 
Comes de Carricke.— Demp, Lib. i, cap. 15, 

No. VII. 


Carricta fequitur, pafcuis laeta, cui fua commoda et terra et mare affatim fuppeditant. 
In hac Rerigonium finum et Rerigonium oppidum ftatuit Ptolemaeus, pro quibus Berigonium 
in antiquiffimo Ptolemaei exemplari Romse excufo M.CCC.LXXX ut non poffimus, non 
credere fuiffe quod nunc Bargeny dictum, fuum babet Dominum e familia Kennediorum, 
quse ex Hibernia, regnante Roberto Brus, devenit, hoc tractu nobilis, numerofa, et potens. 
Cujus Princeps Comes eft Cassh,ue, hoc enim nomen Caftri eft quod incolit ad Dunum 
fluvium, cujus etiam ripae alterum habet Caftellum nomine Dunnar impofitum, et heredi- 
tarius eft hujus Provinciae Ballivus. Hecenim cum Kyla, et Cunninghamia, tres Scotiae 
Ballivatus habentur, quia, qui his cum ordinaria poteftate et jurifdictione praefunt, Balivi 
vocantur, vocabulo quod medio sevo enatum, apud Graecos, Siculos, et Gallos Con/ervatorem 
fignificat. Verum tempore fuperiori Carricta fuos habuit Comixes, nam ut taceam Gil- 
berti de Gallovidia filium, cui Rex Guilielmus totam Carrietam temporibus cunctis poffi- 
dendam dedit? legimus Adamum de Kilconath circa M.CC.LXX Coraitem fuiffe de Carrict, 
et in bello facro obiiffe, cujus unica filia Martha, Robertum Brus, fpeciofa forma juveuem, 
quern inter venandam confpexerat, mife redeperiit, in virum accepit, et Carricta Comitis titulo 
et poffeffionibus adauxit, cui peperit ilia Robertum Brus Scotorum Regem celeberrimum, a 
quo ftirps Regia. Titulus autem Comitis Carricta junioribus e familia Brufiana aliquandiu 
relictus, poftea Scotiae Principibus in honorum cumulum acceflit. 

1 Geographies Biavian^. Amstel. Labore et sumptibus Joannis Bleaev. 1662. Vol. VI., p. 57. 
* Lib. Malros, 



No. VIII. 


L. of Kilburnie. L. of Fairlie. 

L. of Dreghorne. 
L. of Prelloun, Barclay. 
L. of Rowallane, Mure. 
L. of Montgrenane. 

L. of Crawfurdland. 

L. of Ladyland, Barclay. 

L. of Kenifland. 
L. of Kelfoland. 

L. of Glengarnoke. 
L. of Cunninghameheid> 
L. of Auchinharuie. 
L. of Aiket. 

L. of Clonbaith. 

L. of Longfhaw. 
L. of Heflet. 2 



Braidftane, Montgomerie. 
L. of Blair. 
L. of Portincorffe. 
L. of Huncarftoun. 3 
Kennedie of the Coift. 1 
L. of Kelwood, Currie. 
L. of Carltowne, Cathcart. 
Kennedie of Knotidaw. 5 

Gairgirth, Cfialmers. 
Lefnoreis, Crawfurde. 
Kerfe, Crawfurde. 

L. of Robertland, Cttnning/ia?ne.'Wi]Y\am Crawfurde of Colynane. 
Cunninghame of Towrlands. Dowglaffe of Penieland. 

Cunninghame of the Hill. 
Sheriffe of Air. 5 


Campbell of Glenofke. 
Campbell of Kinzeclewcht. 

Gaftoun, Stewart. 

Hammilton of Sanquhair. 

L. of Bar. 
L. of Craggie- Wallace. 

Carnell, Wallace. 

Sewalton, Wcdlace. 

Boyde of Penkill. 
Boyde of the Throchrig. 
L. of Dundaffe. 
L. of Kilkerane. 
Kennedie of Brameftoun. 

Cunninghame of Lagland. 

L. of C&]iT\ngtoi\,Ctmninghame. 

Cunninghame of Poquharne. 

Shaw of Glenmure. 

L. of Entirkin, Dunbar. 

L. of Scankiftoun, Campbell. 

L. of Barkymmen, Stewart. 

L. of Auchinlek, So/well. 

L. of Bargany, Kennedie. 

L. of Blairquhane, Kennedie. 

Kennedie of Giraanmaynis. 

Kennedie of Skeldon. 

L. of Carmichaell. 

Goodman of Ardmillane. 

Goodman of Dromnellane. 

L. of Kilhenzie. 

Kennedie of Tornagannoch. 

Schaw of Halie. 

Schaw of Germet. 7 

1 From " Certeine Matters concerning the Realme of Scotland, composed together, As they were 
Anno Domini, 1597." Small Quarto, London, 1603. 2 Hazelhead. 3 Hunterston. 

* Coiff. 5 Knockdow. 9 Sir .... Campbell of Loudoun. ' Grumat, or Gremmitt. 


No. IX. 


Fiet enimfubito Sus horridus — Virg. 


[The following characteristic Sketch was composed by the lamented Sir Alexander Bos- 
well, Baronet, from a traditional story communicated to him by George Rankine, Esq. of 
Whitehill, to whom he dedicated his Poem. A very few copies were privately printed, at 
the celebrated Auchinleck Press, and circulated by Sir Alexander among the select circle of 
his most intimate friends. The present reprint is taken from one of these presentation copies ; 
the Editor having merely inserted some Notes, and made some slight alterations in the ortho- 
graphy of a variety of the words, to preserve suitable unity in the structure of the dialect. 
Through the kindness of Mr Rankine of Whitehill, the Editor has ascertained, that two dif- 
ferent versions of this story are traditionally current, among some very aged people, in Carrick. 
One of these is that which has been adopted by Sir Alexander Boswell, in which the Laird 
of Kerse's son is said to have been killed. The other relates, that three of the Crawfords of 
Lochnorris were present at the battle ; one of whom returned, heavily bemoaning the fall of 
his two brothers, when his widowed mother suddenly cut short his lamentation, by exclaim- 
ing, < Is the Sow flitted ?' — ' Aye is she,' replied the youth — < and five score of 
the Kennedies are drowned in Doon !' 

The Families of Kerse and Auchinleck were connected by repeated intermarriages ; and it 
is to be supposed that so acute and learned an individual as Sir Alexander was, would inves- 
tigate the matter, and take what appeared to him to be the proper account of this Skirmish. 

It is proper, before closing this Notice, to observe, that the Crawfords of Kerse were a very 
ancient Family, being cadets of the House of Crawford of Loudoun. The first of the Kerse 
Crawfords was Reginald, son of Hugh Crawford of Loudoun, who got a grant of the lands 
of Kerse from his brother Hugh, in the reign of King Alexander III. (inter 1249, 1286.) 
After considerable investigation, the Editor has been unable to ascertain the date of this en- 
counter, which Sir Alexander Boswell assigns to the Fifteenth Century. Unhappily for the 


country, such disputes were too frequent in Scotland ; and Carrick seems to have been by no 
means behind hand, in ' the march' of Feud. Owing to this circumstance, the memory of 
this skirmish, and that of many similar Feuds, was likely to perish ; for such scenes of vio- 
lence and bloodshed, being of ordinary occurrence, were soon forgotten, unless some remark- 
able incident, such as that of ' tethering the fow,' helped to rivet the story on the popular 
mind. At the distance of several centuries, therefore, it is not remarkable, that the light of 
tradition should be feeble and indistinct. 

With regard to the merits of this humorous Poem, it is but justice to say, that it is of a 
very high order indeed ; and perhaps it may be affirmed, that many of the verses nearly ap- 
proach, and others equal, the standard of Robert Burns, even in his Tarn o' Shanter, in point 
of force and humour. 

There is prefixed to the Poem the following Dedication, which it is proper to preserve, 
in this place.] 


George Rankine, Esq. of Whitehill. 

To whom can I, with more propriety, prefent the following Story of the Fifteenth Cen- 
tury, than to you, from whofe valuable Collection it was obtained ? 

You may, perhaps, think that the language is too much modernized ; — but, had it been 
printed in the dialect of its own days, it would have been lefs acceffible to our friends. 
Such as it is, accept it. With thanks for your obliging communication, I am, 

January 1, 1816. Your obedient humble fervant, 

A. B. 

Crawford o' Kerse fat in his ha', — 
White war his locks as driftit Gnaw; 
For ftealin' change o' fhriv'lin' Time 
Had quencht the vigour o' his prime ; 
An' totterin' limbs puir fervice yield, 
Whan rivals ftruggle in the field ! 
2 B 


His flirunken airm refuifed its part, 

Tho' warm the throbbin's at his heart — 

For through his veins there flow'd the bluid 

O' Auld Sir Reginald 1 the gude ! — 

That bluid that roufed the foul and might 

O' Scotland's Hero, Wallace wight ! 

In fuith, he was a Baron bauld, 

For tuilzies tough, in days o' auld ; 

A lion in the battle fray — 

In deadly feud a deadly fae ! 

But now, a venerable Lord, 

He, mirthfu', cheer'd the feftive buird 
Wi' merry tale and hamely jeft : — 

Or whiles he rear'd his warlike creft, 

As if prepared the brunt to meet ! 

An' then recountit mony a feat 

O' apin ftrife and artfu' wile. — 

Thus wald he liftlefs hours beguile ; 

While a' around, his finewy race, 

Gazed, dumb wi' rapture, in his face ! 

Crack follow'd crack, the cup gaed roun', 

That mony a cankerin' thought cou'd droun— 

Whan, fudden, at the yett a gueft 

Admittance claim'd — Quoth Kerfe, " The beft 

Our almourie can yield bring ben — 

I trow there's walth, gin he war ten ! — 

Shew in the ftranger !" — Fair and free, 

In ftrode young Gilbert Kennedie. 

" Kerfe," (quo' the youth,) " whan feuds are fworn, 

It matters nought how flight the thorn 

1 Sir Reginald Craufurd of Loudoun, the heritable Sheriff of Ayr. He was maternal uncle to Sir 
William Wallace. 


That poifonous rankles in our fide — 

I bring defiance to your pride ! — 

The bauld Barganey bids me fay, 

Whan mornin' breaks, on Lammas-day, 1 

A Sow upon your land I'll tether ! 

Like midges let the Crawfords gather, 

Some teeth in angry fit may chitter — 

But de'il a man o' Kyle fall flit her !" 

Kerfe ee'd him wi' contemptuous fneer — 

" My merry man — an come ye here 

To jeer me at my ain fire-fide ? 

Gae hame, for ance, in a haill hide ! 

Time was, that Kerfe wad blythe hae ridden 

Out owre yon hills at fie a biddin' ! 

Fu' little value I, or mine, 

Ten fcore o' Kennedies — and Swine ! 

Had wither'd Kerfe a limb to wag — 

But let the bauld Bargany brag ! 

The Kennedies, wi' a' their power, 

Frae Caffillis to Ardftinchar Tower, 

May rife an' flock like fcreechin' craws, 

Frae heighs an' hows, fra hames and ha's, 

An' hither come wi' blawin crack — 

They'll bear anither ftory back ! 

Kerfe is, alas ! nae mair the man 

That in the onfet led the van ! 

But he has fons to fliield his name, 

Heirs o' his valour and his fame ! 

1 One of the four cross Quarter-days anciently held, which fell on the First day of August, or the Feast 
of St Peter in bonds ( Festum S. Petri ad Vincula) — and got its name from the circumstance of the Apostle 
being considered as ' the patron of lambs' — from the metaphorical expression of our Saviour, ' Feed my 
lambs !' In the Romish Church, a Mass was instituted, on this day, for St Peter's benediction, that the 
lambs shorn at this time might escape the danger of cold, &c. 


And if on Lammas-day they fail, 
Cuvfe him wha lives to tell the tale ! — 
Let your proud baron croofely craw , 
On his ain midden, days but twa ; 
But on the third — by this grey head, 
He'll aiblins thank his geldin's fpeed ! — 
This in defiance ! (Crawford fays) 
Gie the duel' room, lads — Slip your ways !" 

'Twas Lammas-morn ; on Skeldon Haughs 

The glintin' fun had tinged the faughs ; 

Frae Girvan banks an' Carrick fide, 1 

Down pour'd the Kennedies, in pride : 

An' frae Kyle- Stewart and King's- Kyle 

The Crawfords march'd in rank and file, 

( If our forefathers own'd, of yore, 

Sic term o' military lore.) 

Let them march on ! — A Rhymer, I 

Shall hae nae finger in the pye ! 

It's time enough for us to glowr 

On battle-fields, whan a' is oure ! 

An' draw our fketches o' ilk action, 

Safe, amang heaps o' putrefaction ! 
But, troth, a' battles are alike ; — 
Some chiels are ftricken, an' fome ftrike. 

Weapons are fliarp, an' hides are tender — 
An' fome maun fa' — or elfe furrender ! 
Troops charge on troops, an' flay an' flafli, 
An' foughin' bullets finite an' fmafh — 
Nae time, I trow, to fliilly-fhally — 
Aflfgaes the tac fide — then they rally — 

1 Districts belonging to the Kennedies, and where their strongholds were chiefly situated. 


An' on again in mad deluiion, 
While heads an' legs flee in confufion — 
Some turn their hacks an' fkelp awa — 
An' they that follow cry Huzza ! 
Half o' the haill dung aff their feet — 
Then is a Victory compleat ! 

Crawford o' Kerfe fat in his yett, 
Mournin' a dowie carle's fate — 
That he, whan ftalwart bands war gane, 
Fourfcore, maun hurkle there his lane ! 
He gazed, as lang as darklin' fight 
Could trace their march oure ilka height 
" An' now," thought he, " they're bye Drumloch,' 
An' bye the Craigans, an' the Trough, 
An' bye the know, an' Bright-burn birk, 
An' down upon Dalrymple Kirk — 
An' now, ftark Esplin 2 rufhes on — > 
Had ever man a braver fon ! 
Come on, ye Kennedies ! Come now ! — 
Fight on, my fons ! The loons fall rue 
The day they trode on Kerfe's land ! — 
Now is the pingle 3 — hand to hand — 
Efplin, ftand till't, nor flinch nor bend ! 
Forward ! ye Crawfords, wi' a ftend ! 4 
The bluidie tuilzie 5 fettle foon, 
And drive the Reivars 6 oure the Doon !" 

' For this and the following names, reference may be made to the foregoing ancient Descriptions of Car- 
rick, in the Appendix. * A favourite name among the Crawfords of Kerse of old. 3 The heat 
of the battle or strife. Pingle denotes the most strenuous exertion, in contending against difficulties, &c. 
' Vigorous impulse ; literally, a spring or leap. 5 Broil. Fr. touiller, to mingle tumultuously 
in strife— Chaud-mellc, ' quhilk is opponed as contrair to fore-thoucht fellonie.' — Skene de Verb. Sig. 
6 Here used as a term of reproach. Literally, a spoiler or robber; one living by plunder. 


'Twas fancy a' ! His aged trunk, 
Worn and fatigued, fupinely funk ! — 
On wayward chance he ponder'd deep, 
An' forrow felt — hut fcorn'd to weep ! 
Than roufed again — Again the fight 
Flitted hefore his dazzled fight. 
His anxious ee, but firm and fierce, 
Wander'd hewaft ' the Loch o' Kerfe, 
Watchin' fome meflengers o' fpeed 
Tidin's to bear, in time o' need — 
Whan lichtfome Will o' Afiiyntree 
Cam breathlefs, pechin' 2 oure the lee : 
Lang, lang, or 3 he cou'd parley hear, 
The auld man cried, fu' loud and clear, 
" Is the sow flitted ? — Tell me, loon, 
Is auld Kyle up — an' Carrick down ?" — 
Mingled wi' fobs, his broken tale 
The youth began — " Ah ! Kerfe, bewail 
This lucklefs day ! — Your blythe fon John, 
Now, wae's my heart ! — lies on the loan — 
An' he could fing like ony merle !" — 
" Is the sow flitted ?" cried the carle — 
" Gie me my anfwer — fliort and plain — 
Is the sow flittit ? — yamm'rin' wean !" 4 — 
" The sow (De'il tak her) 's oure the water — 
An' at their backs the Crawfords batter — 
The Carrick cowts 5 are cow'd 6 and bitted !" 7 — 
" My thumb for Jock ! The sow is flitted !" 

1 To the westward of. 2 PantiDg ; breathing laboriously, from over-exertion. ' Ere ; 

before. * Whining child. 6 Colts ; a derisive appellation. s Depressed by fear. Jamieson. 

' Bitted, in allusion to the bitting of a fractious horse. 





i* The Editor has considered it necessary to append to this work, for the 
use of the general reader, the following brief Glossary; which, be 
believes, contains all the most difficult and remarkable words occurring 
in the preceding History, Illustrations, and Appendix. It may be re- 
marked, that, in order to save space, those significations only have been 
given, which arc strictly applicable to the sense and phraseology of the 
numerous passages from which they are quoted. To have furnished a 
regular and Etymological Glossary, would have encroached too much 
upon the limits of such a work as the present; and would, besides, have 
been altogether foreign to such an undertaking. 

Abein, (see p. 23) have been. 

Abone, Abwne, above. 

Abuiff, above, — up stairs. 

Adois, concerns, business. 

Adwyife, to advise, to consult, to counsel. 

Adwyifp, advice, counsel. 

Agreyitt, agreed, settled, reconciled. 

Agrie, to reconcile. 

Air, an heir. 

Aid, Auld, old. 

Allay, to match, ally, or connect by inter- 

Alluterlie, altogether. 

Allvvayis, at all events, nevertheless. 

Ali'e-meikill, as much. 

Alfmony, as many. 

Amittit, lost. 

And, An, if. 

Ane, one, a, an. 

Afiurance, a sort of bond of truce, &G* See 
p. 115. 


Aflignay, an assignee. 

Awand, owing. 

Aw-band, a bond acknowledging debt. 

Awine, own. 

Awyffing, advising, consulting. 


Bad, bid, offered. 

Bairne, a child. 

Bait, beat, beaten. 

Balder, bolder. 

Band, bound ; a bond. 

Banner of Rewendge, see p. 138. 

Baffis, a kind of cannon. See p. 118. 

Bawk, a beam. 

Baxter, a baker. 

Beand, being. 

Become, to befall, to happen. 

Beluiffitt, beloved. 

Blak bulk, see p. 75, and Prefatory Notice. 

Bloking, see p. 91. 

Bluid, consanguinity. 




Bluid, blood, bloodshed. 

Bochtt, bought, purchased. 

Body, fellow, &c. ; a disrespectful term. 

Boitt, a boat. 

Boft, Boaft, to threaten or bully. 

Boll, Boaft, a threat, or challenge. 

Bot, but, — without, — only, barely. 

Boundis, territories, a district. 

Braill, a brawl, a skirmish, an onset. 

Braweft, bravest, most valiant. 

Brig, a bridge. 

Broder-dochter, a niece. 

Broder-fone, a nephew. 

Bruikis, enjoys. 

Bruittit, reported, rumoured. 

Buir, bore in child-birth. 

Burne, a rivulet. 

Bwittis, boots. 

By, besides, — contrary, or in opposition to, 

in defiance of. 
By, beyond, in preference to, above. 
By, to buy, to purchase. 
Byde, to abide by, to adhere to. 
Byrunnis, ' bygones,' arrears. 


Cadin, Caditt, sprung, descended. 

Cairill, Carle, a churl or low-born person. 
See p. 91. 

Cairn, a large collection or heap of stones, 
raised or piled up in commemoration of 
some remarkable event. 

Catchitt, engaged, enterprised, embarked. 

Ceflbne, a season. 

Chalmerit, chambered, closetted. 

Chimlay, a chimney or fire-place ; an iron- 
grate for holding a coal-fire. 

Chops, merchant-booths, shops. 

Cloflitt, enclosed, surrounded. 

Coft, purchased, bought. 

Colme of leid, a leaden coffin. 

Compeiranfe, appearance. 

Condeitt of the throppill, see p. 126. 

Condefcend, to yield, to accommodate. 

Conqueift, acquired by purchase. 

Contrair, against, adverse, or in opposition to. 

Conveynand, meeting, convening. 

Conwoy, a conductor, or convoy. 

Corfe, a cross, a market-cross. See p. 1 19. 

Craig, the neck or throat. 

Craig, a crag or rock. 
Culuering, a sort of musket. 
Cummer, strife, lethal struggle. 
Cuffing, cousin-german. 


Dalgour, dagger. 

Darne, to conceal, to lie hid, &c. 

Dawing, daybreak, dawn. 

Debuift, for ',' worthless, dissi- 
pated, debauched. 

Deid, dead ; death. • 

Deit, died. 

Demanit, used, treated. 

Deattone, a ditty, a motto. 

Depairttit, died, deceased. 

Defeitt, deceit. 

Dewyife, a last will or testament. 

Dewitty, duty ; fealty, allegiance. 

Diet, Dyet, an appointed or fixed day, &c. 

Ding, to strike ; to thrust. 

Diretit, for ' dryttit,' defiled. 

Difereift, disinherited. 

Doand, doing. 

Docht, the pret. of Dow, to be able, to have 
force, strength, power, &c. to do. 

Don, a hill or crag. See p. 77. 

Donatour, one obtaining a Letter of Gift 
from the Crown; e.g. see 107. 

Drift, driven snow. 

Drwme, a drum. See p. 103. 

Duill, mourning, lamentation. 

Dwynand, d wining, drooping, decaying. 

Dyke, a wall or fence. 

Eame, Eyme, an uncle. See p. 116. 
Ebeft of mony, the victor, champion, he. q. d. 

ae be/?. See p. 127. 
Eittik, pulmonary consumption. See p. 1 34. 
Entres, Enterefe, interest. 
Efcheitt, see p. 127. 
Efchewit, escaped. 
Ewill, evil, ill. 
Ewin, even. 
Ewine, evening. 
Exemit, exempted, licenced. 

Fader, a father. 



Fader-broder, an uncle, by the father's side. 

Fader-fifter, an aunt, by the father's side. 

Far, greatly, exceedingly. 

Feall-dykis, turf fences. 

Fechting — see ' Singular Combatt.' 

Fedder, a feather. 

Feid, deadly feud. 

Feill, plenty, abundance. 

Feinyitt, feigned, forged. 

Few, a feu, fee, or fief. See p. 91. 

Fewte, fealty. 

Flytt, to scold, to use reproachful and insult- 
ing language. 

Foirfaltrie, forfeiture. 

Foirgadder, to meet. 

Foirfeine, acquainted before-hand. 

Forbye, besides. 

Forder, farther ; to further, to advance. 

Forfamekill, for so much. 

Fofler, a foster-child, — an adopted son. See 
p. 79. 

Fofler, to rear, to nurse, to bring up. 

Fra, from. 

Fray, fright, terror. Yx.frayeur. 

Freaffitt, freezed, coagulated. 

Freind, a blood-relation. 

Freinditt, reconciled. 

Fyff, five. 

Fynd, fine, amiable, excellent. 


Gaiff, gave. 

Gang, to go. 

Gartt, forced ; caused. 

Gatt, got, acquired. 

Geir, wealth, effects ; in geir, in full armour. 

Giff, Geiff, if. 

Giff, to give. 

Giffar, a giver. 

Glengoir, Lues Venerea. 

Goiff-ball, a ball used in the game of golf. 

Goffop, gossip. See p. 78. 

Grantitt, agreed, yielded. 

Gritt, large, great, powerful, in habits of 

strict intimacy. 
Gude-fifter, a sister-in-law. 
Gudfone, a son-in-law. 
Guid-broder, a brother-in-law. 
Guidis, goods ; cattle. 


Hacquebut, Hagbut, a sort of musket. 

Had, to hold ; held. 

Hagbut of found, see p. 118. 

Hagbutteris, musqueteers. 

Haikitt, hurled, threw. 

Harnis, brains. 

Heaffand, having. 

Hele, (Haill,) whole. 

Heweallie, heavily, seriously. 

Hicht, offered, promised. 

Hicht, height. 

Honditt, see p. 120. 

Honouris, see p. 136. 

Houm, holm, or flat ground in a hollow. 

Hound on, Hound out, see p. 120. 


Ilkane, each one. 

Incaft, a suggestion, a device. 

Incloffit, surrounded. 

Infeft, Iufeftment, see p. 105. 

Ingyreit, circumvented ; entwined, as within 
the folds of a snake. 

Inlaikit, used metaphorically for ' died.' 

Interteneyitt, entertained, treated ; maintain- 
ed, supported. 

Intertenymentt, board and maintenance. 

Inveireyit, environed, surrounded. 

Inwy, to envy. 

Ifche, issue, the liberty of coming forth. 

Iffchit, issued, or came forth. 

Jayme, Jamb, see p. 102. 
Juntt, joint. 


Kaift, threw, cast. 

Keill, a kiln. 

Kennitt, known. 

Kirnellis of the thie, the inguinal glands. 

Lad, Laid, a son, — an heir- male. 
Laich, low. 
Laitt, laid. 
Lap, leapt, sprung. 
Lap one, mounted, took to borse. 



Lafs, a girl, — a daughter, or an heir-female. 

Leafome, lawful. 

Leiff, leave. 

Leigna, see p. 102. 

Leifingis, lies, untruths ; slanderous and mali- 
cious inventions. 

Lett, to hinder, to impede. 

Lewing, living. 

Lewing, a living or alimentary provision. 

Leyammitt, crippled, lamed. 

Licht, to alight from horseback. 

Licht, day-light. 

Lichttitt, alighted. 

Linne, a pool into which a waterfall is re- 

Lowpis, Lopis, leaps. 

Lowffing, loosing. See p. 139. 

Luiff, Luve, love ; — the palm of the hand. 

Lutt, let. 


Ma, Mae, more. 

Mailling, a small farm. 

Maifter, Mailer, a title of courtesy, applied to 
the eldest sons (or the heir-apparent) of 

Man, Maun, must. 

Manis, Mainis, the ' Mains,' ' Place,' or prin- 
cipal Mansion-house, with the grounds sur- 
rounding it. 

Mannaffit, threatened, menaced. 

Marrowis, equals. 

Maynteyne, to maintain, vindicate, or support 
one's cause. 

Mean, to mend, to remedy. 

Mean, to complain. 

Mell, to meddle or interfere. Fr. meter. 

Mend, to remedy, to repair. 

Mendis, amends. 

Menfuorne, perjured. 

Mefs, the sacrifice of the Mass. 

Mint, to aim, to attempt. 

Mirk, dark. 

Mirknefs, darkness. 

Miflyking, enmity, grudge. 

Miffour, measure. 

Moder-broder, an uncle, by the mother's side. 

Moder-fifter, an aunt, by the mother's side. 

Moderis, mother's. 

Morne, the morrow. 
Motioun, overture, proposal. 
Mowitt, moved ; used influence with. 
Moyane, means, influence. 

Neife, nose. 
Nocht, not. 
Noter, a notaiy. 

Nowmer, number. Lat. numerus. 
Nowtt, nolt, cattle. 
Nwll, null, void, nugatory. 
Nycht, night, night-time. 
Nyteboir, a neighbour. 


Oe, Oy, a grandchild. 

Of, off, from. 

Onairitt, un-heired. 

One, on, upon. 

Onheillit, unhealed. 

Or, before, ere. 

Orifone, an oration or speech. 

Oulkis, weeks. 

Ourfie, Overfie, to overlook, to neglect. 

Ourfman, Ouerfman, an umpire. 

Outtings, expenditure. 

Particular, a personal quarrel, or feud. 

Peadge, a page. 

Pend, an arch. 

Perfawit, perceived. 

Perfewit, pursued. 

Perfuaditt, enticed, trained. 

Peftillottis, pistols. 

Pleinniffing, stocking, furniture, &c. of a house 

or farm. 
Pley, a law-plea. 
Poulder, Pulder, gun-powder. 
Poutthard, gun-powder. 
Pretendit, projected, professed. 
Preweynitt, prevented, frustrated. 
Proces, see p. 105. 
Pruiff, to prove ; — proof ; — privy to. 
Purpoife, a purpose, or project. 
Pwpat, a pulpit. 



Quha, who. 

Quhair, where, whereas. 
Quhais, whose. 
Quhilk, which. 
Quhill, until. 

Quhingar, a short swonl, or hanger. 
Quhytt, white. 
Quyatt, quitted, renounced. 


Raid, Reid, rode ; — a predatory incursion, a 

Rapys, ropes. 

Reafe, rose, arose ; — a horse race. See p. 1 03. 

Red, to separate and reconcile contending par- 
ties, &c. 

Redding-rlraik, the Mow often received hy 
him who interferes in a quarrel. 

Regiment, rule, government. 

Reik, dense smoke. 

Reklefnes, recklessness. 

Remeid, remedy. 

Refauit, received. 

Refing, to resign, to surrender. 

Refpecttis, Refpites, remissions. 

Reteir, to retreat, to retire. 

Rew, to rue, to repent bitterly. 

Reweiffis, ravishes, carries oft" by violence. 

Ring, reign. 

Ringand, ringing (of bells) ; — reigning. 

Round, to whisper. 

Rowing, rolling. 

Rowme, a farm or portion of land ; ground 
possessed by a ' kyndlie tennant,' &c. 

Ruiff, a roof. 

Rycht, right. 

Rychtis, title-deeds. 

Samine, same. 

Nark, a shirt. 

Schaik handis, to be reconciled. See p. 134. 

Schaw, to shew. 

Schawin, shewn. 

Scheafe, to chase. 

Sched, to part, to separate. 

Scheiffe, a chief, a chieftain. 

Scheir, to reap. 

Schew, shewed. 

Scho, she. 

Schone, soon. 

Schudder, a shoulder. 

Schuir, reaped. 

Schutt, Schuitt, shoot. 

Secret, a sort of light chain-mail, or a quilted 
doublet, privately worn under the usual 
dress ; which was generally sufficient to re- 
sist the sudden blow of a dagger or sword. 

Sen, since. 

Serviat, a table-napkin. Fr. serviette. 

Sett, to assign, to place ; — to lie in wait. 

Sett doun, to contract by mutual bonds. 

Sett for, to watch, for the purpose of waylay- 
ing and murdering. 

Shakle-banes, the wrists. 

Sik, such. 

Sikker, sure, secure. 

Singular Combatt, or ' Singular Fechting,' a 
duel. See p. 120. 

Sing, a sign, a signal. 

Sifter-dochter, a niece. 

Sifter-fone, a nephew. 

Skayth, harm, injury. 

Smoritt, smothered, suffocated. 

Soillis, the soles of the feet. 

Soir, sure ; — a sore. 

Sonuit, sounded. 

Souirtie, surety, caution. 

Sowme, a sum of money. 

Spuilyie, spoil. 

Stayitt, halted. 

Steane, stone. 

Steill hatt, a ' Heel-bonnet,' a skull-piece. 

Steillit, see p. 118. 

Stewart, a steward or sheriff. 

Stik, to stab, to assassinate by stabbing. 

Stipend, salary, pay. 

Straik, a stroke. 

Strekand, striking. 

Strenthe, strength ; — a fortified place. 

Suallit, swelled. 

Subcumis, succumbs. 

Succeffioun, (p. 1) race, posterity. 

Swir, sure, certain. 

Tak, a tack or lease. 



Tak be the hand, to be reconciled. See p. 134. 

Taking, a parley, a conference. 

Teindis, tithes. 

Tender, in good terms. 

Tent, care, heed. 

Thak-houfe, a thatched house. 

Throppill, the windpipe. 

Tirranne, a tyrant. 

To, till, until. 

To-name, an agnomen ; a nick-name. 

Tocher, a dowery, a marriage-portion. 

Tolbuith, Towboth, a prison or tolbooth. 

Towme, tomb, monument. 

Trawell, to accommodate through the media- 
tion of friends ; to use influence with, to ne- 

Trie, a tree, a lance. 

Trow, to believe. 

Tryitt, proved. 

Tryft, an appointed meeting. 

Tuilzie, a skirmish. 

Tuke, betook ; — received, accepted. 

Turn, errand, purpose. 

Tutour-compt, see p. 107, 

Tyne, to lose. 

Tynt, lost. 


Umquhile, deceased. 

Unfreind, an enemy. 

Vanne, won. 

Vard, the feudal Casualty of Ward. See p. 106. 

Vareyanfe, a difference, a quarrel. 

Veil, Veil), well. 

Ves, was. 

Vefie, Vifie, to inspect. 

Vmquhile, deceased. 

Vnfreind, an enemy. 

Vord, a word ; — a report, a hue and cry. 

Voute, a vault. 

Vrack, wreck. 


Waikitt, (Vaked,) was vacant. 

Wair, to expend money. 

Ward, to imprison. 

Ward, imprisonment, confinement. 

Ward, a feudal casualty, &c. See p. 106. 

Wareyanfe, a dispute, a quarrel. 

Wayganging, departure. 

Weir, war ; an host, an army. 

Whill, until. 

Whingar, a sort of short sword. 

Wittuell, victual. 

Word, parole of honour. 

Word, a report, a hue and cry ; — to enter in 

word is, to quarrel. 
Wffit, used. 
Wtheris, each other. 
Wytt, Wyte, blame. 

Yairdis, the enclosed ground surrounding the 
mansion-house, castle, &c. of a Baron or 

Yeid, went. 

Yett, a gate. See p. 102. 

Yett-hous, see p. 102. 

Younkyeouris, youngsters, youth. 

Yuill, Christmas, Yule. 

Zeid, went. 

Zett, a gate ; — yet, nevertheless. 

Zoung, young. 



Aberbrothock, Commendator of, 90. 
Abercorn, Lord, (Master of Paisley,) 24, 36, 

67, 68, 112, 135, 137. 
Abercrummie, Mr William, 161, 169. 
Acho (Haco), King, 2, 76. 
Adamton, Laird of, 191. 
Aiket, Laird of, 191. 
Ailsa Castle and Chapel, 189. 

Craig or Island, 163, 180, 189. 

Airds, Viscount of, 70, 139. 
Alexander III, King, 1, 75. 
Alexander of Kirkland, 177. 
Alloway, Parish of, 161. 
Alachunder Dalgour. See Kennedy. 
Alton-Albany, 173, 177, 179. 
Altrie, Christian Kennedy, Lady, 7. 
Angus, Arch. Earl of, Sell the Cat, 82. 
——— (Geo. Douglas,)^^ Earl of, 1. 

George, Notary, 144. 

Anne of Denmark, Queen, 22, 24. 

Annoch, River of, 183, &c. 

Ardmellan Castle, 166, 167, 169, 178, 185. 

■ Hill, 41. 

Ardmillan, House of, 4. 

Laird of, 38, 166, &c. See Ken. 

Ardstinchar, Castle of, 22, 31, 37, 38, 42, 

67, 158, 169, 178, 186. 
Argyll, Earl of, 7, 84, 89. 
Arran, Island of, 82. 

James, Earl of, 85, 133. 

Thomas Boyd, Earl of, 83. 

Arstensar (Ardstinchar, q. v.), 

Aschill, rivulet, 172. 
Ashie-burn (Eschaw-burn), 181. 
Asloss, 182. 
Auchincruive, 181. 
Auchindrayne. See Mure. 

Castle, 130, 169, 177, 180. 

Chapel of, 167. 

Auchinharvie, 183, 191. 

Auchinleck, Boswell of, 103, 132, 181, 192. 

Auchins, House of, 64, 182. 

Auchinsoull besieged and burnt, 61, 153, 156, 

158, 173, 177. 
Auchinwind, 177. 
Auchmannoch, 182. 
Auchnamys, Laird of, 191. 
Ayr, Barns of, 2. 

Castle of, 2. 

Kirk of, 51, 67. 

Provost of, 71, 125, 140. 

River of, 180, 181, 182. 

Sheriff of, 8, 84. 

Town of, 2, 12, 35, 45, 47, 50, 57, 65, 

67, 68, 130, 157, 164, 181. 


Bailie Courts, 174. 

Baird of Kilhenzie (Cullenzie), 21, 62, 107, 

146, 191. 
Ralachmont, 164. 
Ballage, 172. 

Ballantrae, Kirk of, 67, 174, 187. 
Parish of, 43, 161, 162, 166, 169 

174, 178, 179. 



Ballat, Guidman of the, 146. See Kennedy 

of Garriehorn. 
Ballimore, 177. 
Ballochmyle, 181. 
Ballocbtowle, 172, 178. 
Balsarrach, 178. 

Baltersan, 178, 180. See Kennedy. 
Bankbead, 182. 
Bannatyne, Richard, 92. 
Bannatyne ofChapeldonald,48, 124, 144, 152. 
Barclannachan, 170, 178, 179, 182. 
Barclay, of Ladyland, 191. 

Preston, 191. 

Bardrochatt, House of, 4, 173. 

Bargany, House of, 3, 4, 53, 67, 80, 165, 

178, 179, &c. et passim. 

Laird of. See Kennedy. 

Death' of the ' Auld Laird,' 25, &c. 

the ' Auld Lady,' 70, 139. 

' Young Laird,' mortally wounded, 

48 ; dies, 66 ; magnificent Funeral of 

Bargany and his Lady, 67. 
' Young Lady,' 52, 53 ; her sickness 

and death, 66. 

Burial place, 174. 

old Castle of, 171. 

Baroistoune, 180. 

Barquhanny, Kennedy of, 9, 82, 84. 

Barr-Hill, 173. 

Kirk of, 173. 

Laird of, 191. 

Parish of, 162, 172. 

Barskimming, 181, 191. 
Bauge, Battle of, in Anjou, 80. 
Bell the Cat. See Angus, Earl of. 
Bellenden, 162. 
Bennan, Hill, 161. 

House of, 4, 80, 173, 177, 178. 

Laird of. See Kennedy. 

Beoch, 177. 

Berigonium, 169, 190. 

Berkeley, De, of Mathers (Urie), 112. 

Biggar, Town of, 180. 

Blackinney, Cairn9 of, 188. 

Blacklaw-hill, 183. 

Black-Loch, 183. 

Black Parliament of Air, 77. 

Blair, Egidia, 81. 

House of, 183. 

Blair, of that Ilk, 132, 101. 

Sir Bryce, 77. 

Blairquhan, House (Castle) of, 3, 66, 166, 

170, 177, 179. 
Laird of, 4, 89, 134, 149, &c. 

See Kennedy, 
Blairstone, 165, 169, 177, 179. 
Bogend, 45, 177. 
Bogside of Dinhame, 47. 
Bonar, Mr James, Minister, 167. 
Borthwick, Anna, 83. 

John Lord, 83. 

Boswell, Sir Alexander, of Auchinleck, 103, 

191, 192. 
Bothwell, Francis, Earl of, 88. 

Lady. See Janet Kennedy. 

Boyd, Gregoria, Grizel, or Greikly, 7, 83. 

James, Archbishop of Glasgow, 171. 

Lord, 89, 171. 

Mark Alexander, 172. 

Mr William, 147. 

of Penkill, 26, 171, 172, 191. 

Trochrig, 83, 171, 172, 191. 

Bradewood, barony of, 82. 

Braid-Hill, 182. 

Braidlie, 182. 

Braidstane, (Montgomery) Laird of 191. 

Bridgend, 169, 177, 180. 

Brigantia, Brigantes, 184. 

Brockloche, 47, 124. 

Brown-Carrick-Hill, 165. 

Brown-Hill, 173. 

Bruce, King Robert, 2, 167. 

Brunstoune, 171, 178, 179. 

Buchan, Earl of (1421), 80. 

Buchanan, George, 81, 86, 87, 92, 99. 

Burgh. See May bole. 

Burns, Robert, 163, 193. 


Caf, River of, 182, 183. 

Calder, Laird of, 6, 79. See Sandilands. 

Calderwood, Laird of, 6, &c. See Maxwell. 

Calf-hill, 54. 

Camnell (See Colmonell.) 

Kirk of, 173. 

Campbell, Elizabeth (Isobel), 7, 84. 

of Loudoun, Hew, 8, 68, 84, 85, 




Campbell of Cesnok, 85. 

Glenoske, 191. 

■ Glenurquhy, 106. 

Kinzeancleugh, 191. 

Lundie, 85. 

Shankistoun, 191. 

Mariot (Margaret), 106, 138 

Sir Mathew, 86, 121, 123, 191. 

Campbells, 78. 

Caprintoun, 182, 191. 

Caractacus, King, 184, 188 ; his burial- 
place, ibid. 

Carletou, 178, 180, 191. 

Carloik, House of, 6, 178. 

Laird of, 22. 

Carmichael, (Kiikmichael,) Laird of, 191. 

Carnachan, (a monk,) 9. 

Camel, 182. 

Carnhill, 183. 

Carrick, King of, an ancient sobriquet for 
tbe Earls of Cassillis, 92, 94, &c. 

Bailiary of, 3, 13, 15, 19, 20, 22, 

31, 81, he. et passim. 

Bruce, Earl of, 80. 

Descriptions of. — See Appendix, 

Nos. Ill, IV, V, VI, VII, pp. 161 to 

Earl of, 75, 186. 

Roland of, 75. 

Sir Gilbert de, 79. 

Thane of, 1, 76. 

Vennel, 70, 140. 

Carrictonium, 188, 189. 

Carsfairne, Parish of, 162. 

Carsland, (Kersland,) 183. 

Cartaudis, (Carramantis,) Queen, 184, 

Cassillis, David, first Earl of, 7, 83. 

Gilbert, 2d Earl of, 7, 84 ; mur- 

dered, 8, 84. 

3d Earl of, 8, 85. 
4th Earl of, 8, 88. 

John, 5th Earl of, 9, 90, 91. 

John, 6th Earl of, 91. 

Hew, Master of, 8, 61, 62, 88, 

90, 156, 158. 
-- Gilbert, Master of, 90. 

Thomas, Master of, 11, 96, 101, 


Cassillis, Countess of, 61, 165. 

Tutor of. See Colzean. 

Burial-place, 167. 

— Family, 165. 

— House of, 6, 168, 177, 180. 

— Laird of, 2. 
Lands of, 2, 82. 

Cathcart, Earl of, 37, 58, 68, 118, 131, 137. 

Master of, 26, 131. 

of Carleton, 38, 39,45,46, 56, 119, 

144, 171, 185, 191. 

Drumjowane, 158. 

Genocb, 108. 

- Water of, 183. 

Cauldwell of Lochirmoss, 144. 
Cessnock, Laird of, 191. 

River of, 182. 

Chalmers of Gaitgoith, 191. • 

Troquhan, 21, 180, 191. 

Chappel, 179. 

Abbot of, 177. See Kennedy. 

- burn, 183. 

Charles I, King, 167. 
Charles VII, King of France, 4. 
Churches in Carrick, 176. 
Clonbaith, 191. 

Cloncaird, House of, 65, 170, 177, 179. 
Laird of, 61, 89, &c. See Ken- 
Clyde, Fishings in, 162. 

River, 182. 

Clydesdale, 182. 

Cochelvey, 183. 

Cockburn, Mr Christopher, 148, 

Coilsfield, 186. 

Colmonell, Minister of, 31, 116. 

Parish, 1, 102, 177, 187. 

Colvill of Uchiltree, James, 85. 
Colzean, Castle of, 102. 

Cove of, 168, 178, 186. 

Burial-place, 167. 

Lady, 14, 57. 

Sir Thomas Kennedy of, 93, 96, 

101, 122, et passim. 

Congiltoun of that Ilk, 89. 
Corcorberie. See Kirkcudbright. 
Comes, 182. 

Cony of Kelwood, 11, 12, 85, 102, 146, 
148, 168, 185, 191. 

2 D 



Corseclays, House of, 173, 177, 179. 

Laird of, 29, &c. See Mac- 

Corsell, (Corsehill,) 183. 

Couff, (Coiff,) the Lady, 14. 

House of, 57, 158. 

Laird of, 191. See Kennedy of Col- 


Council, Lords of Privy, 63, 65, 143, &c. 

Courts of Justice, 174. 
Bailie, 174. 

Coustoune, lands of, 4. 

Cove of Colzeau, 168, 178, 186. 

Craig-, House of, 173, 178, 182. 

Craigcaffie,31, 117. 

Craigdour Loch, 164. 

Craigie-Wallace, 182, 191. 

Craigneill, House (Castle) of, 34, 44, 63, 

117, 134, 173, 178, 179, 187. 
Craigshean, 177. 
Craigy-Lindsay, Laird of, 5. 
Craikstoun, 184. 
Cranmer, Archbishop, 88. 
Crawford, Earl of, 14, 104. 

Sir Ranald or Reginald, 77, 192, 


of Auchinsoull, 61, 154, 158. 

Camlarg, 12, 103. 

Clolynane, 191. 

Kerse, 12, 13, 61, 103, 104, 

Crossraguel, Mr Allan Stewart, Abbot of, 9, 
10, 11,91, 96, 99. 

Quentin, Abbot of, 7, 9, 84. 

Regality of, 174. 

-* William, Abbot of, 7, 83, 85. 

Cruick, 182. 
Cumnock Castle, 180. 

— Town of, 181. 

Cunninghame, Bailiary of, 5, 11, 100, 163, 
174, 182. 

of Caprington, 191. 

— the Hill, 191. 

— Knokdone, 158. 

Lagland, 191. 

Cuninghamehead, 183, 191. 

Polquhairn, 48, 61, 125. 
Robertland, 191. 
Towerlands, 191. 

159, 191, 192, 193, &c. 

Lefnories, 85, 62, 123. 

Loudoun, 192, 193. 

Newark, 132. 

Sillyhoill, 49, 61, 146. 

Crawford- Lindsay, 180. 

barony of, 82. 

Crawfordland, 182, 196. 
Crawfurd-John, Castle of, 180. 

. Town of, 180. 

Cree, cruives of, 166. 

River, of, 180. 

Water of, 173. 

Crichton, William Lord, Chancellor, 82. 

. Elizabeth, 82. 

Cross at Brown-Carrick-Hill, 165. 
Crossraguel, Abbacy of, 92, 93, 167, 178, 
180, 184,186, 189, 190. 


Daldillan, 181. 
Dalduff, 170, 177, 179. 
Dalgain, 181. 
Dalgarroch, Laird of, 44. 

House of, 173, 177, 179. 

Dalmellington, 161. 

Dalquharran, Castle of, 170, 178, 179. 

Dalquhirne, 173. 

Dalreoch, House of, 173, 178. 

Dalrimple, Parish of, 161. 

Wood of, 168. 

Dalrumpill, Laird of, 3, 63. 
slain, 3. 

of Stair, brother of, hanged, 63, 

133, 144. 

William, 56, 125, 152 ; murder- 
ed by Auchindrane, 71, &c. 
Kirk of, 3. 

Dairy, Kirk of, 183. 

Dalyell, J. G. 92. 

Damisternock, 182. 

Dampill (Duppilf), 56, 130. 

Dangart, 37. 

Danes, 2, 76. 

Darnley, King Henry, 88, 138. 

Dauphin of France, 86. 



David II, King, 79. 

Davidson of Pennyglen, 146. 

Daylie, Parish of, 163, 167, 171, 178, 187. 

Dean, 182. 

Dergean, 181. 

Dernway, Castle and forest of, 82. 

Dick, John, (of Barbestoun,) 49, 61, 1 25, 126, 

134, 146, 158. 

George, 125. 

Dieppe, in France, 186. 

Dinhame (Dunneane), 15, 47, 49, 124, 177. 

Goodman of, 15. 

Docherne, 177, 179. 

Donald, King, 1. 

Done (Doon), Bridge of, 161. 

Loch, 161, 162, 180, 185. 

River of, 5, 161, 163, 168, 169, 179, 

180, 185. ■ 
Doon, Bridge of, 46. 
Doonside (Bridgend), 169. 
Dornel, 182. 
Douglas Castle, 180. 

Eleonora, 79. 

■ William, 82. 

of that Ilk, Sir Archibald, 79. 

■ Pennyland, 191. 

Doungane, 191. 
Dove Loch, 164. 
Dowlarg, 173. 
Dreghorn, 182, 191. 
Drunibeg, 165. 
Drumburle, 170, 178. 
Drumbuy-Hill, 183. 
Drumgairloch, 189. 
Drummellan, 170, 178, 199. 
Drummochreyne, 170, 178, 179. 
Drummurchie, House of, 177. 

Laird of, 44, 101. 

Dumblane, Bishop of, 177, 178. 
Dunbar, Earl of, 51, 127. 

of Enterkin, 191. 

Dunbarton Castle, 110. 

Duncan- Yeemer (Duncanziemuir), 182. 

Dunduff, 177, 180, 191. 

Laird of, 18, &c. See Stewart. 

Dunfermling, Earl of, 109. 

Dunkeld, Bishop of, 81. 

Dunneane, House of, 4. See Kennedy, and 


Dunnure, Blak Voute (Vault) of, 10, 91, 97. 

Castle of, 167, 186, 190. 

House of, 2, 3, 10, 20, 77, 93, 94, 

&c. passim. 
■ Laird of, 2, 3, 6, 89, &c. See Ken- 

Dunrie, Hill of, 168. 
Dunveine, 188. 
Duppill, 56, 130. 
Dusk, rivulet, 163, 172, 173. 
Dyrock, rivulet, 163, 170. 

Eccles of that Ilk, 86. 
Edinburgh, 12, 13, 19, 51, 55, 63, 67, 68, 
106, 121. 

Castle of, 63. 

Ministers of, 24, 109. 

Tolbooth of, 24, 65, 69, 139. 

Uproar in, 24, 108 to 111. 

Edward I, King, 75, 77. 
Eglinton Castle, 182, 183. 

— Earl of, 77, 68, 137. 

Hew, Earl of, 89, 122. 

Ellerslie, 182. 
England, 162, 187. 
Enterkin, 181; — Laird of, 191. 
Errol, Nicoll, 2d Earl of, 82. 
Erskine, Lady Elizabeth, 161. 
Eschaw-burn, 181. 
Eschewod-dykes, 60. 
Eugenius, King, 184, 189. 
Eugenius IV, Pope, 81. 

Fairlie, Laird of, 191. 
Feoch, rivulet of, 172. 
Fergushill, David, Provost of Air, 71, 140. 
Fergusson of Dalduff, 71. 

— — — Kilkerran, 185. 

Treave, 43, 71, 121, 140, 146. 

Fleming, Malcolm, Lord, 90, 103. 

Dame Jean, 24, 90, 103. 

Flodden, Battle of, 83. 

Florence, 81. 

Forbes, Alexander, 4th Lord, 83. 

Foster (Forrester), Captain, 48, 124, 147, 

Fouler, 182. 



Foul veir (Foul-Vennel), 70, 140, 176. 
France, 4, 18, 19, 55, 80, 86, 187. 
Francis, Dauphin of France, married to 

Queen Mary, 86. 
Freir Hew, see Sir Hugh Kennedy, 4, 80, &c. 


Gaillard, 186. 

Gairlies, Laird of, 15, 31, 103, &c. See 

Gaitgirth, (Chalmers,) Laird of, 191. 
Gai.dus, King, 188. 
Galloway, 4, 13, 38, 43, 55, 61, 63, 170, 

177, 185. 

Barons of, 30 to 34. 

Bishop of, 177. 

Rins of, 162. 

Sheriff of, 28 ; Young Sheriff, 57. 

Galstoun Castle, 182. 

Kirk, 182. 

Laird of, 198. 

Garnock, River of, 182, 183. 

Garriehorn, Laird of, 70, &c. See Kenned)/. 

House of, 177, 180. 

Garthland. See Macdowall. 
Giffen, Laird of, 191. 
Gilmillscroft, 181. 
Girvan, New Burgh of, 172, 174. 
Girvand of Callbollistoune, 64. 
Girvane, Brig of, 63. 

Castle, 179. See Greenand. 

Kirk of, 67, 172, 187. 

Parish and Town of, 63, 87, 161, 165, 

166, 169, 178. 

River of, 163, 170, 179, 185, 186. 

Girvanmains, Kennedy of, 29, 30, 36, 81, 150. 
Glammis, John, 8th Lord, 8, 12; slain, 14, 

88, 90, 104. 
Glasgow, Town of, 12, 180. 
Glenayes, 177. 
Glencairn, Earl of, 18, 106. 
Glendusk, House of, 173, 178. 
Glengarnock, Laird of, 191. 
Glenluce, Abbot of, 9. 

Court held at, 30, 

■ Lands of, 9, 

Glenmuir, 182. 

schaw, 182. 

Glennap, 5, 34, 43, 117, 162, 179. . 

Glenour, 178. 
Glenstiuchar, 81. 
Glentig, 178. 
Gorat-burn, 184. 
Gordon of Barnerino, 149. 

Lochinvar, 15, 31, 104. 

Lady Elizabeth, 82. 

Sir Alexander Seton de, 1st Earl of 

Huntley, 82. 

of the Hills, 149. 

Grahame, Sir John, of Knockdolian, 26, 45, 

Grange (Kerrilaw), 184. 
Greenand, 57, 130, 131, 177. 

Castle of, 130, 161, 168, 179. 

Gregorie, King, 1, 76. 

Grimmat, Laird of, 48, 61, 85, 124. 

Tutor of, 124. 

Grinak, Young Laird of, 48. See Grimmat. 
Guise, Mary of, Queen Regent, 88. 


Haco, King of Norway, 2, 76. 
Haddington, Thomas, Earl of, 91, 124, 146, 

149, 153, 160. 
Hailes, Lord, 172. 
Hamilton, Abbot of Feme, burnt for heresy, 

— — Sir Thomas. See Haddington, 

Earl of. 

John, 1st Marquis of, 9, 21, 90. 

of Sanquhar, 191. 

Somebeg, 190. 

Town of, 63, 180. 

Hamiltons, 166. 

Haning, 182. 

Heart Loch, 164. 

Henry VIII, King, 88. 

Henry Darnley, King, 88, 138. 

Henry the Minstrel (Blind Harry), 77. 

Hepburn, Sir Patrick of Hales, 80. 

Herald's College, 136. 

Herdrustaine, 189. 

Hergustus, King of the Picts> 189. 

Herreis, John, Lord, 89. 

Heslet (Hazelhead), 191. 

Holmstone-ford, 130. 

Wallace of, 144. 

Holy Land, 4. 



Holyrood, Abbey of, 109. 
Hunterstoun, 184, 191. 
Huntley, Sir Alexander Setou de Gordon, 
first Earl, 82. 


Inche, House of, Galloway, 31 to 34, 64, 

156, 158. 
Innertig (Kirkcudbright), 174. 
Ireland, 164, 185, 187. 
Irvine, Town of, 180, 182, 183, 184. 

River of, 182, 183, 184. 

Irving, David, LL.D., 87, 92. 

Edward, Page to Auchindrayne, 47; 

slaiD, 48. 
Isles of Scotland (Westera), 1, 2, 76, 185. 
Italy, 21. 

James I, King, 6, 80. 

II, King, 81, 107. 

Ill, King, 81. 

IV, King, 82, 83. His Mistress Ja- 
net Kennedy, ibid. 

V, 157. 

VI, 24, 42, 52, 62, 88 to 108, 125, 


Jurisdictions in Carrick, 168, 172, 174. 

Justice Courts of Carrick, 174. 


Keirs, 180. 
Kelly Castle, 41. 

Earl of, 161. 

Law, 184. See Kerrilaw and Grange. 

Kelsoland, 191. 

Kelwood, Laird of, 11, 186, 191, &c. See 

Kemms, 181. 
Kennedy, Alexander, called ' Alschunder 

Dalgour,' 5, 6, 79, 80. 

Black Bessy, 15, 26. 

Catherine, 82, 83, 86, 132. 

Christian, 83. 

' Come with the penny,' 4. 

David, 80, 86. 

of Colzean, 7, 84. 

3d Lord, 7, 82, 83. 

Kennedy, Elizabeth, 26. 

. Freir Hew, 4. 

(Gilbert) first Lord, 6, 80 ; Regent 

of Scotland, 81. 
Sir Gilbert, 6, 79 ; disinherits his 

eldest son, 5, 81. 
of Dunnure, 79, 80 ; 

mf.rries Princess Mary, ib. 186. 

Gilbert, 83, 86. 

. Provost of Maybole, 7, 83. 

Dame Helen, Countess of Eglin- 

Helen, 36, 82, 83. 

Lady Kinhilt, 7, 84. 

Hugh of Barquhanny, 79, 84, 86. 

James, 7, 81, 84. 

of Brownston, 83. 

of Wchtrelour, 7, 84. 

Bishop of St Andrew's, 

&c. 6, 81 ; Regent of Scotland, ib. 

Janet (Mistress of King James 

IV), 82. 

Freuche, 7, 84. 

Jean, 86. 

John, second Lord, 7, 81, 82. 

■ 80, 82 

of Ardstinchar, Sir Hugh, 80. 
of Claslochane, 85. 
Margaret (Sophia), 8, 134. 

Lady Auchindrayne, 26. 

Mariot, 82. 

— Origin of the name of Kennedy, 
1, 2, 75, 76, 185. 

— Quentin, Abbot of Crossraguel, 7, 
84, 176. 

— Robert, 84. 

Sophia, 86. 

Susanna, 57. 

Thomas, 7, 80, 84, 86. 

of Coiff, 83, 86. 

— William, 82. 

— Walter, 81, 86. 

— of Ardmillan, 38, 53, 68, 69, 128, 
138, 166, 191. 

Ballimore, 175. 

Balsarroch, 43, 145, 159. 

Baltersan, 23, 57, 120, 121, 

130, 166. 

Bargany, 10, 11, 85, 86, 93 to 

ton, 26, 122. 

100, et passim ; ' Auld Laird's' death, 
25 ; his character, 51, 127 ; his mo- 
nument, 67, 135.—' Young Laird's' 



death, 57 ; Funeral, 67, &c. — ' Auld 
Lady,' 70,see Montgomery. — ' Young 
Lady,' see Steivart. 
Kennedy, of Colzean, 19, 93, 96, 101, 129, 
&e. et passim ; his Murder, 56, 58, 
130, 150, 157, 166, 175. 

Barmaelunnochane, 86. 

Bennan, 22, 43, 47, 68, 86, 

107, 121, 135, 144, 148, 166. 

Blairquhan, 15, 19, 35, 41, 42, 

68, 85, 121, 138, 149, 175, 191; 
death of ' Auld Laird,' 65, 122, 134. 

Bramestoun, 191. 

Breoyche, 13. 

Brounstoun, 15, 191. 

Carlock, 166. 

Chapell, 56 

Cloncaird, 53, 54, 59, 60, 61, 

89, 149, et passim ; his death, 64 ; 
forfeiture, 154, &c. 

Coiff, 191, &c. See Kennedy 

of Colzean. 

Craigneill, 14. 

Creich, 60. 

Croceltoune, 66. 

Daljarrock, 44, 122. 

Dangar, 146. 

Drummellane, 86, 166, 191. 

Drummurchie, 44, 47, 48, 53, 

101, 149, et passim ; his forfeiture, 

153, &c. 

Dunneyne, 15, 86, 105. 

Garriehorn, 49, 53, 70, 125, 

128, 146, 153. 

Giltree, 85. 

Girvanmaynes, 29, 30, 36, 39, 

66, 82, 121, 151, 166, 191. 
Glenour, 166 

Glentig, 86. 

Grange, 166, 

Kilhenzie, 166. See Baird. 

Kirkhill, 4, 68, 80, 166. 

Kirkmichael, 85, 86, 166. 

Knockda, 47, 191. 

Knockdone, 54, 86, 128, 166, 



- Maxwellton, 10, 35, 42, 56, 
Monuncion, 159. 

Kennedy, of Penquhirry, 12, 14, 53, 128, 
146, 147. 

Reiland, Sir Thomas, 86. 

Skeldon, 191. 

Smetoun, 146. 

Tornagannoch, 191. 

Turnberry, 146. 

Yet, 86. 

Kenneth of the Isles, 76. 

Ken-Haw, 184. 

Kerrisland, Laird of, 191. 

Kersland, 183, 191. 

Kevil, 182. 

Kilburnie, 183, 191 ; Kirk of, 184. 

Loch, 183. 

Kildonan, House of, 173, 178. 

Kilhenzie. See Baird of K., 177, 180. 

Kilkenan, 170, 191. 

Killoch, 182. 

Killochan, Castle of, 171, 178, 179, 187. 

Kilmaars, 180. 

Kilmarnock, Town of, 182. 

Kilmore, 177. 

Kilmuilscroft (Gilmill's-croft), 181. 

Kilwinning, 183. 

King's-cleugb, 180. 

Kinmond Will, 111. 

Kirkalffy (Craigcoffy), 31. 

Kirkbride, 167, 177, 186. 

Kirkcudbright, Kirk of, 174. 

Lord, 138. 

Steward of, 69, 139. 

Kirkdaill, House of, 6. 

Kirkhill, House of, 4, 80, 166, 173, 178, 179. 

Kirkintilloch, 79. 

Kirkmichael, House of, 170, 177. 

Kirk of, 170. 

Laird of, 198. 

Loch of, 170. 

Parish of, 164, 167, 177, 179, 

Kirkoswald, 104, 129, 167, 168, 178, 186. 
Kirk-vennal, 176. 

wynd, 175. 

Dominie, 177, 179, 187. 

Knokdaw, 178. 

Knokdolian, Helen Kennedy, Lady, 7, 83. 

Hill, 173. 

House of, 173, 178, 179. 



Knokdone, 177, 180. 
Knok-Oshin, 172, 174. 
Kyle, Bailiary of, 11, 14, 22, 100, 161, 163, 
168, 180, 185. 

King's, 185. 

River of, 182. 


Lady-Corse, 47, 124. 
Ladyland, Laird of, 191. 
Lanark, Town of, 180, 181, 182. 
Langschaw, House of, 183. 

Laird of, 6, 79, 191. 

Largs, Battle of, 1. 

1 Town of, 180, 184. 

Lauderdale, John, Lord, 90. 
Lennox, John, Earl of, 87. 

— Matthew, Earl of, Regent, 89. 

Leonard's, St, Chapel, 57, 130, 131. 
Leswalt, barony of, 82, 
Levingston, Alexander, Lord, 121. 

Mary, 132. 

of Dunnipace, 121. 

Kilsythe, 121. 

Pantoskane, 42, 120, 121, &c 

Lindsay, Laird of Craigy, 5. 

Lord, 24, 100. 

Mr David, Minister of Leith, 11. 

Linlithgow, Battle near, 86. 

Palace, 109. 

Town, 110. 

Lochinvar. See Gordon. 

Loclmoreis (Leffnorris), Crawfurds of, 8, 191. 

Castle of, 181. 

Lochridge, 183. 

Lochsuad (Laswade), lands of, 6. 

Logan of Restalrig, 14, 104. 

House of, 181. 

London, 62, 66. 

Loudon Castle, 180, 182. See Campbell. 

Hill, 182. 

Low, Doctor, 51. 

Lugdoun (Lugtoun), Water of, 183. 

Lugdour (Lugar), River of, 181. 

Lyon, Lord, Court of, or Heralds College, 

Lyoun, Dame Margaret, 15, 90. 

MacAlexander, of the Vicarton, 53, 128. 

Corsclayes, 29, 128, 

115, 185. 

Dalreoch, 144. 

■> _____ , Drummochreyne, 29; 

is strangled at a stake for Forgery, 115. 
Margaret, 90. 

MacClellan, of Bombie, 68, 132, 137. 

MacColloche, of Twynome, 4. 

MacCubbens, of Knokdolian, 173. 

Macdowall, of Gaithland, 13, 29, 30, 32, 62, 
90, 104, et passim. 

MacFarlan, Walter, of that Ilk, 161, 174. 

MacGill, Dame Elizabeth (Lady Colzean), 
14, 57. 

Mackennane, of the Isles, 1, 2, 76. 

MacKenzie, J. W., 130, 136. 

Mackie of Balsier, 149. 

Mactaise, Laird, 3, 78. 

Mairestoune (Moorestoune), 171, 178. 

Mairteyne, Doctor, 66. 

Maitlaud, Sir John, Lord Thirlestone, Chan- 
cellor, 9, 90. 

Makilveane, of Grummet, 48, 61, 85, 124, 
146, 156, 158, 168, 185. 

Montgomery, Sir Niel, 2, 77. 

of Hazelhead, 132. 

— — — Lainshaw, 6, 79, 132. 

Malcolm II, King, 76. 

Margaret of Scotland, marries the Dau- 
phin of France, 80. 

Marischall, Earl of, 134. 

Marr, Earl of, 100. 

Mary, Princess, marries Sir James Ken- 
nedy, 80. 

Queen of Scots, 86, 96. . 

Maximus, the Roman General, 189. 

Maxwell, Agnes, 80. 

of Calderwood, 6, 80. 

Catherine, 7, 81. 

Herbert, first Lord, 81. 

Mauchline, Town, Kirk, and Parish, 181. 
Maybole, College of, 55, 128, 129, 187, 177. 

House of, 13, 20, &c. 

remarkable Houses at, 167, 175. 

Kirk of, 84, 86, 88, 91, 186. 



Maybole, Minister of, 167. 

Parish Church, 167. 

Parish of, 164, 177. 

Presbytery of, 176. 

Provost of, 7. 

Tolbooth of, 175. 

Town of, 10, 12, 13, 27, 34, et 


Description of, Appen- 

dix, p. 175. 

Melrose, 166. 

Menock, Loch of, 180. 

Water of, 173. 

Melvin, Mr Andrew, 171. 

Meurig (Monybrig), lands of, 6. 

Millanderdaill, House of, 180. 

rivulet of, 180. 

Mochrura-Hill Loch, 164. 

Monfod, 184; burn, ibid. 

Monkland, 166, 174. 

Regality of, 174. 

Monkton, 63. 

Monkwood, 177, 180. 

Montgomery, Alexander, 1st Lord, 82 ; Alex- 
ander, Lord, 82. 

Catherine, 82. 

Elizabeth, 82. 

Jean de, 83. 

Lady Agnes, ( < Auld Lady 

Bargany,') 22, 106, 207 ; her death, 
70, 139. 

Mary, 138. 

Sir Hew, 70. See Viscount 

Montgomerystoun, 177. 
Montgrenan, 183, 191. 
Montrose, Earl of, 121, 154, 160. 
Monuncion, 173, 159, 177. 
Moray, James Stewart, Earl of, 82. 

Regent, 90. 

Muir-Kirk, 181. 

Muirs of Carrick, 188. 

Muck, rivulet, 163, 172. 

Mure, Gilbert, of Auchinsoull, 159. 

James, 85. 

James, Younger of Auchindrayne, 35, 

57, 68. 
Janet, 155, 156, &c. 

Mure, John, of Carquhene, 159. 

John, of Woodland, 35, 56, 131, 146. 

John, cook in Auchindrayne, 152. 

Old Lady, 26. 

Robert v 155, 156, &c. 

Robert, schoolmaster of Maybole, 56. 

Rowallan, 132. 

Thomas, brother to the Laird of 

Auchindrayne, 151. 
Young Lady (Helen Kennedy), 36, 

of Auchindrayne, John, 17, 18, 20, 36, 

85, 93, 106, 185, et passim. 

Caldwell, 132. 

Cloncaird, 47, 48, 144. 

Craigskeane, 144. 

Kingmarlocb, 146. 

Randerston, 132. 

Murthlak, Battle of, 1, 76. 

Nedder-Bow Port of Edinburgh, 110. 
Neilson of Craigcaffie, 117. 
Neilstoun-Loch, 164. 
Nesbit, Sir Thomas, (Priest,) 14, 26, 104. 
Newburgh of Girvan, 172. 
Newmills, Town, Kirk, and Castle, 182. 
New- wark Castle, 16, 59, 132, 168, 177. 

Hill, 60. 

Nith, River of, 181 
Northberwick, Nuns of, 167. 
Northside, 183. 


Ochiltree, James, Lord, 35, 52, 58, 62, 
66, 68, 90, 110, 117, 121, 127, 133. 

Colvill of, 85. 

Castle of, 181. 

Octavians, 109. 

Orkney, Robert Stewart, first Earl of, 86. 

Paincors, Point of, 184 ; Castle, ibid. 
Paisley, James, Master of, 68, 138. 

Lord, 90. 

Pantoskane, Laird of, 42, &c. See Leving- 

Partick, 186. 



Peebles, Town of, 180. 
Penango, Hew, 46, 123, 147. 
Penango, of Broadlie, 123. 
Pennyglen's Cross, 164. 

Field of, 165. 

Laird of, 146. 

Penquhirry, Castle of, 173, 179. 

Laird of. See Kennedy. 

Perigonium (Berigonium,) 169. 
Pinkill, House of, 171, 178, 179. 

Laird of. See Boyd. 

Polchapel, 171. 

Polkelly, 183. 

Pope, the, 81, 109. 

Portpatrick, 166. 

Portincross, Laird of, 191. 

Prestick, Sands of, 8, 84. 

Priest's-lands, 167. 

Prince's Vassals, 168. 

Privy Council, Lords of, 63, 65, 143, &c. 

Provost's-lands, 167. 


Rankine of Whitehill, 192. 

Rede, William, of Halfpennyland, 85. 

Regalities, Crossrag'uel and Monkland, 174. 

Reid, Thomas, (Tarn o' Shanter,) 163. 

Ricardtoun, 182. 

Rins of Galloway, 162, 184. 

Rippethe, (Redpath,) Laird of, 43. 

Patrick, 43, 47, 49, 121, 146. 

Rivers in Carrick, 187, &c. 

Robert (Bruce), King, 2, 167, 185, 188, 


II, 2, 76. 

111,80. His daughter, Princess Mary, 

married to Sir James Kennedy, 80. 
Robertland, 183, 191. 
Ross, Alexander, Duke of, 83. 
Gilbert, notary, 53 ; Provost of the 

College of Maybole, 55, 128, 129. 

of Galston and flaining, 108. 

Rothes, John Duke of, 136. 
Rowallan, 182, 191. 
Ry, river of, 183. 
Ryan, Loch, 162. 

Sandilands of Calder, 6, 79, 80. 

Sandilands, Marion, 79. 

Saint Helen's Well, 164. 

St Emus (Antony's) Well, 164. 

St Murray, farm of, 164. 

St Andrews, Bishop of, Regent, he. 81. 

Town of, 87. 

St Kebet's, (Quivox,) Kirk of, 181. 

St Leonard's Chapel, 57, 157. 

Saltcoats, Town of, 184. 

Sanquhar, 66; Laird of, 191. 

Sauchill, 171. 

Sauchry, 177. 

Schaw of Glenmure, 182, 191. 

Greenock, 48, 125. 

Halie, 190. 

Keirs, 177, 185. 

Tutor of Greinmat, 48, 61, 124, 146, 

177, 191. 

Scoone, Abbacy of, 81. 

Book of, 1, 75, 76. 

Scott of Balwery, Sir William, 85. 

Sea-mill-burn, 184. 

Sempill, Lord, 68, 89, 137. 

Seton deGordon, Sir Alexander (E. of Hunt- 

ley,) 82. 
Shankstoun, 181. 

Shanter, farm of, 163 ; Tam o', ibid., 193. 
Sibbald, Sir Robert, 185. 
Sinclar, Andro, half-brother to Auchindrayne, 

Skeldon, Katherine Kennedy, Lady, 7. 

Laird of, 191. 

Skeldon-Haughs, 192, &c. 

Skelraourlie, 183. 

Sloss, (Asloss,) 182. 

Smiddieschaws, 181. 

Smithstoune, 177. 

Sol way, Battle of, 88. 

Somerville, Lord, 89. 

Sorn, 181. 

Southside, 183. 

Spain, King of, 109. 

Spalander, Loch, 146, 164. 

Spense, Richard, slain, 48, 53, 128, 145. 

Spy slack, 181. 

Stainlie-burn, 184. 

Standing-Stones, 162, 179. 

Stane, 191. 

Stair, Laird of. Spp Dah-ymple. 




Stewart, Adam, Provost of Air, 140. 

James, 61, 

Jonet (Isobel), Young Lady Bar- 

gany, 52, 53, 66, 67, 111, 134, 135. 

Josias, 62, 64, 66, 67, 68, 139. 

of Barskimming, 191. 

Bothwell-muir, 133, &c. See Earl 

of Arran. 

Cardonald, 93, 97. 

Craigincroy, 14. 

Dunduff, 18, 23, 26, 27, 36. 

Gairlies, 15, 31, 105. 

Galstoun, 191. 

Killeith, vid. Lord Ochiltree, 132, 


Stewarton, 5 ; Kirk, 183. 
Stilton, in England, 66. 
Stincher, Castle of, 187. 
River of, 161, 163, 172, 173, 177, 

179, 185, 187. 
Stinstoun, (Stevenston,) 184. 
Stirling of Keir, Sir John, 85. 
Straton, Kirk of, 179. 

Parish of, 162, 166, 170, 177, 187. 

Strowordell, 1. 
Stuarton-Kirk, 183. 
Sundrum, 181. 
Swinstie, 183. 

Tam o' Shanter, 163, 193. 
Teind-knovv, 47. 
Temple-land, 181. 
Theodosius, Emperor, 189. 
Thirlestone, Chancellor, 9, 24, 90. 

Dame Jean Fleming, Lady, 9, 

24, 90. 
Thomaston Castle, 12, 103, 168, 178, 186. 
Thomound, Earl of, 185. 
Tig, rivulet, 163, 174. 
Torrinzean Castle, 181. 
Tour, (Tower,) 183. 
Towers, William, of Dairy, 80. 
Treasurer, Lord High, 52, 127. 
Treave, House of, 43, 121, 178. 
Laird of. See Fergusson. 

Trierne, (Trearne, Treehorne) Laird of, 191. 

Trochreg, 171, 178, 179. See Boyd. 

Troquhan, 21, 180, 191. 

Troweir, 178. 

Turnberry, Castle of, 161, 168, 169, 188. 

Laird of, 146. See Kennedy. 

Lands of, 146, 164. 

Point of, 161. 

Twymone, (Twynehame ?) M c Colloche of, 4. 


Uchiltree, Colvill of, 85. See Ochiltree. 
Urquhart, Lord, (Earl of Dunfermling,) 
Chancellor, 109. 


Vans of Barnbarroch, 58, 86, 132. 
Vicarton, Brether of the, 53, 128. 
Victorinus, Roman Proconsul, 189. 
Vennal, Back, 176. 

Foul, 70, 140, 176. 

Kirk, 176. 


Wales, Edward, Prince of, 88. 
Wallace, Sir Duncan, of Sundrum, 80. 

Sir John, of Craigie, 58, 82, 131. 

Sir William, 2, 77, 78, 165, 193. 

of Camel 1, 191. 

Dundonell, 191. 

. Holmistoun, 144. 

Sewalton, 191. 

Wallwood, 181. 

Mid, 181. 

Over, 181. 

Wardlaw of Pitrevie, 108. 

Waterside, 181. 

Wells of Saints, (Holy Wells,) 164. 

Welltrees, Spout of, 164. 

West-Port of Edinburgh, 110. 

Whitefoord, 166. 

Whyt-Loch, 183. 

Wigton- Douglas, Earl of, 5, 79. 

. Town of, 5, 188. 

Winton, Earl of, 68, 137. 

Woodside, 183.